Barnstead, New Hampshire


Barnstead is a town in Belknap County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 4,593 at the 2010 census1 Home to the Suncook Lakes, Barnstead includes the villages of Center Barnstead, Barnstead Parade identified as "Barnstead" on topographic maps and South Barnstead

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Government
  • 5 Education
  • 6 Notable people
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

The town was granted by Governor William Dummer on 20 May 17272 to the Reverend Joseph Adams and others Settlement commenced in 1767, the year Barnstead was incorporated as a town by Governor John Wentworth Many of the settlers came from Barnstable, Massachusetts, and Hempstead, New York - the name is taken from these two3

Although not mountainous, the terrain forms large swells, good for grazing By 1830, when the population was 2,047, the town contained about 2,500 sheep4 Farmers found the soil easy to cultivate and productive The Suncook River and its tributaries provided water power for mills By 1859, industries included a woolen cloth factory, seven sawmills, four shingle mills, four clapboard mills, one grooving machine, one turning machine, and two tanneries Barnstead manufactured large amounts of lumber, which it supplied to neighboring towns5

Barnstead was served in 1874 by the Concord and Rochester Railroad, and an extension of the Suncook Valley Railroad was being planned2

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 440 square miles 1140 km2, of which 420 sq mi 1088 km2 is land and 20 sq mi 52 km2 is water, comprising 458% of the town The highest point in Barnstead is 1,190 feet 360 m above sea level along the town's northern border, near the community of Locke's Corner Drained by the Suncook River, Barnstead lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed6

New Hampshire Route 28 traverses the town from north to south, connecting Alton and Wolfeboro to the north with Pittsfield and Suncook to the south New Hampshire Route 126 begins in Center Barnstead and travels southeast to Strafford and Barrington New Hampshire Route 107 cuts through the western corner of Barnstead, leading from Pittsfield in the south to Laconia in the north

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 807
1800 1,161 439%
1810 1,477 272%
1820 1,805 222%
1830 2,047 134%
1840 1,945 −50%
1850 1,848 −50%
1860 1,885 20%
1870 1,543 −181%
1880 1,296 −160%
1890 1,264 −25%
1900 1,072 −152%
1910 1,081 08%
1920 873 −192%
1930 791 −94%
1940 804 16%
1950 846 52%
1960 850 05%
1970 1,119 316%
1980 2,292 1048%
1990 3,100 353%
2000 3,886 254%
2010 4,593 182%
Est 2015 4,608 03%
US Decennial Census8

As of the census9 of 2000, there were 3,886 people, 1,422 households, and 1,096 families residing in the town The population density was 927 people per square mile 358/km² There were 1,994 housing units at an average density of 476 per square mile 184/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9774% White, 062% African American, 031% Native American, 059% Asian, 005% from other races, and 069% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 059% of the population

There were 1,422 households out of which 349% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 662% were married couples living together, 63% had a female householder with no husband present, and 229% were non-families 170% of all households were made up of individuals and 53% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 273 and the average family size was 308

In the town, the population was spread out with 264% under the age of 18, 62% from 18 to 24, 294% from 25 to 44, 271% from 45 to 64, and 109% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 39 years For every 100 females there were 1040 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1024 males

The median income for a household in the town was $47,449, and the median income for a family was $49,404 Males had a median income of $34,130 versus $24,904 for females The per capita income for the town was $19,773 About 28% of families and 38% of the population were below the poverty line, including 64% of those under age 18 and 47% of those age 65 or over

Governmentedit

In the New Hampshire Senate, Barnstead is in the 6th District, represented by Republican James Gray On the New Hampshire Executive Council, Barnstead is in the 2nd District, represented by Democrat Andru Volinsky In the United States House of Representatives, Barnstead is in New Hampshire's 1st congressional district, represented by Democrat Carol Shea-Porter

Educationedit

Barnstead has one elementary school Barnstead Elementary School, serving pre-kindergarten through 8th grade High school students go to Prospect Mountain High School, a regional high school in the neighboring town of Alton

Notable peopleedit

  • Harriet Patience Dame 1815-1900, nurse during the Civil War, born in Barnstead
  • S Millett Thompson, Union Army second lieutenant during the Civil War
  • Harrison Thyng, US Air Force brigadier general
  • Hiram A Tuttle, merchant and 43rd Governor of New Hampshire

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ a b Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire 1875
  3. ^ "Barnstead, New Hampshire" Retrieved 2007-03-21 
  4. ^ Hayward's New England Gazetteer of 1839
  5. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 415–416 
  6. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Barnstead official website
  • Oscar Foss Memorial Library
  • Barnstead Elementary School
  • Lower Suncook Lake webcam in Center Barnstead
  • Suncook Valley Sno-Riders Snowmobile Club
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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