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Barbary dove

barbary dove, barbary dove comparison to mourning dove
The Barbary dove, ringed turtle dove, ringneck dove, ring-necked turtle dove, or ring dove Streptopelia risoria is a domestic member of the dove family Columbidae

Although the Barbary dove is normally assigned its own systematic name, as Streptopelia risoria, considerable doubt exists as to its appropriate classification Some sources confidently assert that it is a domestic form of the Eurasian collared dove, S decaocto, but the majority of evidence points to it being a domesticated form of the African collared dove, S roseogrisea It appears that it can hybridise freely with either species, and its status as a species must therefore be regarded as doubtful However, because of the wide use of both the common and systematic names, it is best to consider it separately from either of the putative parent species Their time of domestication is also uncertain While Linnaeus described them in 1756, they may have been imported into Italy from North Africa in the late 16th century1

Barbary doves are easily kept, and long-lived, in captivity, living for up to 12 years However, There have been cases of doves living over 20 years,2 and at one point a dove living up to 29 years3 In recent years they have been used extensively in biological research, particularly into the hormonal bases of reproductive behaviour, because their sequences of courtship, mating and parental behaviour have been accurately described and are highly consistent in form Dove fanciers have bred them in a great variety of colours; the number of colours available has increased dramatically in the latter half of the twentieth century, and it is thought that this has been achieved by interbreeding with S roseogrisea Some of these doves carry a mutation that makes them completely white These white Barbaries are most commonly used in stage magic acts White Barbary doves are traditionally released in large public ceremonies, since it is a peace symbol in several cultures, and "dove releases" are also sometimes found at weddings and funerals However, a release dove is, in fact, usually a homing pigeon, as Barbary doves lack the homing instinct and will die left out in the wild

The coo of the Barbary dove is created by muscles that vibrate air sent up from the dove's lungs These muscles belong to the fastest known class of vertebrate muscles, contracting as much as ten times faster than muscles vertebrates use for running This class of muscles is usually found in high speed tissue such as a rattlesnake's tail Barbary doves are the first bird species to have been found to have this class of muscle4

Feral populations of Barbary doves establish themselves readily as a result of escapes or releases from captivity, but they will merge with local populations of Eurasian collared doves if they exist There is a small feral population in Los Angeles, California, where neither S decaocto nor S roseogrisea is currently found

It has been observed that at least the female can not only coo but emit a high pitched laughing soundMuns Baare, July 2010

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Fisher, James 1953 British Birds, number 5, Vol XLVI 
  2. ^ Documented Info by a hobbyist at 1
  3. ^ Documented story at 2
  4. ^ Elemans CP, Spierts IL, Muller UK, Van Leeuwen JL, Goller F 2004 "Bird song: superfast muscles control dove's trill" Nature 431 7005: 146 doi:101038/431146a PMID 15356620 
  • Oliver, K Wade 2005 Ringneck Doves: A Handbook of Care and Breeding ISBN 0-9768030-0-3 
  • David Gibbs; Eustace Barnes; John Cox 2001 Pigeons and Doves: A Guide to Pigeons and Doves of the World ISBN 0-300-07886-2 
  • Michael W Gos 1989 "Doves"
  • Dorothy Hinshaw Patent 1997 "Pigeons"
  • Doves and Pigeons as Pets Online Hobbyistcom, Inc 2008
  • White Dove Release - Frequently Asked Questions White Dove Releases 2008
  • White Dove Releases or is it a Pigeon Release All Events Party Planning Blog, June 2008

External linksedit

  • The Dove Page The Place on the Internet for Doves
  • Barbary Dove History, by John Pire

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Barbary dove


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    29.10.2014


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