Battle of Mestre


Guglielmo Pepe
Girolamo Ulloa

2345

Generalmajor Mitis

678 Strength 2,000-2,500 259
mostly volunteers 2,000-3,000 21011
austrian garrison Casualties and losses 87 killed1213
163 wounded1213 97 killed6
200 killed & wounded3
303 captured6
3 cannons lost67

The sortie on Mestre occurred during the revolutionary year of 1848 on October 27
Italian volunteers charged the Austrian fortification, took the town and withdrew, with the loot of three baggage-waggons, eight horses, large quantity of ammunition and the military chest,14 back to the fort at Marghera4

Contents

  • 1 Prelude
  • 2 The sortie
  • 3 Aftermath
  • 4 Sources

Preludeedit

A narrative on the event of the sortie on mestre, was written by Lieutenant-General Pepe, and published by Henry Colburn in 1850, London:15

"On the morning of the 27th, before dawn, the General-in-Chief, surrounded by his staff, from the lunette No 12 in the fort of Malghera, observed the movement of three columns, which contained in all about 2000 bayonets That on the left consisted of 450 men of the fifth Venetian legion, commanded by its colonel, D'Amigo, and embarked on a number of boats; it was preceded by five pirogues and two scouts, under the orders of Captain Basilesso of the navy These boats, with their artillery, were intended to facilitate the landing of our men in Fuseria"

"The Colonel had instructions to occupy that post, and afterwards the part of Boaria which adjoins the city of Mestre, so as to form a reserve for the centre column This column consisted of 900 men, commanded by Colonel Morandi, and composed of Lombard and Bolognese volunteers; its orders were to dislodge the enemy entrenched on the railroad, and then to occupy Mestre by force The right column of 650 men, formed of the free Italian battalion, and the chasseurs of the Upper Reno, commanded by Colonel Zambeccari, had orders to take a barricade erected on the narrow banks of the canal of Mestre, and defended by two guns, and by considerable numbers of infantry posted in the neighbouring houses, which were fortified with loopholes"

The sortieedit

A narrative on the event of the sortie on mestre, was written by Lieutenant-General Pepe, and published by Henry Colburn in 1850, London:15

"The strength of the enemy was about 3000 men on the whole line, besides 2000 entrenched in Mestre, which was also defended by many field-pieces, and by chasseurs ready to fire from the houses"

"The centre column was stopped by the fire of the muskets, and by the artillery of the enemy The General-in-Chief despatched Colonel Ulloa with one hundred gendarmes of the reserve, and with this reinforcement he rallied and urged on the column at the pas de charge; and they penetrated into the city They were stopped a second time; but in spite of the obstinate resistance they encountered, and the great loss they sustained, they advanced onwards"

"The enemy, after losing part of their artillery, defended themselves from the houses Captain Sirtori, Major Rosaroll, and Captain Cattabene, bold even to temerity, undertook with a handful of brave Lombards to drive out the Austrian's house by house, and thus opened the way to our troops who occupied the city militarily"

"But what was still better, was to have proved that the Italian volunteers, who only a few months before had taken arms for the first time, commanded by officers for the most part new to the profession, had beaten the Austrians, who were superior in number, well entrenched, obstinately defended, and prepared overnight to receive us, and who made use of the loop-holed houses as a second line of defence"

Aftermathedit

Part of the loot taken from Mestre, included the official Austrian war correspondence14 Amongst which the Venetians discovered that the Austrians had been informed of the projected attack, and had made all the necessary arrangements to meet it,16 which proved that the Venetians had a spy amongst their ranks514

Sourcesedit

  1. ^ Chambers's encyclopædia 1868 Chambers's encyclopædia: Vol 7 London 
  2. ^ a b c d C E Eardley & C Holte Bracebridge 1856 Sketches on Italy London 
  3. ^ a b c Kelly, Walter K 1849 History of the year 1848 London 
  4. ^ a b c Ginsborg, Paul 1979 Daniele Manin and the Venetian revolution of 1848-49 Bristol 
  5. ^ a b c Martin, Henri 1862 Daniel Manin, and Venice in 1848 - 49: Vol 2 London 
  6. ^ a b c d von Adlerstein, Johann 1851 Archiv des ungarischen Ministeriums und Landesvertheidigungsausschusses:Vol3 Altenburg 
  7. ^ a b Schneidawind, Franz Josef Adolf 1853 Der Feldzug: Volumes 2-3 Innsbruck 
  8. ^ Ulloa, Girolamo 1859 Guerre de l'indépendance italienne en 1848 et en 1849 Paris 
  9. ^ Hazeldine Carrington Martinengo-Cesaresco, Evelyn Lilian 1902 The liberation of Italy, 1815-1870 London 
  10. ^ Tait, William 1850 Tait's Edinburgh magazine: Vol 17 Edinburgh 
  11. ^ Pepe, Guglielmo 1850 Narrative of scenes and events in Italy: Vol 1 London 
  12. ^ a b Holt, Edgar 1971 The making of Italy, 1815-1870 New York 
  13. ^ a b Fontana, Gianjacopo 1868 Memoriale veneto storico-politico: marzo -1848- agosto 49 Venice 
  14. ^ a b c Flagg, Edmund 1853 Venice: the city of the sea New York 
  15. ^ a b Pepe, Guglielmo 1850 Narrative of scenes and events in Italy: From 1847 to 1849: Vol 1 London 
  16. ^ Orsini, Felice 1857 Memoirs and adventures of Felice Orsini By Felice Edinburgh 



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