Castle Mill Streamcastle mill stream country, castle mill stream run
Castle Mill Stream is a backwater of the River Thames in the west of Oxford, England It is 55 km long1
- 1 Course
- 2 History
- 3 Gallery
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The stream leaves the main course of the River Thames at the south end of Port Meadow, immediately upstream of Medley Footbridge, split by the northern part of Fiddler's Island to the west It flows between Port Meadow to the north and Cripley Meadow largely allotments to the south It then passes under the Cherwell Valley railway line and turns south, parallel to the southern end of the Oxford Canal and the railway tracks On the other side of the railway is the eponymous Castle Mill graduate housing development of the University of Oxford
Further south, the Isis Lock gives access to the Oxford Canal from the stream, and the short Sheepwash Channel leads west under the railway tracks to the main stream of the Thames2 The stream then flows under Hythe Bridge, on Hythe Bridge Street, and under a series of bridges: Pacey's Bridge on Park End Street, Quaking Bridge, and Swan Bridge once known as Castle Bridge,3 outside the original medieval city walls of Oxford, near Oxford Castle4 It continues under Oxpens Road and rejoins the Thames immediately upstream of the Gasworks Bridge
The stream was considerably altered in Saxon and early Norman times There was a mill here even before the castle existed In the winter of 1142, there was a siege at the Castle5 Empress Matilda aka Queen Maud, 1102–1167, the daughter and dispossessed heir of Henry I, was there during her power struggle with King Stephen 1096–1154 The queen escaped from the castle after her guards lowered her over the walls She was clothed in a white dress that camouflaged her against the snow Matilda crept through the enemy lines and across the Castle Mill Stream to escape to freedom
In the Middle Ages, the stream was used for navigation, at least above Hythe Bridge During the 16th century, hay, wood, stone, and slate were unloaded at a wharf at Hythe Bridge6 When the Oxford Canal was built, it provided an easier route into the centre of Oxford, and in 1795-96 Daniel Harris built Isis Lock to allow Thames river traffic to access the canal wharves The stream then fell out of use for navigation
The Castle Mill Stream at Quaking Bridge
The restored Old Malthouse on the Castle Mill Stream and Tidmarsh Lane, dating from the early 19th century
On the left is the walkway along the Castle Mill Stream, leading from St Thomas' Street to Park End Street
The Castle Mill Stream, near Oxpens Road
Looking the mill stream towards Oxford Castle
The Castle Mill Stream flowing under Hythe Bridge
Isis Lock, linking the mill stream right and the Oxford Canal left
The railway bridge over the mill stream near Port Meadow, north of Oxford railway station and just south of Walton Well Road
- Castle Mill, an Oxford University graduate housing complex
- ^ Oxford Area Flood Information Guidance Booklet page 37
- ^ "River Thames Sheepwash Channel" wwwcanalplanorguk UK Retrieved 15 September 2012
- ^ Crossley, Alan; Elrington, CR eds; Chance, Eleanor; Colvin, Christina; Cooper, Janet; Day, CJ; Hassall, TG; Selwyn, Nesta 1979 A History of the County of Oxford, Volume 4: Communications: Bridges Victoria County History
- ^ Crossley, Alan; Elrington, CR eds; Chance, Eleanor; Colvin, Christina; Cooper, Janet; Day, CJ; Hassall, TG; Selwyn, Nesta 1979 A History of the County of Oxford, Volume 4: City Walls, Gates, and Posterns Victoria County History
- ^ City of Oxford, "Oxford Castle"
- ^ Crossley, Alan; Elrington, C R eds; Chance, Eleanor; Colvin, Christina; Cooper, Janet; Day, C J; Hassall, T G; Selwyn, Nesta 1979 A History of the County of Oxford, Volume 4: Communications: Rivers and River Navigation Victoria County History
- Media related to Castle Mill Stream, Oxford at Wikimedia Commons
- Where Thames Smooth Waters Glide: Oxford Old River
|Next confluence upstream||River Thames||Next confluence downstream|
|Bulstake Stream south||Castle Mill Stream||River Cherwell north|
Coordinates: 51°44′47″N 1°15′49″W / 517464°N 12637°W / 517464; -12637
castle mill stream country, castle mill stream run, castle millstream elementary school, castle streaming
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