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Beaumont Palace

beaumont palace, beaumont palace england
Beaumont Palace, built outside the north gate of Oxford, was intended by Henry I about 1130 to serve as a royal palace conveniently close to the royal hunting-lodge at Woodstock now part of the park of Blenheim Palace Its former presence is recorded in Beaumont Street, Oxford Set into a pillar on the north side of the street, near Walton Street, is a stone with the inscription: "Near to this site stood the King's Houses later known as Beaumont Palace King Richard I was born here in 1157 and King John in 1167" The "King's House" was the range of the palace that contained the king's lodgings

Henry passed Easter 1133 in the nova aula, his "new hall" at Beaumont in great pomp, celebrating the birth of his grandson, the future Henry II1 Edward I was the last king to sojourn in Beaumont officially as a palace, and in 1275 he granted it to an Italian lawyer, Francesco Accorsi, who had undertaken diplomatic missions for him2 When Edward II was put to flight at the battle of Bannockburn in 1314, he is said to have invoked the Virgin Mary and vowed to found a monastery for the Carmelites the White Friars if he might escape safely In fulfilment of his vow he remanded Beaumont Palace to the Carmelites in 1318

In 1318, the Palace was the scene for the beginnings of the John Deydras affair, in which a royal pretender, arguing that he was the rightful king of England, claimed the Palace for his own John Deydras was ultimately executed for sedition3

1800 sketch of the ruins

When the White Friars were disbanded at the Reformation, most of the structure was dismantled and the building stone reused in Christ Church and St John's College4 An engraving of 17855 shows the remains of Beaumont Palace, the last of which were destroyed in the laying out of Beaumont Street in 18296


  1. ^ Henry of Huntington Thomas Arnold, ed Historia Anglorum 1879:259; H Hughes, Gladstone, Christ Church, and Oxford, an historic local retrospect, 1898:5
  2. ^ Oxford Streets: Inscriptions, Beaumont Palace Site: accessed 9 October 2013
  3. ^ Weir, Alison 2006 Isabella: She-Wolf of France, Queen of England London: Pimlico, p117
  4. ^ "The ruins were rifled by St John's College in the sixteenth century to build its library" observes David Horan, Oxford: a cultural and literary companion :2000:186
  5. ^ Published by S Hooper, engraved by Sparrow
  6. ^ Hughes 1898:18

External linksedit

  • Oxford inscriptions

Coordinates: 51°45′18″N 1°15′46″W / 517550°N 12627°W / 517550; -12627

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