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Buso Renkin

buso renkin, buso renkin episode 1 english dub
Buso Renkin Japanese: 武装錬金, Hepburn: Busō Renkin, lit "Alchemical Weapons" is a manga series written and drawn by Nobuhiro Watsuki It follows Kazuki Muto, who becomes an alchemical warrior in the battle against alchemical monsters known as homunculi Watsuki envisioned the manga as his last shōnen manga, and then he tried to do as much as he could with that genre It was serialized in Shueisha's magazine Weekly Shōnen Jump from June 2003 to April 2005 The individual chapters were republished by Shueisha in ten tankōbon volumes The series has been licensed by Viz Media for North American release

The manga has been adapted into an anime television series, which was produced by Xebec and was broadcast on Japanese television network TV Tokyo from 2006 to 2007 In December 2007, the anime was announced for North American DVD release by Viz Media In 2009, the series made its American television debut on the Funimation Channel, with American broadcast rights acquired by Funimation from Viz Media The series has also spawned two drama CDs, two light novels, a PlayStation 2 video game, and many types of Buso Renkin-themed merchandise

In Japan, the Buso Renkin manga has sold over 3 million volumes and was nominated for a Seiun Award It received a mixed reception from manga and anime publications Watsuki's art received the most positive comments from reviewers, while other aspects of the manga, such as its action and characters, have divided critics' opinions The anime, which critics described as a generic shōnen fighting series, received a mostly negative reception

Contents

  • 1 Plot
  • 2 Production
  • 3 Manga
  • 4 Anime adaptation
  • 5 Related media
  • 6 Reception
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Plotedit

See also: List of Buso Renkin characters

The narrative of Buso Renkin follows Kazuki Muto, who saves Tokiko Tsumura and is killed by an alchemical monster known as a homunculus Tokiko, an alchemist warrior, feels responsible and revives him by replacing his destroyed heart with a kakugane 核鉄 The kakugane is an alchemical device which, when activated, takes a weapon form based on its user's personality, forming a buso renkin—the only thing that can destroy a homunculus Kazuki creates his own buso renkin and joins Tokiko in the fight against the homunculi and their master, Koushaku Chouno Chouno, who has renamed himself "Papillon", is killed by Kazuki, but is later resurrected by the LXE, a humanoid homunculi group led by Chouno's great-great-grandfather Bakushaku Chouno, now calling himself Dr Butterfly In various battles, Kazuki, Tokiko and Captain Bravo their team leader destroy most of the LXE's members After learning that Dr Butterfly believes him to be weak and useless, Papillon rebels against the LXE and kills Dr Butterfly

Before his death, Dr Butterfly drains the energy of the students at Kazuki's school to heal and revive Victor, a being superior to humans and homunculi Victor is confronted by Kazuki, but Victor is not interested in fighting and leaves During the battle, however, Kazuki's kakugane is revealed to be the same type as the Victor's—a black kakugane created by the Alchemist Army as a prototype to the philosopher's stone The black kakugane absorbs human life forces; to prevent this from happening, Kazuki's death is ordered by the Alchemist Army Captain Bravo tries to kill Kazuki, but Tokiko finds him alive A team is commissioned to confirm Kazuki's death, but Kazuki, Tokiko and Gouta Nakamura an Alchemist Warrior and former protégé of Tokiko's fight their way past the members of the Re-Extermination Squad Later, Kazuki's death is postponed because, as the Alchemists' leader explains, their top priority is to defeat Victor

Kazuki and Tokiko find the white kakugane, which can negate the effects of the black kakugane and is guarded by Victor's daughter Victoria, who is herself a humanoid homunculus During the Alchemist Army's final battle against Victor, Kazuki applies the white kakugane to Victor, but it only weakens him To protect humankind from both of them, Kazuki propels himself and Victor to the moon Later, Papillion creates a white kakugane to heal Kazuki The Alchemist Army rescues Kazuki, creates another white kakugane and restores Victor's humanity Reunited with his daughter, Victor asks the Alchemist Army to turn him into a homunculus and tells them that he and his daughter will lead all the homunculi to the moon The Alchemist Army dedicates itself to research a way to revert homunculi back into humans, ending their war activities All Warriors abdicate their kakugane Kazuki and Tokiko return to their daily lives together while Papillon becomes an urban legend throughout Japan

Productionedit

See also: List of Buso Renkin characters § Creation and conception

Nobuhiro Watsuki started writing Buso Renkin thinking it would be his last shōnen manga; he tried to do "everything he ever wanted" with that genre He unexpectedly experienced problems drawing the manga's fight scenes and said he "struggled with the comedic elements"1 Watsuki drew references from several sources in Buso Renkin; from his past works Rurouni Kenshin2 and Gun Blaze West3 to American comics,4 and from films to other anime and manga5 Despite dealing with alchemy, Watsuki initially avoided mentioning the philosopher's stone because he thought he could be accused of plagiarizing another series He could not omit mentioning it, but he said that it is "general knowledge"5 During the series' publication, Watsuki had four severe colds; the fourth cold made him so weak that he could not finish the chapter he was due to send to Weekly Shōnen Jump1

Mangaedit

Main article: List of Buso Renkin chapters

The chapters of Buso Renkin were written and illustrated by Nobuhiro Watsuki and were serialized in Shueisha's shōnen magazine Weekly Shōnen Jump from June 23, 2003, to April 25, 200567 Only the first 79 chapters were serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump; the final chapter was published in another magazine from Shueisha in two installments89 Shueisha published the individual chapters in a series of ten tankōbon collected volumes, which were released between January 5, 2004, and April 4, 20061011 In North America, Viz Media released the manga's ten tankōbon volumes between August 1, 2006, and February 5, 20081213 The manga has been licensed in Brazil by Editora JBC,14 France by Glénat,15 in Germany by Tokyopop Germany,16 in Italy by Panini Comics,17 and in Spain by Planeta DeLibros18

Anime adaptationedit

Main article: List of Buso Renkin episodes

In Japan, the Buso Renkin manga was adapted into an anime series which ran on TV Tokyo; it was directed by Takao Kato and produced by Xebec19 Buso Renkin aired between October 4, 2006, and March 28, 20072021 The episodes were later released by Geneon Universal Entertainment in nine DVD compilations between January 25, 2007, and September 21, 200722 DVD box sets containing all twenty-six episodes were released on November 26, 2009,23 and on February 27, 201324 Geneon Universal Entertainment released an animation soundtrack CD for Buso Renkin on January 25, 200725

On December 8, 2007, Viz Media announced the release of the English dub, which would be released in two DVD sets of thirteen episodes each26 The first set containing episodes one to thirteen was released on April 29, 200827 The second set containing episodes fourteen to twenty-six was released on October 7, 200828 Funimation launched Buso Renkin on their Funimation Channel on April 27, 2009, marking the series' American television debut2930 On December 20, 2009, the first three episodes from the series were officially uploaded to Hulu and Viz Media's portal31 Two episodes were uploaded weekly thereafter; the final episode was uploaded on March 8, 20103233 Beginning on October 2, 2012, Buso Renkin was streamed on Neon Alley34

Related mediaedit

Shueisha released two drama CDs for Buso Renkin The first CD was released on May 26, 2005,35 and the second CD was released on October 6, 200636 It also released two "Expert CDs", which features the radio drama, opening and ending themes and unreleased soundtrack songs The first CD, Expert CD 1, was released on March 28, 200737 The second CD, Expert CD 2, was released on June 8, 200738

Two light novels were written by Kaoru Kurosaki, illustrated by Watsuki, and published under the Jump J Books line by Shueisha The first one, Buso Renkin Double Slash 武装錬金//, was published in October 31, 2006, and Buso Renkin Slash Zeta 武装錬金/Z was released on May 25, 20073940 A guidebook titled Buso Renkin Infinity was published by Shueisha on May 2, 200741

Two Nintendo DS fighting games, Jump Super Stars and Jump Ultimate Stars, have featured characters from the series4243 A PlayStation 2 video game developed and published by Marvelous Entertainment was released on June 28, 2007, under the title Buso Renkin Youkoso Papillon Park e 武装錬金 ようこそパピヨンパークへ44 In Japan, action figures, T-shirts, a trading card game series, key chains, straps, and a variety of other products were sold as merchandise for the series45

Receptionedit

In Japan, Buso Renkin has sold over three million volumes46 In North America, the first volume has featured in the best-selling graphic novel ranking of Nielsen BookScan,47 and the fourth volume of the series was the seventh best-selling comic book of March 2007, according to Publishers Weekly48 In the same year, it was nominated for the Seiun Award for best science fiction comic title of the year49

The manga's critical reaction has been mixed Most critics reached a consensus regarding the high quality of its art, describing it as "crisp", "solid", and "clean and well done"50515253 Other aspects of the series have divided critics' opinions Manga Life's Michael Aronson praised the enemy designs,51 while Carlo Santos of Anime News Network ANN criticized them, adding the series "is not much fun to read, and certainly no fun to look at"54 Writing for Active Anime, Sandra Scholes found points of interest in the series' story, and praised its action50 Santos said the action "got all the drive and excitement of shōnen action",54 and Comic Book Bin's Leroy Douresseaux called the series "a mixture of Dragonball Z and Naruto, but filled with even more weirdness"52

Aronson said the storytelling and action needed "clarity"51 Leigh Dragoon from Sequential Tart described Buso Renkin as "derivative" and "hackneyed", and called the characters "completely forgettable"53 Conversely, Patti Martinson writing for the same site said that they "are distinctive and interesting" Martinson noted "the complexity of the plot", though she said it is not difficult to follow She added there was "a lot of strong material" that can be developed throughout the series55 Holly Ellingwood praised the final volume, stating that Watsuki did "a fabulous job of covering all fronts and the various characters, juggling them effectively" and that it ends "in an amazing way"56

The anime was met with mostly negative critical reception ANN critic Zac Bertschy said Buso Renkin "isn't anything special", criticizing the "threadbare plot exposition" and its clichés, but praised the way it "gets right to the action"57 Writing for ANN, Luke Carroll stated the series is generic and that it became "a bit more tolerable  during its light-hearted moments"58 ANN's Carl Kimlinger said the anime follows the "shōnen fighting formula"; he praised Tokiko's characterization, saying it is one characteristic that distinguish the series59 Kimlinger also praised the way it "improves considerably" because of its twists in the plot60 UK Anime Network's Andy Hanley also called it "generic" at the start, but said it "has a fairly decent stab" in the second half6162 Chris Beveridge of Mania praised the balance between the humor and the "lighter side", and stated that Buso Renkin "took the clichés and obviousness of ideas and ran with it in an engaging and fun manner"6364

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b Watsuki, Nobuhiro February 5, 2008 "Afterward" Buso Renkin, Vol 10 Viz Media pp 182–183 ISBN 1-4215-1542-3 
  2. ^ Watsuki, Nobuhiro August 1, 2006 "Character File No 1" Buso Renkin, Vol 1 Viz Media ISBN 1-4215-0615-7 
  3. ^ Watsuki, Nobuhiro February 5, 2008 "Buso Renkin File No 20" Buso Renkin, Vol 10 Viz Media ISBN 1-4215-1542-3 
  4. ^ Watsuki, Nobuhiro February 5, 2008 "Buso Renkin File No 22" Buso Renkin, Vol 10 Viz Media ISBN 1-4215-1542-3 
  5. ^ a b Watsuki, Nobuhiro June 5, 2007 "Liner Notes #46 ~ 49" Buso Renkin, Vol 6 Viz Media ISBN 1-4215-0842-7 
  6. ^ "週刊少年ジャンプ 2003年 Vol 30" Shueisha Archived from the original on January 29, 2008 Retrieved January 10, 2014 
  7. ^ Watsuki; Nobuhiro April 25, 2005 "Boy Meets Battle Girl" Weekly Shōnen Jump Buso Renkin in Japanese Shueisha 21-22 
  8. ^ "Liner Notes #74 ~ Last Chapter" Buso Renkin, Volume 9 Viz Media December 4, 2007 ISBN 1-4215-1047-2 
  9. ^ "Liner Notes: Buso Renkin: Period" Buso Renkin, Volume 10 Viz Media February 5, 2008 ISBN 1-4215-1542-3 
  10. ^ 武装錬金 1 in Japanese Shueisha Archived from the original on January 7, 2012 Retrieved January 10, 2014 
  11. ^ 武装錬金 10 in Japanese Shueisha Archived from the original on January 7, 2012 Retrieved January 10, 2014 
  12. ^ "Buso Renkin, Vol 1" Viz Media Archived from the original on July 5, 2014 Retrieved January 10, 2014 
  13. ^ "Buso Renkin, Vol 10" Viz Media Archived from the original on July 5, 2014 Retrieved January 10, 2014 
  14. ^ "Mangá Buso Renkin" in Portuguese Editora JBC Archived from the original on February 9, 2014 Retrieved January 14, 2014 
  15. ^ "Buso Renkin - Tome 10" in French Glénat Archived from the original on July 5, 2014 Retrieved February 13, 2014 
  16. ^ "Buso Renkin - Band 10" in German Tokyopop Germany Archived from the original on May 12, 2009 Retrieved February 13, 2014 
  17. ^ "Il Guerriero Alchemico" in Italian Panini Comics Archived from the original on July 5, 2014 Retrieved January 10, 2014 
  18. ^ "Armamento Alquimista nº 10/10" in Spanish PlanetadeLibros Archived from the original on July 15, 2015 Retrieved July 15, 2015 
  19. ^ "Buso Renkin official website" in Japanese Xebec Archived from the original on January 16, 2010 Retrieved January 15, 2010 
  20. ^ "Episode 1" in Japanese Xebec Archived from the original on August 1, 2010 Retrieved May 9, 2010 
  21. ^ "Episode 26" in Japanese Xebec Archived from the original on August 1, 2010 Retrieved May 9, 2010 
  22. ^ "Buso Renkin DVDs" in Japanese Xebec November 13, 2009 Archived from the original on June 29, 2010 Retrieved May 8, 2010 
  23. ^ "武装錬金 DVD-Box" in Japanese Geneon Universal Entertainment Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved February 13, 2014 
  24. ^ "武装錬金 DVD_SET" in Japanese Geneon Universal Entertainment Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved July 6, 2014 
  25. ^ 武装錬金オリジナルサウンドトラック in Japanese Geneon Universal Entertainment Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved July 6, 2014 
  26. ^ "New York Anime Festival and ICv2 Conference on Anime and Manga" Anime News Network Archived from the original on January 14, 2010 Retrieved January 14, 2010 
  27. ^ "Buso Renkin, Vol 1 DVD Box Set" Viz Media Archived from the original on July 5, 2014 Retrieved January 10, 2014 
  28. ^ "Buso Renkin, Vol 2 DVD Box Set" Viz Media Archived from the original on July 5, 2014 Retrieved January 10, 2014 
  29. ^ "Mon 27 Apr 2009-Sun 3 May 2009: Time zone: USA Eastern" Funimation Archived from the original on April 20, 2009 Retrieved January 7, 2012 
  30. ^ "5 Viz Series Launch On Funimation Channel Marking American TV Debut" Anime News Network April 16, 2009 Retrieved December 31, 2015 
  31. ^ "Buso Renkin episodes 1–12" Viz Media Archived from the original on October 11, 2010 Retrieved October 11, 2010 
  32. ^ "Buso Renkin episodes 13–20" Viz Media Archived from the original on October 11, 2010 Retrieved October 11, 2010 
  33. ^ "Buso Renkin episodes 21–26" Viz Media Archived from the original on October 11, 2010 Retrieved October 11, 2010 
  34. ^ "Neon Alley October 1–18, 2012 schedule" PDF Neon Alley Archived from the original PDF on October 18, 2012 Retrieved June 4, 2013 
  35. ^ "武装錬金 ドラマCD" in Japanese Shueisha Archived from the original on October 9, 2006 Retrieved January 10, 2014 
  36. ^ "武装錬金 ドラマCD 2" in Japanese Shueisha Archived from the original on October 9, 2006 Retrieved 2009-07-27 
  37. ^ "武装錬金EXPERT-CD1" in Japanese Geneon Universal Entertainment Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved July 6, 2014 
  38. ^ "武装錬金EXPERT-CD2" in Japanese Geneon Universal Entertainment Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved July 6, 2014 
  39. ^ 武装錬金// in Japanese Shueisha Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved February 13, 2014 
  40. ^ "武装錬金/Z" in Japanese Shueisha Archived from the original on April 10, 2009 Retrieved February 13, 2014 
  41. ^ "Books" in Japanese Busourenkincom Archived from the original on February 14, 2008 Retrieved January 10, 2014 
  42. ^ 武装錬金 - キャラクター紹介 in Japanese Nintendo Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved January 10, 2014 
  43. ^ "Jump Ultimate Stars - 武装錬金" in Japanese Nintendo Archived from the original on March 11, 2007 Retrieved January 10, 2014 
  44. ^ "Game" in Japanese Busourenkincom Archived from the original on February 14, 2008 Retrieved January 10, 2014 
  45. ^ "Goods" in Japanese Busourenkincom Archived from the original on January 31, 2008 Retrieved January 10, 2014 
  46. ^ "武装錬金 VIII" in Japanese Geneon Universal Entertainment Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved January 10, 2014 
  47. ^ "Top 10 Selling Graphic Novels For Week Ending August 6" Anime News Network Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved February 18, 2014 
  48. ^ "Comics Bestsellers: March" Publishers Weekly Archived from the original on March 11, 2007 Retrieved January 10, 2014 
  49. ^ 2007年星雲賞 in Japanese Nihon SF Taikai Archived from the original on April 6, 2007 Retrieved January 10, 2014 
  50. ^ a b Scholes, Sandra April 12, 2008 "Buso Renkin Vol 1" Active Anime Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved January 14, 2014 
  51. ^ a b c Aronson, Michael "Buso Renkin v1" Manga Life Silver Bullet Comics Archived from the original on October 14, 2007 Retrieved January 14, 2014 
  52. ^ a b Douresseaux, Leroy September 16, 2007 "Buso Renkin: Volume 8" Comic Book Bin Archived from the original on October 5, 2007 Retrieved January 14, 2014 
  53. ^ a b Dragoon, Leigh September 1, 2006 "Buso Renkin Vol 1" Sequential Tart Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved January 14, 2014 
  54. ^ a b Santos, Carlo "Hikikomori Festival - Right Turn Only!!" Anime News Network Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved January 14, 2014 
  55. ^ Martinson, Patti September 1, 2006 "Buso Renkin Vol 7" Sequential Tart Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved January 14, 2014 
  56. ^ Ellingwood, Holly February 5, 2008 "Buso Renkin Vol 10" Active Anime Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved January 14, 2014 
  57. ^ "The Fall 2006 Anime Preview Guide" Anime News Network October 22, 2006 Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved February 18, 2014 
  58. ^ Carroll, Luke September 8, 2009 "Buso Renkin - Collection 1" Anime News Network Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved January 14, 2014 
  59. ^ Kimlinger, Carl May 20, 2008 "Buso Renkin DVD - Set 1" Anime News Network Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved February 18, 2014 
  60. ^ Kimlinger, Carl November 3, 2008 "Buso Renkin DVD - Set 2" Anime News Network Archived from the original on July 6, 2014 Retrieved February 18, 2014 
  61. ^ Hanely, Andy "Anime Review: Buso Renkin Vol 1" UK Anime Network Archived from the original on November 3, 2012 Retrieved February 19, 2014 
  62. ^ Hanely, Andy "Anime Review: Buso Renkin Vol 2" UK Anime Network Archived from the original on November 3, 2012 Retrieved February 19, 2014 
  63. ^ Beveridge, Chris May 15, 2008 "Buso Renkin Box Set 1" Mania Archived from the original on February 22, 2014 Retrieved February 18, 2014 
  64. ^ Beveridge, Chris October 16, 2008 "Buso Renkin Box Set 2" Mania Archived from the original on February 22, 2014 Retrieved February 18, 2014 

External linksedit

  • Japanese XEBEC's Official Buso Renkin site
  • Japanese TV Tokyo's Official Buso Renkin site
  • Buso Renkin anime at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
  • Buso Renkin manga at Anime News Network's encyclopedia

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