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Baker County, Oregon

baker county oregon assessor property search, baker county oregon sheriff's office
Baker County is a county in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,1341 The county seat and largest city is Baker City2 The county was split from the eastern part of Wasco County Union County and Malheur County were set off from Baker County in 1864 and 1887 respectively It is named for Edward Dickinson Baker, a senator from Oregon who was killed at Ball's Bluff, a battle of the Civil War in Virginia in 1861

Baker County is part of the county definition of Eastern Oregon

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 National protected areas
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 Incorporated cities
    • 62 Unincorporated communities
    • 63 Ghost towns
  • 7 See also
  • 8 Footnotes
  • 9 Further reading
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

The first groups from the eastern US following the Oregon Trail passed through the area on their way to the Willamette Valley, unaware of the potential wealth they passed over At Flagstaff Hill, near Baker City, 15 miles 24 km of wagon ruts left by immigrants can still be seen

In 1861 gold was discovered and Baker County became one of the Northwest's largest gold producers

On September 22 of the following year, the state assembly created Baker County from the eastern part of Wasco County Later, Union County and Malheur County were created from this county The boundaries were adjusted for the last time in 1901, when the area between the Powder River and the Wallowa Mountains was returned to Baker County

The original county seat was at Auburn While at first a booming mining town with 5,000 inhabitants, once the gold was mined out Auburn's population dwindled, and county citizens eventually voted in 1868 to make Baker City, incorporated in 1874, the new county seat

The population of Baker County nearly quadrupled between the years 1880 and 1910 This growth was largely a product of the emergence and expansion of the Sumpter Valley Railroad and several of its spur lines, which helped lumber and mining operations to develop and grow3

In 1914 Fern Hobbs, on behalf of her employer Governor Oswald West, declared martial law in the Baker County city of Copperfield This was the first declaration of martial law in the state since the American Civil War

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,088 square miles 8,000 km2, of which 3,068 square miles 7,950 km2 is land and 20 square miles 52 km2 06% is water4

About 30% of the county is forest

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Union County - north
  • Wallowa County - northeast
  • Adams County, Idaho - east/Mountain Time Border
  • Washington County, Idaho - southeast/Mountain Time Border
  • Malheur County - south/Mountain Time Border
  • Grant County - west

National protected areasedit

  • Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge part
  • Hells Canyon National Recreation Area part
  • Malheur National Forest part
  • Whitman National Forest part

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1870 2,804
1880 4,616 646%
1890 6,764 465%
1900 15,597 1306%
1910 18,076 159%
1920 17,929 −08%
1930 16,754 −66%
1940 18,297 92%
1950 16,175 −116%
1960 17,295 69%
1970 14,919 −137%
1980 16,134 81%
1990 15,317 −51%
2000 16,741 93%
2010 16,134 −36%
Est 2016 16,059 −05%
US Decennial Census6
1790-19607 1900-19908
1990-20009 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the census10 of 2000, there were 16,741 people, 6,883 households, and 4,680 families residing in the county The population density was 6 people per square mile 2/km² There were 8,402 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile 1/km² The racial makeup of the county was:

  • 9568% White
  • 023% Black or African American
  • 109% Native American
  • 038% Asian
  • 004% Pacific Islander
  • 092% from other races
  • 165% from two or more races

234% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 184% were of English, 174% German, 114% American and 91% Irish ancestry

There were 6,883 households out of which 2800% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5620% were married couples living together, 860% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3200% were non-families 2780% of all households were made up of individuals and 1340% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 237 and the average family size was 287

In the county, the population dispersal was 2420% under the age of 18, 580% from 18 to 24, 2360% from 25 to 44, 2730% from 45 to 64, and 1900% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 43 years For every 100 females there were 9810 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9530 males

The median income for a household in the county was $30,367, and the median income for a family was $36,106 Males had a median income of $27,133 versus $20,480 for females The per capita income for the county was $15,612 About 1010% of families and 1470% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1880% of those under age 18 and 1240% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,134 people, 7,040 households, and 4,430 families residing in the county11 The population density was 53 inhabitants per square mile 20/km2 There were 8,826 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile 11/km212 The racial makeup of the county was 946% white, 11% American Indian, 05% Asian, 04% black or African American, 01% Pacific islander, 10% from other races, and 24% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 33% of the population11 In terms of ancestry, 245% were German, 148% were Irish, 146% were English, and 81% were American13

Of the 7,040 households, 244% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 507% were married couples living together, 83% had a female householder with no husband present, 371% were non-families, and 312% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 224 and the average family size was 278 The median age was 479 years11

The median income for a household in the county was $39,704 and the median income for a family was $50,507 Males had a median income of $43,849 versus $30,167 for females The per capita income for the county was $21,683 About 127% of families and 199% of the population were below the poverty line, including 272% of those under age 18 and 106% of those age 65 or over14

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results15
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 708% 6,218 205% 1,797 87% 764
2012 675% 5,702 280% 2,369 45% 377
2008 644% 5,650 320% 2,805 37% 322
2004 692% 6,253 290% 2,616 18% 165
2000 680% 5,618 266% 2,195 54% 445
1996 516% 3,975 331% 2,547 153% 1,181
1992 380% 2,862 318% 2,395 302% 2,273
1988 542% 3,696 424% 2,896 34% 234
1984 666% 5,204 332% 2,591 02% 17
1980 592% 4,747 314% 2,515 94% 751
1976 483% 3,340 478% 3,306 40% 273
1972 553% 3,441 329% 2,047 118% 732
1968 529% 3,311 394% 2,464 77% 480
1964 406% 2,670 593% 3,903 02% 12
1960 485% 3,514 515% 3,734 00% 3
1956 519% 3,706 481% 3,431 00% 0
1952 622% 4,253 375% 2,562 03% 23
1948 470% 2,841 503% 3,035 27% 164
1944 442% 2,494 552% 3,116 06% 31
1940 414% 3,101 581% 4,353 05% 39
1936 247% 1,768 698% 4,991 55% 392
1932 314% 2,097 662% 4,420 24% 157
1928 655% 3,721 328% 1,861 17% 97
1924 454% 2,803 325% 2,004 221% 1,365
1920 586% 3,495 364% 2,171 50% 295
1916 372% 2,541 570% 3,897 59% 400
1912 176% 648 379% 1,395 446% 1,64316
1908 468% 1,689 442% 1,596 90% 325
1904 598% 1,990 282% 938 121% 402

Like all counties in eastern Oregon, the majority of registered voters who are part of a political party in Baker County are members of the Republican Party In the 2008 presidential election, 6437% of Baker County voters voted for Republican John McCain, while 3195% voted for Democrat Barack Obama and 366% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate17 These numbers have changed slightly from the 2004 presidential election, in which 692% voted for George W Bush, while 29% voted for John Kerry, and 18% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate18

19

Economyedit

Gold mining was the original impetus for settlement in the area, and at one time the county was the largest gold producer in the Northwest Gold dredging was conducted with the Sumpter Valley Gold Dredge With the exhaustion of the gold fields, agriculture, stock raising, logging became the primary economic pursuits In the last decades of the 20th century, tourism also contributed to the local economy, helped by attractions that include the Eagle Cap Wilderness Area, the Hells Canyon National Recreation Area, and Anthony Lakes Ski Area The National Historic Oregon Trail Interpretive Center has drawn numerous visitors since its opening in 1993

Communitiesedit

Incorporated citiesedit

  • Baker City county seat
  • Greenhorn
  • Haines
  • Halfway
  • Huntington
  • Richland
  • Sumpter
  • Unity

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Bridgeport
  • Brownlee
  • Carson
  • China Town
  • Clarksville
  • Dixie
  • Durkee
  • Encina
  • Hereford
  • Homestead
  • Hutchinson
  • Jimtown
  • Keating
  • Lime
  • Little Alps
  • McEwen
  • Newbridge
  • Oxbow
  • Pine
  • Pine Creek
  • Pleasant Valley
  • Rock Creek
  • Rye Valley
  • Salisbury
  • Sparta
  • Sunset
  • Weatherby
  • Whitney
  • Wingville

Ghost townsedit

  • Auburn
  • Bourne
  • Copperfield
  • Cornucopia
  • Nelson
  • Pocahontas
  • Robinette

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Baker County, Oregon

Footnotesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 14, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ William G Robbins, Landscapes of Promise: The Oregon Story, 1800-1940 Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 1997; pg 142
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  6. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  16. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 1,120 votes, while Socialist Eugene Debs received 469 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 54 votes
  17. ^ http://www1bakercountyorg/EResultsnsf/electionresults11042008OpenFrameset Retrieved on 4/21/09
  18. ^ http://wwwcity-datacom/county/Baker_County-ORhtml Retrieved on 4/21/09
  19. ^ http://wwworegonvotesorg/doc/voterresources/registration/mar09pdf Retrieved on 02/19/2012

Further readingedit

  • Baker County Historical Society, "The History of Baker County, Oregon Portland, OR: Baker County Historical Society, 1986
  • Eloise Dielman, Jon Croghan, and Gary Dielman, Baker County Links to the Past Baker City, OR: Baker County Historical Society, 2001
  • Gary Dielman, "Discovering Gold in Baker County Library's Photograph Collection," Oregon Historical Quarterly, vol 109, no 1 Spring 2008
  • Ruth H Evans, Centennial Pioneer Families of Baker County nc: np, c 1974
  • Isaac Hiatt, Thirty-one years in Baker County: A History of the County from 1861 to 1893 Baker, OR: Baker County Historical Society, 1970
  • Gordon Stewart and Patricia Stewart, Baker County Sketch Book nc: np, 1956
  • An Illustrated History of Baker, Grant, Malheur and Harney Counties, with a Brief Outline of the Early History of the State of Oregon Chicago: Western Historical Publishing Company, 1902
  • The History of Baker County, Oregon, 1986 Portland, OR: Baker County Historical Society, 1986

External linksedit

  • Baker County Chamber of Commerce

Coordinates: 44°43′N 117°40′W / 4471°N 11767°W / 4471; -11767

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