Castrop-Rauxel


Castrop-Rauxel German pronunciation: ˈkastʁɔpˈʁaʊksəl is a former mining city in the eastern part of the Ruhr Area in Germany

Contents

  • 1 Geography
    • 11 Urban Area
  • 2 History
  • 3 Mayors
  • 4 Transport
  • 5 International relations
  • 6 Economy
  • 7 Culture
  • 8 Notable people
  • 9 References

Geographyedit

Castrop-Rauxel is between Dortmund to the east, Bochum south, Herne west, and to the north, Recklinghausen, Datteln and Waltrop

Urban Areaedit

The urban area of Castrop-Rauxel has a total expanse of 5166 km2 1995 sq mi The Halde Schwerin is marked as the highest point of the city with 147 m over NN, the lowest point is the Pöppinghauser street beside house number 264 with 502 m over NN

The city is divided into 15 districts, listed in order from north to south: Becklem, Henrichenburg, Ickern, Habinghorst, Pöppinghausen, Deininghausen, Rauxel, Bladenhorst, Behringhausen, Castrop, Dingen, Schwerin, Obercastrop, Frohlinde and Merklinde

The total area of the city divided into different uses 31122010:

Surface in m² in %
Buildings and open spaces 16384832 31,7%
Operating area 1497843 2,9%
Recreation area 2835924 5,5%
Traffic area 6191789 12,0%
Agricultural land 14116843 27,3%
Forest land 7938248 15,4%
Water surface 1941522 3,8%
Other uses 758372 1,5%
Total area 51665373 100%

Population figures for the individual districts Stand: 2005:

Districts Population
Henrichenburg 5333
Ickern 16650
Habinghorst,
Pöppinghausen
9970
Deininghausen,
Dingen,
Rauxel
10056
Bladenhorst,
Rauxel-Nord
6065
Schwerin 6672
Behringhausen,
Castrop,
Obercastrop
16743
Frohlinde 3509
Merklinde 2621
Old Town hall Bladenhorst castle Castrop-Rauxel town hall

Historyedit

First mentioned in 834 as "Villa Castorpe",citation needed the city of Castrop was founded in 1902 by merging the municipalities Castrop, Obercastrop and Behringhausen On April 1, 1926 Castrop-Rauxel was formed when Castrop merged with 10 other municipalities During World War II, a plant at Castrop-Rauxel used the Bergius process to produce synthetic German: Ersatz oil products

In 1975, the village of Henrichenburg was annexed and Castrop-Rauxel became part of the Recklinghausen district In 1984 the last of 7 coal mines at Castrop-Rauxel "Erin" closed

Mayorsedit

Lord Mayors

  • 1926–1933: Mende, Centre Party Germany Mayor, from 1928 Lord Mayor
  • 1933–1945: Richard Anton, NSDAP
  • 1945–1946: Arnold Boerboom
  • 1946–1948: Hubert Krehe, CDU
  • 1948–1971: Wilhelm Kauermann, SPD
  • 1971–1975: Hugo Paulikat, SPD

Mayors

  • 1975–1989: Hugo Paulikat, SPD
  • 1989–1999: Hans Ettrich, SPD
  • 1999–2004: Nils Kruse, CDU
  • 2004–2015: Johannes Beisenherz, SPD
  • since 2015: Rajko Kravanja, SPD

Transportedit

Castrop-Rauxel has access to three major highways, the Emscherschnellweg A 42,the Sauerlandlinie A 45 and the A 2
There are 3 railway stations within the city The central station Castrop-Rauxel Hauptbahnhof on the Cologne-Minden Railway is located in the suburb of Rauxel Connecting Castrop-Rauxel to the western Ruhr cities like Duisburg, Oberhausen, Essen, Gelsenkirchen, Herne and in the east to Dortmund and Hamm The unmanned stations of Castrop-Rauxel South Castrop-Rauxel Süd and Castrop-Rauxel Merklinde on the Duisburg-Ruhrort–Dortmund railway have hourly services with trains to Dortmund, Herne and Dorsten Located in the city centre is the central bus station Muensterplatz From here passengers can travel to almost all suburbs and to neighboring cities like Herne, Dortmund and Bochum
The Rhine-Herne Canal runs right through Castrop-Rauxel; Castrop-Rauxel also has a small Yacht club on this body of water

International relationsedit

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Castrop Rauxel Square, Wakefield, named after its twin town

Castrop-Rauxel is twinned with:2

  • Wakefield, United Kingdom23
  • Vincennes, France2
  • Kuopio, Finland2
  • Delft, Netherlands2 1950-2000
  • Zehdenick, Germany2
  • Trikala, Greece, since 2013
  • Zonguldak, Turkey, since 2013

Economyedit

Castrop-Rauxel has been attempting to change from a former mining city to a city with a modern lifestyle, high recreational value, new economy companies, a 27-hole golf course, and various cultural events

Metalworking and electronics are the key manufacturing sectors4

Cultureedit

The WLT Westphalian State Theater is the oldest and most relevant source of theatrical entertainment in Castrop-Rauxel There is one cinema with two screens in Castrop Castrop’s history is closely connected to horse racing, the Reiterbrunnen in the very center of Castrop’s market square is a reminder of the race days on the Naturhindernisbahn, now part of the Goldschmieding Park

Notable peopleedit

  • Hedwig Kiesekamp, 1844-1919, singer and writer
  • Heinrich Haslinde, 1878-1938, local poet
  • Josef Hermann Dufhues, 1908-1971, politician CDU Member of Landtag North Rhine-Westphalia, NRW Interior Minister and President of the Parliament
  • Wilhelm Specht, 1910-1986 entrepreneur, businessman and association official
  • Heinz Ballensiefen, 1912-† unknown, historian and Nazi functionary who used to investigate the "Jewish question"
  • Hermann Paschasius Rettler, 1915-2004, bishop of Bacabal Brazil
  • Alfred Niepieklo, 1927-2014, German Football Champion in 1956 and 1957
  • Josef Reding, born 1929, writer
  • Erwin Weiss, 1934-2008, singer
  • Friedhelm Wentzke, born 1935, canoeist
  • Dietrich Berke, 1938-2010, musicologist and publishing editor
  • Paul Reding, born 1939, painter, sculptor and writer
  • Werner Trzmiel, born 1942, athlete
  • Friedhelm Ost, born 1942, journalist and politician
  • Klaus Fichtel, born 1944, footballer
  • Gabriele Sikora, born 1950, politician SPD, 1995-2010 Member of the Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia
  • Lawrence Schlieker, born 1951, abbot of Benedictine Gerleve
  • Udo Helmbrecht, born 1955, former President of the BSI Federal Office for Information Security and Managing Director ENISA European Network and Information Security Agency
  • Mathias Schipper, born 1957, footballer
  • Hans-Peter Villis, born 1958, manager
  • Inge Blask, born 1959, politician SPD, since 2012 Member of Parliament
  • Wolfram Wuttke, 1961-2015, football player
  • Dieter Hecking, born 1964, football coach
  • Michael Ostrzyga, born 1975, composer and conductor
  • Marcel Sieberg, born 1982, cyclist
  • Marc-André Kruska, born 1987, footballer

Referencesedit

Notes
  1. ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen" Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW in German 18 July 2016 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" PDF © 2009 Twins2010com Archived from the original PDF on 2009-11-28 Retrieved 2009-10-28  External link in |publisher= help
  3. ^ "Wakefield's twin towns" Wakefield City Council Archived from the original on 2013-10-17 Retrieved 2013-07-14 
  4. ^ http://wwwbritannicacom/EBchecked/topic/98861/Castrop-Rauxel


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