BMT Broadway Line


The BMT Broadway Line is a rapid transit line of the B Division of the New York City Subway in Manhattan, New York City, United States As of November 2016update, it is served by four services, all colored yellow: the N and ​Q trains on the express tracks and the R and ​W trains on the local tracks during weekdays the N and ​Q trains run local during late nights, as do the N and ​​R trains on weekends The line is often referred to as the "N and R",23 since those were the only services on the line during the long years that the Manhattan Bridge south tracks were closed for rebuilding The Broadway Line was built to give the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company later the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation access to Midtown Manhattan

The line is named for its location under Broadway between Vesey Street and Seventh Avenue Times Square It also passes under Vesey Street, Whitehall Street, Trinity Place, and Church Street in Lower Manhattan, and Seventh Avenue, 59th Street, and 60th Street in Midtown The local tracks stretch the entire length between the two East River tunnels: the Montague Street Tunnel to the BMT Fourth Avenue Line in Brooklyn and the 60th Street Tunnel to the BMT Astoria Line and 60th Street Tunnel Connection in Queens Center express tracks exist between Canal Street and 57th Street, turning off at Canal Street to feed the south tracks on the Manhattan Bridge, and continuing north and east under Central Park as the IND/BMT 63rd Street Line connecting with the Second Avenue Subway The Broadway Line was the only Manhattan outlet north of Delancey Street for the BMT's Brooklyn lines until 1967, when a little over half the BMT Brighton Line and all BMT West End Line trains were moved to the IND Sixth Avenue Line via the new Chrystie Street Connection

Contents

  • 1 Description and service
  • 2 History
    • 21 Planning
    • 22 Construction
    • 23 Opening
    • 24 Chrystie Street Connection
    • 25 1967-1988
    • 26 1988-2001
    • 27 2001-2010
    • 28 2010-2016
    • 29 2016-present
  • 3 Station listing
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Description and serviceedit

The following services use the Broadway Line4 and are colored yellow:

Route Services
  Time period South of
Whitehall St
Between
Whitehall St
and Canal St
Canal St
via Bridge
Between
Canal St
and 42 St
49 St
and
57 St
Between 57
St and
Lexington Ave
Weekdays no service express local
Weekends no service local
Nights local no service local
All times except nights no service express no service
diverges north of 57 St
Nights no service local no service
diverges north of 57 St
All times except nights local no service local
Nights local no service
Weekdays local
rush hours
local no service local

The BMT Broadway Line begins at the 60th Street Tunnel from Queens It runs west as a two-track subway line under 60th Street east of Fifth Avenue and 59th Street west of Fifth Avenue, with stations at Lexington Avenue/59th Street and Fifth Avenue/59th Street It then turns south to Seventh Avenue into the 57th Street–Seventh Avenue station This segment of the line carries the N and ​W trains from the BMT Astoria Line and the R service from the IND Queens Boulevard Line5

At the 57th Street station, the line joins two express tracks that enter the station from the north via the BMT 63rd Street Line, which the N, ​Q, and ​R trains use

The BMT Broadway Line proceeds as a four-track subway down Seventh Avenue to its intersection with Broadway, and then continues down Broadway to a point north of Canal Street, where the express tracks carrying the N and ​Q services descend and turn sharply east into the Canal Street formerly Broadway station of the BMT Broadway–Manhattan Bridge Line5

Immediately after Canal Street, the express tracks resume again originally they had been intended to run through and serve as storage and turning tracks, bypassing the Canal Street local station and ending in the disused lower level of City Hall The local tracks continue south as a two-track subway to Whitehall Street–South Ferry station Whitehall Street–South Ferry is a three track, two-platform station, with the center track set up as a terminal track for the W train as well as for the R train during late nights A pair of bellmouths exists here, allowing for a connection to a never-built East River tunnel south of the Montague Street Tunnel that would have connected to Atlantic Avenue in Brooklyn6 It has been proposed to use this as part of the Lower Manhattan–Jamaica/JFK Transportation Project, connecting to the Court Street station New York Transit Museum in Brooklyn78

The BMT Broadway Line then curves east carrying the N and R train to a trailing junction with the BMT Nassau Street Line no regular service and enters the Montague Street Tunnel to Brooklyn5

Historyedit

Planningedit

The New York Public Service Commission adopted plans for what was known as the Broadway–Lexington Avenue route on December 31, 1907 This route began at the Battery and ran under Greenwich Street, Vesey Street, Broadway to Ninth Street, private property to Irving Place, and Irving Place and Lexington Avenue to the Harlem River After crossing under the Harlem River into the Bronx, the route split at Park Avenue and 138th Street, with one branch continuing north to and along Jerome Avenue to Woodlawn Cemetery, and the other heading east and northeast along 138th Street, Southern Boulevard, and Westchester Avenue to Pelham Bay Park In early 1908, the Tri-borough plan was formed, combining this route, the under-construction Centre Street Loop Subway in Manhattan and Fourth Avenue Subway in Brooklyn, a Canal Street Subway from the Fourth Avenue Subway via the Manhattan Bridge to the Hudson River, and several other lines in Brooklyn910

The BRT proposal

The Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company submitted a proposal to the Commission, dated March 2, 1911, to operate the Tri-borough system but under Church Street instead of Greenwich Street, as well as a branch along Broadway, Seventh Avenue, and 59th Street from Ninth Street north and east to the Queensboro Bridge; the Canal Street Subway was to merge with the Broadway Line instead of continuing to the Hudson River The city, the BRT, and the Interborough Rapid Transit Company which operated the first subway and four elevated lines in Manhattan came to an agreement, and sent a report to the Board of Estimate on June 5, 1911 The line along Broadway to 59th Street was assigned to the BRT, while the IRT obtained the Lexington Avenue line, connecting with its existing route at Grand Central–42nd Street Construction began on Lexington Avenue on July 31, and on Broadway the next year The Dual Contracts, two operating contracts between the city and the BMT and IRT, were adopted on March 4, 191311 Originally, the current 49th Street station which was actually originally planned to be at 47th Street was going to be an express station, and 57th Street was to be a local station as reflected by original contract drawings Then in December 1913, both 47th and 57th Streets were both going to be express stations, with no express station at Times Square–42nd Street itself, but rather a local station at 38th Street12 Finally, in 1914, it was switched, with 57th Street being the express station, and 49th Street being the local station, with another express station at Times Square–42nd Street6

Constructionedit

Because of the complicated history, the Broadway Line includes several remnants of earlier plans The line was built as four tracks south to City Hall, where the local tracks were to terminate on the upper level, and the express tracks were to use the lower level, curving through Vesey Street into Church Street However, the final plan had the express tracks splitting at Canal Street and passing under the northbound local track to the Manhattan Bridge The tracks via Canal Street and the Manhattan Bridge were not intended to be connected to the Broadway Line Instead, they were supposed to be a crosstown line continuing further west The tracks were connected to the Broadway Line as it allowed through operation between the Broadway Line and the Fourth Avenue Line in Brooklyn to go into operation more than a year earlier than would otherwise have been possible13 From the Canal Street Bridge station, it is possible to see where the line would have continued further west to a terminal near the Hudson River At the Canal Street local station, the express tracks terminate part of the way into the station, more evidence of the change of plans The tunnel south of City Hall was rebuilt to bring the upper local tracks down to the lower level north of Vesey Street, and the lower level at City Hall was never used for passenger service The lower level is currently used for train storage6141516

Unused construction is also present near the west end of the Queensboro Bridge The original plan there was to build two one-track tunnels under 59th and 60th Streets, rising onto the bridge to Queens However, on July 28, 1915, the Public Service Commission approved a change of plans requested by the New York City Board of Estimate to place both tracks under 60th Street and cross the East River in the 60th Street Tunnel,17 because of concern whether or not the bridge could handle the weight of all-steel subway trains A piece of the 59th Street tunnel had already been built, concurrent with the construction of the IRT Lexington Avenue Line, and became a walkway connecting the two side platforms of the IRT's 59th Street station151618

Another unused provision existed for many years north of 57th Street, where the two express tracks ended before being connected to the BMT 63rd Street Line in 1989 Plans were made, but never carried through, to build a line northwest through Central Park and under Eighth Avenue through the Upper West Side to Inwood, along the route later built as the IND Eighth Avenue Line619

Openingedit

A short portion of the line, coming off the north side of the Manhattan Bridge through Canal Street to 14th Street–Union Square, opened on September 4, 1917 at 2 PM, with an eight car train carrying members of the Public Service Commission, representatives of the city government and officials of the BRT, leaving Union Square toward Coney Island Service opened to the general public at 8 PM, with trains leaving Union Square and Coney Island simultaneously20 The line was served by two services One route ran via the Fourth Avenue Line and the Sea Beach Line to Coney Island, while the other line, the short line, ran to Ninth Avenue, where passengers could transfer for West End and Culver Line service The initial headway on the line was three minutes during rush hours, three minutes and forty-five seconds at other times, except during late nights when service ran every fifteen minutes21

On January 5, 1918, the line was extended north to Times Square–42nd Street and south to Rector Street Express service via the line began, with Sea Beach and West End trains that had been running local becoming expresses The opening of this portion of the line provided additional transit service to Times Square, with a new connection to Brooklyn Local service from then on, ran between Times Square and Rector Street22 Service was extended one station to Whitehall Street–South Ferry on September 20, 19182324

The line was extended two stops northward to 57th Street on July 10, 191924 Express service between Times Square and Union Square was inaugurated on this date Previously, express service terminated at Union Square, with local service terminating at Times Square Express service then began to terminate at Times Square, with local service terminating at the new 57th Street station Express service between Manhattan and Pacific Street began to run at all times except late nights25 The line was extended to Lexington Avenue/59th Street on September 1, 19192426

On August 1, 1920, the Broadway Line was extended on either end, with the opening of two tunnels under the East River On the north end the line was extended through the 60th Street Tunnel to Queensboro Plaza, and on the south end the line was extended through the Montague Street Tunnel to DeKalb Avenue with service via the BMT Brighton Line With these extensions, the Broadway Line was completed2728

Chrystie Street Connectionedit

On November 26, 1967, the Chrystie Street Connection opened, which is considered to be the most important expansion project undertaken by the New York City Transit Authority The new connection consisted of a pair of double-track tunnels connecting the IND Sixth Avenue Line south of the Broadway–Lafayette Street station with the Williamsburg Bridge and the Manhattan Bridge north tracks The Broadway Line had previously been connected to the north tracks of the Manhattan Bridge As part of the project, the Broadway Line was connected to the south tracks, which had been previously used by trains from the BMT Nassau Street Line The connection between the south tracks and the Nassau Street Line was severed, and the connection between the Broadway Line and the north tracks was also severed The former connections can still be viewed from the side of passing trains Many routes, including those on the Broadway Line, changed as a result of the opening of the connection The RR local was rerouted to Astoria, running 24/7 between Ditmars Boulevard and Bay Ridge–95th Street To replace it in Queens, a new EE local was created, running between Forest Hills and Whitehall Street during weekdays The Q, which was the only service via the Brighton Line, was converted to the rush-hour only QB, running express in Manhattan from 57th Street Most of the trips were moved to the IND Sixth Avenue Line as a relocated D, but a few trips stayed as the QB QT service was discontinued Another rush-hours only express service, the NX, was created It ran from 57th Street to Brighton Beach, following the N route, making express stops along the BMT Sea Beach Line, before going through Coney Island to terminate at Brighton Beach NX service ended on April 12, 1968, due to low ridership1529

1967-1988edit

At most times, the Broadway Line has had four services — two local and two express — during the day, with a third express service until the 1967 opening of the Chrystie Street Connection

  • 1/QT BMT Brighton Line local trains ran until 1967, when the QT was discontinued At that time, the EE was introduced, becoming part of the N in 1976; the N became express and the W became local in 2004
  • 1/Q BMT Brighton Line express trains were mostly moved to the IND Sixth Avenue Line as a relocated D in 1967, but a few trips stayed as the QB, later the Q again During the Manhattan Bridge reconstruction, from the 1980s until 2001, the Q mostly used the IND Sixth Avenue Line When restored in 2001, the Q became full-time, replacing the D on the Brighton Line
  • 2/RR BMT Fourth Avenue Line trains later R have run local over the Broadway Line since 1920
  • 3/T BMT West End Line trains ran express on the Broadway Line until 1967, when the T became part of the realigned B via the IND Sixth Avenue Line
  • 4/N BMT Sea Beach Line trains used the express tracks until the Manhattan Bridge reconstruction in the 1980s, when all N trips became local Some had run local since the EE was merged into the N in 1976 When the Manhattan Bridge south tracks reopened in 2001, the W was introduced, at first running express; it became local in 2004, and the N moved back to the express tracks

Several other services have used the express tracks, including the NX Sea Beach, 1967–1968 and the B West End and D Brighton during closures of the Manhattan Bridge north tracks in the 1980s and 1990s

On May 6, 1985, double letters were eliminated, and the QB was relabeled the Q, and the RR was relabeled the R3031

On April 26, 1986, the north side tracks on the Manhattan Bridge leading to the IND Sixth Avenue Line were closed for rehabilitation, and services that had used the north side were moved to the south side, running via the BMT Broadway Line Because of the large amount of train traffic now running on the bridge's south side tracks, rush hour and midday N service stopped using the bridge, running via the Montague Street Tunnel and Lower Manhattan making local stops, though evening, night and weekend trains continued to use the bridge and express tracks, terminating at 57th Street–Seventh Avenue B and D services were split Their service from the Bronx and Upper Manhattan continued to run via the Sixth Avenue Line, terminating at 34th Street Their service to Brooklyn, however, was rerouted via the Broadway Line express tracks D service terminated at 57th Street, while B service terminated at Ditmars Boulevard during rush hours, and at Queensboro Plaza during middays, evenings, and weekends32333435

Between April 26, 1986 and May 24, 1987, the N ran express via the Bridge to 57th Street during evenings, nights, and weekends Afterwards, N service began running local via the Broadway Line during evenings, nights, and weekends, but they still operated over the Manhattan Bridge On May 24, 1987, when the N and R swapped routes in Queens, there were additional changes in Broadway service B service during evenings and weekends, stopped switching to the local track north of 34th Street to serve the Astoria Line Instead, it skipped 49th Street and terminated at 57th Street3637

1988-2001edit

When the north side of the Manhattan Bridge reopened on December 11, 1988, the south side of the bridge was closed B, D, and Q trains were rerouted from the Broadway Line to the Sixth Avenue Line using the north side of the bridge The N began running local in Manhattan and via the Montague Tunnel at all times In order to replace B service to Ditmars Boulevard, additional N service was provided during rush hours32343839

On September 30, 1990 express service on the Broadway Line was restored when repair work on the Manhattan Bridge was temporarily suspended The N then began making express stops from 34th Street to Canal Street at all times except late nights R service between Manhattan and Brooklyn was increased during rush hours During late nights, R trains no longer ran via the Broadway Line; instead, they operated as a shuttle in Brooklyn, terminating at 36th Street3740 The brief Broadway service via the Manhattan Bridge was stopped because of a cracked beam on the bridge34

From April 30, 1995 to November 12, 1995, the Manhattan Bridge services were supposed to go back to the 1986–1988 service pattern with only the south side Broadway Line tracks in service However, the Broadway side was not yet ready As a result, during middays and weekends, the north side of the bridge was also closed As a result, Q trains began serving the Broadway Line again They ran via the Montague Street Tunnel, before switching to the express tracks after Canal Street This service continued past 57th Street via the BMT 63rd Street Line to 21st Street–Queensbridge, being the first scheduled service to use this connection3441

On February 22, 1998, construction on the IND 63rd Street Line cut B and Q service to 57th Street–Sixth Avenue Service on the 63rd Street Line was replaced by a shuttle running from the BMT Broadway Line Trains originally operated from 57th Street–Seventh Avenue to 21st Street–Queensbridge, with 20-minute headways On April 6, 1998, because the service did not terminate at an ADA-accessible station, the shuttle was extended to 34th Street–Herald Square on weekdays, skipping 49th Street via the express tracks Normal service resumed on May 22, 19994243

2001-2010edit

The current set of four services — N, ​Q, ​R, and ​W trains — have used the line since July 22, 2001, when the south tracks on the Manhattan Bridge reopened and the Broadway B and D services were discontinued Originally, the N was local via the Montague Street Tunnel and the BMT Sea Beach Line, and the W was express via the Manhattan Bridge and the BMT West End Line On February 22, 2004, when the north tracks reopened, the N became express via the Manhattan Bridge and the W was short-turned at Whitehall Street, its Brooklyn section being replaced by the D44

2010-2016edit

On June 28, 2010, because of a budget shortfall, service on the Broadway Line was reduced W trains were discontinued after June 25, and they were replaced by N and Q service The N train, which replaced the W, began running local north of Canal Street at all times, and the Q train was extended to/from Astoria, Queens via the 60th Street Tunnel in place of the W on weekdays, stopping on the local tracks starting at Times Square–42nd Street45

In December 2014, the Q began running local on the line between Canal Street and 57th Street–Seventh Avenue during late nights46

2016-presentedit

On February 19, 2016, the MTA announced that the 2004-2010 service pattern would be restored a few months prior to the opening of the Second Avenue Subway in the fall, with the changes implemented on November 7, 2016 W trains were reintroduced, running local on weekdays between Ditmars Boulevard and Whitehall Street; The N train once again became a weekday express in Manhattan between 34th Street–Herald Square and Canal Street, and Q trains terminated at 57th Street–Seventh Avenue at all times until the first phase of the Second Avenue Subway opened on January 1, 2017474849

On June 16, 2016, it was announced that late-night R service would also be extended to Whitehall Street in order to reduce the need to transfer and provide a direct link to Manhattan The change was implemented on November 5, 2016, concurrent with the reintroduction of the W train50

Station listingedit

Station service legend
Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only
Stops late nights and weekends only
Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours only
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only
Time period details
Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
 ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
 ↓
Elevator access to mezzanine only
Neighborhood
approximate
Station Tracks Services Opened Transfers and notes
begins as a merge of the BMT Astoria Line N  ​W  and the 60th Street Tunnel Connection R  and
passes through the 60th Street Tunnel
Midtown Manhattan Lexington Avenue/59th Street local N  ​R  ​W  September 1, 19192426 4  ​5  ​6  <6> IRT Lexington Avenue Line
Out-of-system transfer with MetroCard: F ​ N  ​Q , and ​R  63rd Street Lines at Lexington Avenue–63rd Street
Roosevelt Island Tramway
Fifth Avenue/59th Street local N  ​R  ​W  September 1, 19192426
express tracks begin from the BMT 63rd Street Line N  ​Q , and ​R 
57th Street–Seventh Avenue all N  ​Q  ​R  ​W  July 10, 19192425
 ↑ 49th Street local N  ​Q  ​R  ​W  July 10, 19192425 Accessible northbound only
Times Square–42nd Street all N  ​Q  ​R  ​W  January 5, 191822 1  2  3  IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
7  <7> ​ IRT Flushing Line
S  42nd Street Shuttle
A  ​C  ​E  IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal
Port Authority Bus Terminal
34th Street–Herald Square all N  ​Q  ​R  ​W  January 5, 191822 B  ​D  ​F  ​M  IND Sixth Avenue Line
M34/M34A Select Bus Service
Connection to PATH at 33rd Street
NoMad 28th Street local N  ​Q  ​R  ​W  January 5, 191822
Flatiron District 23rd Street local N  ​Q  ​R  ​W  January 5, 191822 M23 Select Bus Service
Union Square 14th Street–Union Square all N  ​Q  ​R  ​W  September 4, 191721 4  ​5  ​6  <6> IRT Lexington Avenue Line
L  BMT Canarsie Line
Greenwich Village Eighth Street–New York University local N  ​Q  ​R  ​W  September 4, 191722
SoHo Prince Street local N  ​Q  ​R  ​W  September 4, 191722
Chinatown Canal Street express
lower level
N  ​Q  September 4, 191722 4  ​6  <6> IRT Lexington Avenue Line
J  M  Z ​ BMT Nassau Street Line
Express station originally known as Broadway
local
upper level
N  ​R  ​W  January 5, 191822
express tracks continue into Brooklyn via Manhattan Bridge south tracks N  ​Q 
Civic Center City Hall local N  ​R  ​W  January 5, 191822
Financial District Cortlandt Street local N  ​R  ​W  January 5, 191822 Connection to PATH at World Trade Center
Rector Street local N  ​R  ​W  January 5, 191822
Whitehall Street–South Ferry all N  ​R  ​W  September 20, 191824 1  ​2  IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
M15 Select Bus Service
Staten Island Ferry at South Ferry
Southern terminal for W  service
merges with BMT Nassau Street Line no regular service
continues into Brooklyn via the Montague Street Tunnel and becomes the BMT Fourth Avenue Line N  R  ​W 

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Facts and Figures: Average Weekday Subway Ridership 2011–2016" Metropolitan Transportation Authority May 31, 2017 Retrieved June 1, 2017 
  2. ^ Randy Kennedy, New York Times, Honoring the Champions, October 31, 2000, section B, page 10: "And the only reason she was standing in the middle of Broadway was that she was below it Underground In the N and R subway station"
  3. ^ Susan Saulny, New York Times, In Subway Changes, W Follows V, but for Riders It's Not So Simple, section B, page 1: "The Q, N, R and W trains would all run on N and R tracks in Manhattan"
  4. ^ "Subway Service Guide" PDF Metropolitan Transportation Authority June 25, 2017 Retrieved July 1, 2017 
  5. ^ a b c Dougherty, Peter 2006 2002 Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 3rd ed Dougherty OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books 
  6. ^ a b c d Senate, New York State Legislature January 1, 1916 Documents of the Senate of the State of New York E Croswell 
  7. ^ Community Consulting Services, Inc in association with George Haikalis, Transportation Consultant, "Better Transit for Brooklyn: A Proposal for a Brooklyn Transit Agenda" PDF Archived from the original PDF on July 1, 2007   246 MB, revised April 2003, page 49
  8. ^ Regional Rail Working Group, "East River Tunnel" PDF  687 KB, page 4 includes a map
  9. ^ James Blaine Walker, Fifty Years of Rapid Transit, 1864-1917, published 1918, pp 207-223
  10. ^ Engineering News, A New Subway Line for New York City, Volume 63, No 10, March 10, 1910
  11. ^ James Blaine Walker, Fifty Years of Rapid Transit, 1864-1917, published 1918, pp 224-241
  12. ^ "STATION SPACING FAVORS TIMES SQ; BRT Plan Might Put Two Express Stops Above There in Seventh Avenue AND EIGHT BLOCKS APART Besides Leaving No Room for New Station Between 42d and 32d Streets on Broadway" The New York Times December 2, 1913 ISSN 0362-4331 Retrieved August 3, 2016 
  13. ^ Report of the Public Service Commission for the First District of the State of New York The Commission 1918 p 74 
  14. ^ Joseph Brennan, Abandoned Stations: City Hall BMT lower level, accessed March 21, 2007
  15. ^ a b c Cudahy, Brian J January 1, 1995 Under the Sidewalks of New York: The Story of the Greatest Subway System in the World Fordham Univ Press ISBN 9780823216185 
  16. ^ a b "BMT Broadway Line" wwwnycsubwayorg Retrieved November 6, 2016 
  17. ^ "ADOPTS TUNNEL TO QUEENS; Service Board Approves Change in New Subway Route" The New York Times July 29, 1915 ISSN 0362-4331 Retrieved December 3, 2017 
  18. ^ Joseph Brennan, Abandoned Stations: Lexington Ave BMT unfinished platforms, accessed March 21, 2007
  19. ^ Transit Commission, New Subways: Proposed Additions to Rapid Transit System, 1922
  20. ^ "Clipping from The Brooklyn Daily Eagle on Newspaperscom" Brooklyn Public Library 
  21. ^ a b "OPEN FIRST SECTION OF BROADWAY LINE; Train Carrying 1,000 Passengers Runs from Fourteenth Street to Coney IslandREGULAR SERVICE BEGINSNew Road Is Expected to Relieve Old System of 15,000 PersonsDaily in Rush Hours Service Commissioners Jubliant Schedule Not Fully Arranged" The New York Times September 5, 1917 ISSN 0362-4331 Retrieved November 5, 2016 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "OPEN NEW SUBWAY TO TIMES SQUARE; Brooklyn Directly Connected with Wholesale and Shopping Districts of New York NICKEL ZONE IS EXTENDED First Train in Broadway Tube Makes Run from Rector Street in 17 Minutes COST ABOUT $20,000,000 Rapid Transit from Downtown to Hotel and Theatre Sections Expected to Affect Surface Lines Increases Five-Cent Zone First Trip to Times Square Benefits to Brooklyn" The New York Times January 6, 1918 Retrieved November 5, 2016 
  23. ^ District, New York State Public Service Commission First January 1, 1919 Report of the Public Service Commission for the First District of the State of New York JB Lyon Company 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h Legislative Documents JB Lyon Company January 1, 1920 
  25. ^ a b c "BROADWAY END OF SUBWAY OPENED; First Passenger Train Sent at Midnight Over Route from Times Square to 57th St EARLIER SPECIAL TRIP Party of Officials and Citizen Delegations Taken Over New Tracksand to Coney Island" The New York Times July 10, 1919 Retrieved November 5, 2016 
  26. ^ a b c New York Times, Subway to Open Two New Stations, August 31, 1919, page 25
  27. ^ "NEW BRT LINES OPEN; Broadway-Brighton Trains, on Holiday Schedule, Have Light Traffic" The New York Times August 2, 1920 Retrieved November 5, 2016 
  28. ^ New York Times, Broadway-Fifty-Ninth Street Extension of BRT Subway, August 1, 1920, page 92
  29. ^ Sparberg, Andrew J October 1, 2014 From a Nickel to a Token: The Journey from Board of Transportation to MTA Fordham University Press ISBN 9780823261901 
  30. ^ "The JoeKorNer Brochures" thejoekornercom 
  31. ^ "Hey, What's a "K" train 1985 Brochure" Flickr - Photo Sharing! New York City Transit Authority 1985 Retrieved June 17, 2016 
  32. ^ a b Korman, Joseph D "SUBWAY LINE NAMES" wwwthejoekornercom Retrieved October 23, 2016 
  33. ^ Bolden, Eric "NYCT Line by Line History" erictbinfo Retrieved October 30, 2016 
  34. ^ a b c d Bolden, Eric "NYCT Line by Line History" erictbinfo Retrieved August 31, 2016 
  35. ^ "If You Ride These Subway Lines, You Know Something Drastic Has To Be Done" thejoekornercom New York City Transit Authority April 1986 Retrieved November 6, 2016 
  36. ^ "Announcing Service Changes On The N and R Routes Beginning May 24, 1987 New Routes Mean Better Service" subwaynutcom New York City Transit Authority May 1987 Retrieved August 31, 2016 
  37. ^ a b "Service Changes September 30, 1990" PDF subwaynutcom New York City Transit Authority September 30, 1990 Retrieved May 1, 2016 
  38. ^ "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988" Flickr New York City Transit Authority 1988 Retrieved October 30, 2016 
  39. ^ Johnson, Kirk December 9, 1988 "Big Changes For Subways Are to Begin" The New York Times ISSN 0362-4331 Retrieved October 30, 2016 
  40. ^ Chiasson, George October 2010 "A History Of The R Train" New York Division Bulletin New York Division, Electric Railroaders' Association 53 10 Retrieved August 31, 2016 – via Issu 
  41. ^ Sullivan, Ronald March 26, 1995 "Bridge Repairs to Disrupt Off-Peak Subway Service" The New York Times ISSN 0362-4331 Retrieved November 6, 2016 
  42. ^ "The JoeKorNer Brochures" Retrieved October 23, 2016 
  43. ^ "S Train Special Shuttle to 21 St/Queensbridge" thejoekornercom New York City Transit February 1998 Retrieved November 6, 2016 
  44. ^ Luo, Michael February 20, 2004 "A Subway Map Remade, in Hopes of Matching Routes and Riders" The New York Times ISSN 0362-4331 Retrieved November 5, 2016 
  45. ^ Grynbaum, Michael June 28, 2010 "CITY ROOM; On W Train, a Party Before a Final Stop: History" The New York Times ISSN 0362-4331 Retrieved November 5, 2016 
  46. ^ "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | Overnight Q Trains to Serve All Stops in Manhattan Effective December 2014" wwwmtainfo Retrieved November 5, 2016 
  47. ^ "Ahead of 2nd Ave Subway opening, MTA officially set to restore W service to Astoria" Second Ave Sagas Retrieved February 19, 2016 
  48. ^ "MTA Confirms W Train is Coming Back" TWC News Retrieved February 19, 2016 
  49. ^ "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | MTA Advances Work On Second Avenue Subway Service" wwwmtainfo Retrieved February 19, 2016 
  50. ^ "mtainfo | NQRW Guide" webmtainfo Retrieved November 5, 2016 

External linksedit

Route map: Google

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