Brookline, New Hampshire


Brookline is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 4,991 at the 2010 census1 Brookline is home to the Talbot-Taylor Wildlife Sanctuary, Potanipo Pond, and the Brookline Covered Bridge

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Education
  • 5 Economic development
  • 6 Community events
  • 7 Town newspaper
  • 8 Churches
  • 9 Notable people
  • 10 Sites of interest
  • 11 References
  • 12 External links

Historyedit

Boston & Maine Railroad Station in 1907

First a part of Dunstable, Massachusetts, then settled as West Hollis, New Hampshire, the town was granted in 1769 as "Raby" New Hampshire Governor John Wentworth named it after his cousin, the 4th Earl of Strafford and Baron of Raby Castle

The town was renamed in 1798 at the suggestion of a leading citizen in town originally from Brookline, Massachusetts2 By 1859, when the population was 718, there were eight sawmills and one gristmill, as well as a sash and blind shop In the earlier days of the town, Brookline was known throughout southern New Hampshire for producing lumber, charcoal and casks3 The Boston and Maine Railroad eventually branched into Brookline in 1892 The train station that served Brookline during the railroad's tenure in the town has since been renovated into a private residential home4 A large fraction of the area that was once railroad track is now New Hampshire Route 13

The town received national attention in 1997, when people participating in the traditional ringing of the Congregational Church bell at midnight on the Fourth of July were arrested Several prominent members of the community were among those arrested, including Road Agent Clarence Farwell and his wife The incident led to an investigation of the Brookline police department after questions of excessive force were raised following the arrests5

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 201 square miles 52 km2, of which 198 sq mi 51 km2 is land and 04 sq mi 10 km2 is water, comprising 179% of the town The town's highest point is the western summit of Birch Hill, at 810 feet 250 m above sea level Potanipo Hill is a 613-foot-high 187 m summit southwest of the town center that once was the site of a ski area from 1935 to 1984, and now is home to Andres Institute of Art

Brookline is drained by the Nissitissit River and Spaulding Brook The 10-mile-long 16 km Nissitissit is known for its abundance of trout The Nissitissit begins at the outlet of Potanipo Pond, 1⁄2 mile 08 km west of the town center Brookline lies within the Merrimack River watershed6

Brookline is bordered by Mason to the west, Milford to the north, Hollis to the east, and Townsend and Pepperell, Massachusetts to the south It is about 12 miles 19 km west of Nashua and approximately 50 miles 80 km northwest of Boston, Massachusetts

Brookline Community Church built 1838

The town is crossed by New Hampshire Route 13 and New Hampshire Route 130

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 338
1800 454 343%
1810 538 185%
1820 592 100%
1830 627 59%
1840 652 40%
1850 718 101%
1860 756 53%
1870 741 −20%
1880 698 −58%
1890 548 −215%
1900 505 −78%
1910 501 −08%
1920 546 90%
1930 511 −64%
1940 561 98%
1950 671 196%
1960 795 185%
1970 1,167 468%
1980 1,766 513%
1990 2,410 365%
2000 4,181 735%
2010 4,991 194%
Est 2015 5,212 44%
US Decennial Census8

As of the census9 of 2000, there were 4,181 people, 1,343 households, and 1,146 families residing in the town The population density was 2115 people per square mile 817/km² There were 1,384 housing units at an average density of 700 per square mile 270/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9787% White, 014% African American, 019% Native American, 062% Asian, 005% Pacific Islander, 022% from other races, and 091% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 091% of the population

There were 1,343 households out of which 519% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 767% were married couples living together, 57% had a female householder with no husband present, and 146% were non-families 106% of all households were made up of individuals and 31% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 311 and the average family size was 336

In the town, the population was spread out with 336% under the age of 18, 40% from 18 to 24, 357% from 25 to 44, 216% from 45 to 64, and 50% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 36 years For every 100 females there were 1028 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 986 males

The median income for a household in the town was $77,075, and the median income for a family was $80,214 Males had a median income of $55,417 versus $32,750 for females The per capita income for the town was $29,272 About 09% of families and 08% of the population were below the poverty line, including 09% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over

Educationedit

Brookline is part of a cooperative school district with the neighboring town of Hollis, sharing a middle and high school, Hollis-Brookline Middle School and Hollis-Brookline High School, both of which are located in Hollis Brookline itself is home to Richard Maghakian Memorial School, an elementary school for grades K-3, and Captain Samuel Douglass Academy, which caters to children in grades 4-6

Economic developmentedit

The Brookline selectboard chartered the town's Economic Development Committee EDC to "promote balanced, long-term economic development, which reflects and enhances the character of the community" The EDC publishes a newsletter three or four times a year to promote local businesses10

Community eventsedit

Two major community events take place in Brookline: the winter Chowder/Soup/Chili Cook-Off and the early-fall Bridal Show Hundreds of New England residents have attended these two events

Town newspaperedit

The Brookliner has been published biweekly since 196611

Churchesedit

Brookline Community Church in 1906

In 1951 the Church of Christ was formed by the unification of the Congregational established 1795 and Methodist est 1852 churches of Brookline It was renamed the Brookline Community Church in 2005 and is affiliated with both the UCC and UMC conferences

Notable peopleedit

  • Captain Samuel Douglass, Revolutionary War captain who led a militia of 20 men from Townsend Hill to Lexington, Massachusetts, on April 19, 1775, in preparation for the approaching British Army

Sites of interestedit

  • Andres Institute of Art
  • Big Bear/Musket Mountain Ski Area
  • Brookline Covered Bridge
  • Camp Tevya, a Jewish summer camp
  • Potanipo Hill

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ "Profile for Brookline, New Hampshire, NH" ePodunk Retrieved July 19, 2012 
  3. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts: AJ Coolidge p 430 ISBN 1-4369-8768-7 
  4. ^ "Brookline - NashuaTelegraphcom" wwwnashuatelegraphcom Retrieved 2016-08-01 
  5. ^ "Fireworks of Sorts Afflict A New Hampshire Town" The New York Times 1997-07-08 Retrieved 2007-09-23 
  6. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  10. ^ http://wwwbrooklinenhus/economic-development-committee
  11. ^ "About The Brookliner Brookline, NH 1966-current" Library of Congress Retrieved July 19, 2012 

External linksedit

  • Town of Brookline official website
  • Brookline Public Library
  • Brookline Economic Development Committee
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • Brookline Historical Society
  • Sawtelle, Ithamar B, History of Brookline, New Hampshire 1885
  • Parker, Edward E, History of Brookline, formerly Raby, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire 1914
  • The Nashua Telegraph - Brookline Town Information
  • Brookline Community Church
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