Candia, New Hampshire


Candia is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 3,909 at the 2010 census1 The town includes the villages of Candia, Candia Four Corners and East Candia

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Education
  • 5 Sites of interest
  • 6 Emergency services
  • 7 Notable people
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

Settled in 1743, Candia was once part of Chester and known as "Charmingfare", probably because of the many bridle paths or "parades" through the pleasant scenery Charmingfare was incorporated in 1763 and named "Candia" by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth, possibly after the old name under Venetian domination of the principal city of Crete, which he had visited after graduation from Harvardcitation needed Another account holds, "The town received its present name in compliment to Governor Benning Wentworth, who was once a prisoner on the island of Candia, in the Mediterranean Sea"2

Candia was served by the Portsmouth & Concord Railroad, which stretched between its namesake cities In 1862 the segment between Candia and Suncook was abandoned, coinciding with the opening of a new segment between Manchester and Candia Therefore, the new line ran from Manchester to Portsmouth via Candia In 1895 ownership of the line passed to the Boston & Maine Railroad who made it their Portsmouth Branch Passenger service ended in 1954 The last trains passed through Candia in the early 1980s The track was abandoned in 1982 and removed between 1983 and 1985 Today the railbed is part of the Rockingham Recreational Trail

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 306 square miles 79 km2 303 square miles 78 km2 of it is land and 02 square miles 052 km2 of it is water, comprising 079% of the town The town is bordered by Deerfield to the north, Hooksett in Merrimack County to the west, Auburn and Chester to the south, and Raymond to the east Notable villages in the town include Candia proper, near the town's northern border; Candia Four Corners, closer to the geographic center of the town; and East Candia, near the town's eastern border

Candia is drained by the North Branch River, a tributary of the Lamprey River The town lies almost fully within the Piscataqua River watershed except for the western and southern edges, which are in the Merrimack River watershed3 The highest point in town is Hall Mountain, at 941 feet 287 m above sea level, located in Bear Brook State Park in the northwestern part of the town The main entrance to the state park and most of its facilities are in neighboring Allenstown

Candia is bisected by two state highways, Route 43 running north from Route 101 through the Candia Four Corners to the Deerfield town line, and Route 27, running east/west from the Hooksett town line through the Candia Four Corners to the Raymond town line Route 101 is the major east/west thoroughfare through southern New Hampshire and travels through the south part of Candia

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 1,040
1800 1,186 140%
1810 1,290 88%
1820 1,273 −13%
1830 1,362 70%
1840 1,430 50%
1850 1,482 36%
1860 1,575 63%
1870 1,456 −76%
1880 1,340 −80%
1890 1,108 −173%
1900 1,057 −46%
1910 993 −61%
1920 780 −215%
1930 812 41%
1940 965 188%
1950 1,243 288%
1960 1,490 199%
1970 1,997 340%
1980 2,989 497%
1990 3,557 190%
2000 3,911 100%
2010 3,909 −01%
Est 2015 3,902 −02%
US Decennial Census5
Soldiers' Monument

As of the census6 of 2000, there were 3,911 people, 1,359 households, and 1,108 families residing in the town The population density was 1290 per square mile 498/km² There were 1,384 housing units at an average density of 456 per square mile 176/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9811% White, 043% African American, 046% Native American, 059% Asian, 003% Pacific Islander, 010% from other races, and 028% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 087% of the population

There were 1,359 households out of which 400% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 720% were married couples living together, 52% had a female householder with no husband present, and 184% were non-families 127% of all households were made up of individuals and 32% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 288 and the average family size was 314

In the town, the population was spread out with 266% under the age of 18, 60% from 18 to 24, 336% from 25 to 44, 265% from 45 to 64, and 72% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 38 years For every 100 females there were 1021 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1020 males

The median income for a household in the town was $61,389, and the median income for a family was $67,163 Males had a median income of $43,260 versus $31,127 for females The per capita income for the town was $25,267 About 23% of families and 26% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23% of those under age 18 and 53% of those age 65 or over

Educationedit

Candia is part of School Administrative Unit 15, along with Hooksett and Auburn There is one public school in Candia, the Henry W Moore School for kindergarten through eighth grade, located near the Candia Four Corners on Deerfield Road High school education students from Candia attend school outside of the district, currently under contract at Manchester Central High School, but are also in transition for a choice between the Manchester Central and Pinkerton Academy in Derrycitation needed Candia is also home to Jesse Remington High School, a private Christian school that offers grades 9-12 Some Candia residents send their children to other private high schools in the area, including Trinity High School in Manchester

Sites of interestedit

  • Fitts Museum, operated by the Candia Historical Society
  • Candia Vineyards, an award-winning vineyard with unique varietals
  • Charmingfare Farm, a farm and petting zoo
  • Candia Springs Adventure Park, formerly Liquid Planet water park
  • Stephen Clay Homestead, bed and breakfast
  • Candia Woods Golf Links, an 18-hole public golf course Voted in Golf magazine as New Hampshire's "Friendliest Course"citation needed

Emergency servicesedit

Fire and Emergency Medical Services are provided by the Candia Volunteer Fire Department,7 an all-volunteer department organized in 1925 This department provides fire suppression, rescue, and first-responder Emergency Medical Services to the citizens of Candia and the surrounding communities The closest hospitals are the Elliot Hospital, a Level Two trauma center, and Catholic Medical Center, one of the most advanced cardiac care centers in New England Both of these facilities are located approximately 20 minutes away in Manchester Exeter Hospital8 is also located about 20 minutes away in Exeter

Police protection is provided by the Candia Police Department, assisted by the New Hampshire State Police and other local municipal police departments

Notable peopleedit

  • Harry Cobe 1885–1966, race car driver who ran in the inaugural Indianapolis 500
  • Joe Duarte born 1941, member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
  • Sam Walter Foss 1858–1911, poet
  • Albert Palmer 1831–1887, 29th mayor of Boston
  • Frederick Smyth 1819–1899, 30th governor of New Hampshire

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire 1875
  3. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  7. ^ "Home" wwwcandiavfdorg 
  8. ^ http://wwwforeverydaycom/hospital/indexhtm

External linksedit

  • Official website
  • Candia Fire Rescue
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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