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Canadian Museum for Human Rights

canadian museum for human rights architect, canadian museum for human rights canada 150 legacy
The Canadian Museum for Human Rights CMHR is a national museum in Winnipeg, Manitoba, located adjacent to The Forks The purpose of the museum is to "explore the subject of human rights with a special but not exclusive reference to Canada, in order to enhance the public's understanding of human rights, to promote respect for others and to encourage reflection and dialogue" It held its opening ceremonies on 19 September 2014

Established in 2008 through the enactment of Bill C-42, an amendment of the Canadian Museums Act, the Canadian Museum for Human Rights is the first new national museum created in Canada since 1967, and it is the first new national museum ever to be located outside the National Capital Region

Canadian Museum for Human Rights, November 2011 Canadian Museum for Human Rights, October 2012 Canadian Museum for Human Rights, seen from Provencher Boulevard in April 2014

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Funding
  • 3 Architecture
  • 4 Galleries
    • 41 The process
    • 42 Aboriginal issues
  • 5 Partnerships
  • 6 Controversies
    • 61 The Forks: Aboriginal sacred site
    • 62 Germaine Greer and accusations of transphobia
    • 63 Proposed museum content
      • 631 Inclusion of the Holodomor and other atrocities
      • 632 Exclusion of the Israel/Palestinian conflict
      • 633 Response of the CMHR to complaints of favouritism
  • 7 See also
  • 8 Footnotes
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

History

On 17 April 2003, the 21st anniversary of the signing of Canada's Charter of Rights and Freedoms, the establishment of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights was announced as a joint partnership of the Asper Foundation, the Government of Canada, the Province of Manitoba, City of Winnipeg and The Forks North Portage Partnership The Asper Foundation donated $20 million

Israel Harold Asper, OC OM QC, known as Izzy Asper, is credited with the idea and vision to establish the CMHR He was a Canadian lawyer, politician and founder of the now-defunct media conglomerate Canwest Global Communications Asper hoped it would become a place where students from across Canada could come to learn about human rights He also saw it as an opportunity to revitalize downtown Winnipeg and increase tourism to the city, as well as to increase understanding and awareness of human rights, promote respect for others, and encourage reflection, dialogue, and action After Izzy's death in 2003, his daughter Gail Asper spearheaded the project

On 20 April 2007, Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced the Government of Canada's intention to make the CMHR into a national museum On 13 March 2008, Bill C-42, an Act amending the Museums Act and making consequential amendments to other Acts, received Royal Assent in Parliament, with support from all political parties, creating the Canadian Museum for Human Rights as a national museum By the middle of 2008, a government-funded opinion research project had been completed by the TNS/The Antima Group The ensuing report—based primarily on focus group participants—listed the following: which topics not in order of preference might be covered by the CMHR; key milestones in human rights achievements, both in Canada and throughout the world; current debates about human rights; and events where Canada showed a betrayal of or a commitment to human rights

19 December 2008 marked the groundbreaking ceremony at the site of the CMHR, and official construction on the site began in April 2009 Construction was initially expected to be completed in 2012 The chair of the board resigned before his term was up, and a new interim chair was appointed The base building has been substantially complete since the end of 2012, and the Museum's inauguration took place in 2014

The museum's official opening on 19 September 2014, was protested by several activist groups, who expressed the view that their own human rights histories had been inaccurately depicted or excluded from the museum The First Nations musical group A Tribe Called Red, who had been scheduled to perform at the opening ceremony, pulled out in protest against the museum's coverage of First Nations issues

Funding

Funding for the capital costs of the CMHR is coming from three jurisdictions of government, the federal Crown, the provincial Crown, and the City of Winnipeg, as well as private donations The total budget for the building of the exterior of the CMHR and its contents was $310 million as of February 2011 At the time of its opening in September 2014, the cost of the museum was approximately $351 million

To date, the Government of Canada has allocated $100 million, the Government of Manitoba has donated $40 million, and the City of Winnipeg has donated $20 million The Friends of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights, led by Gail Asper, have raised more than $130 million in private donations from across Canada toward a final goal of $150 million These private sector pledges include $45 million from provincial crown corporations in Manitoba and $5 million from the government of Ontario The Canadian Museum for Human Rights has requested an additional $35 million in capital funding from the federal government to cover shortfalls In April 2011, the CMHR received an additional $36 million from the City of Winnipeg, which was actually taken from a federal grant to the city in lieu of taxes for the museum

The CMHR's operating budget is provided by the government of Canada, as the CMHR is a national museum The estimated operating costs to the federal government are $22 million annually In December 2011, the CMHR announced that due to rising costs for the interior exhibits of the museum, the total construction cost had increased by an additional $41 million to a new total of $351 million In July 2012, the federal and provincial governments agreed to further increase the capital funding to the CMHR by up to $70 million, through a combination of a federal loan and a provincial loan guarantee This newest funding was essential for the completion of the interior exhibits, so that the museum could officially open in 2014, already two years behind schedule

Architecture

The Canadian Museum for Human Rights

In 2003, the Friends of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights launched an international architectural competition for the design of the CMHR 100 submissions from 21 countries worldwide were submitted The judging panel chose the design submitted by Antoine Predock, an architect from Albuquerque, New Mexico

His vision for the CMHR is a journey, beginning with a descent into the earth where visitors enter the CMHR through the "roots" of the museum Visitors are led through the Great Hall, then a series of vast spaces and ramps, before culminating in the Tower of Hope, a tall spire protruding from the CMHR that provides visitors with views of downtown Winnipeg He has been quoted as saying: "I'm often asked what my favorite, my most important building is," he said "I'm going on record right now,” he proclaimed 'This is it'"

Antoine Predock's inspiration for the CMHR came from the natural scenery and open spaces in Canada, including trees, ice, northern lights, First Nations peoples in Canada, and the rootedness of human rights action He describes the CMHR in the following way:

The Canadian Museum for Human Rights is rooted in humanity, making visible in the architecture the fundamental commonality of humankind-a symbolic apparition of ice, clouds and stone set in a field of sweet grass Carved into the earth and dissolving into the sky on the Winnipeg horizon, the abstract ephemeral wings of a white dove embrace a mythic stone mountain of 450 million year old Tyndall limestone in the creation of a unifying and timeless landmark for all nations and cultures of the world

View of downtown Winnipeg from the top floor of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights

The base building has been substantially complete since the end of 2012 Throughout the foundation work of the CMHR, medicine bags created by elders at Thunderbird House, in Winnipeg, were inserted into the holes made for piles and caissons to show respect for Mother Earth The CMHR website had two webcams available for the public to watch the construction as it progressed

For the construction of the Hall of Hope full of illuminated alabaster ramps, more than 3500m² and 15000 tiles of alabaster were used, making it the biggest project ever done with alabaster

On 3 July 2010, Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, unveiled the building's cornerstone The stone bears the Queen's royal cypher and has embedded in it a piece of stone from the ruins of St Mary's Priory, at Runnymede, England, where it is believed the Magna Carta was approved in 1215 by King John

Galleries

At its opening in September 2014 there were ten permanent galleries, described by "Jodi Giesbrecht, acting manager of research and curation, and Corey Timpson, director of exhibitions and digital media" for Edmonton Journal's Dan Barnes

1 What are human rights

2 Indigenous perspectives This includes a "circular movie about First Nations concepts of rights and responsibilities to each other and the land" Curator Lee-Ann Martin described contemporary installation artist Rebecca Belmore's "Trace", a 2-1/2-storey "ceramic blanket" commissioned by the CMHR This blanket is part of a series by Winnipeg-based Anishinaabe artist Belmore that "expose the traumatic history and ongoing violence against Aboriginal people"

3 Canadian journeys This includes "prominent exhibits" on residential schools, "missing and murdered aboriginal women," "forced relocation of Inuit" as well as Japanese during World War II, disabilities from Ryerson University, Chinese head tax, the Underground Railroad, Komagata Maru and the Winnipeg General Strike

4 Protecting rights in Canada

5 Examining the Holocaust and other genocides The gallery on genocide includes the five genocides recognized by Canada: the Holocaust, the Holodomor, the Armenian genocide, the Rwandan genocide and the Bosnian ethnic cleansing

6 Turning points for humanity

7 Breaking the silence

8 Actions count

9 Rights today

10 Inspiring change

The process

The CMHR worked with exhibit designer Ralph Appelbaum Associates RAA from New York to develop the inaugural exhibits of the museum RAA indicated that the galleries throughout the CMHR would deal with various themes including the Canadian human rights journey, Aboriginal concepts of human rights, the Holocaust, and current human rights issues The CMHR's team of researchers working with RAA to develop the inaugural exhibits

As part of the content development process, the CMHR did a cross-country tour called "Help Write the Story of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights" From May 2009 to February 2010, CMHR researchers visited 19 cities and talked to thousands of people about their human rights experiences and what they wanted to see in the museum This consultation process was led by Lord Cultural Resources, based in Toronto On 5 March 2013 a story produced by CBC TV Manitoba mentioned a document, "Gallery Profiles" dated 12 September 2012, that confirms some the CMHR's contents The Museum's largest gallery is dedicated to Canadian content, while a thematic approach is taken throughout all of its galleries

Aboriginal issues

Aboriginal issues are addressed in each gallery but are prominent in the " Canadian Journeys Gallery" and the "Indigenous Perspectives Gallery"

Partnerships

Several agreements have been reached by the CMHR and various educational institutions and government agencies, to enhance the quality and depth of information provided by the museum, as well as to broaden the educational opportunities for the museum This is a tentative and evolving list of organizations that have partnered with the museum:

  • University of Manitoba
  • University of Winnipeg
  • National Museum – "Memorial to Holodomor victims" Kiev, Ukraine
  • Canadian Association of Statutory Human Rights Agencies
  • Ambassador of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to Canada Netherlands Embassy
  • Library and Archives Canada
  • The Manitoba Museum
  • Manitoba Education the Province of Manitoba

Controversies

The Forks: Aboriginal sacred site

From 2008 to 2012, Quaternary Consultants' senior archaeologist Sid Kroker and Stantec Consulting's senior archaeologist David McLeod conducted archaeological excavations in two stages on the future building site of the CMHR museum, recovering "more than 400,000 artifacts dating as far back as 1100 AD" The museum has come under criticism, including that the site selected is one of the richest sites in Manitoba for aboriginal artifacts Retired Manitoba archaeologist Leigh Syms stated that the excavation done prior to construction did not go far enough A spokesperson for the museum pointed out that the museum had consulted with native leaders prior to excavation In addition, the museum continued to evaluate the site during construction The area where the museum is built has been an area of increased development over the past few years, including a skate park, a hotel, and a parkade All these are south of what is believed to be a part of an Aboriginal graveyard

The CMHR has responded to the criticisms put forward by Leigh Syms, arguing that they have followed all necessary guidelines prior to and during the archaeological digs and excavations and have consulted and continue to consult Aboriginal Elders and others within the Aboriginal community about the project as it moves forward

There have been suggestions that the Canadian Museum for Human Rights, and much of the Forks in general, is located on an Aboriginal burial ground An impact assessment and management plan prepared for the Forks Renewal Corporation prior to the beginning of construction of the Forks Market in 1988 outlines the concerns about burial grounds expressed by the archaeologists Several archaeological digs in the area done between 1989 and 1991, as well as the archaeological digs completed by the Canadian Museum for Human Rights in 2008 and 2009, did not find any human remains These digs show that while the site was used for a variety of land uses, it has never been a burial ground However, only 3% of the land the museum is on has been examined archaeologically, so we cannot say what lies beneath 97% of the museum In the area, prior to 1923 several Aboriginal graves had been uncovered by accident while digging for foundations

The Forks is located in the flood plain of the Red and Assiniboine rivers Before the floodway was built in 1968, the location of the Forks was prone to flooding when accumulated winter snow rapidly melted in the spring One of the largest of these floods, in 1826, destroyed the original Fort Garry The Red River rose three metres over nine feet in one day It created a lake that remained for months and washed away nearly every building in the settlement Due to recurring flooding, the Forks site was used as a transitional camp

Over 50 separate projects involving excavation have been undertaken at the Forks since 1950, enabling researchers to provide an accurate reflection of the various uses of the Forks over the past 6000 years Despite the concerns stated above, none of these projects indicate that the Forks site was ever used as a burial ground

Germaine Greer and accusations of transphobia

In May 2014, the CMHR was accused of tolerating transphobia by inviting Germaine Greer who had a long history of transphobic statements to speak on feminism at a lecture series hosted by the Museum A group of transgender activists picketed Greer's talk

Proposed museum content

Starting in December 2010, controversy erupted over the plans for two permanent gallery spaces: for the Jewish suffering during the Holocaust and for the injustices experienced by the Aboriginal peoples in Canada Organizations like the Ukrainian Canadian Congress UCC, Canadians for Genocide Education, the German-Canadian Congress, the Ukrainian Canadian Civil Liberties Association UCCLA and thousands of other Canadians have been protesting this perceived elevation of the suffering of one or two communities above all others The experiences and issues of these other groups are addressed thematically in the remaining galleries With regard to atrocities, other advocacy groups have also chimed in to protest a perceived over-emphasis on the Holocaust

Angela Cassie, the museum's director of communications, responded to recent criticism by pointing out that there was a misconception about there being only two permanent zones "There will in fact be 12 permanent zones, and the Holodomor will have a permanent display in the 'Mass Atrocity' zone, immediately adjacent to the Holocaust zone," Cassie said "This zone will feature detailed information on the Holodomor and many other mass atrocities that have taken place worldwide and will provide educational opportunities for visitors to learn more about these events"

According to the Canadian Jewish Congress CEO Bernie Farber, the events of the Holocaust require a special focus, because they redefined the limits of "human depravity" and challenged the foundation of our civilization “The Holocaust was also the foundation for our modern human rights legislation, and it makes perfect sense that the Holocaust should have a permanent place in the museum It also makes sense that the plight of Canada’s First Nations should also have a prominent place in the museum What makes no sense is pitting one group of Canadians against another,” said Farber As for the Holocaust zone, Cassie has stated that this gallery is anticipated to include the sufferings of “the Roma, persons with physical and mental disabilities, gay men, lesbians … among other communities"

In a "reply to the editor" of the National Post, Stuart Murray, president and CEO of the museum, gave his statement on the inclusivity of the museum's planned galleries, following various protests that appeared in media after December 2010 A month later, Murray's travel expenses at the cost of taxpayers, purportedly for meetings related to museum business, also came under scrutiny In 2013, Clint Curle, former curator of the Holocaust gallery and current head of stakeholder relations at the CMHR, was interviewed by Catherine Chatterley about the Holocaust gallery, how the CMHR is defining the Holocaust, and the general content of the museum

Inclusion of the Holodomor and other atrocities

Lubomyr Luciuk, speaking for the UCCLA, suggested that the museum's 12 thematic galleries could cover larger issues such as Canadian internment operations, including unwarranted detention of the following: Ukrainians and others during World War I; Germans, Italians and Japanese during World War II; and some Québécois in the 1970 October Crisis Another topic, genocides, could be treated as a whole, whether the atrocities occurred in Europe, Africa or Asia, and could include the politically motivated crimes of communism as well as fascism

In December 2010, the UCCLA also started a postcard campaign to try to persuade Heritage Minister James Moore to convene a new advisory committee, with the objective of reevaluating the proposed content of the CMHR Following the postcard campaign, Luciuk stated that "as a publicly funded institution, the Canadian Museum for Human Rights should not elevate the suffering of any community above all others" One of the earlier postcards distributed by the UCCLA borrowed the image of a pig, representing Joseph Stalin in George Orwell's allegorical novel "Animal Farm", to portray those in favor of a separate gallery devoted to the Holocaust

This imagery was clearly ill-received by some members of the Canadian Jewish community, given its implication that elevating their suffering during the Holocaust above all other genocides was equivalent to Stalinist operatives trying to dominate the farms of Ukraine University of Manitoba's director of the Canadian Institute for the Study of Antisemitism, Catherine Chatterley, criticized the postcard campaign, stating that it demonstrated "the clear need for this museum, its permanent Holocaust gallery, and for the Canadian Institute for the Study of Antisemitism"

Responding to public concerns, Member of Parliament James Bezan released a statement imploring the CMHR Board of Trustees to apportion to the Holodomor "a unique, autonomous and prominent place in the CMHR" and requested that the "CMHR Board contain respected members of the Ukrainian community with knowledge of the Holodomor and other human rights violations" A petition outlining the grievances of the UCC has been prepared for submission to parliament, entitled "Petition for equity and fairness at the Canadian Museum for Human Rights"

The UCC also revealed that the tendering process undertaken by the Canadian Museum for Human Rights has no intention of including permanent or prominent displays of the Holodomor or of Canada’s First National Internment Operations, providing further evidence that the Museum will proceed on the basis of the discredited Content Advisory Committee Report In July 2012, Stuart Murray signed a memorandum of understanding with Victor Didenko, the CEO of the National Museum "Memorial to Holodomor victims", for future collaboration regarding education about the Holodomor

After visiting the CMHR, Luciuk provided a critical commentary, in which he stated that the building is more mausoleum than museum The Endowment Council of the Canadian First World War Internment Recognition Fund also released a public statement; its criticism said the negative impact of Canada's first national internment operations of 1914-1920 was being downplayed at the CMHR First and Second World War internment operations were not kept as historically separate entities, while the large-scale map projected in one of the galleries neglected to show the locations of receiving stations where internees were held, in Montreal, Toronto Stanley Barracks, Niagara Falls, Sault Ste Marie and Winnipeg

Exclusion of the Israel/Palestinian conflict

Some Palestinian-Canadians are upset that plans for the new Museum, did not include an exhibit with their story "As the opening comes closer, I become more and more concerned that the lessons of the Palestinian experience, nobody’s going to hear it," said Rana Abdulla "Our story is an excellent story to educate Canadians about human rights How would anyone take that museum seriously if they don’t hear the Palestinian story"

According to the United Nations, the Arab-Israeli War of 1948 displaced 750,000 Palestinians Today, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency UNRWA reports their descendants total five million around the world Mohamed El Rashidy, vice-president of the Canadian Arab Federation, said the new museum will have to address and reflect what Palestinians have gone through and "give them a voice" "You can be courageous when you have this kind of diversity because you have so much strength We shouldn’t fear stating the inconvenient truths and facts about history"

Response of the CMHR to complaints of favouritism

Several people have expressed dismay at the quarrel over the square footage allotted to any given atrocity or human rights violation While many Ukrainians believe the aggrandizing of the Holocaust has marginalized the Holodomor and dishonoured its victims, it has been argued that there should be less haggling over which wronged group gets the most space in a museum, and more concern over the prevention of human rights abuses in the future

Also, as the museum's own Cassie has explained, the purpose of the museum is not to be a memorial for the suffering of different groups, but to be a learning experience for visitors of all ages It is to be a "museum of ideas," not just a museum of past events For example, the zone dedicated to the indigenous experience in Canada is "part of a broader context of introduction to human rights," Cassie said, and will form the basis for a zone exploring the wider Canadian experience of human rights, including internment of Canadians of Ukrainian and other origins during the world wars The zone earmarked for the Holocaust sets the stage for a key zone exploring the revolutionary 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was drafted in direct response to the Nazi atrocities

To address the concerns of Canadian citizens about how various human rights issues would be covered in the museum, Cassie provided a more detailed explanation of the actual process for public consultation and corrected misconceptions that may have been perpetrated by the media, particularly in relation to gallery content From this statement, it was clear that the Holocaust would be in its own gallery, the Holodomor would be given a permanent place in the 'Mass Atrocity' zone, the Canadian internment operations would be featured, and the human rights abuses towards aboriginals would have a place in the 'Indigenous Rights' gallery Cassie also explained that the Content Advisory Committee's mandate had expired in March 2010, and that its submitted recommendations constituted only part of the consultation process The first round of public consultations that had begun in May 2009, was completed in February 2010

Concerns over how the Holodomor, as well as other Ukrainian and Ukrainian Canadian issues, would be treated at the CMHR proved to be valid, as described by the president of the Ukrainian Canadian Congress, Paul Grod, in a 2013 speech in Winnipeg Among other points, Grod lamented how the CMHR intends to place only a minor exhibit about the Holodomor in a secondary gallery, located adjacent to the public toilets The toilets were eventually relocated to an adjacent corridor Nevertheless, the depiction of the Holodomor is limited and contains historical errors eg, the map shows all of Ukraine whereas only Soviet Ukrainians experienced the genocide

See also

  • Human rights portal
  • Human rights
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Footnotes

  1. ^ CMHR names Gail Stephens interim president, CEO Winnipeg Free Press, 6 November 2014 Retrieved 15 November 2014
  2. ^ Canadian Museum for Human Rights Retrieved 15 November 2014
  3. ^ Stuart Murray out as head of Canadian human rights museum Toronto Star, 15 October 2014 Retrieved 16 October 2014
  4. ^ a b Government of Canada 2008, p 2
  5. ^ a b c Brean, Joseph 19 September 2014, Canadian Museum for Human Rights opens amidst controversy and protests, National Post, retrieved 20 September 2014 
  6. ^ Government of Canada 2008, p 4
  7. ^ "Backgrounder: Canadian Museum for Human Rights," Office of the Prime Minister, Government of Canada, 19 December 2008 http://pmgcca/eng/mediaaspid=2355
  8. ^ The Asper Family: A History of Giving, Asper Foundation, nd, retrieved 20 September 2014 
  9. ^ "Israel Harold Izzy Asper" The Canadian Encyclopedia Historica Canada 14 March 2010 Retrieved 20 September 2014 
  10. ^ Holmes, Gillian K; Davidson, Evelyn 2001 Who's Who in Canadian Business 2001 University of Toronto Press pp 24–25 ISBN 0920966608 Retrieved 2014-01-01 
  11. ^ Government of Canada 2008
  12. ^ "Focus Group Testing of the Content for the Proposed Canadian Museum for Human Rights" Library and Archives Canada, 2 April 2008 Retrieved 5 February 2011
  13. ^ O'Malley, Kady 7 August 2008 Still more Behind the scenes at the museum Macleans Retrieved 5 February 2011
  14. ^ Mia Rabson, "Museum sod to be turned – no matter how cold," Winnipeg Free Press, 19 December 2008 http://wwwwinnipegfreepresscom/local/museum_sod_to_be_turned_--_no_matter_how_coldhtml
  15. ^ The Canadian Museum for Human Rights: Building the Museum, http://humanrightsmuseumca/building-museum
  16. ^ Rights museum left in lurch Winnipeg Free Press, 17 December 2011 Retrieved 21 December 2011
  17. ^ Statement by the Honourable James Moore, Minister of Canadian Heritage and Official Languages, on the Interim Chairperson of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights CMHR News, 20 December 2011 Retrieved 24 December 2011
  18. ^ Canadian Museum for Human Rights
  19. ^ Human rights museum a gong show Winnipeg Sun, 19 December 2011 Retrieved 21 December 2011
  20. ^ "A Tribe Called Red cancels performance at human rights museum" CBC News, 19 September 2014
  21. ^ Canadian Museum for Human Rights opening marked by music, speeches and protests: Demonstrators call for attention to First Nations issues and the Palestinian struggle, CBC News, 19 September 2014, retrieved 20 September 2014 
  22. ^ The Canadian Museum for Human Rights: About the Museum: Corporate Governance: Corporate Reports: Corporate Plans: Financial Statements, http://humanrightsmuseumca/about-museum/corporate-governance/corporate-reports/coporate-plans/4-financial-statements
  23. ^ The Friends of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights Retrieved 20 January 2012
  24. ^ Update: Canadian Museum for Human Rights Craig, Colin Canadian Taxpayers Federation, 10 November 2011 Retrieved 20 January 2011
  25. ^ Council grants more money to rights museum CBC News, 27 April 2011 Retrieved 28 April 2011
  26. ^ Human Rights Museum cost jumps to $351 million Global News, 22 December 2011 Retrieved 24 December 2011
  27. ^ Loans ride to museum’s rescue Lett, Dan Winnipeg Free Press, 19 July 2012 Retrieved 23 July 2012
  28. ^ Lett, Dan 4 September 2010, "A portrait of the artist: The man who'll shape our skyline", Winnipeg Free Press, Winnipeg, Manitoba, retrieved 20 September 2014 
  29. ^ Hume, Christopher 19 December 2009, "Soaring design tells human rights tale", Toronto Star 
  30. ^ "Friends of CMHR 10 Year Magazine" PDF, Friends of CMHR 
  31. ^ "The Canadian Museum for Human Rights," Antoine Predock Architect PC, http://wwwpredockcom/CMHR/CMHRhtml
  32. ^ http://alabasternewconceptcom/en/cmhr/
  33. ^ http://wwwpclcom/News-And-Media/News-Releases/Documents/CMHR-Factsheetpdf
  34. ^ "About the Museum>News>The Canadian Museum for Human Rights is honoured to welcome Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada to the site of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights" Canadian Museum for Human Rights 14 June 2010 Retrieved 7 January 2011 
  35. ^ "About the Museum > News > Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II unveils cornerstone to CMHR" Canadian Museum for Human Rights 2010 Retrieved 7 January 2011 
  36. ^ Ruins of St Mary's Priory – Runnymede Retrieved 6 February 2011
  37. ^ "Queen gives Canadian Museum for Human Rights a piece of history" CTV 3 July 2010 Retrieved 7 January 2011 
  38. ^ a b c d Behind the scenes: curating Winnipeg’s museum of human rights, Winnipeg, Manitoba: Metro News, 20 September 2014, retrieved 20 September 2014 
  39. ^ a b Barnes, Dan 20 September 2014, "Inside the 10 permanent galleries of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights", Edmonton Journal, Winnipeg, Manitoba, retrieved 20 September 2014 
  40. ^ a b Martin, Lee-Ann 12 March 2014, Rebecca Belmore's Trace: Hands of generations past and those that will come, CMHR 
  41. ^ a b Barnes, Dan 19 September 2014, "Human rights museum a journey into light", Edmonton Journal, Winnipeg, Manitoba, retrieved 20 September 2014 
  42. ^ Canadian Museum for Human Rights and the University of Winnipeg sign Memorandum of Understanding CMHR News, 6 May 2011 Retrieved 16 July 2012
  43. ^ National Museum "Memorial in Commemoration of Famines` Victims in Ukraine" Retrieved 16 July 2012
  44. ^ CMHR releases important archaeology findings: new light cast on historic role of The Forks, Winnipeg, Manitoba: CMHR, 28 August 2013, retrieved 20 September 2014 
  45. ^ Human Rights Museum mistreating First Nations heritage: archeologist Archived 19 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  46. ^ "Bless Museum's Sacred Ground: Native Elders Work with Crews During Construction," Winnipeg Free Press, 2 June 2009, http://wwwwinnipegfreepresscom/local/bless-museums-sacred-ground-46706792html
  47. ^ Kroker, Sid 1988 The Forks Archaeological Impact Assessment and Management Plan The Forks Archaeological Plan Prepared for The Forks Renewal Corporation, http://wwwtheforkscom/files/File/Bibliography/1988-Forks_Archaeological_Impact_Assessment_and_Mngm_Planpdf, page 60-63
  48. ^ Jezik, Sandra, Paul Downie and Lori McKinnon 2003 The Forks National Historic Site of Canada – Archaeological Artifact Catalogue Winnipeg: Prepared for Manitoba Field Unit, Cultural Resource Services, Western Canada Service Centre, Parks Canada, http://wwwtheforkscom/files/File/Bibliography/2003-Forks_Artifact_Reference_Cataloguepdf
  49. ^ The Forks National Historic Site of Canada Natural Wonders and Cultural Treasures: Natural Heritage Page Parks Canada 22 June 2009 http://wwwpcgcca/eng/lhn-nhs/mb/forks/natcul/naturaspx
  50. ^ The Forks National Historic Site of Canada History: Land Use in the Precontact Period 22 June 2009 http://wwwpcgcca/eng/lhn-nhs/mb/forks/natcul/vocation-landuseaspx
  51. ^ Downie, Paul 2002 The Forks National Historic Site of Canada: Cultural Resource Inventory and Cumulative Impacts Analysis Winnipeg: Report prepared for Manitoba Field Unit, on file, Cultural Resource Services Unit, Western Canada Service Centre, Parks Canada http://wwwtheforkscom/files/File/Bibliography/2002-Forks_Cultural_Resource_Inventory_Analysispdf
  52. ^ Greer Stomps On My Fragile Freedoms Retrieved 3 April 2015
  53. ^ Picketers at CMHR target feminist lecturer over transgender views Retrieved 3 April 2015
  54. ^ Canadian Museum for Human Rights – a call for inclusiveness, equity and fairness Ukrainian Canadian Congress Retrieved 20 January 2011
  55. ^ German-Canadian group assails Holocaust exhibit National Post, 17 December 2010 Retrieved 20 January 2011
  56. ^ Protest grows over Holocaust 'zone' in Canadian Museum for Human Rights Adams, James The Globe and Mail, 14 February 2011 Retrieved 24 February 2011
  57. ^ a b Chatterley, Catherine 2 April 2011 "The War Against the Holocaust" Winnipeg Free Press Retrieved 10 January 2012 
  58. ^ Definition: What are Mass Atrocities AEGIS – Preventing Crimes Against Humanity Retrieved 3 December 2011
  59. ^ a b Ukrainian groups oppose museum’s Holocaust exhibit The Canadian Jewish News, 20 January 2011 Retrieved 20 January 2011
  60. ^ This refers to the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was in part a response to the atrocities of World War II
  61. ^ a b "Ukrainian group wants review of human-rights museum plan" Globe and Mail, 21 December 2010 Retrieved 3 February 2011
  62. ^ Rights museum will be inclusive National Post, 17 January 2011 Retrieved 20 January 2011
  63. ^ Brodbeck, Tom 23 February 2011 "Murray plugs in big – Great museum pork-barrel job" Winnipeg Sun Retrieved 21 September 2014 
  64. ^ Chatterley, Catherine 3 April 2013 "Dr Catherine Chatterley Interviews CMHR About Content of Holocaust Gallery" Winnipeg Jewish Review Archived from the original on 2 March 2014 Retrieved 2 January 2014 
  65. ^ Canada's Forgotten Internment Camps The Mark Retrieved 5 February 2011
  66. ^ Human rights museum plan irks Ukrainian group CBC News, 5 January 2011 Retrieved 4 February 2011
  67. ^ Comparing genocides National Post, 10 January 2011 Retrieved 3 February 2011
  68. ^ Postcard suggests Jews as pigs, critics say The Canadian Jewish News, 14 April 2011 Retrieved 2 June 2012
  69. ^ Statement By MP James Bezan On The Canadian Museum Of Human Rights Ukrainian Canadian Congress, 2 February 2011 Retrieved 4 February 2011
  70. ^ Petition for equity and fairness at the Canadian Museum for Human Rights Ukrainian Canadian Congress, 2 February 2011 Retrieved 4 February 2011
  71. ^ UCC Press release – "Claims of Inclusiveness by Human Rights Museum Disingenuous"
  72. ^ Canadian Museum for Human Rights establishes formal partnership with the Memorial in Commemoration of Famines’ Victims in Ukraine CMHR News, 4 July 2012 Retrieved 16 July 2012
  73. ^ Memo on Holodomor fails to quell concern Winnipeg Free Press, 10 July 2012 Retrieved 16 July 2012
  74. ^ Column: Museum doesn't deliver equally Kingston Whig Standard, 17 December 2014 Retrieved 22 December 2014
  75. ^ Canadian First World War Internment Recognition Fund Archived 25 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine "CFWWIRF representatives visit Canadian Museum for Human Rights," 9 December 2014 - News Release
  76. ^ http://wwwcbcca/news/canada/manitoba/palestinian-canadians-feel-ignored-in-human-rights-museum-11328986
  77. ^ a b Lett, Dan 14 December 2010 "Fighting over exhibit size no way to advance debate" Winnipeg Free Press Retrieved 4 February 2011 
  78. ^ Martin, Melissa 6 January 2011 "Holodomor drive intensifies – Rights museum lobbied on issue" Winnipeg Free Press Retrieved 4 February 2011 
  79. ^ The Human Rights Museum Responds to Misconceptions in the Media News – Canadian Museum for Human Rights, 6 January 2011 Retrieved 4 February 2011
  80. ^ CMHR – Public roundtables Retrieved 24 February 2011

References

  • "Bill C-42: An Act to amend the Museums Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts" PDF, Government of Canada, Library of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, 22 February 2008, retrieved 20 September 2014 

External links

  • Official website
  • Friends of the CMHR
  • Canadian Heritage

Coordinates: 49°53′2687″N 97°7′5159″W / 498907972°N 971309972°W / 498907972; -971309972

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    29.10.2014


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