Brześć Kujawski Voivodeship


Coat of arms

Brześć Kujawski Voivodeship in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, 1635 Capital Brześć Kujawski History    Established 14th century    Second Partition of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1793 Area 3,000 km2 1,158 sq mi Political subdivisions counties: 5 ¹ Voivodeship of the Polish Crown in the
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth; Voivodeship of the Kingdom of Poland before 1569

Brześć Kujawski Voivodeship Latin: Palatinatus Brestensis, Polish: Województwo brzesko-kujawskie was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Kingdom of Poland later Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, from the 14th century to the Second Partition of Poland in 1793 It was part of the historic Kujawy region and the Greater Polish prowincja Originally, its name was Brzesc Voivodeship Wojewodztwo brzeskie, but after the 1569 Union of Lublin, it was renamed into Brzesc Kujawski Voivodeship, to distinguish it from Lithuanian Brest Litovsk Voivodeship Polish: Wojewodztwo brzesko-litewskie

Contents

  • 1 Geography
  • 2 Administration
  • 3 Voivodes
  • 4 References
  • 5 Sources

Geography

Its area was 3,276 sq kilometers, divided into five counties The seat of the voivode was at Brześć Kujawski, while local sejmiks for both Brześć Kujawski and Inowrocław Voivodeships took place at Radziejow It was one of the smallest and most densely populated voivodeships of the Commonwealth

Zygmunt Gloger in his monumental book Historical Geography of the Lands of Old Poland provides this description of Brześć Kujawski Voivodeship:

“East of the land of the Polans lies the region of Kujawy, most of which stretches along left bank of the Vistula The region was divided into two voivodeships: those of Brześć Kujawski, and Inowrocław Third part of historic Kujawy, the Dobrzyn Land, lies on the right bank of the Vistula Duke Boleslaw Krzywousty, while writing his testament in 1138, united Kujawy and Mazovia, giving it to his son Boleslaw IV the Curly The dynasty of Mazovian Piasts lasted until the 16th century, while the Kujawian Piasts died out in the 14th century As a result, Kujawy returned to the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland in 1434, two hundred years before Mazovia It is not known when the province was divided into two voivodeships, but in Horodlo in 1413 see Union of Horodlo, two Kujawian voivodes were already present: Maciej of Labiszyn was the voivode of Brześć, and Janusz of Koscieliska was the voivode of Gniewkowo, later Inowrocław

The area of Brześć Kujawski Voivodeship was almost 60 sq miles, with 67 Roman-Catholic parishes, 13 towns and 567 villages It was divided into five counties: Brześć Kujawski, Radziejow, Przedecz, Kowal and Kruszwica All counties were among the smallest in the Province of Greater Poland, as Przedecz County had the area of 9 sq miles, while Kruszwica County was even smaller, with 6 sq miles At the same time, however, Brześć Kujawski Voivodeship together with Łęczyca Voivodeship was most densely populated of all voivodeships of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Its population density in the 16th century reached 1,200, even 1,300 people per sq mile

Brześć Kujawski Voivodeship had six senators These were: The Bishop of Kujawy, the Voivode and the Castellan of Brześć Kujawski, as well as Castellans of Kruszwica, Kowal and Konary Starostas resided in capitals of the five counties, plus at Nieszawa and Dunikow Since both Brześć Kujawski and Inowrocław voivodeships were part of Kujawy, local sejmiks for them took place at Radziejow Here, four deputies to the Sejm were elected, and two deputies to the Greater Poland Tribunal Both voivodeships shared one coat of arms”

Administration

Governor seat:

  • Brześć Kujawski

Regional council sejmik seats:

  • Radziejow

Counties

  • Brzesc Kujawski County,
  • Kowal County,
  • Kruszwica County,
  • Przedecz County,
  • Radziejow County

Neighbouring Voivodeships:

  • Inowrocław Voivodeship
  • Rawa Voivodeship
  • Łęczyca Voivodeship
  • Kalisz Voivodeship
  • Gniezno Voivodeship since 1768

Voivodes

  • Arnold 1228
  • Krzesław 1231–1233
  • Bronisz ze Służewa 1294–1305
  • Stanisław z Kruszyna died 1308/13
  • Mikuł died 1317/19
  • Jan z Płonkowa 1328–1343
  • Wojciech z Pakości 1325 – c 1345
  • Wojciech z Kościelca 1358–1386
  • Krzesław z Kościoła 1391–1412
  • Maciej z Łabiszyna 1412–1430
  • Jan z Lichenia 1430–1448
  • Jan Kretkowski 1449–1452
  • Mikołaj Szarlejski ze Ściborza 1453–1457
  • Mikołaj Kościelecki 1457–1479
  • Andrzej Kretkowski 1480
  • Piotr Donin 1480–1484
  • Jan z Oporowa 1484–1494
  • Maciej ze Służewa 1494–1496
  • Andrzej z Pierowej Woli i Lubienia 1496–1498
  • Mikołaj Kościelecki 1500–1510
  • Stanisław Kościelecki 1520–1522
  • Mikołaj Kościelecki 1523–1525
  • Jan Janusz Kościelecki 1540–1542
  • Rafał Leszczyński 1545–1550
  • Jan Janusz II Kościelecki 1550–1552
  • Łukasz III Górka 1554–1563
  • Jan Służewski 1563–1580
  • Piotr Potulicki 1580–1582
  • Grzegorz Kretkowski 1582–1590
  • Andrzej Leszczyński 1591–1606
  • Michał Działyński 1609–1617
  • Jan Gostomski 1620
  • Jakub Szczawiński 1620–1637
  • Andrzej Kretkowski 1637–1643
  • Jan Szymon Szczawiński 1643–1655
  • Władysław Wierzbowski 1656–1657
  • Hieronim Wierzbowski 1657–1661
  • Zygmunt Działyński 1661–1678
  • Jan Opaliński 1678–1684
  • Zygmunt Dąmbski 1684–1704
  • Maciej Pstrokoński 1706–1707
  • Jan Jakub Potulicki 1707–1726
  • Andrzej Dąmbski 1726–1734
  • Antoni Dąmbski 1734–1771
  • Ludwik Karol Dąmbski 1771–1783
  • Stanisław Dąmbski 1783–1795

References

  1. ^ a b c d Błażejewski Stanisław, Kutta Janusz, Romaniuk Marek: Bydgoski Słownik Biograficzny Tom VI Bydgoszcz 2000 ISBN 83-85327-58-4, str 49-57

Sources

  • Brzesc Kujawski Voivodeship, description by Zygmunt Gloger

Coordinates: 52°36′21″N 18°54′17″E / 52605943°N 18904807°E / 52605943; 18904807



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