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Brettell Lane railway station


Brettell Lane railway station was a station on the Oxford-Worcester-Wolverhampton Line built to serve the communities between Brierley Hill and Stourbridge in England

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Today's usage
  • 3 Imagery of the station
  • 4 Kingswinford Junction
    • 41 History
    • 42 Today's usage
  • 5 The former Moor Lane signal box
  • 6 Moor Lane Goods Yard
    • 61 History
    • 62 Today's usage
    • 63 Imagery of the goods yard
  • 7 Midland Metro
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 Further reading
  • 11 External links

Historyedit

It was opened in 1852 by the Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway Local coal mining and steel mills led to rapid industrialisation of the area and heavy usage of the station in the early 20th century, but numbers had declined badly by the 1960s1

Main article: Round Oak rail accident

In 1858 a coupling broke on an excursion train at the station and the rear portion rolled back down the gradient from Round Oak railway station towards Brettell Lane where it collided with another train which was actually part of the same excursion, the train already having been safely divided once due to its extreme length 14 passengers were killed and 50 more injured

The line had reasonable passenger usage until about the early 1880s, when it began to slump at several stations, leading to the line becoming a largely freight only operation in 1887 It would remain open for goods traffic, which was considerable at this time, as the district had become highly industrialised in the then heyday of the Black Country's industrial past

As the local industry declined and road transport became more common, the station entered a post-World War 2 decline

British Rail closed the station pre-Beeching in 1962 Two railways/routes served the station - originally the OW&WR and the South Staffordshire Railway, which later became the Great Western Railway and London, Midland and Scottish Railway through amalgamation of the London and North Western Railway respectively1

Today's usageedit

Today, only freight trains pass through the former site of the station, for access to the now declining Moor Lane Goods Yard a few hundred yards away on its own spur line The station has been largely built over with a factory and several warehouses on one side and fenced off on the other

Its usage has declined further since the early 1990s, with the closure of the line between Round Oak and Walsall in 1993 and the branch to Pensnett a year later

A signal box situated in the vicinity of the station was burnt down by arsonists in 2003, and was replaced by a ground frame

Imagery of the stationedit

Kingswinford Junctionedit

Kingswinford Junction is a railway junction on the old Oxford-Worcester-Wolverhampton Line OWW, which allows trains to diverge on to the Wombourne Branch Line It is located north of Brettell Lane railway station, just before the line passes through Moor Lane Goods Yard

Historyedit

Both the OWW line and the Wombourne Branch Line were constructed, or overseen, by the Great Western Railway The OWW line was a significant route between Stourbridge Junction and Wolverhampton Low Level while the Wombourne Branch was originally an important freight-only route bypassing the congested railway routes through the West Midlands conurbation Modifacations to Kingswinford Junction, north of the station allowed passenger trains to traverse the Wombourne Branch Line for a short period between 1925 and 1932 The latter was host to passenger services for just seven years between 1925 and 1932, and the OWW closed pre-Beeching in 1962 The junction's use decreased sharply with the closure of the Wombourne Branch in 1965, although the line remained open as a link to the Pensnett Trading Estate until 1994

Today's usageedit

The junction remains since it also allows access to Moor Lane Goods Yard Trains rarely use this yard and it would appear the junction's use is minimal, if used at all, save for the odd Network Rail maintenance train2

The former Moor Lane signal boxedit

The signal box that operated the junction was still used on a small scale until the late 1990s, when Moor Lane's usage heavily declined It was burnt down by arsonists in 2003 A manually operated ground frame replaced the former relic of the West Midlands railways This ground frame must be cleared for use by Stourbridge Junction's Middle Box

Moor Lane Goods Yardedit

It was a once important goods yard that lay a few hundred yards from Brettell Lane railway station and across the tracks at Kingswinford Junction Local coal milning and steel mills lead to rapid inustrialiseation of the area and heavy usage of the station in the early 20th century, but numbers had declined badly by the 1960s1 The former carriage sidings and truck sidings are now out of use and current freight turnover is low and relates to a few nearby factories and warehouses1

Historyedit

It opened in 18522 to serve the local town and later took on transport significance with the nearby coal mines at the Delph/Amblecote pits, Amblecote Bank, not far from both from the Stourbridge Canal near Brettell Lane station23

Today's usageedit

It is now owned by the EWS freight company and is occasionally used by both themselves and by Network Rail2

Imagery of the goods yardedit

Midland Metroedit

Phase 2 of the Midland Metro will see the station become part of the local tram network with the line reopening between Walsall and Stourbridge, via Dudley Port railway station, Dudley railway station and the Merry Hill Shopping Centre for trams which will share the line with freight trains In March 2011, the business plan for the reopening of the line between Stourbridge and Walsall was submitted to Network Rail45

Preceding station National Rail Following station
Stourbridge Junction   BR, then EWS
South Staffs Line Dudley-Stourbridge Junction section
  Moor Lane Goods Yard Still open
Preceding station Disused railways Following station
Brockmoor Halt   Great Western Railway
"The Wombourne Branch" 1925-1932
  Stourbridge Junction
Brierley Hill   Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway
Later Great Western Railway, then British Rail
Oxford-Worcester-Wolverhampton 1852-1962
  Stourbridge Junction
Brierley Hill   South Staffordshire Railway
Later LNWR, then LMS, finally BR
South Staffs Line Dudley-Stourbridge Junction section 1852-1964
  Stourbridge Junction

See alsoedit

  • Brierley Hill
  • Stourbridge Junction railway station
  • South Staffordshire Line
  • Dudley Freightliner Terminal
  • Round Oak Steel Terminal

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b c d Doherty, Andrew "Brettell Lane Station" Rail Around Birmingham & the West Midlands 
  2. ^ a b c d Doherty, Andrew "Moor Lane Goods Station" Rail Around Birmingham & the West Midlands 
  3. ^ "Search Results - Coal mining" Black Country History 
  4. ^ "Stourbridge to Walsall train-tram plan is on the right lines" Stourbridge News 23 March 2011 
  5. ^ "Tram-train line work could launch in 2014" Express & Star 21 March 2011 

Further readingedit

  • Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith 2007 Stourbridge to Wolverhampton West Sussex: Middleton Press figs 12-15 ISBN 9781906008161 OCLC 261924375 
  • Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith 2009 Wolverhampton to Shrewsbury Middleton Press fig 57 ISBN 9781906008444 OCLC 286385795 

External linksedit

  • Some South Staffordshire Railway Byways – The Darlaston Branch
  • A History of Wednesbury - Roads, Canals, and Railways


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Brettell Lane railway station


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