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Belz Voivodeship

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Bełz Voivodeship of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Capital Belz History    Established 1462    Second partition of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1793 Area 9,000 km2 3,475 sq mi Political subdivisions counties: 4 plus 1 land ¹ Voivodeship of the Polish Crown in the
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth; Voivodeship of the Kingdom of Poland before 1569

Bełz Voivodeship Polish: Województwo bełskie, Latin: Palatinatus Belzensis was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland from 1462 to the Partitions of Poland in 1772–1795 Together with the Ruthenian Voivodeship it was part of Red Ruthenia, Lesser Poland Province of the Polish Crown The voivodeship was created by King Kazimierz Jagiellonczyk, and had four senators in the Senate of the Commonwealth the Voivode and the Castellan of Belz, as well as Castellans of Lubaczow and Busk


  • 1 History
  • 2 Municipal government
  • 3 Administrative division
  • 4 Voivodes
  • 5 Neighbouring Voivodeships and regions
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links


Bełz Voivodeship was formed in 1462 from the territories of the Duchy of Belz, after the Duchy was annexed by the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland Zygmunt Gloger in his monumental book Historical Geography of the Lands of Old Poland gives a detailed description of the voivodeship:

“Belz, on the Zaloka river, was one of the oldest gords of the Czerwien Land In 981, the province was seized by Vladimir the Great Recovered by Boleslaw Chrobry in 1018, it again became part of Rus’ after Chrobry’s death In the early 14th century, the Land of Belz was inherited by Boleslaw Jerzy II of Mazovia, who in 1331 married Eufemia, the daughter of Grand Duke of Lithuania Gediminas and sister of Aldona of Lithuania, wife of Casimir III the Great Boleslaw Jerzy died on April 7, 1340, and after his death, King Casimir seized Red Ruthenia together with Land of Belz In 1387, King Wladyslaw Jagiello allowed his sister Alexandra of Lithuania to marry Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia, giving her as dowry the Land of Belz The province remained in the hands of sons and grandsons of Siemowit IV The grandsons died childless in early 1462, and the Land of Belz became property of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, during the reign of King Kazimierz Jagiellonczyk

The newly created Belz Voivodeship was slightly smaller than Lublin Voivodeship at approximately the same size as the Land of Chelm It was made of three counties: Lubaczow, Horodlo and Szewlock, and in 1767, it was divided into the counties of Belz, Grabowiec, Horodlo, Lubaczow, and the Land of Busk At local sejmiks in Belz, five deputies to the Sejm were elected, and the voivodeship had four starostas: Belz, Busk, Grabowiec and Horodlo In the 17th century, the voivodeship, which was the smaller of all Lesser Poland voivodeships, had 483 villages and 33 towns After the first partition of Poland 1772, almost whole voivodeship was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, as part of Galicia What remained in Poland were towns of Dubienka and Korytnica, together with some villages In 1793 the voivodeship ceased to exist, as after the second partition of Poland, its remaining parts were annexed by the newly created Chelm Voivodeship and Volodymyr-Volynskyi Voivodeship"

The area received an influx of szlachta from Mazovia, Lesser Poland and Greater Poland In 1570-1580, 79% of the local noble families among those of known provenance was of Polish origin, while the percentage of Ruthenian and Wallachian noble families amounted to 15% and 4% respectively Peasant strata of the population remained the least affected by migrations from the west

Municipal government

Voivodeship Governor Wojewoda seat:

  • Belz

Regional council sejmik generalny for all Ruthenian lands:

  • Sudova Vyshnia

Regional council sejmik seats:

  • Belz

Administrative division

  • Belz County, Powiat Bełzski, Belz
  • Grabowiec County, Powiat Grabowiecki, Grabowiec
  • Horodło County, Powiat Horodelski, Horodło
  • Lubaczów County, Powiat Lubaczowski, Lubaczów
  • Busk Land, Ziemia Buska, Busk


  • Rafał Leszczyński 1579-1636 1619-1636
  • Jakub Sobieski from 1638
  • Adam Mikołaj Sieniawski from 1692 to 1710
  • Stanisław Mateusz Rzewuski from 1726

Neighbouring Voivodeships and regions

  • Ruthenian Voivodeship
  • Volhynian Voivodeship
  • Lublin Voivodeship


  1. ^ Gloger, Zygmunt 1903 "Województwo Bełskie" Geografia historyczna ziem dawnej Polski in Polish Kraków Retrieved 19 June 2017 
  2. ^ Janeczek, Andrzej 1991 Osadnictwo pogranicza polsko-ruskiego: województwo bełskie od schyłku XIV do początku XVII in Polish PAN pp 123–124 
  3. ^ Kość, Józef 1999 Polszczyzna południowokresowa na polsko-ukraińskim pograniczu językowym w perspektywie historycznej in Polish Maria Curie-Skłodowska University p 13 

External links

  • in Polish Map of Belz Voivodeship

Coordinates: 50°22′48″N 24°00′41″E / 50380133°N 24011330°E / 50380133; 24011330

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Belz Voivodeship

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