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Bismarck Monument (Hamburg)

bismarck statue hamburg中文, bismarck statue hamburg
The Bismarck Monument German: Bismarck-Denkmal in Hamburg is a memorial sculpture located in the St Pauli quarter dedicated to Otto von Bismarck It is one of 250 memorials to Bismarck worldwide and is the largest and probably best-known of these Bismarck towers The monument stands near the jetties of Hamburg port on the Elbhöhe, today a local recreation area The architect was Johann Emil Schaudt; the sculptor was Hugo Lederer

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Architecture
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References
  • 5 Literature
  • 6 External links

History

The site of the monument was previously occupied by the Elbpavillon restaurant which was removed in 1901 Mayor Johann Georg Mönckeberg established a citizens' commission to erect the monument at the site

The Bismarck Monument cost 500,000 Goldmarks,[1] and construction finished in 1906[2] The building of the monument was documented by the photographer Wilhelm Weimar, who worked for the Hamburg Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe

Architecture

The monument is approximately 35 m 115 ft high, weighs 600 t 590 long tons; 660 short tons, and is the world's largest Bismarck monument[1][2]

Designers created a large network of catacombs beneath the monument During the years 1939 to 1940, they became an air-raid shelter offering protection for up to 650 people[2] The architect's intent for the catacombs remain unknown however they, and the entire monument interior, are no longer accessible for safety reasons During the 1970s, a soldier who served with the British army during the occupation in Germany discovered a tunnel beneath the Bismarck memorial while in Hamburg which led to a Nazi hideout He contacted the Daily Mirror newspaper and they contacted the Burgermeister in Hamburg After viewing the tunnel as the soldier had just described it, the tunnel was sealed[citation needed]

See also

  • Bismarck Monument
  • Bismarck Memorial
  • Bismarck tower

References

  1. ^ a b Wiborg, Susanne 17 December 2008 "Der größte Bismarck der Welt" [The world's largest Bismarck] Die Zeit in German Retrieved 2009-11-18mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflink
  2. ^ a b c Hirschbiegel, Thomas 20 July 2006 "Der Titan vom Kiez wird 100" [The titan of the Kiez is 100] Hamburger Morgenpost in German Archived from the original on 19 December 2010 Retrieved 15 January 2017

Literature

  • Jörg Schilling: Distanz halten - Das Hamburger Bismarckdenkmal und die Monumentalität der Moderne, Wallstein-Verlag, Göttingen 2006, ISBN 3-8353-0006-7

External links

  • Photo: Interior views of the Bismarck monument[permanent dead link]
  • Historical aerial photo of the Bismarck monument
  • Armanic article on the Schwarze Sonne mentioning the Bismarck Monument

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