Charlestown, New Hampshire


Charlestown is a town in Sullivan County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 5,114 at the 2010 census1 The town is home to Hubbard State Forest and the headquarters of the Student Conservation Association

The primary settlement in town, where 1,152 people resided at the 2010 census,2 is defined as the Charlestown census-designated place CDP and is located along New Hampshire Route 12 The town also includes the villages of North Charlestown, South Charlestown and Hemlock Center3

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Transportation
  • 4 Public safety
  • 5 Demographics
    • 51 Town center
  • 6 Sites of interest
  • 7 Notable people
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

The area was first granted on 31 December 17354 by colonial governor Jonathan Belcher of Massachusetts as "Plantation No 4", the fourth in a line of forts on the Connecticut River border established as trading posts Settled in 1740, Number Four was the northernmost township, and its 1744 log fort became a strategic military site throughout the French and Indian Wars On the evening of May 2, 1746, Seth Putnam joined Major Josiah Willard and several soldiers as they escorted women to milk the cows As they approached the booth, Natives hiding in the bushes opened fire, killing Putnam This was the first casualty in the hostilities that would lead to the French and Indian War5 In 1747 the fort was besieged for three days by a force of 400 French and Native people Captain Phineas Stevens and 31 soldiers, stationed at the fort, repelled the attack Their success became well-known, and the fort was never attacked again

On July 2, 1753,4 the town was regranted as "Charlestown" by Governor Benning Wentworth, after Admiral Charles Knowles of the Royal Navy, then governor of Jamaica Admiral Knowles, in port at Boston during the 1747 siege, sent Captain Stevens a sword to acknowledge his valor The town responded by naming itself in his honor

Early in the morning of August 30, 1754, Susannah Willard Johnson along with her husband, her three children, her sister and two neighbors, Peter Labarree and Ebenezer Farnsworth, were captured by Abenaki people, marched to Montreal and incarcerated Eventually they would all escape or be released and return home

In 1781, Charlestown briefly joined Vermont because of dissatisfaction with treatment by the New Hampshire government Returning at the insistence of George Washington, it was incorporated in 17836

The community developed into a center for law and lawyers, second regionally only to Boston Its prosperity would be expressed in fine architecture Sixty-three buildings on Charlestown's Main Street are now listed on the National Register of Historic Places They include the Gothic Revival South Parish Church erected by master-builder Stephen Hassam in 1842, St Luke's Church designed by Richard Upjohn in 1863, and the Italianate Town Hall designed in 1872 by Edward Dow, New Hampshire's most prominent architect after the Civil War Dow also designed Thompson Hall, the centerpiece of the University of New Hampshire

In 1874, the Sullivan Railroad passed through the western border of Charlestown4 The tracks are now part of the New England Central Railroad

A reproduction of the Fort at Number 4 is now a historical site, where military reenactments and musters occur frequently throughout the summer months Tours are offered of its stockaded parade ground and pioneer-style houses

Geographyedit

Charlestown is located along the Connecticut River, the western border of New Hampshire It is bordered to the north by the city of Claremont, to the east by the towns of Unity and Acworth, to the southeast by the town of Langdon, and to the south by Cheshire County with the town of Walpole To the west, across the Connecticut River, is the state of Vermont, and specifically the town of Rockingham in Windham County and the town of Springfield in Windsor County

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 380 square miles 985 km2, of which 358 sq mi 927 km2 is land and 22 sq mi 58 km2 is water, comprising 590% of the town1 Charlestown is drained by Clay Brook The highest point in town is Sams Hill, at 1,683 feet 513 m above sea level Charlestown lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed7

The town center, defined as a census-designated place CDP, covers an area of 085 sq mi 22 km2, about 24% of the area of the town 081 sq mi 21 km2 of the CDP is land, and 004 sq mi 01 km2 of it 543% is water2

In the Connecticut River in the 1800s were three islands within the limits of the town Sartwell's Island, the largest, containing 10 acres 40 ha, was under a high cultivation in 1874 The others contained about 6 acres 24 ha each4 None show on maps today, and were presumably inundated by the power dam built downstream at Bellows Falls

Transportationedit

Charlestown is served by New Hampshire Routes 11, 12 and 12A Routes 11 and 12 lead north from the town center 11 miles 18 km to downtown Claremont Route 12 leads south 7 miles 11 km to North Walpole, adjacent to Bellows Falls, Vermont, and 28 miles 45 km to Keene, New Hampshire Route 11 leads northwest from the center of Charlestown to the Cheshire Bridge the old toll bridge across the Connecticut River, after which it becomes Vermont Route 11 and provides access to Interstate 91 and US Route 5 in Vermont

Bus service is available from Community Alliance Transport Services CATS, with several buses a day connecting Charlestown and Claremont8

The Amtrak Vermonter passenger rail line runs through Charlestown along the Connecticut River but does not stop in town The closest stations are Bellows Falls to the south and Claremont to the north

The nearest general aviation airports are Claremont Municipal Airport, 10 miles 16 km to the north, and Hartness State Airport in North Springfield, Vermont, 11 miles 18 km to the northwest The nearest airport with scheduled airline service is Lebanon Municipal Airport, 33 miles 53 km to the north in West Lebanon

Public safetyedit

Charlestown is served by a full-time police department, volunteer fire department, and volunteer ambulance service The town's emergency services are dispatched by the Charlestown Police Department dispatch center

Charlestown falls within Troop C of the New Hampshire State Police

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 1,093
1800 1,364 248%
1810 1,501 100%
1820 1,702 134%
1830 1,773 42%
1840 1,722 −29%
1850 1,644 −45%
1860 1,758 69%
1870 1,741 −10%
1880 1,587 −88%
1890 1,466 −76%
1900 1,473 05%
1910 1,496 16%
1920 1,505 06%
1930 1,644 92%
1940 1,756 68%
1950 2,077 183%
1960 2,576 240%
1970 3,274 271%
1980 4,417 349%
1990 4,630 48%
2000 4,749 26%
2010 5,114 77%
Est 2015 4,993 −24%
US Decennial Census10

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,749 people, 1,920 households, and 1,332 families residing in the town The population density was 1326 people per square mile 512/km² There were 2,067 housing units at an average density of 223 persons/km² 577 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9853% White, 032% African American, 025% Native American, 015% Asian, 006% from other races, and 069% from two or more races 059% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 1,920 households out of which 305% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 556% were married couples living together, 93% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 306% were non-families 239% of all households were made up of individuals and 99% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 246 and the average family size was 290

In the town, the population was spread out with 247% under the age of 18, 65% from 18 to 24, 274% from 25 to 44, 271% from 45 to 64, and 143% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 40 years For every 100 females there were 950 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 930 males

The median income for a household in the town was $38,024, and the median income for a family was $45,172 Males had a median income of $31,010 versus $22,986 for females The per capita income for the town was $18,654 65% of the population and 35% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 57% are under the age of 18 and 103% are 65 or older

Town centeredit

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,145 people, 468 households, and 301 families residing in the CDP census-designated place occupying the town center The population density was 1,3576 people per square mile 5263/km² There were 503 housing units at an average density of 2312 persons/km² 5964 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9895% White, 026% Native American, 026% Asian, and 052% from two or more races 079% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 468 households out of which 312% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 481% were married couples living together, 120% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 355% were non-families 284% of all households were made up of individuals and 113% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 242 and the average family size was 287

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 245% under the age of 18, 72% from 18 to 24, 268% from 25 to 44, 264% from 45 to 64, and 151% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 39 years For every 100 females there were 918 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 885 males

The median income for a household is $38,083, and the median income for a family was $40,938 Males had a median income of $29,688 versus $21,344 for females The per capita income for the town was $16,565 99% of the population and 56% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 109% are under the age of 18 and 146% are 65 or older

Sites of interestedit

  • Fort at Number 4
  • Charlestown Main Street Historic District

Notable peopleedit

Old stage coach in 1907, plying between Charlestown and Springfield, Vermont
  • James Broderick 1927–1982, actor11
  • William E Corbin, inventor of the paper towel12
  • Carlton "Pudge" Fisk b 1947, Hall of Fame catcher with the Boston Red Sox and Chicago White Sox13
  • Joseph Glidden 1813–1906, inventor of barbed wire1415
  • Charles Hale Hoyt 1859–1900, playwright and theatrical producer16
  • Henry Hubbard 1784–1857, 18th governor of New Hampshire17
  • Samuel Hunt 1765–1807, US congressman18
  • Susannah Willard Johnson 1729–1810, author of a notable captivity narrative
  • Benjamin Labaree, minister, professor and college president
  • Ralph Metcalf 1798–1858, 25th governor of New Hampshire19
  • Simeon Olcott 1735–1815, US senator20
  • DeForest Richards 1846–1903, fifth governor of Wyoming21
  • Richard H Sylvester, journalist
  • James Tufts 1829–1884, acting governor of Montana Territory22
  • Francis H West 1825–1896, Union brigadier general during the Civil War
  • Alexander Hamilton Willard 1777–1865, member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition2324

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001: Charlestown town, Sullivan County, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved December 16, 2013 
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001: Charlestown CDP, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved December 16, 2013 
  3. ^ "Charlestown, NH" Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau of New Hampshire Archived from the original on July 26, 2009 Retrieved May 22, 2009 
  4. ^ a b c d Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire 1875
  5. ^ "History of Charlestown New Hampshire the Old No 4" 
  6. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 438–441 
  7. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  8. ^ "Bus Stops, Fares & Transfers" Community Alliance of Human Services Retrieved December 19, 2013 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  11. ^ "James Broderick" The Internet Movie Database Retrieved December 7, 2009 
  12. ^ "Beginnings of the Cascade Paper Mill" PDF Archived from the original PDF on April 21, 2012 Retrieved December 30, 2011 
  13. ^ "Biography" Carltonfiskcom Retrieved December 7, 2009 
  14. ^ Roberts, Gary Boyd, and David Curtis Dearborn 1998 Notable Kin: An Anthology of Columns First Published in the NEHGS Nexus, 1986–1995 Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society p 107 ISBN 978-0-936124-20-9 
  15. ^ Van Dulken, Stephen 2001 Inventing the 19th century: 100 inventions that shaped the Victorian Age from Aspirin to the Zeppelin New York City: New York University Press p 28 ISBN 978-0-8147-8810-3 
  16. ^ Hoyt, Cliff and Linda March 2, 2009 "Charles Hoyt, Popular Playwright of the Gay Nineties" The Advertising Collections of Cliff & Linda Hoyt Archived from the original on January 27, 2010 Retrieved December 7, 2009 
  17. ^ "Hubbard, Henry, 1784–1857" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved December 7, 2009 
  18. ^ "Hunt, Samuel, 1765–1807" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved December 7, 2009 
  19. ^ Bastedo, Russell "A Guide to Likenesses of New Hampshire Officials and Governors on Public Display at the Legislative Office Building and the State House Concord, New Hampshire, to 1998" New Hampshire Division of Historical Records Retrieved December 7, 2009 
  20. ^ "Olcott, Simeon, 1735–1815" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved December 7, 2009 
  21. ^ "Wyoming Governor De Forest Richards" Governor's Information National Governors Association Retrieved December 7, 2009 
  22. ^ "Catalogue of Officers and Students of Middlebury College in Middlebury, Vermont," 1901, pg 146
  23. ^ Gass, Patrick, and James Kendall Hosmer 1904 Gass's Journal of the Lewis and Clark Expedition A C McClurg & Co p xxi  |access-date= requires |url= help
  24. ^ Clarke, Charles G, and Dayton Duncan 2002 The Men of the Lewis and Clark Expedition Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press p xii ISBN 978-0-8032-6419-9 

External linksedit

  • Town of Charlestown official website
  • Silsby Free Public Library
  • The Fort at Number Four
  • Old #4 Rod, Gun, Snowmobile & Archery Club
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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