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Brandenburg-Schwedt

albrecht friedrich van brandenburg-schwedt, princess friederike of brandenburg-schwedt
Brandenburg-Schwedt was a secundogeniture of the Hohenzollern margraves of Brandenburg, established by Prince Philip William who took his residence at Schwedt Castle in 1689 By appanage, they administered the manors of Schwedt and Vierraden on the Oder river Uckermark and Neumark as well as Wildenbruch in Pomerania present-day Swobnica, Poland Though prosperous, the cadet branch never obtained Imperial immediacy

History

Because of a lack of money in the late days of the disastrous Thirty Years' War 1618–1648, the "Great Elector Frederick William of Brandenburg in about 1640 mortgaged the Schwedt region to the Baltic German noble Gustav Adolf von Varrensback, Varensbeke for the sum 25,000 Thalers His second wife, Electress Sophia Dorothea, daughter of Duke Philip of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, personally re-acquired the territory for 26,500 Thalers shortly after the birth of her first son Prince Philipp William 1669–1711

Dorothea dedicated herself to the reconstruction of the Renaissance castle at Schwedt, which had been devastated in the Thirty Years' War, as well as to the economic development of the town and its surroundings Dutch experts and French Huguenots were invited to cultivate tobacco in the Spring of 1686 By the end of the 18th century, the Uckermark, with an area of 44 km², was the largest coherent tobacco-producing region in the Holy Roman Empire Its three cigar factories were the most important economic driving forces in the region

For financial safeguarding of her sons, she later also purchased the Lordship of Wildenbruch and further estates Upon the death of his mother in 1689, Philipp William and his brothers inherited a vast territory including three towns, three castles, 33 villages, and 24 farmsteads In 1692 he came to terms with his elder half-brother Elector Frederick III in 1692, obtained a considerable severance payment and the title of a "Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt"; intensively cultivating his dominions and furnishing his castle in a Baroque style at great expense His younger brother Albert Frederick 1672–1731 became a general lieutenant and Grand Master of the Order of Saint John; the third-born, Charles Philip 1673–1695 likewise became an officer and shortly before his death secretly married the Piemontese noblewoman Caterina di Balbiano, who called herself Madame de Brandebourg as a widow The youngest of Dorothea's sons was Margrave Christian Ludwig 1677–1734, officer and administrator of Halberstadt, the honoree of Bach's Brandenburg Concertos

The brisk building activity was continued by Philipp William's son and successor, Margrave Frederick William 1700-1771 Initially under the tutelage of his uncle Frederick Prussian king as Frederick I since 1701 he ruled his dominions from 1731 onwards and began to develop Schwedt into a country seat for the cadet line In 1734 he had married his cousin Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia, a sister of King Frederick the Great As he left no male heirs upon his death, Philip William's youngest son, Frederick Henry 1709-1788 ruled as the last Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt and developed Schwedt into a cultural center Known for his numerous love affairs, his marriage with Princess Leopoldine Marie of Anhalt-Dessau likewise produced no male descendants

After Frederick Henry's death in 1788, the male line of Brandenburg-Schwedt became extinct and their appanage territories reverted to the King of Prussia For a few years, beginning in 1794, the castle of Schwedt was the residence of King Frederick William II of Prussia's second son, Prince Frederick Louis Charles of Prussia The last Schwedt heiress Elisabeth Louise, daughter of Margrave Frederick William, died in 1820

Genealogy

Descendants from Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg 1636–1689 by her marriage with Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg:

  1. Philip William 1669–1711, married Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau
    1. Frederick William 1700–1771, married in 1734 Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia 1719–1765
      1. Sophia Dorothea 1736-1798, married Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg
      2. Elisabeth Louise 1738-1820, married her uncle Prince Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia
      3. George Philip 1741-1742
      4. Philippine 1745-1800, married Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel or Hesse-Cassel
      5. George Frederick 1749-1751
    2. Friederike Dorothea Henrietta 1700–1701
    3. Henrietta Maria 1702–1782; married in 1716 Hereditary Prince Frederick Louis of Württemberg 1698–1731
    4. George William / † 1704
    5. Frederick Henry 1709–1788; married in 1739 Princess Leopoldine Marie of Anhalt-Dessau 1716–1782
      1. Louise 1750–1811, married Prince later Duke Leopold III of Anhalt-Dessau
      2. Friederike Charlotte 1745–1808, last Abbess of Herford Abbey
    6. Charlotte 1710–1712
  2. Marie Amalie 1670–1739 married Charles of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, son of Gustav Adolph, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, and secondly Maurice William, Duke of Saxe-Zeitz, son of Maurice, Duke of Saxe-Zeitz
  3. Albert Frederick 1672–1731
    1. Frederick 1704–1707
    2. Charles Frederick Albert 1705–1762
    3. Anna Sophie Charlotte 1706–1751, married in 1723 Wilhelm Heinrich, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
    4. Luise Wilhelmine 1709–1726
    5. Frederick 1710–1741, died in the Battle of Mollwitz as a Prussian colonel
    6. Sophie Friederike Albertine 1712–1750, married Victor Frederick, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
    7. Frederick William 1714–1744
  4. Charles Philip 1673–1695,
  5. Elisabeth Sofie 1674–1748, who married Christian Ernst of Brandenburg-Bayreuth 6 August 1644 - 20 May 1712 on 30 March 1703
  6. Dorothea 1675–1676,
  7. Christian Ludwig 1677–1734, recipient of Bach's Brandenburg Concertos

References

albrecht friedrich van brandenburg-schwedt, margrave frederick of brandenburg-schwedt, margrave of brandenburg-schwedt, princess friederike of brandenburg-schwedt, wilhelm heinrich von brandenburg schwedt


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    29.10.2014


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