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BlackBerry 10

blackberry 10, blackberry 10 os
BlackBerry 10 is a proprietary mobile operating system for the BlackBerry line of smartphones, both developed by BlackBerry Limited formerly Research In Motion BlackBerry 10 is based on QNX, a Unix-like operating system that was originally developed by QNX Software Systems until the company was acquired by BlackBerry in April 20102 As a result of the acquisition, BlackBerry released BlackBerry Tablet OS for the BlackBerry PlayBook, large parts of which were subsumed by BlackBerry 10

It supports the application framework Qt version 48 and features an Android runtime to run Android applications Prior to version 1031, BlackBerry 10 also supported the Adobe AIR runtime3 The user interface uses a combination of gestures and touch-based interactions for navigation and control, making it possible to control a device without having to press any physical buttons, with the exception of the power button that switches the device on or off It also supports hardware keyboards, including ones which support touch input

On October 26, 2015, BlackBerry announced that there are no plans to release new APIs and software development kits SDKs or adopt Qt version 5 Future updates, like versions 1033 and 1034 which are scheduled to be released in 2016, would focus on security and privacy enhancements only45 One of the most recent BlackBerry models using BlackBerry 10 was the Classic, released in December 2014 and discontinued in early July 2016 leaving only the BlackBerry Leap and BlackBerry Passport with this OS The new BlackBerry Priv and BlackBerry DTEK50 use the Android operating system, but BlackBerry COO Marty Beard told Bloomberg that "The company’s never said that we would not build another BB10 device"6

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Features
    • 21 Controls
    • 22 Multitasking
    • 23 BlackBerry Hub
    • 24 Miscellaneous
  • 3 Applications
    • 31 Preloaded
    • 32 Third-party applications
  • 4 Devices
  • 5 Developer activities
    • 51 Engagement strategy
    • 52 Prototype smartphones
    • 53 Portathons
  • 6 Reception
  • 7 Version history
    • 71 BlackBerry 100
    • 72 BlackBerry 101
    • 73 BlackBerry 102
    • 74 BlackBerry 103
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

The operating system was originally called BBX, but this was changed when BlackBerry was blocked from using the BBX trademark after legal action from BASIS International, who already used it for their software7

On November 12, 2012, CEO Thorsten Heins announced a January 30, 2013, launch of the BlackBerry 10 operating system version 100 and the first smartphones running it8 The operating system, as well as two devices, the Z10 a full touchscreen device, and the Q10 a device equipped with a physical keyboard, were announced simultaneously around the world on January 30, 20139 The company also announced that the BlackBerry PlayBook tablet would receive an update to BlackBerry 10 later in 201310 Subsequently BlackBerry stated when releasing their Q1 2014 financial results that the BlackBerry PlayBook would not be receiving an update to BlackBerry 10, citing that the hardware would not provide a good experience of BlackBerry 10 and are focusing on future devices BlackBerry has continued to support and develop the PlayBook with its separate Tablet OS

On 14 May 2013 BlackBerry OS 101 was launched This brought improvements to many features requested by users

On 13 September 2013, in Asia, BlackBerry announced the launch of BlackBerry OS 102 and a new BlackBerry 10 device, the Z30, providing performance increases over the previous BlackBerry 10 devices

On June 18, 2014, BlackBerry announced an official relationship with Amazoncom, which resulted in the 103 update bundling the Amazon Appstore

Featuresedit

Controlsedit

The touchscreen is the predominant input method of BlackBerry 10, in addition to hardware keyboard for devices that have one Users can use gestures and keyboard shortcuts to navigate around the system For instance, a user can unlock the device or return to the home screen by swiping from the bottom to the top Some gestures offer additional modes of interaction when they are used differently For instance, the same gesture can be used to show unread notifications when the user swipes from the bottom edge to somewhat the middle and slightly to the right and also keep the finger on the touchscreen Similarly, when the finger is moved from the bottom to the right in a curved motion, the user can enter BlackBerry Hub immediately11 Devices with a hardware keyboard can use keyboard shortcuts to reach applications or perform specific functions more quickly

Multitaskingedit

When a user returns to the home screen from within an application, the application is minimized into a so-called "Active Frame" An Active Frame is a miniaturized window of the application which keeps running in the background A user can return to such an application by tapping on the Active Frame or close it by tapping on the X icon Active Frames can have widget-like functionality and show small bits of information, similar to widgets on Android For instance, the calendar application can show upcoming events and meetings BlackBerry 10 limits the number of active applications and it varies per device

BlackBerry Hubedit

BlackBerry 10 collates emails, SMS/MMS, calls and notifications into the BlackBerry Hub It shows all messages and notifications in a continuous list, sorted by date The user can filter results by application or, in the case of email, also by inbox The user can create, view or act upon messages or notifications directly from the Hub For instance, when the user opens a Facebook message, the Hub will open a small part of the Facebook application and allow the user to perform the same actions as the Facebook application itself Applications need to support the Hub specifically to use most of these features, which is only possible for applications written with the native SDK Notifications from unsupported applications are collated in the generic notifications tab

Miscellaneousedit

Other notable features of BlackBerry 10 include:

  • A virtual keyboard with support for predictive typing and several gestures1213
  • Voice control and BlackBerry Assistant 1031 and later, an intelligent personal assistant, with which the user can perform various tasks by voice input or typed queries
  • BlackBerry Balance, with which the user can separate personal from work data, if enabled by the device's enterprise server The user can switch between two workspaces, each with their own applications, files and accounts
  • BlackBerry Link, with which the user can synchronize data between the device and a computer, update the device or make backups It supports iTunes and Windows Media Player

Applicationsedit

Preloadededit

BlackBerry 10 has a number of applications that help users perform various tasks and activities These include a web browser, Documents to Go for Microsoft PowerPoint, Word and Excel files, Story Maker video and music stitching app, as well applications for notes, reminders, calculator, clock, music, media, weather and file management Cloud services like Box and Dropbox are also integrated by default In addition, BlackBerry's messaging service BlackBerry Messenger is included, which supports video chat, VoIP and screen sharing

Third-party applicationsedit

BlackBerry 10 can run applications that were written with its native SDK, Android applications compiled for API levels 10–1814 support varies per version and applications written for Adobe AIR only supported until version 1031 BlackBerry 10 provides the distribution platform BlackBerry World as well as the Amazon Appstore on version 1030 and later15 Since version 1021, Android application packages can be installed directly, whereas on previous versions Android applications could only be installed through BlackBerry World or by sideloading, which required packaging such applications into a native package format BAR16

At release in January 2013, BlackBerry 10 had 70,000 third-party applications16 At the 2013 BlackBerry Live conference, BlackBerry announced that they had more than 120,000 applications17

Some developers have offered applications to access the Google Play Store, although this is not sanctioned by BlackBerry or Google Applications which depend on the Google Play Services framework may not run Similarly, Android applications which require a newer API level than 18 cannot run on BlackBerry 1014

Devicesedit

BlackBerry 10 supports the following BlackBerry smartphones, all of which can run the latest version

Device Characteristics Release date Minimum OS
Z10 Touchscreen January 2013 100
Q10 Touchscreen and hardware keyboard
Q5 May 2013 101
Z30 Touchscreen October 2013 102
P'9982 December 2013
Z3 February 2014 1021
P'9983 Touchscreen and hardware keyboard September 2014 1030
Passport October 2014
Classic Touchscreen, hardware keyboard and dedicated buttons December 2014 1031
Leap Touchscreen April 2015

Developer activitiesedit

Engagement strategyedit

Building up to the launch, the company made substantial changes to how it had previously engaged developers, being substantially more active at courting developers, solving issues and being transparent about development updates The company sent two teams to engage developers The first, focused on acquiring premier applications from third parties The second team focused on engaging the broader development community and building the platforms application count18

Prototype smartphonesedit

In May 2012, the company released a prototype touch screen smartphone to BlackBerry developers as part of the BlackBerry 10 Jam Conference in Orlando, Florida The Dev Alpha A' device, which resembled a small BlackBerry PlayBook, ran an early version of the operating system and was provided as a means for developers to develop and test their applications on a physical device19

In September 2012, a second developer prototype was released in September 2012, known as the Dev Alpha B It includes a faster processor and a number of internal improvements20

A third developer device, the Dev Alpha C,21 was announced on November 29, 2012, and is the first developer prototype to demonstrate the physical keyboard capabilities of BlackBerry 10 Acquisition of a Dev Alpha C device is based around a point system, meaning that developers who have previously developed apps for BlackBerry, or have had the Dev Alpha A/B devices, will have a higher chance of receiving a device than a new BlackBerry developer It was released at the BlackBerry Jam Europe 2013 event in February 2013citation needed

Portathonsedit

Pre-launch “Portathons” held by BlackBerry have received up to 19,000 applications submitted per weekend22

Receptionedit

Reviews of BlackBerry 10 have been generally positive David Pogue of the New York Times noted that the software was, “simple to master, elegantly designed and surprisingly complete It offers features nobody else offers, some tailored to the corporate world that raised BlackBerry aloft in its glory days”23 Walt Mossberg of the Wall Street Journal referred to the operating system as “logical and generally easy to use” Mossberg praised the virtual keyboard, camera software, and messaging hub; but criticized its application ecosystem, cloud capabilities and the immaturity of some featurescitation needed Gizmodo's Kyle Wagner states that BlackBerry 10's home screen "gives BB10 the single best implementation of multitasking of any mobile OS right now" Wagner goes on to say that the Hub "works out to function a bit more like a junk drawer" He also reports what he refers to as the "Tragic Flaw": "Unlike every other major OS right now, BlackBerry does not feel fully integrated"24 Wagner's review was based on the BB 100 and it should be noted that since the initial reviews of BB10 the OS has been updated several times and for many the issues have been addressed2526

In comparison to that, at launch, CrackBerrycom views the new features more positively and takes into account the fact that the OS is brand new It says that the BlackBerry Hub “is a polished solution to efficiently managing the influx of messages we have coming at us"27 It goes on to mention minor discrepancies and finally pointing out that many of the problems are getting fixed in future updates some now released, eg battery life improvements, call ringtone disabled in bedside mode282729 It criticizes the limited customization options compared to BlackBerry OS Alert tone volumes, alert light colour Regarding the apps in BlackBerry World "really impressed by the quality of apps BlackBerry World has to offer", it notes that the application ecosystem is not as large as Android and iOS because of its age brand new and finishes with "doubtlessly many more will come around once they see the Z10 getting traction in the wild" Its general summary of BlackBerry 10 with thought for its predecessor "is that BlackBerry 10 really is the best of the old and the best of the new assembled seamlessly into an elegant, practical, and integrated package"citation needed

As of Q2 2013, the new BlackBerry 10 platform had almost the same number of developers using the platform as the legacy BlackBerry 5/6/7 had just before the release of BlackBerry 1030 Within a few months from its launch, the BlackBerry 10 platform was used by approximately 15% of mobile developerscitation needed

BlackBerry 10 added a compatibility layer for Android software, which allowed developers to repackage their Android apps for distribution on BlackBerry World, however this advertised feature has received a poor reception as the Android apps "performed abysmally on the phone Sluggish, ugly, and disconnected from the core OS In fact, because these apps are being run in a software emulation of Android — Gingerbread no less that's version 23 — they bear little to no relationship to the rest of the operating system"31 Later versions added the ability for users to manually install Android app packages Beginning with the BlackBerry Passport, Amazon Appstore was bundled with BlackBerry 10 to provide an additional source of third-party Android software151632 BlackBerry CEO John S Chen hoped that Amazon's own smartphone, the Fire Phone, would bolster the adoption of the Amazon store and attract more major developers to it, and in turn, BlackBerry's ecosystem However, the Fire Phone was a commercial failure, which led to BlackBerry's decision to develop an Android phone of its own, resulting in the BlackBerry Priv33

Version historyedit

Obsolete Current Beta Future release

BlackBerry 100edit

BlackBerry 101edit

BlackBerry 102edit

BlackBerry 103edit

Table of versions: BlackBerry OS 103
Version Release date Features / Improvements

1030105256

/1030115457

/1030141858

Has been preinstalled on the BlackBerry Passport and Porsche Design P’9983/Has been released on the BlackBerry Passport
  • Flat Design UI
  • Permanent Homescreen detachable
  • Android 43 runtime with multicore support however Android apps are limited to two cores even on quad-core devices like the Blackberry Passport59
  • Advanced Interactions
  • Support for BlackBerry Blend
  • BlackBerry Assistant
  • Amazon Appstore preloaded

1031115460

/1031207261

/1031224362

/1031255863

/1031257664

/1031270865

Has been preinstalled on the BlackBerry Classic/Has been released on the BlackBerry Classic/Has been released on all existing BlackBerry 10 Smartphones
  • Customizable notification profiles
  • Integrated LED color manager
  • Battery Saving Mode
  • Option to hide pictures and videos
  • Customizable keyboard shortcuts
  • Android runtime screen scaling
  • 10312576 fixes the screen flickering problem that appeared on the Blackberry Passport

103268066

/1032858

/1032233967

/10322639

/1032287668

Has been released on various BlackBerry 10 smartphones by various carriers in Northern America/Has been released on all existing BlackBerry 10 smartphones by various carriers in the rest of the world
  • Anti-theft protection in BlackBerry Protect
  • Camera enhancements
  • Calendar enhancements
  • Amazon Store app preinstalled
  • PGP and S/MIME no longer require BES
  • 10322876 removes BBM Meetings

10332049 69

Released on November 30, 2016 as an OS update
  • Security improvements
  • Bug fixes with Android Runtime
  • Phishing protection in the browser
  • NIAP security certification, certifying government grade security
  • "Download complete" notifications are now pushed by the browser in the status bar and Hub
Version Release date Features / Improvements

See alsoedit

  • Comparison of mobile operating systems
  • Mobile computing

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "BlackBerry 10: Re-designed, Re-engineered, and Re-invented" BlackBerry Limited January 30, 2013 Retrieved January 7, 2016 
  2. ^ "Research In Motion to Acquire QNX Software Unit from Harman International" BlackBerry Limited April 9, 2010 Retrieved January 7, 2016 
  3. ^ "End of Support Notice" BlackBerry Developer April 15, 2014 Retrieved January 7, 2016 
  4. ^ "An update for BlackBerry® 10 Developers" BlackBerry Developer Blog October 26, 2015 Retrieved January 7, 2016 
  5. ^ Chen, John January 8, 2016 "Showing Our Commitment to BlackBerry 10 at CES 2016" Inside BlackBerry Retrieved February 13, 2016 
  6. ^ Lee, Tyler "BlackBerry Not Ruling Out Future BB10 Smartphones" Ubergizmo Ubergizmo Retrieved July 27, 2016 However with the rumors suggesting multiple Android devices in the works, we have to wonder where they will find the time to launch BB10 devices 
  7. ^ Lawler, Richard "RIM loses BBX trademark battle, next OS is named BlackBerry 10" Engadget Retrieved 7 December 2011 
  8. ^ BlackBerry "BlackBerry 10 handsets confirmed for January 30 launch" Telegraph Retrieved 2013-01-18 
  9. ^ Spoonauer, Mark 12 November 2012 "BlackBerry 10 launches Jan 30 with two new phones" NBC News Retrieved 12 February 2013 
  10. ^ "BlackBerry PlayBook tablet will get BlackBerry 10 update" Ars Technica 30 January 2013 
  11. ^ Ion, Florence 2013-02-06 "Review: BlackBerry 10 is better, much better, late than never" 
  12. ^ McCann, John 30 January 2013 "BlackBerry Hub, BBM and keyboard" TechRadar p 2 Retrieved 12 February 2013 
  13. ^ "BlackBerry 10: A Compelling Introduction" PC Magazine Online 30 Jan 2013 General OneFile Web 12 Feb 2013
  14. ^ a b "App features" BlackBerry Developer Retrieved January 8, 2016 
  15. ^ a b Kastrenakes, Jacob June 18, 2014 "BlackBerry will bring thousands of apps from Amazon's store to its phones" The Verge Retrieved June 18, 2014 
  16. ^ a b c Segan, Sascha January 31, 2013 "How BlackBerry 10 Runs 28,000 Android Apps Without a Back Button" PC Magazine Retrieved 18 June 2014 
  17. ^ Halliwell, Donny May 14, 2013 "BlackBerry Live 2013 Keynote Highlights and Announcements VIDEO" Inside BlackBerry Retrieved January 8, 2016 
  18. ^ "Meet the man who would make BlackBerry apps cool" Retrieved 2013-02-28 
  19. ^ "BlackBerry 10 Dev Alpha Device – Announced from Thorsten Heins | BlackBerry Empire" Retrieved 7 May 2012 
  20. ^ "Hands-on with the BlackBerry Dev Alpha B, is it the L-Series in disguise" The Verge Retrieved September 25, 2012 
  21. ^ "This is an A-B Conversation Well, C Too" blackberrycom 
  22. ^ "Extending the Deadline for Built for BlackBerry" Retrieved 2013-02-28 
  23. ^ "BlackBerry, Rebuilt, Lives to Fight Another Day" Retrieved 30 January 2013 
  24. ^ "BlackBerry Z10 Review: Not Good Enough" Gizmodo Retrieved March 19, 2013 
  25. ^ "BlackBerry Z30 User Reviews - CNET" CNET CBS Interactive 
  26. ^ "Mixmag - BLACKBERRY Z30" mixmagnet 
  27. ^ a b "BlackBerry Z10 Review" 30 January 2013 
  28. ^ "Sweet Dreams! Bedside Mode now allowing you to sleep well and not miss calls thanks to latest BlackBerry 10 update" 
  29. ^ "BlackBerry 10 Review" 
  30. ^ Developer Economics Q3 2013 analyst report - http://wwwvisionmobilecom/DevEcon3Q13permanent dead link - Retrieved July 2013
  31. ^ Topolsky, Joshua 30 January 2013 "BlackBerry Z10 review: a new life, or life support" 
  32. ^ "BlackBerry: Run Your Android Apps Here!" PC Magazine Retrieved 18 June 2014 
  33. ^ "BlackBerry bets on Android's apps to buoy new Priv" The Globe & Mail Retrieved 26 September 2015 
  34. ^ "Re: Just updated to OS 10092372" blackberrycom 
  35. ^ "BlackBerry 10 software updated to 1001085: Top 5 Improvements" blackberrycom 
  36. ^ "BlackBerry 101 Now Available for BlackBerry Z10" blackberrycom 
  37. ^ Denninger, Karl May 3, 2013 "Sneak Peek: BlackBerry 101 OS" The Market Ticker Retrieved June 16, 2013 First, password paste into system fields has been fixed If you have a password "safe" reload that first and then the rest becomes easy, since you can now paste in your seutp information for Facebook, Twitter and such 
  38. ^ "Software version: BlackBerry Z10" t-mobilecom 
  39. ^ "Select your region - Teluscom" teluscom 
  40. ^ "AT&T finally rolling out BlackBerry 101 update for the BlackBerry Z10" 9 July 2013 
  41. ^ "A New BlackBerry 101 Update Available Starting Today" blackberrycom 
  42. ^ "How to Get BlackBerry 102 on BlackBerry Z10 and BlackBerry Q10 - Inside BlackBerry" blackberrycom 
  43. ^ "Official announcement: BlackBerry 1021 is here - Lets you do more, more easily" 
  44. ^ "Vodafone now rolling out OS 10212141" 
  45. ^ Lucas Atkins "AT&T Rolling Out BlackBerry Z10 OS 10212179" N4BB 
  46. ^ "BlackBerry OS 10212228 Now Available for All Thx T-Mobile!" BerryReview 
  47. ^ "Sprint finally rolls out BlackBerry 1021" 
  48. ^ a b "BlackBerry issues important software update: BlackBerry 1021 - Inside BlackBerry" 
  49. ^ "The BlackBerry Runtime for Android Apps Just Got a Whole Lot Sweeter" 
  50. ^ "BlackBerry 10 receives a minor software update in preparation for 1031 later this year" mobilesyrupcom 
  51. ^ "BlackBerry OS 10213247 now rolling out officially" 
  52. ^ Lucas Atkins "BlackBerry Z30 OS 10213289 Now Available from Verizon" N4BB 
  53. ^ "BlackBerry OS 10221531 now rolling out regionally" 
  54. ^ "10221609 sw 1022984 - BlackBerry Forums at CrackBerrycom" 
  55. ^ "BlackBerry OS 10221531 now rolling out regionally" CrackBerrycom 
  56. ^ "BlackBerry Passport Review" 
  57. ^ Bilaal Saghir "Official OS 10301154 for the BlackBerry Passport is now available via Indosat" BlackBerry Empire 
  58. ^ "Rogers rolling out OS 10301418 for the BlackBerry Passport" CrackBerrycom 
  59. ^ "Android runtime supports only 2 cores!" Crackberrycom 
  60. ^ Gabriella Massara "The BlackBerry Classic will have OS 10311154" MondoBlackberrycom 
  61. ^ JT Teran "BlackBerry OS 10312072 Rolling out for Rogers' Classic - N4BB" N4BB 
  62. ^ Lucas Atkins "BlackBerry OS 1031 Officially Launched!" N4BB 
  63. ^ "BlackBerry OS 10312558 update files now available for download" CrackBerrycom 
  64. ^ Lucas Atkins "BlackBerry OS 10312576 Live Links" N4BB 
  65. ^ "BlackBerry OS 10312708 now available through several Canadian carriers" CrackBerrycom 
  66. ^ "1032440 being pushed to devices" 
  67. ^ "Several Canadian carriers have now officially released BlackBerry OS 1032" 
  68. ^ "BlackBerry officially rolls out OS 10322876 globally" CrackBerrycom 
  69. ^ "BlackBerry OS 10332049 autoloader files now available as OS goes official" CrackBerrycom 

External linksedit

  • Official website

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