Carlos Lamarcacarlos lamarca, carlos lamarca actor
Carlos Lamarca Brazilian Portuguese: ; October 23, 1937 – September 17, 1971 was a Brazilian Army Captain who deserted to become a communist guerrilla member He was a part of the revolutionary guerrilla group Popular Revolutionary Vanguard Vanguarda Popular Revolucionária - VPR and became, along with Carlos Marighella, one of the leaders of the armed struggle against the military dictatorship in Brazil
- 1 Early life
- 2 Life in guerrilla warfare
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Amnesty and tributes
- 5 Cultural references
- 6 References
Carlos Lamarca was born on October 23, 1937 in the city of Rio de Janeiro In 1955, he joined the Preparatory School of Military Cadets in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul Two years later he was transferred to the Military Academy of Agulhas Negras in Resende, Rio de Janeiro, in which he graduated as one of the lower ranking cadets of his class, being the 46th placer out of a class of 57 cadets 1960
Lamarca was a member of the United Nations Peacekeeping forces in Gaza during the Suez War He later returned to Brazil, where he supported the military coup In 1967, he was promoted to Captain In 1969, he deserted from the Army to join VPR, stealing in the process a truck full of military equipment with him
The theft of the armament was organized and carried out by him and by Sergeant Darcy Rodrigues, who supposedly convinced Lamarca to join VPR Also participated in this operation corporal Mariani and private Roberto Zanirato, later murdered under torture in DOI-CODI
Life in guerrilla warfare
Lamarca became one of the most active militants of the communist insurrency to the 1964 regime He participated in several operations, such as banks robbery and a guerrilla warfare camp in the extreme south of the state of São Paulo
In 1970, the Army discovered the camp after the arrest of several VPR members in April of that same year On May 10, 1970, he participated in the assassination of Military Police officer Alberto Mendes Júnior, who surrendered to Lamarca's group in order to prevent the death of 2 of his fellow soldiers, who were severely injured and needed medical assistance Mendes was then executed by Lamarca with several blows to the head with the buttstock of a rifle
In the same year, Lamarca commanded the kidnap of the Swiss Ambassador Giovanni Enrico Bucher, with the purpose of switching him for political prisoners in Rio de Janeiro; in this kidnapping, the Federal Police Agent Hélio Carvalho de Araújo was shot to death by Lamarca Araújo was in charge of the Swiss Ambassador's security
Lamarca left VPR and joined the Revolutionary Movement 8th October The new group sent him to Bahia, with the purpose of starting a Revolution in the countryside On September 17, 1971, he was found by the Army in the small town of Pintada currently Ipupiara, where he was killed while trying to resist arrest alongside VPR member José Campos Barreto also known as Zequinha Barreto
Lamarca was married to Maria Pavan, who was his foster sister, and had two children with her His wife went into exile in Cuba because of the risks she was facing in Brazil Lamarca also became romantically linked to Yara Yavelberg, a partner in his anti-dictatorship activities
Yavelberg was killed two days before Lamarca, under suspicious circumstances in an apartment in Salvador, capital of Bahia
Amnesty and tributes
After several years and open opposition from the mass media, Lamarca's family successfully obtained indemnification for his death from the Amnesty Commission of the Ministry of Justice His widow and children was granted 300,000 reais as a compensation for the time they lived in exile in Cuba Lamarca's widow will also receive an allowance equivalent to a general's wage, according to the Amnesty Law of 1979
The City Hall of Ipupiara built a public square in the location where Lamarca died It is equipped with a playground, a fountain, a canteen, an amphitheatre and a statue of Lamarca The Praça Capitão Carlos Lamarca Captain Carlos Lamarca Public Square was inaugurated on January 13, 2007 The city also paid a tribute to Lamarca by creating a law which added September 17, the day of his death, to the list of local holidays
Carlos Lamarca was interpreted by Paulo Betti in two films, both of them directed by Sérgio Rezende The first was Lamarca's own biopic and the other was a movie about fashion designer Zuzu Angel Jones, whose Brazilian American son was a member of the Revolutionary Movement 8 October alongside Lamarca
- ^ GASPARI, Elio - A Ditadura Escancarada, p 196 e 197
- "The return of the guess-meter" – Mário Magalhães, Folha de SPaulo's ombudsman, criticizes the coverage of the newspaper to the amnesty suit filed by Lacerda's family Translated by John Wright
- "Brazil's Urban Guerrilla in Theory and Practice" – 1970 article by Radio Free Europe analyzes the guerrilla warfare in Brazil during the military regime
carlos lamarca, carlos lamarca actor
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