Carmacks, Yukon


Carmacks is a village in Yukon on the Yukon River along the Klondike Highway, and at the west end of the Robert Campbell Highway from Watson Lake The population is 493 Canada Census, 2016 It is the home of the Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation, a Northern Tutchone-speaking people

Contents

  • 1 Mining
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 History
  • 4 Administration
  • 5 Climate
  • 6 History
  • 7 Transportation
  • 8 Recreation
  • 9 Sports
  • 10 Demographics
  • 11 See also
  • 12 References
  • 13 External links

Miningedit

The area around Carmacks has abundant mineral resources, including coal, copper, and gold Various mining activities are taking place on mineral sites around Carmacks There is a small zinc-copper mine in production near Carmacks operated by Western Silver and a gold property northwest of Carmacks currently in the exploration stage operated by Northern Freegold Resources based out of Whitehorse

Geographyedit

The Yukon River bridge at Carmacks

Carmacks is situated at the confluence of the Nordenskiold and Yukon rivers, approximately 180 km 112 miles north of Whitehorse and 360 km 224 miles south of Dawson City on the North Klondike Highway It is the site of one of the four bridges over the Yukon River The Campbell Highway also intersects the community and carries on to Faro, Ross River and Watson Lake, providing a gateway to the Canol Road and some of Yukon's most spectacular scenery

Historyedit

The name of the settlement comes from George Washington Carmack who, in 1891, found coal nearby He created a trading post and began by engaging in commerce with local people, before opening a coal mine in the south bank of the Yukon River The focus of his entrepreneurial energy switched a few years later when he discovered gold near Dawson City

Administrationedit

Carmacks is the only place in Yukon to enjoy the status of a Designated place

Climateedit

Climate data for Carmacks
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C °F 60
428
128
55
144
579
233
739
350
95
350
95
317
891
320
896
270
806
183
649
128
55
80
464
350
95
Average high °C °F −238
−108
−121
102
n/a n/a 145
581
203
685
219
714
196
673
133
559
31
376
−107
127
−201
−42
n/a
Daily mean °C °F −286
−195
−182
−08
n/a n/a 72
45
129
552
148
586
125
545
69
444
−16
291
−147
55
−247
−125
n/a
Average low °C °F −336
−285
−253
−135
n/a n/a −02
316
53
415
76
457
53
415
04
327
−63
207
−190
−22
−296
−213
n/a
Record low °C °F −578
−72
−572
−71
−500
−58
−320
−256
−122
10
−39
25
−11
30
−50
23
−165
23
−325
−265
−467
−521
−544
−659
−578
−72
Average precipitation mm inches 179
0705
123
0484
70
0276
68
0268
201
0791
345
1358
551
2169
394
1551
306
1205
95
0374
183
072
153
0602
2767
10894
Source: 1961-1990 Environment Canada 1

Historyedit

The community consists of the Village of Carmacks and the Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nation and was named after George Washington Carmack, who found coal near Tantalus Butte locally called Coal Mine Hill in 1893 Carmack built a trading post and traded with locals near the present site of Carmacks and also started a coal mine on the south bank of the Yukon River Carmack soon discovered gold in the Dawson region with Skookum Jim and Tagish Charlie a few years later, starting the Klondike Gold Rush Carmacks became incorporated as a village on November 1, 1984

Transportationedit

Carmacks is served by Klondike Highway by cars and Carmacks Airport by air

Recreationedit

The Carmacks Recreation Centre is at the east end of River Drive between the nursing station and visitor centre, and is a community focal point for youth There is a youth drop in daily with a computer access, video games, table games and other activities, often funded by Yukon grant programs The gymnasium is host to adult floor hockey and other sports The Recreation Center also holds a 3 lane curling rink, fully loaded fitness gym and a full Kitchen for all occasions

Carmacks also has an indoor swimming pool that is open to the community from June to September

Sportsedit

Every February, Carmacks hosts a checkpoint for both the long-distance Yukon Quest sled dog race and the Yukon Arctic Ultra foot/ski/bike race

Demographicsedit

Carmacks is the only community in Yukon which has the status of designated place in Canadian censuses

References: 20112 20063 earlier4
Canada census – Carmacks, Yukon community profile
2011 2006
503 +184% from 2006 425 -14% from 2001
3695 km2 1427 sq mi 369 km2 142 sq mi
136/km2 35/sq mi 116/km2 30/sq mi
339 M: 342, F: 329
246 173
$37,632

Carmacks has a 914% First Nations population the majority of which belong to the Little Salmon Carmacks First Nations The local language of the LSCFN community is Northern Tuchone, which is carried on both by the elders and taught to all students at the local Tantalus Elementary/high School

See alsoedit

  • List of municipalities in Yukon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Environment Canada—Canadian Climate Normals 1961–1990 Retrieved 22 June 2011
  2. ^ "2011 Community Profiles" Canada 2011 Census Statistics Canada July 5, 2013 Retrieved 2012-05-14 
  3. ^ "2006 Community Profiles" Canada 2006 Census Statistics Canada March 30, 2011 Retrieved 2009-02-24 
  4. ^ "2001 Community Profiles" Canada 2001 Census Statistics Canada February 17, 2012 

External linksedit

  • History of Carmacks
  • Community Profile
  • Little Salmon Carmacks First Nation
  • Village of Carmacks Web Page


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