Campton, New Hampshire


Campton is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 3,333 at the 2010 census1 Campton, which includes the villages of Blair, Campton Hollow, Lower Campton and West Campton, is home to Blair State Forest and Livermore Falls State Forest It is located in the foothills of the White Mountains, and parts of the White Mountain National Forest are in the northeast

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Notable people
  • 5 Sites of interest
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

Both Campton and adjacent Rumney were granted by Governor Benning Wentworth in 1761 to Jabez Spencer of East Haddam, Connecticut, then settled about 1765 But Captain Spencer died before terms of the charter, which required settlement by 50 families, each farming 5 acres 20,000 m2 for every 50 received, were fulfilled Two families, named Fox and Taylor, first settled here in 17652 In 1767, Governor John Wentworth issued the heirs and others a new grant Campton got its name when the first proprietors built a camp here to survey the two towns3

Although the surface is mountainous and ledgy, farmers found good soil for cultivation in the intervales along the rivers By 1859, when the population was 1,439, industries included one sawmill, one gristmill, one tannery and a carriage shop3 The town has three covered bridges, including Blair Bridge, which is 292 feet 89 m, 10 inches long, making it the second longest of those entirely within the state4

Geographyedit

Pemigewasset River at Livermore Falls

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 525 square miles 136 km2, of which 519 sq mi 134 km2 is land and 06 sq mi 16 km2 is water, comprising 112% of the town The highest point in Campton is Mount Weetamoo, at 2,548 feet 777 m above sea level The town is drained by the Mad River and Pemigewasset River Campton lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed5

The town is crossed by Interstate 93, US Route 3, New Hampshire Route 49 and New Hampshire Route 175 Starting with the 2012 election, Campton will be redistricted from NH's 2nd Congressional District to New Hampshire's 1st Congressional District; it is the only town in Grafton County to be redistricted

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 395
1800 635 608%
1810 873 375%
1820 1,047 199%
1830 1,313 254%
1840 1,513 152%
1850 1,439 −49%
1860 1,320 −83%
1870 1,226 −71%
1880 1,163 −51%
1890 982 −156%
1900 999 17%
1910 845 −154%
1920 1,028 217%
1930 1,184 152%
1940 1,130 −46%
1950 1,149 17%
1960 1,058 −79%
1970 1,171 107%
1980 1,694 447%
1990 2,377 403%
2000 2,719 144%
2010 3,333 226%
Est 2015 3,305 −08%
US Decennial Census7

As of the census8 of 2000, there were 2,719 people, 1,128 households, and 759 families residing in the town The population density was 524 people per square mile 202/km² There were 1,759 housing units at an average density of 339 per square mile 131/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9801% White, 004% African American, 004% Native American, 070% Asian, 015% Pacific Islander, and 107% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 040% of the population

There were 1,128 households out of which 302% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 548% were married couples living together, 82% had a female householder with no husband present, and 327% were non-families 250% of all households were made up of individuals and 82% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 241 and the average family size was 289

In the town, the population was spread out with 238% under the age of 18, 72% from 18 to 24, 300% from 25 to 44, 270% from 45 to 64, and 119% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 39 years For every 100 females there were 999 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1001 males

The median income for a household in the town was $39,213, and the median income for a family was $46,492 Males had a median income of $30,640 versus $24,688 for females The per capita income for the town was $20,189 About 58% of families and 88% of the population were below the poverty line, including 91% of those under age 18 and 85% of those age 65 or over

Notable peopleedit

  • Henry W Blair, US congressman and senator
  • Chris Devlin-Young, ski racer
  • Arthur Livermore, US congressman9
  • Sylvester Marsh, builder of the Mount Washington Cog Railway, had his boyhood home in Campton

Sites of interestedit

  • Blair Bridge 1829, rebuilt 1870
  • Town House 1855, Campton Historical Society

See alsoedit

  • White Mountain art

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire 1875
  3. ^ a b Austin J Coolidge & John B Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; Boston, Massachusetts 1859
  4. ^ New Hampshire Covered Bridges -- Blair Bridge
  5. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  9. ^ "LIVERMORE, Arthur, 1766 - 1853" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved January 14, 2014 

External linksedit

  • Town of Campton official website
  • Campton Historical Society
  • Campton Police Department
  • Campton Public Library
  • Central New Hampshire Snowmobile Club
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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