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Changhua County

changhua county, changhua county postal code
Changhua County Chinese: 彰化縣; pinyin: Zhānghuà Xiàn is the smallest county on the main island of Taiwan by area, and the fourth smallest in the country With a total population of 13 million, Changhua County is the most populous county in Taiwan

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Qing Dynasty
    • 12 Empire of Japan
    • 13 Republic of China
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Administration
    • 31 Cities
    • 32 Townships
      • 321 Urban townships
      • 322 Rural townships
  • 4 Electoral politics
    • 41 County Magistrate
    • 42 Legislative Yuan
  • 5 Culture
    • 51 Changhua County in films
  • 6 Economy
    • 61 Farming
  • 7 Education
  • 8 Energy
  • 9 Tourism
    • 91 Museums
    • 92 Art and culture centers
    • 93 Temples
    • 94 Nature
    • 95 Historical buildings
  • 10 Transportation
    • 101 Rail
    • 102 Road
  • 11 Sister cities
  • 12 Relative location
  • 13 References
  • 14 External links

Historyedit

There are prehistoric burial sites in Changhua that date back 5000 years The number of burials tally to 32 The original name of the area was Poasoa Chinese: 半線; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Pòaⁿ-sòaⁿ; literally: "half line", colloquially so-named by Taiwanese aboriginals Poasoa used to be inhabited primarily by the Babuza people, who have since been mostly assimilated by the Han Chinese

Qing Dynastyedit

Qing rule in Taiwan began in 1683, and in 1684, Taiwan Prefecture was established to administer Taiwan under Fujian Province The prefecture consisted of three counties: Taiwan County zh, Fongshan District Formosa zh and Zhuluo Poasoa and modern-day Changhua County were under the jurisdiction of Zhuluo, but the Changhua area was spread over three counties

In 1723, after the Zhu Yigui rebellion, an inspector official in Taiwan requested to the Qing Emperor to designate Changhua to another county magistrate and legal warden because of the increasing population in the northern part of Zhuluo County2 As a result, Changhua County was created, encompassing the area of modern Changhua County, Taichung, half of Yunlin County and three townships of Nantou County Changhua County Hall was built in the middle of the district and is regarded as the beginning of the Changhua County establishment3

The name of Changhua, meaning "manifestation of a royal civilization", is formally worded "manifestation of the majestic Emperor's civilization spread over the seas"3

Empire of Japanedit

During early Japanese rule, the island was subdivided into three ken 縣: Taihoku, Taiwan, and Tainan Changhua was ruled under Taiwan Ken In 1920, after several administrative changes, Taichū Prefecture was established, covering modern-day Changhua County, Nantou County and Taichung City By 1930, the population in Changhua already exceeded one million

Republic of Chinaedit

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 December 1945, the area of the current Changhua County was established under the jurisdiction of Taichung County On 16 August 1950 after its separation from Taichung County, Changhua County was established with Changhua City as its county seat on 1 December 1951

Geographyedit

Changhua county is located on the west coast of Taiwan, bordering Taichung City on the north separated by Dadu River, so Changhua County and Taichung City are often referred to as the Taichung–Changhua metropolitan area Changhua County is bordered by Yunlin County to the south by the Zhuoshui River To the east, Changhua County is separated from Nantou County and southern Taichung City by Bagua Plateau To the west, Changhua County faces the Taiwan Strait4

The County's total area is 1,074 km2, being Taiwan's smallest county It owns a 60 km of coastline The landscape of Changhua can be roughly divided into two parts, one being the western flat land, and the other being the Changhua Plain This two combines together measures up to 88% of Changhua county's total area The highest elevation in Changhua is "Hen Shan" 443m

Administrationedit

Wei Ming-ku, the incumbent Magistrate of Changhua County Changhua City, the capital of Changhua County Changhua County Government Changhua County Council
Year Pop ±%
1985 1,223,209 —    
1990 1,245,288 +18%
1995 1,288,447 +35%
2000 1,310,531 +17%
2005 1,315,034 +03%
2010 1,307,286 −06%
2015 1,289,072 −14%
Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan" Ministry of the Interior Population Census 

Changhua County is divided into 2 cities, 6 urban townships and 18 rural townships Changhua City is the seat of the county which houses the Changhua County Government and Changhua County Council Changhua County has the highest number of urban townships of all the counties in Taiwan It also has the second highest number of rural townships after Pingtung County The current Magistrate of Changhua County is Wei Ming-ku of the Democratic Progressive Party

Citiesedit

  1. Changhua City 彰化市 Zhānghuà Shì
  2. Yuanlin City 員林市 Yuánlín Shì

Townshipsedit

Urban townshipsedit

  1. Beidou Township 北斗鎮 Běidǒu Zhèn
  2. Erlin Township 二林鎮 Èrlín Zhèn
  3. Hemei Township 和美鎮 Héměi Zhèn
  4. Lukang Township 鹿港鎮 Lùgǎng Zhèn
  5. Tianzhong Township 田中鎮 Tiánzhōng Zhèn
  6. Xihu Township 溪湖鎮 Xīhú Zhèn

Rural townshipsedit

  1. Dacheng Township 大城鄉
  2. Dacun Township 大村鄉
  3. Ershui Township 二水鄉
  4. Fenyuan Township 芬園鄉
  5. Fangyuan Township 芳苑鄉
  6. Fuxing Township 福興鄉
  7. Huatan Township 花壇鄉
  8. Pitou Township 埤頭鄉
  9. Puxin Township 埔心鄉
  10. Puyan Township 埔鹽鄉
  11. Shengang Township 伸港鄉
  12. Shetou Township 社頭鄉
  13. Tianwei Township 田尾鄉
  14. Xianxi Township 線西鄉
  15. Xiushui Township 秀水鄉
  16. Xizhou Township 溪州鄉
  17. Yongjing Township 永靖鄉
  18. Zhutang Township 竹塘鄉

Electoral politicsedit

Changhua County is seen as a political battleground between the Kuomintang KMT and the Democratic Progressive Party DPP While it has historically favored the KMT, recent elections have swung in the direction of the DPP

County Magistrateedit

The Changhua County Magistrate is the democratically elected chief executive officer of the county The current incumbent is Wei Ming-ku of the Democratic Progressive Party

Election Winner Party Runner-up Party Majority
2001 Wong Chin-chu DPP Yeh Chin-fong KMT 44,080
2005 Cho Po-yuan KMT Wong Chin-chu DPP 99,841
2009 Cho Po-yuan KMT Wong Chin-chu DPP 71,444
2014 Wei Ming-ku DPP Lin Tsang-min KMT 101,667

Legislative Yuanedit

Since the reorganization of the Legislative Yuan into a 113-member chamber in 2008, Changhua has been divided into four constituencies, each of which return one legislator In 2011 the incumbent in Changhua 1, Chen Shou-ching, died in office Because there was less than a year left on her term in office, the seat was left vacant until the 2012 election5 In 2014 a by-election was held in Changhua 4 after Wei Ming-ku was elected as Changhua County Magistrate

Constituency Administrative areas 2008 election 2012 election 2014 by-election 2016 election
Legislator Party Legislator Party Legislator Party Legislator Party
Changhua 1 Shengang, Xianxi, Hemei, Lukang, Fuxing, Xiushui Chen Shou-ching KMT Wang Hui-mei KMT No change Wang Hui-mei KMT
Changhua 2 Changhua City, Huatan, Fenyuan Lin Tsang-min KMT Lin Tsang-min KMT No change Huang Hsiu-fang DPP
Changhua 3 Fenyuan, Erlin, Puyan, Xihu, Puxin, Dacheng, Zhutang, Pitou, Beidou, Xizhou Cheng Ju-fen KMT Cheng Ju-fen KMT No change Hung Tsung-yi DPP
Changhua 4 Dacun, Yuanlin, Yongjing, Shetou, Tianwei, Tianzhong, Ershui Hsiao Ching-tien KMT Wei Ming-ku DPP Chen Su-yue DPP Chen Su-yue DPP

Cultureedit

Changhua County in filmsedit

  • You Are the Apple of My Eye

Economyedit

Chuansing Industrial Park in Shengang Township

Lukang used to be the economic hub of central Taiwan in its early years where it was a commercially prosperous area It was an important trading port during the Qing Dynasty6

Farmingedit

Around 1,200 hectares of total land used for growing fruits in the county is used for grape cultivation with Xihu Township acts as the largest grape production hub in the county7

Educationedit

National Changhua University of Education
  • National Changhua University of Education
  • Dayeh University
  • MingDao University
  • Chienkuo Technology University
  • Chung Chou University of Science and Technology

Energyedit

Hsingneng Power Plant

Changhua County is home to Taiwan's two gas-fired power plants, Hsingyuan Power Plant and Hsingneng Power Plant, with a capacity of 490 MW each Both power plants are located in Lukang Township

In August 2016, the Changhua County Government signed an agreement with Canada's Northland Power and Singapore's Yushan Energy to develop "Hai Long", a 1,200 MW-capacity offshore wind generation project spread over 2,300 km2 off the coast of the county8

With an installed capacity of 1885 MW from 83 onshore wind turbine, Changhua County has the largest wind energy capacity of any county, municipality or city in Taiwan As of 2015, there were 21 offshore wind farms located in the water offshore of the county9

Tourismedit

National Changhua Living Art Center

Changhua was one of the cultural centers of Taiwan, with a lot of ancient monuments and structures left from the Qing Dynasty, including the Confucian Temple, Tian Ho Gung, built in Lukang in 1647 There are currently 6 National Certified Historical Monuments, 42 County Certified Historical Monuments, 67 Historical Infrastructures, and 1 Cultural Center in Changhua County

Museumsedit

Museums in the county include the BRAND'S Health Museum, Changhua County Art Museum and Changhua Arts Museum

Art and culture centersedit

The county is home to the following art and culture centers, which are Lukang Culture Center, Lukang Folk Arts Museum and National Changhua Living Art Center

Templesedit

Temples in Changhua County are Baozang Temple, Confucian Temple of Changhua, Hushan Temple, Kaihua Temple, Lukang Longshan Temple, Lukang Wen Wu Temple, Nanyao Temple, Shetou Doushan Temple and Yuanching Temple

Natureedit

Nature tourism in the county are Alice's Garden and Changhua Fitzroy Gardens

Historical buildingsedit

Historical buildings in the county are the Changhua Wude Hall, Daodong Tutorial Academy, Fuxing Barn, Lukang Ai Gate, Lukang Kinmen Hall, Lukang Rimao Hang, Luocuo Church, Spring of Youth, Yi Yuan Mansion and Yusan Hall

Transportationedit

TRA Changhua Station Xiluo Bridge

Railedit

There are 8 stations in Changhua County of the Taiwan Railway Administration TRA, with the largest being Changhua Station located in Changhua City The rest are: Huatan Station, Dacun Station, Yuanlin Station, Yongjing Station, Shetou Station, Tianzhong Station and Ershui Station

Taiwan High Speed Rail has also one station in the county, which is Changhua Station

Roadedit

National Highway 1 and National Highway 3 both pass through Changhua County In addition, there are plenty of provincial highways as well The Xiluo Bridge, with a span over 1,900 meters and opened in 1953, links Changhua County with neighboring Yunlin County

Sister citiesedit

  • Nagano Prefecture, Japan 2008

Relative locationedit

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "公布欄-彰化縣政府全球資訊網 - 彰化縣105年4月份戶籍人口結構公告" wwwchcggovtw in Chinese 1 February 2007 Retrieved 6 June 2016 
  2. ^ Davidson, James W 1903 The Island of Formosa, Past and Present : history, people, resources, and commercial prospects : tea, camphor, sugar, gold, coal, sulphur, economical plants, and other productions London and New York: Macmillan & co p 73 OL 6931635M After the terrible insurrection of 1722, it was found that the district of Choolo was too large to be conveniently administered by a single magistrate, and the northern portion was detached to become a new prefecture, named Changwha, while the north part of the island was formed into a ting or division, Tamsui, and was placed under the authority of a marine magistrate 
  3. ^ a b "History" Changhua County Government 23 Nov 2010 
  4. ^ "Geographic Location-CHANGHUA COUNTYGOVERNMENT" chcggovtw 
  5. ^ Yan Ruo-chin, 國民黨立委陳秀卿 久病過世 KMT Legislator Chen Shou-ching Dies of Cancer, Liberty Times 
  6. ^ "Attractions > Tourism Towns > Lukang Township, Changhua County: Craftsmanship, Cuisine, and Historic Sites >" taiwannettw 
  7. ^ http://wwwchinapostcomtw/taiwan/local/changhua/2015/06/02/437437/Grapes-grownhtm
  8. ^ "Changhua County signs on to US$49bn offshore wind energy development plan" Taipei Times 23 December 2016 Retrieved 23 December 2016 
  9. ^ Her, Kelly 1 January 2017 "Fair Winds" Taiwan Today Retrieved 3 March 2017 

External linksedit

  • Changhua County Government

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Changhua County


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