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Car of Tomorrow

car of tomorrow, car of tomorrow cartoon
The Car of Tomorrow1 is the common name used for the chassis that accompanies the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series since 2008 as a full-time and Xfinity Series since 2011 as a full-time race cars The car was part of a five-year project to create a safer vehicle following several deaths in competition, particularly the 2001 crash that took the life of Dale Earnhardt2

Best known for being used as the fifth generation car style for the Cup Series, the original Car of Tomorrow body design was larger and boxier than the design it replaced, and criticized for its generic appearance and poor handling characteristics3 The CoT, however, implemented dramatic safety improvements, cost less to maintain, and was intended to make for closer competition4

The car was introduced in the 2007 Cup season at the Food City 500 on March 25 and ran a partial schedule of 16 races The plan was to require all teams to use the new car in 2009, but NASCAR officials moved the date up to the 2008 season as a cost-saving measure The fifth-generation car's body style was retired by NASCAR car after the 2012 Ford EcoBoost 400 The sixth-generation car, which featured the additional chassis safety improvements but utilized improved body designs, debuted in 2013;4 many teams simply removed the fifth-generation car bodies, added the new chassis safety improvements, and installed a sixth-generation car body

In 2010, the Xfinity Series then the Nationwide Series debuted its own version of the CoT in a partial schedule, using the same chassis but different bodies and a wider wheelbase; teams could take old Sprint Cup cars, change the bodies, and run them in the Nationwide Series, provided they passed recertification The car was required for full-time competition in 2011

Contents

  • 1 Design
    • 11 Car models
    • 12 Dimensions
  • 2 Testing
  • 3 Implementation
  • 4 Debut
  • 5 History, criticisms, and redesigns of the COT
    • 51 First Generation Body
    • 52 Second Generation Body "Gen 6"
    • 53 Xfinity Series
    • 54 K&N Pro Series
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
    • 71 Footnotes
    • 72 General
  • 8 External links

Designedit

On January 11, 2006, NASCAR revealed the Car of Tomorrow, also referred to as the "Car of the Future" during its development,5 after a five-year design program sparked mainly by the death of Dale Earnhardt Sr in a final-lap crash during the 2001 Daytona 50026 During the prior season, three drivers Adam Petty, Kenny Irwin, Jr and Tony Roper had perished in on-track accidents78 The then-current cars were based on a design by Holman Moody first used for the 1966 Ford Fairlane9 The primary design considerations for the new car were "safety innovations, performance and competition, and cost efficiency for teams"1011

The CoT incorporated several safety improvements in comparison to the older car6 The driver's seat was moved four inches toward the center, and the roll cage shifted three inches to the rear, while the car was designed two inches taller and four inches wider61112 Larger crumple zones, designed to absorb impact energy, and impact absorbing foam were built into the car on both sides1112 Replacing the front valance was an adjustable splitter, a piece of fiber-reinforced plastic FRP, "fiberglass" used on the bottom front of the car to produce downforce12 The car's exhaust exits on the right passenger side, which diverts heat from the driver612 The fuel cell was strengthened using thicker material, with a smaller capacity 1775 US gallons 672 L, down from 22 US gallons 83 L, which as of 2007 has become standard in all cars1113

A Car of Tomorrow body with Toyota Camry decals

NASCAR officials initially claimed the car was less dependent on aerodynamics, comparing its performance to the trucks of the Camping World Truck Series14 It initially featured a detached wing, which had not been used since the Dodge Charger Daytona and Plymouth Superbird in 1970, in place of a rear spoiler1215 The windshield was more upright to prevent collapse in the event of a rollover, with the added effect of increased drag1112 The radiator air intake was placed below the front bumper of the car, to reduce overheating caused by debris-clogged grilles12 The front bumper itself was more box-like and the front airdam was gapped, as opposed to being a flush piece on the older cars, to reduce aerodynamics and slow down the cars12

All cars were required to fit the same set of templates with minor differences between the makes, using a laser inspection system LIS16 device nicknamed "the claw" that was designed to fit over the new cars11171819 In the first two races at Bristol and Martinsville Speedway, the garages were opened one day early and the inspections took up to 10 hours so that everyone teams, officials, etc could get a better grip on the new unified template18 NASCAR's old rules had a different set of templates for each manufacturer Ford, Chevy, Dodge, and Toyota1117 During the CoT-era, NASCAR eliminated "gray area" and ambiguity within the rule book, and frequently adjusted the rules to ensure that different car manufacturers have relatively equal cars11 With the transition to the Gen6 car, the claw continues to be used along with manufacturer-specific templates17

On Friday, January 15, 2010, Sprint Cup Series director John Darby informed teams that NASCAR would transition back to the spoiler, to increase downforce and prevent airborne accidents the rear wing was believed to cause

Car modelsedit

Front view of Regan Smith's Chevrolet Impala badged CoT at Sonoma Raceway

Although initially branded as the Monte Carlo SS the same as the Generation 4 model, Chevrolet's car of tomorrow debuted as the Impala SS later the Impala After using the Charger name on the old car since 2005, Dodge utilized the Avenger name on the CoT, coinciding with the model's reintroduction into the production market However, for 2008 the Charger name returned for use on the CoT20 Ford continued to use the Fusion model while Toyota continued to use the Camry

Dimensionsedit

This chart lists the CoT's dimensions compared with the dimensions of their production car counterparts

Model Length Width Height Wheelbase Weight
Ford Fusion 1906 in 4,841 mm 722 in 1,834 mm 569 in 1,445 mm 1074 in 2,728 mm 3,101 lb 1,407 kg
Chevrolet Monte Carlo21 2007 in 5,098 mm 725 in 1,842 mm 51 in 1,295 mm 110 in 2,794 mm 3,400 lb 1,542 kg
Chevrolet Impala SS 2004 in 5,090 mm 729 in 1,852 mm 587 in 1,491 mm 1105 in 2,807 mm 3,711 lb 1,683 kg
Dodge Charger 2001 in 5,083 mm 744 in 1,890 mm 582 in 1,478 mm 120 in 3,048 mm 3,820 lb 1,733 kg
Toyota Camry 1892 in 4,806 mm 717 in 1,821 mm 579 in 1,471 mm 1103 in 2,802 mm 3,263 lb 1,480 kg
Holden Commodore SS-V Redline Chevrolet SS 19268 in 4,894 mm 7476 in 1,899 mm 5811 in 1,476 mm 11476 in 2,915 mm 3,902 lb 1,770 kg
NASCAR COT 206 in 5,232 mm 785 in 1,994 mm 53 in 1,346 mm 110 in 2,794 mm 3,450 lb 1,565 kg

Weight displays the curb weight of the least expensive trim level available for model year 2008 unless otherwise specified The Holden Commodore listed is a 2012 VE model with a V8 and manual transmission which road-cars will be imported The VF Commodore debuted for the 2014 model year in early 2013 as the Chevrolet SS

Testingedit

The Car of Tomorrow was first tested in December 2005 at Atlanta Motor Speedway Next it tested at the 25-mile Daytona International Speedway, then on NASCAR's two shortest tracks, Bristol 0533 mi and Martinsville 0526 mi, the 15-mile Lowe's Motor Speedway, the 266 mile Talladega Superspeedway, and 20-mile Michigan International Speedway Former NASCAR driver, current Sprint Cup pace car driver and Director of Cost Research Brett Bodine also tested the prototype car against cars prepared by current NASCAR teams12

Drivers tested the CoT concurrently with the old car at some NASCAR tests and at special NASCAR-authorized sessions Other testing sessions occurred at the half-mile Greenville-Pickens Speedway, Caraway Speedway in Asheboro, NC, and the one-mile North Carolina Speedway now Rockingham Speedway, none of which were Sprint Cup tracks at the time North Carolina Speedway was a regular venue until 2005, and therefore did not fall under NASCAR's restrictions

Implementationedit

The Car of Tomorrow was first raced at the 2007 Food City 500 at Bristol Motor Speedway, the season's fifth race18 The tracks that saw the CoT twice in 2007 besides Bristol and Martinsville International Speedway were Phoenix International Raceway, Richmond International Raceway, Dover International Speedway, and New Hampshire Motor Speedway Other than Talladega for the fall event, Darlington Raceway and the road course races at Infineon Raceway Sonoma, Calif and Watkins Glen NY International ran the CoT once each in 2007

Original implementation plans called for the CoT to be used at 26 events in 2008, starting with both races at Daytona, including the season-opening Daytona 500 and related events Budweiser Shootout and Gatorade Duels, the spring race at Talladega and Michigan, both races at California Speedway, Pocono Raceway and the event at Indianapolis Motor Speedway Based on the success of the February 28 test at Bristol, NASCAR considered requiring CoT cars for the full schedule in 2008 in order to avoid applying two sets of rules as supported by a survey of NASCAR owners, with 80% favoring the switch, adding all three events including the all-star event at Lowe's Motor Speedway, as well as both races at Atlanta and Texas Motor Speedway, and single races at Chicagoland Speedway, Kansas Speedway, Las Vegas Motor Speedway and Homestead-Miami Speedway one year earlier than scheduled6 This was confirmed on Tuesday, May 22, 2007, by NASCAR Had NASCAR continued with the original schedule of implication, the other tracks would have been added in 200922

Debutedit

On March 25, 2007, the CoT debuted in its first NASCAR-sanctioned race Kyle Busch won the race, the first win for the Chevrolet Impala since Wendell Scott's historic race in 1963

Reactions to the CoT's performance were mixed Dale Earnhardt, Jr, after finishing 7th, said, "It wasn't a disaster like everybody anticipated It worked out, I reckon Racing was about the same"23 Drivers were also impressed with the car's ability to bump other competitors without causing a spin bumper heights were equalized due to street car development, and nose-to-rear bumper contact caused spins that pre-1988 cars would not cause, and NASCAR officials were pleased with the improvements in safety

Profile view of CoT, driven by Sterling Marlin, at Daytona International Speedway

Several drivers and pundits expressed distaste for the car and what they perceived as a less exciting style of racing created by it Kyle Busch, despite winning at Bristol, commented that "they suck" during his victory lane interview24 Retired driver and TV analyst Rusty Wallace stated on ESPN that the car created a boring, single-file racing environment with little of the passing, action, or crashing that has made NASCAR popular, though after NASCAR announced the CoT would run the full schedule, he stated that it was "one of the best decisions NASCAR had ever made" Drivers who placed well at Bristol, Jeff Gordon and Jeff Burton, claimed that the car allowed the use of a second passing lane not usually present at Bristol23

A major problem with the car's initial race was its front splitter One car's splitter running into the tire of another car beside it sometimes punctured the second car's tire25 There were no problems with the splitter causing tire failure at the car's second race

Another major problem has been that the safety foam used in the side of the car has caught fire, engulfing the driver's cockpit with smoke NASCAR decided to make modifications before the April 21 Subway Fresh Fit 500 in Avondale, Arizona26 An additional side effect of the foam occurred during side-impacts, as Brian Vickers experienced at Watkins Glen, when the foam would be sheared out of the car leaving debris on the racetrack

During the 2007 UAW-Ford 500, the CoT's first debut on a superspeedway track at Talladega, NASCAR assigned a 31/32 inch 246 mm restrictor plate to allow the engines to run at around 8,800 RPM due to the less aerodynamic design of the CoT The previous generation car's engine would normally run around 7,000 RPM with a ⅞ inch 222 mm plate27 This was the most open restrictor plate in terms of air flow to race at Talladega since 198828

History, criticisms, and redesigns of the COTedit

First Generation Bodyedit

The remains of Michael McDowell's Aaron's, Inc Toyota after his notorious qualifying crash in 2008 McDowell would walk away from the incident relatively unscathed

Criticisms of the CoT began with its first tests, with the magazine Speedway Illustrated noting the car's poor performance in traffic February 2006 issue The Winston-Salem Journal also noted extensive criticism of the project during 2006 testing, with drivers becoming more vocal by July 2007 and most fans rejecting the model, citing the falsity of many of its technical claims;29 one angle of criticism was the differing philosophies of NASCAR officials Gary Nelson and John Darby, with Darby a particularly ardent supporter of the CoT based on a misreading of the sport's competition packages30 Jeff Gordon and Matt Kenseth were pointedly critical of the car's poor performance in traffic, with Gordon stating after the 2007 New England 300, "I'd like to know who it was who said this car would reduce the aero push because I could have told you from when I first drove this car that it would be worse"31 Kyle Busch, who won the very first race with the car at Bristol in 2007, proclaimed that the car "sucks" afterward and expanded on this criticism at Dover in 2008 in noting how the CoT was "hitting a wall of air" in the wake of a leading car, thus neutralizing ability to close up on leaders32

On April 4, 2008, while in a qualifying run for the 2008 Samsung 500 at Texas Motor Speedway, Michael McDowell struck the wall outside of Turn 1 head-on at 190 MPH,33 and proceeded to barrel-roll eight times as fire came from the engine compartment McDowell emerged from the Toyota unharmed The car, along with the SAFER barrier on the track wall, was praised for its safety, as the speed upon impact of the crash was about 30 miles an hour more than Dale Earnhardt's fatal accident4

In the 2008 Brickyard 400, the longest run under green flag conditions was 12 laps due to extreme wear on right-side tires, especially the right rear The CoT, in its first use at Indianapolis Motor Speedway, created no improvement of the conditions on the track, which is well known for its rough surface The lack of downforce on the car and its higher center of gravity created conditions that made it very hard on the right side tires During the race, the tires used on the cars generally lasted no more than 10 laps at a time34

It has been claimed that the bulky rear wing that was affixed to the rear of the car from 2007 to early 2010 increased the severity of many on-track incidents by causing cars to flip over or go airborne at high speeds

  • On the final lap of the 2009 Aaron's 499 at Talladega, leader Carl Edwards swerved into the path of Brad Keselowski in order to prevent Keselowski from passing; Keselowski turned Edwards into the air and Edwards's car bounced off of the hood of Ryan Newman's car and flipped into the catch fence, then came to a rest in the middle of the track further down Edwards was uninjured, but the crash was compared to an accident at Talladega in 1987 where Bobby Allison went airborne and hit the catch fence in a similar location Allison's crash coming at speeds 20 MPH faster than Edwards' crash ripped out a 100-foot section of the catch fence, while Edwards' crash only bent the support poles Seven spectators were injured in Edwards' accident from debris35 The aftermath of the accident spawned questions about the aerodynamic features of the CoT, the nature of pack racing with restrictor plates, and the safety features of Talladega Superspeedway Video replay showed that despite deploying, the car's roof flaps did nothing to stop the car from flipping – a common failing of the devices dating to their very first month in use – and the second hit from Newman flipped the car higher36
  • In the 2009 AMP Energy 500 - the fall race at Talladega, Ryan Newman was spun backwards at high speed in a late race crash, and then flipped backwards landing upside down on Kevin Harvick's hood and ended up on his roof Mark Martin also barrel rolled in a crash during the same race, but instead of lifting in the air like Newman, his car was hit from behind, causing the weight of the car to shift to one side and pull the car onto its roof, rolling once
  • At the 2010 Kobalt Tools 500 at Atlanta – the second to last race to use the rear wing – Carl Edwards made deliberate contact with Brad Keselowski in retaliation for several events including the Talladega race the prior season, causing Keselowski to turn backwards and once more flip over despite the roof flaps being deployed Keselowski flipped over once and crashed on his side door Edwards was parked for the rest of the race and put on three-race probation37

These three accidents - as well as the general consensus that the wing made the car look like a sports car rather than a stock car4 - were factors in NASCAR's eventual decision, in February 2010, to replace the wing with a more traditional rear spoiler starting at Martinsville in late March37 Denny Hamlin won the first race with the new/old spoiler, beating out Jeff Gordon and Matt Kenseth

A comparison of the original and modified nose and splitter designs of the CoT

For the 2011 season, the car's splitter and nose configuration were redesigned: the splitter's braces were removed, and the splitter was made nonadjustable The nose as a whole was given a cleaner, rounder look that resembled that of NASCAR's previous model now dubbed the fourth-generation car and manufacturers were given free rein to construct the lower grille area to reflect that of their NASCAR models' production-car counterparts In the past, all cars were required to run the same exact grille arrangement, allowing for very little, if any, real differentiation between them4

Dale Earnhardt, Jr and Ryan Newman tandem drafting in the 2011 Daytona 500

The first racing with the redesigned car was the 2011 Daytona 500 and its supporting races Budweiser Shootout and Gatorade Duels, all held on brand new pavement for Daytona International Speedway The Daytona 500 broke long-standing records for leaders and lead changes, as 22 drivers changed the lead 74 times It also saw a first time winner, rookie Trevor Bayne, go to victory lane4 But the story of the new car was a phenomenon of lock-bumper superdrafts - two cars would literally lock together and push into a clear lead, with speeds up to 10 MPH faster than with a conventional draft on numerous occasions 2-car superdrafts topped 206 MPH; this phenomenon had debuted at Talladega Superspeedway in the spring of 2008 when Denny Hamlin discovered he could push Kevin Harvick all the way around the track during practice, resulting in a lap time about a half a second faster than the rest of the field Hamlin used the move multiple times in that race to get the lead, and by the next spring the technique was used by the majority of the field throughout the entire race The phenomenon also led to a new level of "team" racing reminiscent of the team orders ethos common to Formula One; drivers would communicate with each other over radio to coordinate "swaps" instead of actually fighting for position This was present in the 2011 Aaron's 499 at Talladega, leading to a three-wide finish with three drafting teams contending for the win: Clint Bowyer pushed by Kevin Harvick, Jeff Gordon who was being pushed by Mark Martin, but separated before the finish line, and winner Jimmie Johnson pushed by Dale Earnhardt, Jr, who won by two-thousandths of a second over Bowyer A fourth drafting team, consisting of Roush-Fenway teammates Carl Edwards and Greg Biffle Biffle was pushing, squeezed in between the Bowyer/Harvick tandem and the wall, but only finishing 6th Edwards and 7th Biffle

Dale Earnhardt, Jr and veteran drivers such as Richard Petty and David Pearson were sharply critical of this new style of racing, especially in the wake of a race-record sixteen caution flags, most of them for crashes caused when pushing cars spun out leaders; Earnhardt, Jr himself crashed during an attempt at a green-white-checker finish in the 500

To dissuade the two-car tandem and return to pack racing, a new superspeedway package was introduced for the 2012 season, including a curved spoiler and a lower and longer rear bumper The tandem remained prevalent in the Nationwide Series until 2014, when pushing was banned after a massive crash at the end of the 2013 DRIVE4COPD 300, in which 28 spectators were injured by flying debris off of Kyle Larson's airborne car

In spite of strong criticisms of the CoT's handling characteristics and the racing styles it created, it also produced one of the most competitive periods of time in NASCAR history the first four CoT races in 2007 produced more "quality passes" a pass of a top-15 car under green-flag conditions than their 2006 counterparts38 From 2007 to 2012, 28 different drivers scored a victory in 196 races, including several first-time winners4

Following the elimination of the CoT in 2013, NASCAR Chairman and CEO Brian France identified the model as his biggest failure as the head of the sport due to the lack of manufacturer identity339

Second Generation Body "Gen 6"edit

The 2013 Ford Fusion A 2013 Toyota Camry driven by Kyle Busch at Martinsville Speedway Danica Patrick in a 2013 Chevrolet SS at Texas Motor Speedway Main article: Generation 6 NASCAR

Fuel injection replaced the carburetor as the fuel distributor in the Car of the Tomorrow starting in 201240 For 2013, NASCAR allowed manufacturers to design a brand-new body style for the COT chassis that will resemble a given production car even more41 The changes were largely cosmetic, with hopes of returning mechanical grip to drivers At the 2012 Ford Championship Weekend the body of the car made it the Gen 6 car by NASCAR During the 2012 season, it was announced that Ford would use the MkV Ford Mondeo, known as the Fusion in the Americas, Toyota would continue to use the 2013 Camry, while the Holden VF Commodore, rebadged in North America as the Chevrolet Super Sport SS, replaced the Chevrolet Impala42 and Dodge announced they would use the Charger However, soon after, Dodge announced their withdrawal from the sport, after being unable to convince other teams to switch to Dodge to replace Penske Racing which returned to Ford43

Key among the changes for the car included a carbon fibre hood and decklid, shaving 160 pounds from Sprint Cup cars, and new improved safety bars added to the roll cage The roof flaps were increased in size to prevent the airborne accidents that marked the CoT's early life44

This new "Generation Six" racecar debuted at the 2013 Daytona 500 and its supporting races The testing and design of the car began in May 2010 and involved an unusual level of cooperation between the manufacturers Chevrolet, Ford, and Toyota involved45 The 500 and subsequent race at Phoenix International Raceway, however, caused controversy, as passing was limited and drivers such as Brad Keselowski and Denny Hamlin were critical of the car's ability to pass; the controversy was exacerbated when NASCAR fined Hamlin $25,000 over his comments46 The view was also expressed that the car's slow development time and lack of available parts made drivers reluctant to take chances, with improvement expected with more time invested into the car47

Xfinity Seriesedit

Main article: Xfinity Car of Tomorrow

The Nationwide Series now Xfinity Series debuted its own version of the CoT in July 2010 at Daytona International Speedway, running four races that season before fully implementing the car in 201148 The Xfinity car uses the same chassis as the Sprint Cup Series, but features an extended wheelbase of 110 inches 2794 millimeters The second-tier series also utilizes different body style, primarily marketing American pony cars such as the Ford Mustang4950

K&N Pro Seriesedit

Main article: K&N Pro Series East

In 2015, NASCAR's regional K&N Pro Series East and West along with the ARCA Racing Series, the final series to still use the Generation 4 style body, introduced a new body style based off the Gen-6 Sprint Cup cars Unlike the Gen-6, the K&N Pro Series car continues to use a front valence instead of a splitter Again, three bodies are available—the Camry, SS, and Fusion515253

See alsoedit

  • Sprint Cup Series cars

Referencesedit

Footnotesedit

  1. ^ David Caraviello April 2, 2007 "Car of today, CoT seems like yesterday for Hendrick" wwwnascarcom Archived from the original on 2007-08-09 Retrieved 2008-03-07 
  2. ^ a b Press Release January 23, 2006 "Car of Tomorrow to make race debut in 2007" Daytona Beach, Florida: NASCAR Archived from the original on 2006-03-19 Retrieved 16 March 2007 
  3. ^ a b Turner, Jared March 20, 2015 "Brian France reveals his biggest failure as NASCAR chairman" Fox Sports Fox Sports Retrieved 22 March 2015 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g McGee, Ryan February 15, 2013 "Thanks for the memories, CoT" espngocom ESPN, ESPN The Magazine Retrieved 24 February 2015 
  5. ^ NASCAR April 13, 2004 "Brett Bodine joins R&D staff" Daytona Beach, Florida: motorsportcom Retrieved 25 September 2015 
  6. ^ a b c d e Jenna Fryer February 28, 2007 "NASCAR may move COT to full schedule in 2008" Associated Press Archived from the original on 2007-03-08 Retrieved 2007-03-01 
  7. ^ Pennell, Jay July 7, 2015 "Remembering Kenny Irwin Jr, 15 years after his death" Fox Sports Archived from the original on 2015-09-12 Retrieved 12 September 2015 
  8. ^ Lentati, Sara April 29, 2015 "The death that changed Nascar" BBC World Service Retrieved 3 January 2016 
  9. ^ Biography Archived March 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine of Holman Moody at the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America Retrieved March 8, 2007
  10. ^ NASCAR News Release April 4, 2006 "Harvick pleased after testing Car of Tomorrow" Martinsville, Virginia: NASCAR Archived from the original on 2012-10-04 Retrieved 15 August 2015 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Borden, Bill September 19, 2007 "COT keeps racers from stretching the envelope" ESPNcom Retrieved 3 January 2016 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i Rodman, Dave January 12, 2006 "Car of Tomorrow hits Daytona for test: Speeds not as fast as the Cup cars, but they're close" Daytona Beach, Florida: NASCAR Archived from the original on 2012-10-04 Retrieved 15 August 2015 
  13. ^ George, Patrick E 2009 "How NASCAR's Car of Tomorrow Works" HowStuffWorks Retrieved 15 August 2015 
  14. ^ Blount, Terry November 19, 2006 "Car Of Tomorrow causing consternation for some" espngocom Homestead, Florida: ESPN Retrieved 24 February 2015 
  15. ^ http://wwwtruckseriescom/cgi-script/NCTS_06/articles/000061/006135htm Archived April 8, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Utter, Jim February 27, 2016 "Analysis: How Kyle Busch’s "perfectly legal" pole car failed tech" motorsportcom Retrieved 27 February 2016 
  17. ^ a b c Caraviello, David January 7, 2013 "NEW-LOOK CARS MAY REVIVE OLD-SCHOOL POLITICKING: Different templates could lead to interesting results, but level playing field will be sought" nascarcom Retrieved 3 January 2016 
  18. ^ a b c Newton, David March 22, 2007 "Darby figures COT a learning experience for all" Bristol, Tennessee: ESPNcom Retrieved 3 January 2016 
  19. ^ Aumann, Mark April 11, 2012 "INSIDE NASCAR: HAULER TRANSPORTATION REQUIRES CLOCKWORK PRECISION" nascarcom Retrieved 3 January 2016 
  20. ^ Jayski's Silly Season Site – Dodge Past NASCAR News Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "RACELINE CENTRAL: The NASCAR Car of Tomorrow Specs" Retrieved 2008-03-09 
  22. ^ Official Release May 23, 2007 "It's official: COT will be used full time in '08 season" Daytona Beach, Florida: NASCARcom Archived from the original on 2013-01-06 Retrieved 15 August 2015 
  23. ^ a b Newton, David One race in, Car of Tomorrow does its job well, ESPNcom, March 25, 2007
  24. ^ Blount, Terry Kyle Busch loves the victory, hates the new car, ESPNcom
  25. ^ Wells, Thomas 2007-03-27 "'Car of Tomorrow' debut causes wrecks at Food City 500 in Florida" The Daily Texan Archived from the original on 2007-09-30 Retrieved 2007-03-30 
  26. ^ Hammond, Jeff 2007-03-27 "Gas 'n Go: Dale Jr's deal; foam fire fear" FOX Sports Archived from the original on 2009-02-12 Retrieved 2007-05-08 
  27. ^ SpeedTVcom Archived December 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine"CUP: NASCAR Midweek Notebook" Recovered: 11/25/07
  28. ^ Jayskicom restrictor plate statistics
  29. ^ "Car Of Tomorrow Fuzzy Math And Fuzzier Logic" Sporting News May 18, 2007 Archived from the original on 2009-02-12 Retrieved 15 August 2015 
  30. ^ "Car Of Tomorrow Thoughts 2 March" Sporting News March 3, 2007 Archived from the original on 2007-05-29 Retrieved 15 August 2015 
  31. ^ Plenty Of Subplots At New Hampshire
  32. ^ Postrace comments on 2008 Best Buy 400
  33. ^ "Longest Nascar Crash Ever" YouTube 2008-09-02 Retrieved 2010-07-13 
  34. ^ Fryer, Jenna July 28, 2008 "Johnson perseveres, wins Brickyard 400" Indianapolis: Pittsburgh Tribune-Review Archived from the original on 2009-02-11 Retrieved 4 September 2015 
  35. ^ Zenor, John April 26, 2009 "Carl Edwards' last-lap crash injures seven fans" columbiamissouriancom Talladega, Alabama: Columbia Missourian, Associated Press Archived from the original on July 30, 2012 Retrieved 6 May 2009 
  36. ^ Hinton, Ed April 27, 2009 "Dega a disaster waiting to happen" ESPNcom ESPN Inc Retrieved 6 May 2009 
  37. ^ a b Peltz, Jim March 10, 2010 "Flipped car has NASCAR in a quandary: Carl Edwards is put on probation for apparently intentionally bumping Brad Keselowski and sending his car airborne in Atlanta race But beyond that incident, officials want to make sure that cars aren’t prone to lift off the track" Los Angeles Times Retrieved 3 January 2016 
  38. ^ McCarthy, Tom May 14, 2007 "COT vs regular car: The numbers tell the real story Perception not reality when crunching '06-'07 statistics" NASCARcom Archived from the original on 2008-11-23 Retrieved 15 August 2015 
  39. ^ Brudenell, Mike March 20, 2015 "NASCAR top executive in Detroit: We'll 'make mistakes': NASCAR CEO and chairman Brian France speaks at Detroit Economic Club in Dearborn today to high schoolers and college students" Detroit Free Press Retrieved 15 August 2015 
  40. ^ Official Release October 20, 2011 "Bosch to provide oxygen sensors for fuel injection" nascarcom Daytona Beach, Florida: NASCAR Archived from the original on 2011-10-25 Retrieved 4 September 2015 
  41. ^ Morrison, Mac January 26, 2015 "NASCAR boss Brian France says fans think Sprint Cup is on the right path" Autoweek Retrieved 15 August 2015 
  42. ^ Cain, Holly 2012-11-29 "Chevrolet unveils 2013 Sprint Cup Series car" NASCAR Retrieved 2012-12-15 
  43. ^ Smith, Marty 2012-08-07 "Dodge out of NASCAR at end of year" ESPN Retrieved 2012-12-15 
  44. ^ Guadalupe, Michael January 10, 2013 "Breaking Down the Gen-6 Car and What It Means for NASCAR" Bleacher Report Bleacher Report Retrieved 24 February 2015 
  45. ^ A Look At Development Of The 2013 NASCAR Race Car
  46. ^ Controversy Over NASCAR Fine of Hamlin
  47. ^ Post-Daytona 500 Analysis Of Gen-6 Racecar
  48. ^ "Yahoo! Canada Sports — Sports News, Scores, Rumors, Fantasy Games, and more" Casportsyahoocom Retrieved 2010-07-13 
  49. ^ Smith, Steven Cole June 2009 "Ford Mustang, Dodge Challenger Coming to NASCAR Camaro to Follow" Car and Driver Car and Driver Retrieved 24 February 2015 
  50. ^ Montgomery, Lee June 30, 2010 "NASCAR Nationwide Series ready to unveil its "Car of Tomorrow" at Daytona" Masslivecom Masslivecom, NASCAR Wire Services, Sporting News Retrieved 24 February 2015 
  51. ^ Media Release November 4, 2014 "NASCAR unveils new K&N Pro Series car at 2014 SEMA show" Fox Sports Fox Sports Retrieved 15 November 2014 
  52. ^ "NASCAR and ARCA unveil new car in Vegas" Newton Daily News Newton Daily News November 13, 2014 Retrieved 21 November 2014 
  53. ^ Radebaugh, Don May 9, 2016 "ARCA composite body cars to make superspeedway debut at Pocono" Automobile Racing Club of America Toledo, Ohio Retrieved 10 June 2016 

Generaledit

  • "Car of Tomorrow on track for Bristol debut", February 1, 2007, nascarcom, Retrieved March 16, 2007
  • NASCARcom article, includes photographs
  • NASCARcom article on the first test at Daytona
  • 2000 article about a UniTemplate car
  • Benefits of Car of Tomorrow
  • Newton, David 2007-03-25 "One race in, Car of Tomorrow does its job well — Racing — ESPN" ESPN Retrieved 2010-07-13 

External linksedit

  • Dale Jr Chevy/Car Of Tomorrow Ad
  • New Chevrolet Car of Tomorrow pictures with Impala SS front end

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Car of Tomorrow
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