Carroll, New Hampshire


Carroll is a town in Coos County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 763 at the 2010 census1 The two largest villages are Twin Mountain and Bretton Woods Carroll is an important access point for recreational areas in the White Mountains, including many 4,000-footers, the Zealand River area, the Presidential Range, and the Presidential Dry River Wilderness The town is crossed by the Appalachian Trail and is home to the Mount Washington Hotel at Bretton Woods It is also home to the Highland Center at Crawford Notch, the Appalachian Mountain Club's four-season lodge

Carroll is part of the Berlin, NH–VT Micropolitan Statistical Area

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Historyedit

It was granted by Governor John Wentworth on February 8, 1772 to Sir Thomas Wentworth, Samuel Langdon and 81 others Sir Thomas Wentworth resided in West Bretton, England on his estate called Bretton Hall, after which the township was named Bretton Woods2 On the 1816 Carrigain map of New Hampshire, it appears as "Breton Woods" On 22 June 1832,3 the town was incorporated by the General Court as Carroll, in honor of Charles Carroll, a signer of the Declaration of Independence4

Although the surface is uneven and bounded by mountains, farmers found the soil "strong and deep" It has many small streams, tributaries of the Ammonoosuc River, which in the 19th-century were noted for abundant trout By 1859, Carroll had a starch factory, and two lumber mills that produced boards, shingles, clapboards and laths5

But it is tourism that brought fame and prosperity to the area Hannah and Abel Crawford turned their log cabin into an inn, then built The Notch House in 1828 In 1874, the Boston, Concord & Montreal Railroad reached Fabyan Station, an important junction joined the next year by the Portland & Ogdensburg Railroad Here stood the Fabyan House, a grand hotel built by Sylvester Marsh and his colleagues, who also built the nearby Mount Washington Cog Railway6 The hotel burned in 1951 The Mount Pleasant House was built in 1875, although demolished in 1939 But the grandest of all was the Mount Washington Hotel, built in 1902 and still operating Here was held the 1944 International Monetary Conference, which resulted in the creation of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank4

In 1874, Wing Railroad, a branch of the Montreal, extended into this town Also Brown's lumber railroad, from Whitefield3

Geographyedit

There are several villages in the town Twin Mountain, which has a small airstrip, is primarily a summer and winter resort located at the intersection of US Route 3 from Franconia and US Route 302 from Bethlehem Bretton Woods is a year-round recreational and resort area on Route 302 southeast toward Hart's Location Adjacent to Bretton Woods at the junction of the Mount Washington Cog Railway Base Station Road with Route 302 is the former train station of Fabyan Two miles north of Twin Mountain along Route 3 is the small village of Carroll proper New Hampshire Route 115 leads from Carroll to Jefferson, with scenic views of Whitefield, Lancaster and the northern White Mountains

A substantial portion of the town is part of the White Mountain National Forest, including Cherry Mountain "Mount Martha", at 3,554 feet 1,083 m above sea level, which is traversed by the Cohos Trail; and part of the Dartmouth Range, which contains Mount Deception, the summit of which at 3,670 ft 1,120 m is the highest point in town The southeast corner of town boasts the Mount Washington Hotel and the height of land in Crawford Notch The Ammonoosuc River rises at the confluence of several brooks and flows westward generally along Route 302 through town The Saco River rises in Crawford Notch and runs south-southeast to the Maine coast

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 502 square miles 130 km2, of which 502 sq mi 130 km2 is land and 004 sq mi 010 km2 is water, comprising 006% of the town Carroll lies almost fully within the Connecticut River watershed;7 the southernmost tip of the town surrounding Saco Lake, however, is part of the Saco River watershed

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1830 108
1840 218 1019%
1850 296 358%
1860 276 −68%
1870 378 370%
1880 632 672%
1890 813 286%
1900 710 −127%
1910 569 −199%
1920 388 −318%
1930 402 36%
1940 496 234%
1950 359 −276%
1960 295 −178%
1970 310 51%
1980 647 1087%
1990 528 −184%
2000 663 256%
2010 763 151%
Est 2015 748 −20%
US Decennial Census9

As of the census10 of 2000, there were 663 people, 279 households, and 189 families residing in the town The population density was 132 people per square mile 51/km² There were 740 housing units at an average density of 147 per square mile 57/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9879% White, 075% Asian, 015% from other races, and 030% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 060% of the population

There were 279 households out of which 244% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 563% were married couples living together, 79% had a female householder with no husband present, and 319% were non-families 254% of all households were made up of individuals and 100% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 234 and the average family size was 276

In the town, the population was spread out with 210% under the age of 18, 63% from 18 to 24, 267% from 25 to 44, 312% from 45 to 64, and 148% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 43 years For every 100 females there were 1034 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1079 males

The median income for a household in the town was $39,286, and the median income for a family was $45,227 Males had a median income of $27,426 versus $20,781 for females The per capita income for the town was $18,734 About 31% of families and 69% of the population were below the poverty line, including 48% of those under age 18 and 124% of those age 65 or over

See alsoedit

  • North Twin Mountain
  • South Twin Mountain
  • Twin Range
  • White Mountain art

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Lawrence Shaw Mayo, John Wentworth, Governor of New Hampshire: 1767-1775; Harvard University Press; Cambridge, Massachusetts 1921
  3. ^ a b Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of new Hampshire 1875
  4. ^ a b New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile Archived June 9, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Austin J Coolidge & John B Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; Boston, Massachusetts 1859
  6. ^ Sylvester Marsh and the Mount Washington Railway Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Carroll official website
  • Village of Twin Mountain
  • Twin Mountain Snowmobile Club
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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