Carl Adolph Schuricht German pronunciation: ; 3 July 1880 – 7 January 1967 was a German conductor
- 1 Life and career
- 2 Recordings
- 3 Awards and decorations
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Life and career
Schuricht was born in Danzig Gdańsk, German Empire; his father's family had been respected organ-builders His mother, Amanda Wusinowska, a widow soon after her marriage Carl's father Carl Conrad Schuricht drowned in the Baltic Sea while saving a friend, three weeks before he was born, brought up her son alone His childhood was surrounded by music - "every Sunday in summer we used to hire three large open carriages and go out into the country After the picnic we would join in singing choral works by Bach, Handel and Mendelssohn" He showed a talent for music at an early age, studying piano and violin from the age of six By eleven he was composing, and continued his academic and musical studies when his mother moved to Berlin, then to Wiesbaden
At 20 he obtained the post of Korrepetitor at the Stadttheater in Mainz and two years later won the Kuczynski Foundation prize for composition and a Felix von Mendelssohn scholarship He then returned to Berlin to study piano under Ernst Rudorff and composition with Engelbert Humperdinck, later working under Max Reger in Leipzig, publishing chamber pieces, sonatas and lieder Attracted by the profession of conductor he undertook tours in Germany conducting operettas, operas, choral societies and symphony concerts During this time he had the chance to watch at rehearsal and in concert such figures as Arthur Nikisch, Felix Weingartner, Ernst von Schuch, Felix Mottl, Hans Richter, Karl Muck and Gustav Mahler
On 24 May 1906 he heard Frederick Delius's Sea Drift in Essen with the composer present, and promised to Delius that when he had his own orchestra he would conduct it himself, which he did in Frankfurt with Delius again in the audience More important was perhaps that at the same Festival in 1906 he heard the premiere of Mahler's Sixth Symphony, conducted by the composer In 1909 he succeeded Siegfried Ochs as director of the Rühlscher Oratorienverein in Frankfurt-am-Main and at 40 was appointed musical director of the municipal orchestra in Wiesbaden; festivals of modern music Richard Strauss, Reger, Mahler, Delius and Arnold Schoenberg made Wiesbaden an internationally renowned centre for music Schuricht said of this time "The German public was no more avid than any other for the novelties which I wanted to give it I have to prepare it for them gently, convince without bludgeoning, cajole and seduce I managed this by prefacing concerts of modern music by lectures, which I illustrated with extracts played by myself at the piano or by the orchestra"
His career was not that of a star but he was loved both by the orchestra members and audience As music director at Wiesbaden 1920-1944 he arranged the first German "Gustav Mahler-Festival" in April 1921, conducting Mahler's symphonies Nos 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, and "Das Lied von der Erde" cf Signale für die musikalische Welt, No 14, 6 April 1921, p 384, and a week later the Berlin Philharmonic invited him to Berlin, where he on 2 May conducted Mahler's Sixth symphony Mahler's works were very popular in Germany, Holland, and Austria during the 1920s but they were eventually banned under the Nazis between 1933 and 1945, owing to the composer's Jewish background Schuricht continued to conduct Mahler outside Germany On 5 October 1939, during the Phoney War, a performance of his with the Amsterdam Concertgebouw Orchestra of Mahler's Das Lied von der Erde was disrupted by a woman heckler who called out "Deutschland über alles, Herr Schuricht" The performance is available on a CD Schuricht was the first recipient of the Gold Medal of the Internationale Gustav Mahler-Gesellschaft in Vienna in 1958 Schuricht worked at the Hague/Scheveningen Festival from 1930–39 and was guest conductor with the Dresden Philharmonic from 1942 to 1944 He was expected to take over as director of the orchestra from 1 October 1944, but escalation of the war meant that the orchestra was closed down and Schuricht himself received a warning that he was about to be arrested, and he fled to Switzerland He settled in Zürich where he married Maria Martha Banz and worked with l'Orchestre de la Suisse Romande
During the late 1940s and 1950s Schuricht conducted throughout Switzerland, at the re-opening of the Salzburg Festival in 1946, in Paris, and at the festivals of Holland, Lucerne, Aix-en-Provence and Montreux He regularly conducted the South German Radio Symphony Orchestra from 1950 to 1966 When the Vienna Philharmonic made their first tour to the USA in 1956, Schuricht replaced Erich Kleiber, sharing the conducting during the six weeks with André Cluytens
He died at the age of 86 in his home at Corseaux-sur-Vevey, Switzerland, and was buried in Wiesbaden, as an honorary citizen of that city
- Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphonies Nos 1-9, recorded 1957 & 1958 with the Paris Conservatory Orchestra EMI
- Anton Bruckner: Symphony No 5, with the Vienna Philharmonic Deutsche Grammophon
- Anton Bruckner: Symphony No 8, with the Vienna Philharmonic EMI
- Anton Bruckner: Symphony No 9, with the Vienna Philharmonic EMI
- WA Mozart: Requiem, recorded 1962 with the Vienna Philharmonic Archiphon
- Gustav Mahler: Symphony No 3, with the Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra Archiphon
- Johannes Brahms: Symphony No 1, with the Frankfurt Radio Orchestra Melodram
- Robert Schumann: Symphonies 2 & 3, Overture, Scherzo and Finale, recorded 1953 & 1954 with the Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, Paris Decca
- Felix Mendelssohn: Overtures, with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra Decca
- Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky: Capriccio Italien, Suite No 3 'Theme and Variations', recorded 1952 with the Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, Paris Decca
- Richard Wagner: Orchestral excerpts, with the SWR Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
Awards and decorations
- Order of the Phoenix Greece, 1936
- Commander of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands, 1938
- War Merit Cross, 2nd class without Swords 1944
- Dutch Bruckner Medal 1948
- Anton Bruckner Medal of the International Bruckner Society 1950
- Great Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany 1953
- Honorary Citizen of Wiesbaden 1953
- Goethe Medal of the State of Hessen 1955
- Nicolai Medal Vienna Philharmonic, 1956
- Honorary Member of the Bruckner Society of America 1957
- Appointed Professor by the President of the Republic of Austria, Adolf Scharf 1957
- Honorary Member of the Vienna Philharmonic 1960
- Grand Cross of the Order of Alfonso X, the Wise 1965
- ^ a b c d Gavoty B Carl Schuricht Great Concert Artists series Geneva, René Kister, 1956
- ^ Obituary for Carl Schuricht, Musical Times, 1081489, p 252 1967
- ^ Hugo Leichtentritt, "Musical Notes from Abroad: Germany" Musical Times, 741086, p 747 1933
- ^ Profile in Schuricht 2005 Artone ISBN 3-86562-068-X
- ^ Some of his 125 recordings in the SDR archive were issued by Hänssler Classic in 2005
- ^ Baeck E André Cluytens: Itinéraire d’un chef d’orchestre Editions Mardaga, Wavre, 2009 Cluytens conducted 19 concerts on the tour, Schuricht 11
- ^ Scharlau U Commentary to 'Carl Schuricht Collection' Hänssler Classic, 2005
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carl Schuricht|
- Works by or about Carl Schuricht at Internet Archive
- Carl Schuricht biography
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