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Auglaize County, Ohio

auglaize county ohio health department, auglaize county ohio auditor property search
Auglaize County /ˈɔːɡleɪz/2 is a county located in the US state of Ohio As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,9493 Its county seat is Wapakoneta4

The county is named for the Auglaize River Some sources say it is a corruption of the French description of the clay glaise water eau,5 whereas others say it comes from a Native American word meaning 'fallen timbers'16 Another weak possibility according to Lakehistoryinfo is that it could have been the French term la glace aux glaces, which means 'mirror', or 'ice' 'at the ices'7

There is something to be said for the unattested eau glaise 'clay water' as if 'dirty water', like attested terre glaise 'clay soil', but both Ramsey8 and Stewart9 agree that Auglaize and variants, implying "aux glaises" is American French for 'at the licks', literally 'at the clays', where wild beasts came to lick salt and minerals from the soil, and fulfilling the lacuna in standard French for a "salt lick" The spelling "glaize" is archaic as in Cotgrave's French-English dictionary of 1611 In addition, in Arkansas there is a creek and mountain Glazypeau, from French glaise à Paul 'Paul's lick' The assumed indigenous American Algonquian "'fallen timbers' or 'overgrown with brush'" has no support without any attested etymons supplied and would not match phonetically in the case of Shawnee

Auglaize County comprises the Wapakoneta, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Lima-Van Wert-Celina, OH Combined Statistical Area

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Government
    • 51 Judiciary
      • 511 Courthouse
      • 512 Judges
      • 513 Courts
    • 52 Related entities
  • 6 Economy
  • 7 Communities
    • 71 Cities
    • 72 Villages
    • 73 Townships
    • 74 Census-designated places
    • 75 Unincorporated communities
    • 76 Ghost towns
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

Under the terms of the Treaty of Greenville signed in 1795, northwestern Ohio was reserved for Native Americans The area now comprising Allen County was officially off-limits to European settlement until the Treaty of Maumee Rapids in 181724 Under the terms of this treaty, the Shawnee tribe was assigned reservations at Wapakonetta and at their "Hog Creek" settlement along the Ottawa River; this comprised most of what is the present-day Shawnee Township The latter treaty opened the way for the Ohio Legislature on March 1, 1820 to create fourteen counties, including Allen,24 which was defined as Ranges 5 through 8 east and Towns 3 through 6 south

The first permanent settlement within the present-day bounds of Allen County took place in 1824, when Christopher S Wood and his family settled in section 7 of Bath Township25 The organization of Bath Township predates that of Allen County, with its first township meeting held on March 2, 1829citation needed On Feb 12, 1829, an act of the legislature set aside land for a "county town"26 Wood was appointed commissioner to determine the location of this "seat of justice" for Allen County This was done on March 3, 1831, with Wood appointed as Town Director He laid out plots of land to be sold in section 31 of Bath Township,27 and the plat was filed April 20, 1831, founding what developed as the city of Lima, Ohio

The organization of Allen County dates from the first meeting of the county commissioners, held on June 6, 1831 Present at this meeting were commissioners James Daniels, John G Wood, and Samuel Stewart Also present were William G Wood, county auditor; Adam White, county treasurer; and Henry Lippincott, sheriff28

The first court of justice was held in August 1831,28 and it is believed that the assembly of men, in informal session, selected the name for the seat of justice by drawing names from a hatcitation needed The meeting was held at the cabin of James Daniels, which was located on the bank of the Ottawa River near the current location of Market Street28 Patrick G Goode of Montgomery County, special prosecuting attorney at that session, is creditedcitation needed with suggesting the name of "Lima" capital of Peru and source of the quinine used to treat the malaria prevalent in the area of the Great Black Swamp At the County Commission session on June 6, 1831, the formation of a second township, Jackson, was approved28

In 1832 the Shawnees, including those living in the Hog Creek reservation present day Shawnee Township, were removed to eastern Kansas They received payment of $30,000 in fifteen annual installments for their lands, which had an estimated value of over $200,000 at that time29 They arrived at their new home with few provisions and immediately suffered an epidemic of cholera, due in part to the poor sanitation in their new territory29

Lima was established as a village in 1841, and the town of Lima was organized March 29, 1842 Henry DeVilliers Williams was elected the first mayor and Amos Clutter was elected the first town marshalcitation needed

In 1848, the boundaries of Allen County were reduced after Auglaize County, Ohio was organized from the southern half of the original county Town 2S, Range 7E Monroe Twp; Town 2S, Range 8E Richland Twp; the southern half of Town 2S, Range 5E, and the southern half of Town 2S, Range 6E Sugar Creek Twp were transferred from Putnam County to Allen County Parts of Van Wert and Mercer counties were also transferred to Allen to form Spencer Township and part of Marion Township In May, 1853, Allen and Putnam counties agreed on a cash settlement for Putnam's loss30

Following these changes Lima, the county seat, was located in what became the center of the county, rather than in the northern quarter The western part of the county gained a significant stretch of the Miami and Erie Canal, which was completed in 1845 The reorganization also brought the towns of Spencerville, laid out in 1844 and located on the canal,13 and Bluffton within the bounds of the county

In 1885, oil was discovered in Lima This began a boom in Allen County which lasted until after 1910

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 402 square miles 1,040 km2, of which 401 square miles 1,040 km2 is land and 05 square miles 13 km2 01% is water10 It is the second-smallest county in Ohio by total area

The county is crossed by the Auglaize River and the Miami and Erie Canal The headwaters of the Saint Marys River, the Great Miami River and the Scioto River as well as portions of Grand Lake St Marys and Lake Loramie are located within the county11

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Allen County - north
  • Hardin County - east
  • Logan County - southeast
  • Shelby County - south
  • Mercer County - west
  • Van Wert County - northwest

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1850 11,338
1860 17,187 516%
1870 20,041 166%
1880 25,444 270%
1890 28,100 104%
1900 31,192 110%
1910 31,246 02%
1920 29,527 −55%
1930 28,034 −51%
1940 28,037 00%
1950 30,637 93%
1960 36,147 180%
1970 38,602 68%
1980 42,554 102%
1990 44,585 48%
2000 46,611 45%
2010 45,949 −14%
Est 2016 45,894 −01%
US Decennial Census13
1790-196014 1900-199015
1990-200016 2010-20133

2000 censusedit

As of the census17 of 2000, there were 46,611 people, 17,376 households, and 12,771 families residing in the county The population density was 116 people per square mile 45/km² There were 18,470 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile 18/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9812% White, 024% Black or African American, 018% Native American, 041% Asian, 003% Pacific Islander, 020% from other races, and 083% from two or more races 067% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 595% were of German, 109% American, 69% Irish and 63% English ancestry according to Census 2000 979% spoke English and 12% Spanish as their first language

There were 17,376 households out of which 3530% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 6210% were married couples living together, 780% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2650% were non-families 2330% of all households were made up of individuals and 1050% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 262 and the average family size was 311

In the county, the population was spread out with 2760% under the age of 18, 780% from 18 to 24, 2820% from 25 to 44, 2200% from 45 to 64, and 1440% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 36 years For every 100 females there were 9650 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9310 males

The median income for a household in the county was $43,367, and the median income for a family was $50,024 Males had a median income of $37,024 versus $23,809 for females The per capita income for the county was $19,593 About 490% of families and 620% of the population were below the poverty line, including 720% of those under age 18 and 640% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 45,949 people, 17,972 households, and 12,749 families residing in the county18 The population density was 1145 inhabitants per square mile 442/km2 There were 19,585 housing units at an average density of 488 per square mile 188/km219 The racial makeup of the county was 978% white, 04% Asian, 03% black or African American, 02% American Indian, 03% from other races, and 09% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 12% of the population18 In terms of ancestry, 530% were German, 126% were Irish, 89% were American, and 80% were English20

Of the 17,972 households, 328% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 579% were married couples living together, 85% had a female householder with no husband present, 291% were non-families, and 253% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 253 and the average family size was 302 The median age was 400 years18

The median income for a household in the county was $52,018 and the median income for a family was $60,318 Males had a median income of $44,267 versus $30,591 for females The per capita income for the county was $25,290 About 58% of families and 72% of the population were below the poverty line, including 95% of those under age 18 and 46% of those age 65 or over21

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results22
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 784% 18,658 167% 3,980 49% 1,156
2012 732% 17,169 249% 5,831 19% 449
2008 697% 16,414 286% 6,738 17% 407
2004 739% 17,016 256% 5,903 05% 115
2000 692% 13,770 280% 5,564 28% 558
1996 518% 10,169 339% 6,652 143% 2,811
1992 515% 10,455 244% 4,960 241% 4,891
1988 734% 13,562 257% 4,756 09% 161
1984 777% 14,766 216% 4,102 07% 132
1980 653% 11,537 284% 5,022 62% 1,098
1976 612% 9,772 366% 5,840 22% 353
1972 698% 11,900 271% 4,617 31% 530
1968 570% 9,368 337% 5,550 93% 1,529
1964 480% 7,954 520% 8,632
1960 640% 11,183 360% 6,282
1956 721% 11,453 279% 4,438
1952 673% 10,599 327% 5,149
1948 545% 6,818 453% 5,670 03% 34
1944 648% 8,980 353% 4,888
1940 611% 8,953 389% 5,704
1936 386% 5,526 548% 7,835 66% 944
1932 382% 5,039 608% 8,036 10% 135
1928 609% 7,794 387% 4,954 04% 50
1924 519% 5,507 372% 3,952 109% 1,159
1920 575% 6,752 408% 4,792 18% 208
1916 385% 2,763 575% 4,124 40% 288
1912 210% 1,401 558% 3,726 232% 1,549
1908 386% 3,001 594% 4,622 21% 161
1904 446% 3,049 530% 3,619 24% 163
1900 371% 2,895 616% 4,812 13% 99
1896 368% 2,900 626% 4,939 07% 52
1892 337% 2,113 602% 3,774 62% 386
1888 356% 2,212 631% 3,928 13% 83
1884 342% 2,026 656% 3,882 02% 14
1880 337% 1,837 660% 3,599 03% 15
1876 299% 1,521 700% 3,560 01% 6
1872 311% 1,180 669% 2,535 20% 77

Governmentedit

Main article: Ohio county government

Auglaize County is governed by an elected Board of Commissioners

Judiciaryedit

See also: Government of Ohio § Judicial branch

Courthouseedit

The county's first courthouse, built in 1851 at a cost of $11,499, was in use until 1894, when the current Courthouse first opened to the public Occupying an entire city block, the Courthouse and its adjacent powerhouse cost the then-princely sum of $259,48100 Some 85 men took 18 months for its construction, commencing on July 2, 1893 Built of Berea sandstone with tile floors, the Courthouse was highly fire-resistant The boilers for heating and power generation, a significant cause of fire at the time, were located in a separate powerhouse Also there were the steam-driven dynamos that produced the electricity which, along with steam for heating and hot water, was fed to the building via an underground conduit The Courthouse marked its centennial in 1994, and continues in its role as seat of the county's courts,23 along with the much newer West Municipal Court in St Mary's24

Judgesedit

Three elected judges sit in Auglaize County, presiding over five courts

Courtsedit

  • The Court of Common Pleas handles the bulk of the county's caseload, including all felony criminal cases, and civil cases of all kinds, involving claims typically in excess of $15,000 or claims for injunctive relief, as well as appeals from state agencies25
  • The Probate Court handles estates, adoptions, legal guardianships, name changes, mental illnesses, approves minor personal injury settlement claims, approves wrongful death settlements, and issues marriage licenses Additionally, the Court keeps all vital statistics records prior to 190826
  • The Domestic Relations Court oversees all divorces, dissolutions of marriage, civil domestic protective orders, post-divorce decree motions, modifications of parental rights and responsibilities, modifications of child support and visitation arrangements, and contempt actions27
  • The Juvenile Court handles all juvenile complaints dealing with delinquent and unruly children, juvenile traffic offenders, dependent, neglected and abused children, parentage cases and custody cases28
  • The Municipal Court sits in both Wapakoneta and St Marys29 and hears misdemeanor criminal cases, traffic cases, civil claims less than $15,000, and cases involving violations of the municipal codes

Related entitiesedit

  • The elected clerk of courts directs the staffing, record keeping, and administration of all the county courts, as well as registering vehicle titles30 The Clerk of Courts also issues writs to carry out court orders Some of these writs include summons, subpoenas, warrants to arrest and to convey to penal institutions, and signing the execution warrant in capital cases A clerk of courts also accepts bonds, calls juries & grand juries, certifies the commissions of notaries public, administers oaths, and files judgment and state tax liens31
  • The county's law library provides legal reference services to the judges and attorneys of the county32
  • The county prosecuting attorney and his staff prosecute felony offenses, along with all misdemeanor, criminal and traffic offenses in violation of the Ohio Revised Code The prosecutor also participates in the presentation of cases of delinquency, unruly, juvenile traffic offenses, and abuse, neglect and dependency offenses involving juveniles in the Juvenile Court The prosecutor serves as the legal advisor to county elected officials and departments33
  • The county's public defender is responsible for providing legal representation to indigent persons facing criminal charges within the county court system34

Economyedit

Auglaize County's economy is based in manufacturing35 Employers with more than 400 employees are Crown Equipment Corporation, Joint Township District Memorial Hospital, the Minster Machine Company, Setex, Inc, AAP-St Mary's Corporation a division of Hitachi Metals, Veyance Technologies, Inc Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, and the Dannon Company36

Communitiesedit

Citiesedit

  • Saint Marys
  • Wapakoneta county seat

Villagesedit

  • Buckland
  • Cridersville
  • Minster
  • New Bremen
  • New Knoxville
  • Waynesfield

Townshipsedit

  • Clay
  • Duchouquet
  • German
  • Goshen
  • Jackson
  • Logan
  • Moulton
  • Noble
  • Pusheta
  • Saint Marys
  • Salem
  • Union
  • Washington
  • Wayne

Census-designated placesedit

  • New Hampshire
  • Saint Johns
  • Uniopolis

Unincorporated communitiesedit

A 1915 class at Geyer School
  • Egypt
  • Fryburg
  • Geyer
  • Glynwood
  • Gutman
  • Holden
  • Kossuth
  • Lock Two
  • Moulton
  • Santa Fe
  • Slater
  • Villa Nova

Ghost townsedit

  • Bay
  • Pusheta Town
  • Rineharts

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Auglaize County, Ohio
  • Ohio county government

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "Ohio County Profiles: Auglaize County" PDF Ohio Department of Development Retrieved 2007-04-28 
  2. ^ 1
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  4. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on May 31, 2011 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  5. ^ Auglaize County, Ohio 2006 Highway Map Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine Auglaize County Engineer's Office, 2006 Accessed 15 July 2007
  6. ^ "Auglaize County data" Ohio State University Extension Data Center Retrieved 2007-04-28 dead link
  7. ^ The Trouble with French
  8. ^ Robert L Ramsay: Our storehouse of Missouri place names, Columbia, Mo, 1973, University of Missouri Press
  9. ^ George R Stewart: American place-names, NY, 1970, Oxford University Press
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Archived from the original on May 4, 2014 Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  11. ^ DeLorme Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer 7th ed Yarmouth: DeLorme, 2004, p 45 ISBN 0-89933-281-1
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  13. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  15. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  17. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  18. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  19. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  20. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  21. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  22. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  23. ^ "History of the Auglaize County Courthouse" Archived May 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Auglaize County official site
  24. ^ Auglaize County official site
  25. ^ Common Pleas Court of Auglaize County official site
  26. ^ Probate Court of Auglaize County official site
  27. ^ Domestic Relations Court of Auglaize County official site
  28. ^ Juvenile Court of Auglaize County official site
  29. ^ Municipal Court of Auglaize County official site
  30. ^ Auglaize County Clerk of Courts official site
  31. ^ History of the Auglaize County Clerk of Courts official site
  32. ^ Law Library of Auglaize County official site
  33. ^ Auglaize County Prosecutor official site
  34. ^ Auglaize County Public Defender official site
  35. ^ whywapakonetacom
  36. ^ Ohio County Profiles
  • Auglaize County Engineer's Office Official Highway Map 2004 Wapakoneta, Ohio: The Office, 2004

24^ a b Harrison, R H 1880 Atlas of Allen County, Ohio from Records and Original Surveys Philadelphia: RH Harrison pp 20 25^ History of Allen County, Ohio Chicago: Warner, Beers & Company 1885 pp 417–418 26^ Knapp, H S 1875 History of Allen County in Historical Atlas of Allen County, Ohio Chicago: HH Hardesty & Co pp 19 27^ Harrison, R H 1880 Atlas of Allen County, Ohio from Records and Original Surveys Philadelphia: RH Harrison pp 33 1/4 28^ a b c d Knapp, H S 1875 History of Allen County in Historical Atlas of Allen County, Ohio Chicago: HH Hardesty & Co pp 15 29^ a b Harrison, R H 1880 Atlas of Allen County, Ohio from Records and Original Surveys Philadelphia: RH Harrison pp 19 30^ History of Allen County, Ohio Chicago: Warner, Beers & Company 1885 pp 280–281 31^ Harrison, R H 1880 Atlas of Allen County, Ohio from Records and Original Surveys Philadelphia: RH Harrison pp 30

External linksedit

  • Official Auglaize County website
  • Auglaize County Historical Society
  • Auglaize and Mercer County Convention and Visitor's Bureau
  • 2

Coordinates: 40°34′N 84°13′W / 4056°N 8422°W / 4056; -8422

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