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Botley, Oxfordshire

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Botley is a village in the civil parish of North Hinksey, just west of the Oxford city boundary in the English county of Oxfordshire It adjoins the intersection of the A34 and A420 to its north and was in Berkshire until 1974

Contents

  • 1 Topography
  • 2 Landmarks and economy
  • 3 Religion
  • 4 History
  • 5 Localities
    • 51 New Botley
  • 6 Famous inhabitants
  • 7 References
  • 8 Sources
  • 9 External links

Topographyedit

Botley, aside from central offices and a modest row of stores, is a residential suburb of Oxford Generally house prices are above average for the Oxford area, from average in its east similar to much of Dean Court, to very expensive towards where the settlement adjoins Cumnor Hill, in its south1

It lies, apart from a small section which is southeast, southwest of the junction between the A34 Oxford ring road and the A420 westward to Swindon2

The contiguous neighbourhood Dean Court adjoins Botley to its west, in the Cumnor civil parish The other settlements which merge into this settlement are North Hinksey and Cumnor Hill2

Elevations range from 56m on the Hinksey Stream marking much of the eastern border to the western border which ranges from 80 to 120m AOD from north to south The southern point is a border of Cumnor Hill and adjoins Matthew Arnold School

Landmarks and economyedit

Elms Parade

Botley shops comprise Elms Parade and the West Way shopping precinct

The various large office buildings along the main road include Seacourt Tower, known locally as "Botley Cathedral" owing to its small metal spire, originally built in 1965–66 as a car showroom and garage to a design by Beecher and Stamford3 It remains in the ownership of Hartwell Ford

Religionedit

Botley's Church of England church of St Peter and St Paul on West Way, built in 1958, is one of four in its benefice which reaches outside the historic ecclesiastical parish to include St Frideswide, Oxford and St Margaret of Antioch, Binsey4

Other Christian churches in Botley include Calvery Chapel5 and Roman Catholic Church, the oldest being Botley Baptist established in 1890

Historyedit

Botley was first settled in the Saxon era Its toponym comes from Old English, meaning a woodland clearing of a man called Bota6 It has since inception fallen within the parish of North Hinksey, and so was historically in the county of Berkshire, as marked in its northern half by the Vale of White Horse district boundary on the map Because the main road west out of Oxford has passed through Botley since the 16th century, development since then was centred here rather than in the village of North Hinksey itself, slightly further south east From the 1880s the centre of the village began to be called Old Botley, in distinction to the New Botley development along Botley Road in Oxford7 The name Old Botley is preserved in a street set back from the main road The major development which began in the 1930s took place to the west, beyond the current ring road

To the north of Botley was the lost village of Seacourt The site of the former village is in neighbouring Wytham parish, but it is commemorated in Botley in the names of Seacourt Tower and the Seacourt Bridge public house

Localitiesedit

New Botleyedit

A park and ride site is closest to Botley itself in the much narrower New Botley which is confined by low-lying playing fields, an allotment site and river meadows on the north and south sides Immediately east is the seven arches bridge, which is listed8 To the north side of that section is a golf driving range and on the south side, the large Osney Mead industrial estate

Famous inhabitantsedit

  • Guy Browning, humorist, grew up in Botley9
  • Oswald Rayner, MI6 agent and journalist

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Property heat maps
  2. ^ a b Grid square map Ordnance survey website
  3. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, p 333
  4. ^ Sykes, Clare "Botley: St Peter & St Paul, Botley" A Church Near You Retrieved 10 June 2016 
  5. ^ "Home page" Botley Baptist Church Retrieved 10 June 2016 
  6. ^ Hanson, 1995, page 7
  7. ^ Hanson, 1995, page 26
  8. ^ Seven Arches Bridge Historic England "Details from listed building database 1047337" National Heritage List for England Retrieved 19 June 2013 
  9. ^ Browning, Maps of my life London: Square Peg, 2008, chapters 7 and 9

Sourcesedit

  • Hanson, John 1995 The Changing Faces of Botley and North Hinksey Witney: Robert Boyd pp 7, 26 
  • Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus 1974 Oxfordshire The Buildings of England Harmondsworth: Penguin Books p 335 ISBN 0-14-071045-0 

External linksedit

  • Oxfordshire Heritage Photo: Seacourt Tower

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