Bristol, New Hampshire


Bristol is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 3,054 at the 2010 census1 It is home to Wellington State Park, Sugar Hill State Forest, and Profile Falls on the Smith River Surrounded by hills and lakes, Bristol includes the lower two-thirds of Newfound Lake, a resort area

The primary settlement in town, where 1,688 people resided at the 2010 census,1 is defined by the US Census Bureau as the Bristol census-designated place CDP and is located at the intersection of New Hampshire routes 3A and 104

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 Town center
  • 4 Notable people
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Historyedit

Bristol was taken from Bridgewater and New Chester now Hill and incorporated 24 June 1819 Colonel Peter Sleeper, Benjamin Emmons and others commenced a settlement here in 17702

Extensive deposits of fine sand or clay similar to the "Bristol sand" used in Bristol, England, to make fine china and pottery gave the town its name Here the sand was used to make a superior quality brick, marketed as Bristol brick With water power from the Pemigewasset River, the town was a center of manufacturing in the early days for goods such as paper, leather, woolens, flannel, bedsteads and piano stools3

On January 16, 1884, the town of Bristol voted to accept the gift of a library building and land from Josiah Minot and Solomon Sleeper and to manage and maintain a public library The Minot-Sleeper Library became the first building erected to specifically house a public library in the Lakes Region at the time, when it was officially opened to the community in 1885On August 15, 2012 a groundbreaking ceremony was held in celebration of the library's expansion In February 2013, the new addition was ready for use

Bristol is one of four towns with shoreline on Newfound Lake, which has been a tourist destination since the mid-19th century Farmers at first rented rooms and provided meals, but in the 1870s, hotels including the Hotel Bristol and G G Brown Hotel were built In 1874, Bristol was the terminus of the Franklin and Bristol Branch railroad The New Hampshire Central Railroad was planned to pass through Bristol2 In the 1920s, W F Darling created a compound of about one hundred cottages for rent, first known as Hiland Park and later as Bungalo Village In 2004, the compound was sold to a proprietor who sold individual cottages to permanent ownerscitation needed

Geographyedit

1884 bird's-eye view of Bristol

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 224 square miles 580 km2, of which 171 square miles 443 km2 is land and 53 square miles 137 km2 is water, comprising 2343% of the town4 Bristol is drained by the Pemigewasset River forming the southeastern boundary of the town, the Smith River on the town's short southern boundary and the Newfound River, draining Newfound Lake and most of the center of town The highest point in town is Bristol Peak, elevation 1,803 feet 550 m above sea level Bristol lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed5

The town center, defined as a census-designated place CDP, covers an area of 48 square miles 12 km2, about 215% of the area of the town

Bristol is served by state routes 3A and 104

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1820 675
1830 799 184%
1840 1,153 443%
1850 1,103 −43%
1860 1,124 19%
1870 1,416 260%
1880 1,352 −45%
1890 1,524 127%
1900 1,600 50%
1910 1,478 −76%
1920 1,428 −34%
1930 1,610 127%
1940 1,632 14%
1950 1,586 −28%
1960 1,470 −73%
1970 1,670 136%
1980 2,198 316%
1990 2,537 154%
2000 3,033 196%
2010 3,054 07%
Est 2015 3,073 06%
US Decennial Census7

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,033 people, 1,219 households, and 830 families residing in the town The population density was 1749 people per square mile 675/km² There were 2,073 housing units at an average density of 462 persons/km² 1195 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9608% White, 026% African American, 040% Native American, 138% Asian, 003% Pacific Islander, 049% from other races, and 135% from two or more races 096% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 1,219 households out of which 313% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 533% were married couples living together, 110% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 319% were non-families 248% of all households were made up of individuals and 91% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 247 and the average family size was 294

In the town, the population was spread out with 243% under the age of 18, 70% from 18 to 24, 299% from 25 to 44, 246% from 45 to 64, and 142% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 38 years For every 100 females there were 973 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 915 males

The median income for a household in the town was $38,032, and the median income for a family was $44,766 Males had a median income of $31,088 versus $22,406 for females The per capita income for the town was $19,807 69% of the population and 55% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 76% are under the age of 18 and 84% are 65 or oldercitation needed

Town centeredit

The Newfound River descending from the town center

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,670 people, 692 households, and 458 families residing in the CDP census-designated place occupying the town center The population density was 3521 people per square mile 1360/km² There were 928 housing units at an average density of 756 persons/km² 1957 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9653% White, 006% African American, 042% Native American, 120% Asian, 000% Pacific Islander, 006% from other races, and 174% from two or more races 114% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 692 households out of which 319% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 481% were married couples living together, 142% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 338% were non-families 283% of all households were made up of individuals and 120% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 239 and the average family size was 290

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 248% under the age of 18, 83% from 18 to 24, 292% from 25 to 44, 228% from 45 to 64, and 150% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 38 years For every 100 females there were 949 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 880 males

The median income for a household is $32,992, and the median income for a family was $40,804 Males had a median income of $30,478 versus $21,741 for females The per capita income for the town was $20,011 98% of the population and 77% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 106% are under the age of 18 and 140% are 65 or oldercitation needed

Notable peopleedit

  • Luther Atwood, an American chemist in the oil industry
  • Nathaniel S Berry, 28th governor of New Hampshire
  • John Cheever, writer summer resident
  • Benjamin Flanders, Reconstruction Governor of Louisiana; mayor of New Orleans
  • Lenny McNab, Food Network chef born and raised
  • Fred Lewis Pattee, writer and professor of American literature born and raised8
  • Thomas A Watson, inventor summer residentcitation needed

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ a b Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire 1875
  3. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 429–430 
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Bristol town, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved November 10, 2011 
  5. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  8. ^ "Pattee, Fred Lewis" Penn State Libraries Pennsylvania State University Retrieved 3 May 2015 

External linksedit

  • Town of Bristol official website
  • Bristol Historical Society
  • Minot-Sleeper Library
  • Pemigewasset Valley Snowmobile Club
  • A Walking Tour of Historic Bristol, New Hampshire
  • Wellington State Park
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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