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Champagne-Ardenne

champagne-ardenne, champagne-ardennes rail station location map
Champagne-Ardenne French pronunciation: ​ʃɑ̃paɲ aʁdɛn is a former administrative region of France, located in the northeast of the country, bordering Belgium Mostly corresponding to the historic province of Champagne, the region is famous for its sparkling white wine, named champagne after the eponymous wine region

The administrative region was formed in 1956, consisting of the four departments Aube, Ardennes, Haute-Marne, and Marne On 1 January 2016, it merged with the neighboring regions of Alsace and Lorraine to form the new region Grand Est, thereby ceasing to exist as an independent entity1

Its rivers, most of which flow west, include the Seine, the Marne, and the Aisne The Meuse flows north

Contents

  • 1 Transportation
    • 11 Highways
    • 12 Rail
    • 13 Water
    • 14 Air
  • 2 Economy
    • 21 Businesses
    • 22 Food processing
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Major communities
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Transportationedit

Highwaysedit

  • A4 connecting Paris and Strasbourg and serving the Reims metropolitan area
  • A5 connecting Paris and Dijon and serving Troyes and Chaumont
  • A26 connecting Calais and Troyes and serving Reims and Châlons-en-Champagne
  • A34 connecting Reims and the Belgian border and serving Charleville-Mézières

Railedit

The rail network includes the Paris–Strasbourg line, which follows the Marne Valley and serves Épernay, Châlons-en-Champagne, and Vitry-le-François The LGV Est TGV line also connecting Paris and Strasbourg opened in 2007 and serves Reims with a train station in the commune of Bezannes

Wateredit

The region's canals include the Canal latéral à la Marne and Marne-Rhine Canal, the latter connecting to the Marne at Vitry-le-François These are petit gabarit canals

Airedit

The Vatry International Airport, primarily dedicated to air freight, has a runway 3,650 m 11,980 ft long The airport is in a sparsely populated area just 150 km 93 mi from Paris

Economyedit

Vineyard in Champagne-Ardenne
  • 614% of its land is dedicated to agriculture
  • 1st in France for the production of barley and alfalfa
  • 2nd in France for the production of beets, onions, and peas
  • 3rd in France for the production of tender wheat and rapeseed
  • 28237 km² of vineyards
  • Champagne sales in 2001: 263 million bottles 4% increase from 2000 of which 376% were exported
  • 25% of French hosiery production
  • 3rd metallurgic region in France

Businessesedit

  • Verreries Mécaniques de Champagne
  • Produits Métallurgiques à Reims
  • Vallou

Food processingedit

  • Champagne-Céréales
  • France-Luzerne
  • Béghin-Say

Demographicsedit

The population of Champagne-Ardenne has been in steady decrease since 1982 due to a rural exodus With 13 million people and a density of 52/km², it is one of France's least populated regions After a brief period of stabilization in the 1990s, the region's population is now among the fastest "dying" in Europe, with several municipalities losing people at a faster rate than a lot of Eastern European areas, especially in the Haute-Marne department The region is among the oldest in France, has a weak fertility rate, and its immigrant population, while growing,citation needed is still minimal compared to the national average

Major communitiesedit

City center, Troyes
  • Châlons-en-Champagne
  • Charleville-Mézières
  • Chaumont
  • Épernay
  • Reims
  • Saint-Dizier
  • Sedan
  • Troyes
Moulin de Valmy dans les champs

See alsoedit

Coat of arms of the ancient county of Champagne
  • Ardennes
  • Champagne Riots
  • Champagne historical province

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Loi n° 2015-29 du 16 janvier 2015 relative à la délimitation des régions, aux élections régionales et départementales et modifiant le calendrier électoral in French

External linksedit

  • Official website in Frenchhttps://webarchiveorg/web/20061013154125/http://wwwcr-champagne-ardennefr:80/
  • Champagne-Ardenne at DMOZ in English
  • Champagne-Ardenne travel guide from Wikivoyage

Coordinates: 49°00′N 4°30′E / 49000°N 4500°E / 49000; 4500

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    29.10.2014


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