Benton, New Hampshire


Benton is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 364 at the 2010 census1 Located in the White Mountains, Benton is largely surrounded by the White Mountain National Forest The town is crossed by the Appalachian Trail

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Historyedit

The town was granted by Governor Benning Wentworth on January 31, 1764 to Theophilus Fitch and others2 It was named Coventry after Coventry, Connecticut, hometown to many of the settlers, who arrived shortly after the beginning of the Revolution3 At the suggestion of Governor Isaac Hill, the name was changed on December 4, 1840 to Benton,4 in honor of Thomas Hart Benton, the Missouri senator who championed American westward expansion

With a rough and mountainous terrain, the town was not suited for agriculture But Benton had water power sites and abundant forests By 1859, when the population was 478, there were five sawmills producing a large quantity of lumber The Boston, Concord & Montreal Railroad ran through the town, which once included the village of Glencliff3

Atop Mount Moosilauke in 1860 was built The Prospect House, later renamed The Tip Top House, a stone hotel with accommodations for 35 hikers A carriage road was built to the summit in 1870, so the hotel was enlarged in 1872 to accommodate 50 guests In 1920, the hotel and land were given to Dartmouth College, but in 1942, The Tip Top House burned5

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 484 square miles 125 km2, of which 482 sq mi 125 km2 is land and 02 sq mi 052 km2 is water, comprising 048% of the town It is drained by the Oliverian Brook and Wild Ammonoosuc River Benton lies almost fully within the Connecticut River watershed, although a small part of the southeast corner is in the Merrimack River watershed6 The highest point in town is the summit of Mount Moosilauke, at 4,802 feet 1,464 m above sea level

Benton is crossed by New Hampshire Route 116

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1840 413
1850 478 157%
1860 459 −40%
1870 375 −183%
1880 378 08%
1890 244 −354%
1900 209 −143%
1910 219 48%
1920 177 −192%
1930 255 441%
1940 262 27%
1950 247 −57%
1960 172 −304%
1970 194 128%
1980 333 716%
1990 330 −09%
2000 314 −48%
2010 364 159%
Est 2015 371 19%
US Decennial Census8

As of the census9 of 2000, there were 314 people, 91 households, and 59 families residing in the town The population density was 65 people per square mile 25/km² There were 155 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile 12/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9745% White, 032% Asian, and 223% from two or more races

There were 91 households out of which 308% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 560% were married couples living together, 66% had a female householder with no husband present, and 341% were non-families 286% of all households were made up of individuals and 110% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 243 and the average family size was 295

In the town, the population was spread out with 188% under the age of 18, 45% from 18 to 24, 223% from 25 to 44, 220% from 45 to 64, and 325% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 48 years For every 100 females there were 784 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 759 males

The median income for a household in the town was $34,167, and the median income for a family was $40,417 Males had a median income of $28,125 versus $22,188 for females The per capita income for the town was $13,220 About 38% of families and 88% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 130% of those age 65 or over

See alsoedit

  • White Mountain art

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire 1875
  3. ^ a b Austin J Coolidge & John B Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; Boston, Massachusetts 1859
  4. ^ http://wwwnhsearchrootscom/documents/grafton/History_Benton_NHtxt
  5. ^ Frederick Wilkinson Kilbourne, Chronicles of the White Mountains; Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston and New York 1916
  6. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Benton official website
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • Mount Moosilauke at HiketheWhitescom
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