Caesareum of Alexandria


The Caesareum of Alexandria is an ancient temple in Alexandria, Egypt It was conceived by Cleopatra VII of the Ptolemaic kingdom, the last pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, to honour her dead lover Marc Antony The edifice was finished by the Roman Emperor Augustus, after he defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatra He destroyed all traces of Antony in Alexandria, and apparently dedicated the temple to his own cult1

Converted to a Christian church in the late 4th century, the Caesareum was the headquarters of Cyril of Alexandria, the Patriarch of Alexandria from 412 to 4442

The philosopher and mathematician Hypatia was murdered at the Caesareum by a Christian mob in 415; they stripped her naked and tore her to pieces3

Elements of the temple survived until the 19th century Cleopatra's Needles, obelisks from the temple, now stand in Central Park in New York City and on the Thames Embankment, in London;14

Today, a large statue of the Alexandrine nationalist leader Saad Zaghloul 1859–1927 stands on the Caesareum site

The Saad Zaghloul Pasha statue in Alexandria, built over the Caesareum site

See alsoedit

  • Ancient Egypt portal
  • Architecture portal
  • 1st century BC in architecture
  • Ancient Egyptian architecture
  • History of Alexandria

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b McKenzie, Judith 2007 The Architecture of Alexandria and Egypt, c 300BC to AD 700, Volume 63 Yale University Press via Google Books p 177 
  2. ^ Staff 2012 "The Caesarium of Alexandria – Scene of the Crime" cosmographicacom Retrieved 23 February 2012 
  3. ^ Socrates Scholasticus Ecclesiastical History, Bk VI: Chap 15 
  4. ^ Ellis, Simon P 1992 Graeco-Roman Egypt Osprey Publishing pp 16–17 

Coordinates: 31°12′03″N 29°53′58″E / 312009°N 298994°E / 312009; 298994



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