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Battle for Australia

battle for australia, battle for australia 1942
Southeast Asia

  • Indochina 1940
  • Indian Ocean 1940–45
  • Philippines 1941–42
  • Franco-Thai War
  • Thailand
  • Dutch East Indies
  • Malaya
  • Hong Kong
  • Burma 1941–42
  • Singapore
  • Burma 1942–43
  • Burma 1944
  • Burma 1944–45
  • Indochina 1945
  • Malacca Strait
  • Tiderace
  • Zipper
  • Strategic bombing 1944–45

Southwest Pacific

  • Dutch East Indies 1941–42
  • Portuguese Timor
  • Australia
  • New Guinea
  • Philippines 1944–45
  • Borneo 1945

North America

  • Attack on Pearl Harbor
  • Ellwood
  • Operation K
  • Aleutian Islands
  • Estevan Point Lighthouse
  • Fort Stevens
  • Lookout Air Raids
  • Fire balloon
  • Project Hula
  • PX


  • Air raids
  • Mariana Islands
  • Volcano & Ryukyu Is
  • Tokyo
  • Starvation
  • Naval bombardments
  • Yokosuka
  • Sagami Bay
  • Kure
  • Downfall
  • Hiroshima & Nagasaki
  • Kurils
  • Karafuto
  • Japanese surrender


  • Manchuria 1945
  • Mutanchiang
  • Sakhalin Island
  • Kuril Islands
  • Shumshu
Second Sino-Japanese War

The Battle for Australia is a contested historiographical term used to claim a link between a series of battles near Australia during the Pacific War of the Second World War Since 2008 these battles have been commemorated by Battle for Australia Day, which falls on the first Wednesday in September


  • 1 Historiography and commemoration
  • 2 See also
  • 3 Notes
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Historiography and commemorationedit

The Returned and Services League of Australia RSL and the Battle for Australia Commemoration National Council campaigned for over a decade for official commemoration of a series of battles fought in 1942, including the Battle of the Coral Sea, Battle of Milne Bay and Kokoda Track campaign, as having formed a "battle for Australia"1 This campaign met with success, and in 2008 the Australian Government proclaimed that commemorations for the Battle for Australia would take place annually on the first Wednesday in September, with the day being designated "Battle for Australia Day"1 This day recognises "the service and sacrifice of all those who served in defence of Australia in 1942 and 1943"2 The day is not a public holiday3

Peter Stanley—the former principal historian at the Australian War Memorial—argues that the concept of a 'Battle for Australia' is mistaken as these actions did not form a single campaign aimed against Australia Stanley has also stated that no historian he knows believes that there was a 'Battle for Australia'4 In a 2006 speech, Stanley argued that the concept of a Battle for Australia is invalid as the events which are considered to form the battle were only loosely related Stanley argued that "The Battle for Australia movement arises directly out of a desire to find meaning in the terrible losses of 1942"; and "there was no 'Battle for Australia', as such", as the Japanese did not launch a co-ordinated campaign directed against Australia Furthermore, Stanley stated that while the phrase "Battle for Australia" was usedby whom in wartime propaganda, it was not applied to the events of 1942 until the 1990s and that countries other than Australia do not recognise this "battle" of the Second World War56

See alsoedit

  • Proposed Japanese invasion of Australia during World War II
  • Operation FS
  • Military history of Australia during World War II


  1. ^ a b Walters, Patrick 26 June 2008 "Battle won on dedicated Pacific war day" The Australian Retrieved 13 February 2011 
  2. ^ "Anniversaries" Department of Veterans' Affairs Archived from the original on 19 December 2011 Retrieved 23 December 2011 
  3. ^ Blenkin, Max 26 June 2008 "'Battle for Australia' Day in September" The Sydney Morning Herald Retrieved 23 December 2011 
  4. ^ Stanley, Peter "What 'Battle for Australia'" The Drum Australian Broadcasting Corporation Retrieved 9 February 2011 
  5. ^ Peter Stanley 2006 "Was there a Battle for Australia" Australian War Memorial Anniversary Oration, 10 November 2006
  6. ^ Stanley 2008, pp 221–222


  • Peter Stanley 2002 He's Not Coming South: The Invasion That Wasn't Paper delivered to the Australian War Memorial conference Remembering 1942
  • Stanley, Peter 2008 Invading Australia Japan and the Battle for Australia, 1942 Melbourne: Penguin Group Australia ISBN 978-0-670-02925-9 
  • Stanley, Peter 2008-08-30 "Battle lines II: what invasion" The Australian Retrieved 2008-11-12 

External linksedit

  • Battle for Australia Commemoration National Council
  • Australian War Memorial "Australia Under Attack 1942–1943"
  • anzacdayorgau "Battle for Australia"

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