Battle of Sankelmarkbattle of sankelmark
Austrian military victory
Danish tactical victory
- Successful Danish withdrawal
The Battle of Sankelmark or Battle of Oeversee was a minor battle during the Second Schleswig War It took place on 6 February 1864 between Sankelmark and Oeversee, on the road between Schleswig and Flensburg, during the Danish retreat from Dannevirke
- 1 Background
- 2 Battle
- 3 Aftermath
- 4 Literature
- 5 External links
The Danish army, under General Christian Julius De Meza had taken up position at the defenses of Dannevirke and had managed to hold the Prussians at bay at the Battle of Mysunde on the 2 February However, two days later, the Prussians managed to cross the Schlei, threatening the Danes with encirclement With the lack of heavy artillery and judging that the Dannevirke defenses were insufficient for a successful defense, De Meza decided the position was untenable and ordered a withdrawal to preserve the army intact and prevent encirclement The withdrawal of the Danish Army to Dybbøl began on the 4 February The Danish troops withdrew through the freezing weather Austrian troops were dispatched in pursuit and in response, the 7th Brigade of the Danish army was ordered to stop the Austrians Austrian troops reached the Danish rearguard near Sankelmark in the afternoon of the 6 February
The Danish 7th Brigade consisting of the 1st Regiment, made up of soldiers from Copenhagen and the 11th Regiment, made up of soldiers from Vendsyssel was commanded by Colonel Max Müller and had taken up positions on both sides of the road Around 3:30pm, the battle commenced when Colonel Max Müller ordered the 1st Regiment to attack The Danish troops launched a fierce bayonet charge and despite the numerical advantage of the Austrian troops, the Danish troops managed to halt the Austrians Fierce fighting, including hand-to-hand combat, followed and lasted for hours without either side gaining the decisive upper hand, until an Austrian bayonet charge finally forced the Danes to retreat The battle ended around 5:00pm, when the sun began to set The 7th Brigade then withdrew and linked up with the rest of the Danish army However, they came under Austrian artillery fire and suffered considerable losses
According to the Danes, 210 Danes and 406 Austrians were killed or wounded during the battle According to the Austrians, however, the Danes lost 962 men and the Austrians only 431
AftermathThe fighting at Sankelmark
With this successful rearguard action by the 7th Brigade, the Danish army reached the safety of the redoubts at Dybbøl Despite heavy losses, the Danish soldiers had performed well and the Austrian pursuers were halted The successful withdrawal of the Danish army was, however, met with anger and disbelief from the Danish public and politicians
Following the victory in the First Schleswig War, a sense of military superiority had spread in Denmark and Danevirke, considered the historical border between Denmark and the German states, was considered a sacred national symbol and a formidable defensive line
In reality the defences of Dannevirke were simply not sufficient for a successful defence Unfortunately, only the army recognised this, while politicians and the public demanded a defence of this national symbol Few considered and acknowledged that De Meza had actually saved the army from eventual certain destruction by withdrawing and that the army had successfully withdrawn without significant casualties
De Meza was eventually sacked by the Minister of War and the Danish army lost one of its most capable and resourceful officers at a critical stage of the war The perceived loss of face also meant that a later withdrawal from defences at Dybbøl was almost impossible due to public and political pressure This became a factor in the later Danish defeat at the Battle of Dybbøl
- J Ganschow, O Haselhorst, M Ohnezeit: Der Deutsch-Dänische Krieg 1864 Vorgeschichte - Verlauf - Folgen Graz 2013
- J Christensen u a: 1864 Fra helstat til nationalstat Fårevejle 1998
- M Embree: Bismarck’s first war The campaign of Schleswig and Jutland 1864 Solihull 2007
- Rømningen af Dannevirke Danish
- Slaget ved Sankelmark Schlacht bei Sankelmark auf graenseforeningendk Danish
Coordinates: 54°43′03″N 9°26′38″E / 5471750°N 944389°E / 5471750; 944389
battle of sankelmark
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Battle of Sankelmark
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