Bagassosis


Bagassosis, an interstitial lung disease, is a type of hypersensitivity pneumonitis attributed to exposure to moldy molasses bagasse12

Contents

  • 1 Signs and symptoms
  • 2 Cause
  • 3 Prevention
  • 4 History
  • 5 References

Signs and symptomsedit

Some symptoms and signs of Bagassosis include breathlessness, cough, haemoptysis, slight fever Acute diffuse bronchiolitis may also occur An xray may show mottling of lungs or a shadow

Causeedit

Bagassosis has been shown to be due to a thermophilic actinomycetes for which the name thermoactinomycetes sacchari was suggested

Preventionedit

The following are precautionary measures that can be taken to avoid the spread of bagassosis:

  1. Dust control-prevention /suppression of dust such as wet process, enclosed apparatus, exhaust ventilation etc should be used
  2. Personal protection- masks/ respirators
  3. Medical control- initial medical examination & periodical checkups of workers
  4. Bagasse control- keep moisture content above 20% and spray bagasse with 2% propionic acid3

Historyedit

Bagassosis was first reported in India by Ganguly and Pal in 1955, in a cardboard manufacturing plant near Kolkata India has a large canesugar industry The sugarcane fibre which, until recently, went to waste, is now utilised in the manufacture of cardboard, paper and rayon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Hur, T; Cheng KC; Yang GY October 1994 "Hypersensitivity pneumonitis: bagassosis" Gaoxiong Yi Xue Ke Xue Za Zhi 10 10: 558–564 PMID 7807612 
  2. ^ Ueda A, Aoyama K, Ueda T, et al July 1992 "Recent trends in bagassosis in Japan" Br J Ind Med 49 7: 499–506 PMC 1039272  PMID 1637710 doi:101136/oem497499 
  3. ^ Park's textbook of preventive & social medicine 21st edition page-747


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