Bowenitebowenite, bowenite healing properties
Bowenite is a hard, compact variety of the serpentinite species antigorite, Mg3OHO4Si2O51 Classed as semi-precious gemstone2 it has been used for tools, weapons and jewellery by the Māori in New Zealand, and for jewellery by Fabergé3 Deposits are found in several places around the world including Afghanistan, China, New Zealand, South Africa and the United States It typically ranges in colour from dark green to light olive green, and in shades approaching yellow Bowenite was named by James D Dana in 1850 after George T Bowen, who analyzed it in 1822 Pounamu pendant
Together with nephrite jade the Māori class bowenite as pounamu, which is also known as greenstone, and is of particular significance to the Ngai Tahu iwi on whose traditional lands on the South Island of New Zealand most deposits are found1 Historically it was used for tools, weapons and ornaments, although modern use is limited to jewellery, such as Tiki456 The South Island deposits are legally protected, and taking material without Ngai Tahu permission has led to prosecutions7 In 1992 Ngai Tahu approved the 'Pounamu Resource Management Plan' to manage deposits of this commercially valuable resource8
Bowenite is the state mineral of the US state of Rhode Island2
Most deposits of bowenite are small, although a large deposit was discovered in South Africa in 1989 Deposits in China are in the Suzhou region, which accounts for its also being known as Suzhou jade with carving in ellaborate designs9
- ^ a b "History of minerals and coal" PDF New Zealand Petroleum & Minerals Retrieved 16 April 2017
- ^ a b "State Mineral: Bowenite" the State of Rhode Island Retrieved 16 April 2017
- ^ "Lot 67; A Carved Bowenite Model of a Frog by FABERGÉ, CIRCA 1900 " Christie's Retrieved 16 April 2017
- ^ "Hei pounamu bowenite pendant" Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa Retrieved 16 April 2017
- ^ "Bowenite – a rare type of pounamu" New Zealand Government Retrieved 16 April 2017
- ^ "Greenstone" A Touch of New Zealand Retrieved 16 April 2017
- ^ "Witnesses allege greenstone theft" The Southland Times 28 March 2008 Retrieved 21 September 2011
- ^ "Pounamu" PDF Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu Retrieved 2017-04-15
- ^ "Jade carving industry booms in Suzhou" CCTV 25 December 2011 Retrieved 16 April 2017
- Mindat with mineral data
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