Bronchoalveolar lavagebronchoalveolar lavage, bronchoalveolar lavage analysis
Bronchoalveolar lavage BAL; informally, "bronchoalveolar washing" is a medical procedure in which a bronchoscope is passed through the mouth or nose into the lungs and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination It is typically performed to diagnose lung disease1
In particular, bronchoalveolar lavage is commonly used to diagnose infections in people with immune system problems,2 pneumonia in people on ventilators, some types of lung cancer, and scarring of the lung interstitial lung disease It is the most common manner to sample the components of the epithelial lining fluid ELF and to determine the protein composition of the pulmonary airways, and it is often used in immunological research as a means of sampling cells or pathogen levels in the lung Examples of these include T-cell populations and influenza viral levels
BAL has been used for therapeutic applications3 Whole lung lavage WLL; informally, "lung washing"4 is a treatment for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis5
- ^ "Bronchoalveolar Lavage" PDF Atlas of Critical Care Procedures American Thoracic Society
- ^ Henderson AJ March 1994 "Bronchoalveolar lavage" Arch Dis Child 70 3: 167–9 PMC 1029733 PMID 8135556 doi:101136/adc703167
- ^ Danel, C; Israel-Biet, D; Costabel, U; Klech, H 1992 "Therapeutic applications of bronchoalveolar lavage" European Respiratory Journal European Respiratory Society 5 10: 1173–1175 ISSN 0903-1936
- ^ "How 'Lung Washing' Helps Patients Breathe Again" healthessentials Cleveland Clinic August 6, 2014
- ^ Michaud, Gaëtane; Reddy, Chakravarthy; Ernst, Armin 2009 "Whole-lung lavage for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis" Chest 136 6: 1678–1681 doi:101378/chest09-2295
|Upper RT||nose Rhinoplasty Septoplasty Alarplasty Rhinectomy Rhinomanometry sinus Sinusotomy larynx Laryngoscopy Laryngectomy Laryngotomy Thyrotomy|
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