Sat . 19 Jan 2019

Canterbury, New Hampshire

canterbury new hampshire where is it on a map, canterbury new hampshire historical society
Canterbury is a town in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 2,352 at the 2010 census1


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Arts and culture
    • 41 Annual cultural events
    • 42 Tourism
  • 5 Parks and recreation
  • 6 Notable people
  • 7 Gallery
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links


First granted by Lieutenant Governor John Wentworth in 1727, the town was named for William Wake, Archbishop of Canterbury2 It was originally a militia timber fort and trading post of Capt Jeremiah Clough located on a hill near Canterbury Center, where the Pennacook Indians came to trade The town would be incorporated in 17413 There were several garrison houses or stockades in the area as late as 17584


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 444 square miles 1150 km2, of which 436 square miles 1129 km2 is land and 08 square miles 21 km2 is water, comprising 182% of the town5 The town's highest point is an unnamed summit near Forest Pond and the town's northern border, where the elevation reaches approximately 1,390 feet 420 m above sea level Bounded by the Merrimack River on the west, Canterbury is drained on the east by the Soucook River Canterbury lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed6


Historical population
1790 1,038
1800 1,114 73%
1810 1,526 370%
1820 1,696 111%
1830 1,663 −19%
1840 1,643 −12%
1850 1,614 −18%
1860 1,522 −57%
1870 1,169 −232%
1880 1,033 −116%
1890 964 −67%
1900 821 −148%
1910 680 −172%
1920 655 −37%
1930 505 −229%
1940 659 305%
1950 627 −49%
1960 674 75%
1970 895 328%
1980 1,410 575%
1990 1,687 196%
2000 1,979 173%
2010 2,352 188%
Est 2015 2,393 17%
US Decennial Census8
Shakers' Dwelling c 1920

As of the census9 of 2000, there were 1,979 people, 749 households, and 590 families residing in the town The population density was 451 people per square mile 174/km² There were 838 housing units at an average density of 191 per square mile 74/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9859% White, 025% African American, 025% Asian, 005% Pacific Islander, 010% from other races, and 076% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 051% of the population

There were 749 households out of which 339% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 670% were married couples living together, 77% had a female householder with no husband present, and 212% were non-families 151% of all households were made up of individuals and 49% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 264 and the average family size was 291

In the town, the population was spread out with 245% under the age of 18, 49% from 18 to 24, 256% from 25 to 44, 348% from 45 to 64, and 104% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 42 years For every 100 females there were 933 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 934 males

The median income for a household in the town was $58,026, and the median income for a family was $62,583 Males had a median income of $41,302 versus $32,313 for females The per capita income for the town was $27,374 About 20% of families and 25% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17% of those under age 18 and 20% of those age 65 or over

Arts and cultureedit

Annual cultural eventsedit

On the last Saturday in July, the town hosts the annual Canterbury Fair, which includes artisan performances, music performances and a 5K run101112


The biggest attraction in Canterbury is the Shaker Village, established in 1792 At its peak in the 1850s, over 300 people lived, worked and worshiped in 100 buildings on 4,000 acres 16 km2 They made their living by farming, selling seeds, herbs and herbal medicines; and by manufacturing textiles, pails, brooms and other products The last resident, Sister Ethel Hudson, died in 1992, and the site is now a museum, founded in 1969, to preserve the heritage of the utopian sect Canterbury Shaker Village is an internationally known, non-profit historic site with 25 original Shaker buildings, four reconstructed Shaker buildings and 694 acres 281 km2 of forest, fields, gardens and mill ponds under permanent conservation easement It has been designated a National Historic Landmark for its architectural integrity and significance31314

Canterbury has an active historical society hosting events throughout the year and maintaining the Elizabeth Houser Museum in the old Center Schoolhouse original one-room school house as well as an archive of Canterbury-related materials dating to the early 18th-century15 Among notable works in the archive are the Lunther Cody Collection of Glass Negatives, documenting classic life in New England1617

Parks and recreationedit

Canterbury is home to Ayers State Forest and Shaker State Forest Ayers State Forest covers 50 acres 20 ha, and Shaker State Forest is 2265 acres 917 ha18

Notable peopleedit

  • Abiel Foster 1735–1806, US congressman and representative in the Continental Congress19
  • Stephen Symonds Foster 1809–1881, abolitionist20
  • Joseph M Harper, US congressman and Acting Governor of New Hampshire21
  • Kenneth MacKenna 1899–1962, actor and film directorcitation needed
  • Colby James West, freestyle skiercitation needed


Images of Canterbury:


  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ "Profile for Canterbury, New Hampshire, NH" ePodunk Retrieved December 13, 2013 
  3. ^ a b "Canterbury, NH" PDF Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau Retrieved December 13, 2013 
  4. ^ James Otis Lyford 1912 History of the Town of Canterbury, New Hampshire, 1727-1912: Genealogy and appendix Rumfeld Retrieved 2008-04-10 
  5. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Canterbury town, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved November 14, 2011 
  6. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  10. ^ "Canterbury Fair 2013" Canterbury Country Fair Retrieved December 13, 2013 
  11. ^ "Official Site of the Canterbury Woodchuck Classic 5K Road Race" Canterbury Fair Retrieved December 13, 2013 
  12. ^ "NH State Fairs" McLean Communications Retrieved December 13, 2013 
  13. ^ "Shaker Historic Trail" National Park Service Retrieved December 13, 2013 
  14. ^ "Canterbury Shaker Village" National Historic Landmark Program Archived from the original on October 9, 2012 Retrieved December 13, 2013 
  15. ^ "History of the town of Canterbury, New Hampshire, 1727-1912" Internet Archive Retrieved December 13, 2013 
  16. ^ "Historical Society" Town of Canterbury, New Hampshire Retrieved January 19, 2010 
  17. ^ "The Luther Cody Glass Negative" Find NH History Retrieved December 13, 2013 
  18. ^ "List of New Hampshire Forests" PDF NH Division of Forests and Lands Retrieved March 25, 2014 
  19. ^ "FOSTER, Abiel, 1735 - 1806" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved December 13, 2013 
  20. ^ "Stephen S Foster" American Abolitionist Retrieved December 13, 2013 
  21. ^ "HARPER, Joseph Morrill, 1787 - 1865" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved December 13, 2013 

External linksedit

  • Town of Canterbury official website
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • Canterbury Fair
  • City-datacom
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