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Baidu Baike

baidu baike, 百度 baidu baike
Baidu Baike Chinese: 百度百科; pinyin: Bǎidù Bǎikē; literally: "Baidu Encyclopedia" is a Chinese-language collaborative web-based encyclopedia owned and produced by the Chinese search engine Baidu Its test version was released on 20 April 2006, and within three weeks, the encyclopedia had grown to more than 90,000 articles surpassing that of the Chinese Wikipedia By 2008, Hudongcom had surpassed both in article count, but Baidu Baike then became number one again The encyclopedia censors its content in accordance with the requirements of the Chinese government

As of July 2016, Baidu Baike has more than 13 million articles

Contents

  • 1 Conception
  • 2 Content restrictions
    • 21 Censorship
  • 3 Formation
    • 31 Front page
    • 32 Entries
      • 321 Calling Cards and Texts
      • 322 Supporting Information
  • 4 Scope
    • 41 Contents and categories
    • 42 Numbers of entries
  • 5 Copyright
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Conception

Baidu's William Chang said at WWW2008, the conference of the World Wide Web Consortium, "There is, in fact, no reason for China to use Wikipedia It's very natural for China to make its own products"

Content restrictions

Articles or comments containing the following types of content are removed:

  1. Pornographic, violent, horrible and uncivilized content
  2. Advertisement
  3. Reactionary content
  4. Personal attacks
  5. Content against morality and ethics
  6. Malicious, trivial or spam-like content

Censorship

Being in the jurisdiction of the Chinese government, Baidu is required to censor content on their encyclopedia in accordance to relevant governmental regulations All editors need to register accounts using real names before editing, and administrators filter edits before they go public Users on microblogging platforms generally perceive Baidu Baike as similar to a governmentally sanctioned information source due to the censorship of its content As of August 2013, there exist no articles for the 1989 Tiananmen Square Protests, the Xinjiang independence movement or the Falun Gong on the encyclopedia

PCWorld states that complying with Chinese censorship laws gives Baidu Baike an advantage over its competitors Since the Chinese version of Wikipedia does not censor its own content, the government may block it while keeping Baidu Baike accessible

Formation

Front page

The present front page of Baidu Baike was put in use in September 6, 2012, and on the top of the page marked the slogan "Let all humanity learn the world equally," the present volume of users, net volume of entries; on the bottom-left of the front page presented selected knowledge contents, and the bottom right relative announcement, plannings and projects, etc the front page information are usually of current hot topics, often related to featured news and other appendix Beside those hot topics, there are also one-sentence summaries to the news Other than the front page, Baidu Baike also adds channels such as nature, culture, geography, and special topics such as core-users, digital museums, etc

Entries

The entry pages of Baidu Baike include calling cards, texts, and other supporting information An earlier version allowed users to comment on pages, but the feature was removed after September, 2008 The main language used is Simplified Chinese; posts written in Traditional Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese, or Japanese are automatically translated into Simplified Chinese

Calling Cards and Texts

Baike calling cards contain two parts: the description of an entry and the basic information The former is similar to the preface of an article, which gives general introduction to the whole texts; the latter uses table to summarize basic information and statistics Both are edited separately from the main body The main texts are limited to 40 thousand bits, which is equivalent to 20 thousand Chinese characters There are two possible levels of title, and the system will give a content accordingly At the end of the article is the declaration of exemption The earlier version of the entry can only contain one image, but now 20 images and 20 albums The entry can also link to Baidu map, dynamic screenshots, and videos Information cited are listed beneath the main text, which does not distinguish footnote from others However, the image cited are not specified the source, but contains image directories

Supporting Information

Most pieces of supporting information are located at the bottom or the right of the page, except scientific terms, which are pushed to the top Usually, supporting information is automatically generated by the system, with some edited by hand Pieces of supporting information are presented as modules, such as scientific terms, Douban film commentaries, etc Supporting information on the right of the page contains personal information, statistics, today in history, contribution of honor, current trends, and pop-links Statistics are of page viewed, numbers of editing, latest update, creators information, etc Contribution of honor features complex editing, user ID who has made excellent editing, and its links The honor gives different kinds of medals Current trends are used to present some current activities, and the pop-links are of advertisement, which generate some profits form Baidu company

A user can see at the bottom of each article a database, the Baidu Dictionary, related entries, users recommendation, collaborated editors Celebrities' articles have appended databases that list their single songs, albums, and videos of them When terms or phrases are listed in one product of Baidu, Baike will also give links to the explanation The user recommendations section is used to collect feedback about the article, or the number of votes to "this entry is helpful to me"

Scope

Contents and categories

Unlike a traditional encyclopedia, the information on Baidu Baike is broader, similar to Chinese Wikipedia and Hudong Baike Baidu Baike also includes food recipes, film products, internet programs, and video games as its contents However, unlike Chinese Wikipedia, Baidu Baike never gives strict definition on the difference between an encyclopedia and a dictionary There are also many explanations on dictions and common phrases

In addition to articles, Baidu Baike includes several special pages:

  • A Sandbox, or “编辑实验” entry, which gives users a chance to practice editing
  • Help, which gives terminologies, basic settings, regulations, user titles, etc
  • User page, which is called "Baidu Authorized ID", similar to the one in Wikipedia However, it is viewed as an encouragement of advanced users, and rarely does anyone have the privilege to form one's own

Baidu Baike holds open policies on the edition of entries, and support categorized search functions The categorization is based on the characteristics of an entry but not the quality, and there is no limit in categorization Baidu Baike has now an elementary categorized page and tree, part of the open categorization can be set according to levels, but catalogs having similar meaning could not be merged or redirected

Numbers of entries

According to the latest list of entries, Baidu Baike has an increase of about 3,800 entries per day Here are some milestones:

Time # Milestone Reference
16 Jan 2008 1M 故事海 Kathasaritsagara
8 Feb 2010 2M 章启群 A professor in Peking University
12 Jan 2011 3M 222年 The year 222
22 Nov 2011 4M 乌天麻 Gastrodia elata f glauca
13 Jun 2012 5M 桦南白瓜 a cultivar of pumpkin planted in Huanan County
15 Mar 2013 6M Not announced

Copyright

See also: Wikipedia:Mirrors and forks/Baidu Baike

Baidu Baike's copyright policy is outlined in the 'terms of use' section of its help page It states that by adding content to the site, users agree to assign Baidu rights to their original contributions It also states that users cannot violate intellectual property law, and that contributions which quote works held under the Creative Commons and/or GNU Free Documentation License GFDL must follow the restrictions of those licenses

See also

  • China portal
  • Internet portal
  • Baidu 10 Mythical Creatures
  • Chinese encyclopedias
  • List of online encyclopedias

References

  1. ^ "Baiducom Site Info" Alexa Internet Retrieved 2016-07-03 
  2. ^ "The Baidu Story" Baidu Retrieved on June 3, 2011
  3. ^ Eva Woo 2007-11-13 "Baidu's Censored Answer to Wikipedia" Business Week Archived from the original on 18 March 2008 Retrieved 2008-03-29 
  4. ^ a b Jason Q Ng, August 28, 2013, Who’s the Boss The difficulties of identifying censorship in an environment with distributed oversight: a large-scale comparison of Wikipedia China with Hudong and Baidu Baike, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto
  5. ^ Han-Teng Liao, 2013 How do Baidu Baike and Chinese Wikipedia filter contribution: a case study of network gatekeeping Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Open Collaboration doi:101145/24910552491082
  6. ^ Zhang Xiaoquan, Zhu Feng, 2011 Group Size and Incentives to Contribute: A Natural Experiment at Chinese Wikipedia The American Economic Review, 1014, pp1601-1615 doi:101257/aer10141601
  7. ^ http://baikebaiducom/
  8. ^ Graham Webster 2008-04-22 "Baidu's William Chang: 'No reason for China to use Wikipedia'" CNET News Retrieved 2008-06-22 
  9. ^ "百科协议" Baike Baidu Retrieved 2006-12-24 
  10. ^ a b Dan Nystedt 2008-08-26 "Baidu May Be Worst Wikipedia Copyright Violator" PC World Archived from the original on September 30, 2007 Retrieved 2008-03-29  " Anyone wishing to publish entries on Baidu Baike must register first, giving the site people's real names, and site administrators review all entries before posting, a way to ensure compliance with Chinese censorship laws"
  11. ^ Liao, Han-Teng "What do Chinese-language microblog users do with Baidu Baike and Chinese Wikipedia A case study of information engagement" PDF: 9 
  12. ^ "《词条浏览页升级啦》" 百度百科公告 Retrieved 2009-09-14 在这次升级中评论被读者推荐代替,这篇文章后的评论中即有用户询问评论区为何取消,例如31楼、37楼和39楼
  13. ^ 参见 复杂编辑的定义。
  14. ^ 百科领航员 2011-01-20 "2011年百科权威认证ID名单公示" in Chinese 百度贴吧 Retrieved 2011-02-20 这次一共有15名同学进入公示名单 
  15. ^ "百科词条结构" 百度百科帮助 Retrieved 2010-08-15 
  16. ^ "《第1000000个词条诞生了》" 百度百科公告 Retrieved 2010-02-08 
  17. ^ "《百度百科词条数量突破200万》" 百科船长 Retrieved 2010-02-08 
  18. ^ "《【公告】百度百科词条突破300万啦!》" 百度百科公告 Retrieved 2011-11-28 
  19. ^ "《【公告】百度百科词条总数突破400万大关,感恩有你!》" 百度百科公告 Retrieved 2011-11-28 
  20. ^ "《百度百科词条突破五百万!》" 百度百科公告 Retrieved 2012-06-14 
  21. ^ "<祝贺> 百度百科词条超过600万" cjycp32 Retrieved 2013-03-28 
  22. ^ "百度搜索帮助中心-百度百科帮助" Baike Baidu Retrieved 2006-05-11 

External links

  • Baidu Baike Chinese

baidu baike, baidu baike wikipedia, 任嬌 baidu baike, 百度 baidu baike, 購物王路易 baidu baike


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    29.10.2014


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