Auburn, New Hampshire


Auburn is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 4,953 at the 2010 census,1 with an estimated population of 5,158 in 20132

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Attractions
  • 5 Events and festivals
    • 51 Lake Massabesic Duck Race
    • 52 Yacht Sail Boating Club race
    • 53 Book sale
  • 6 Education
  • 7 Notable people
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

Auburn was originally settled by Native Americans in 1624 It was a fishing settlement called by Native Americans "Massabesic" the current name of the town's largest lake British settlers arrived in the area in 1720 and made peace with the Native Americans until the French and Indian War The Massabesic settlement was destroyed, and the nearby town of Chester claimed the land It was known as Chester Woods, Chester West Parish, Long Meadow,3 and then Auburn Auburn became an independent town on June 25, 1845,3 with a population of 1,200 people As with Auburn, Maine, Auburn, Massachusetts and Auburn, New York, the name is from Oliver Goldsmith's popular 18th-century poem, "The Deserted Village", which begins:

Sweet Auburn! loveliest village of the plain, Where health and plenty cheered the labouring swain Where smiling spring its earliest visit paid, And parting summer's lingering blooms delayed

Auburn was served by the Concord and Portsmouth Railroad, which later became the Portsmouth Branch of the Boston & Maine Railroad3 Auburn was home to a small passenger depot at one time, but by the mid 1900s most rail activity was through traffic as Auburn had few on-line industries The last freight trains passed through in the early 1980s The track was abandoned in 1982 and subsequently torn up between 1983 and 1985

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 287 square miles 743 km2, of which 252 sq mi 653 km2 is land and 35 sq mi 91 km2, or 1220%, is water1 Massabesic Lake, located in the western part of Auburn and the eastern part of Manchester, is the largest body of water in Auburn and serves as the city water supply for Manchester The lake is fed by numerous tributaries, most notable being Sucker Brook, which enters the northeast end of the lake near the Auburn town center and itself drains several lakes, including Tower Hill Pond, Clark Pond, and Little Massabesic Lake Cohas Brook flows through the eastern portion of Auburn and eventually in Manchester receives the outflow of Massabesic Lake before flowing west to the Merrimack River Auburn lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed4 Three hills, all overlooking Massabesic Lake, can lay potential claim to being Auburn's highest point: Mount Miner, at 582 feet 177 m above sea level, located north of the lake; Mine Hill, greater than 580 ft 180 m, above the east shore; and Mount Misery, greater than 580 feet, to the southeast

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1840 869
1850 810 −68%
1860 886 94%
1870 815 −80%
1880 719 −118%
1890 631 −122%
1900 682 81%
1910 637 −66%
1920 652 24%
1930 735 127%
1940 807 98%
1950 1,158 435%
1960 1,292 116%
1970 2,035 575%
1980 2,883 417%
1990 4,085 417%
2000 4,682 146%
2010 4,953 58%
Est 2015 5,292 68%
US Decennial Census6

As of the census7 of 2000, there were 4,682 people, 1,580 households, and 1,322 families residing in the town The population density was 1857 people per square mile 717/km² There were 1,622 housing units at an average density of 643 per square mile 248/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9829% White, 021% African American, 023% Native American, 041% Asian, 023% from other races, and 062% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 094% of the population

There were 2,349 households out of which 444% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 751% were married couples living together, 52% had a female householder with no husband present, and 163% were non-families 118% of all households were made up of individuals and 33% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 296 and the average family size was 322

In the town, the population was spread out with 289% under the age of 18, 62% from 18 to 24, 330% from 25 to 44, 258% from 45 to 64, and 61% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 37 years For every 100 females there were 1036 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1032 males

The median income for a household in the town was $70,774, and the median income for a family was $72,578 Males had a median income of $45,000 versus $33,365 for females The per capita income for the town was $28,405 About 16% of families and 18% of the population were below the poverty line, including 07% of those under age 18 and 112% of those age 65 or over

Since Auburn has an agreement with the city of Manchester that the city and the surrounding towns can use Massabesic Lake as a water source, Manchester, Chester, Candia, Hooksett and Derry pay Auburn an estimated $3 million for Lake Massabesiccitation needed

Attractionsedit

Massabesic Lake covers over 2,500 acres 1,000 ha in Auburn and Manchester and serves as the public water supply for the city of Manchester Half of the lake the half farthest from the public water intake is used for less-intrusive types of boating No swimming or other contact between users and water is allowed8 Devil's Den is a small cave east of Massabesic Lake The Massabesic Audubon Center is in central Auburn, occupying Battery Point on the lake9 The Griffin Mill Dam along Little Massabesic Brook-Sucker Brook is in the northeastern part of the town

Events and festivalsedit

Lake Massabesic Duck Raceedit

Every year, the Auburn Historical Association hosts an annual Duck Race near Massabesic Lake It starts at the Griffin Mill Bridge over the Little Massabesic Brook-Sucker Brook where a truck dumps thousands of rubber ducks into the brook, and the race ends at a finish line on the other side of the waterfall People buy individual ducks, with prizes going to the owners of the winning ducks The event attracts thousands of onlookers each year There are also games for younger kids, and visitors are able to access the Griffin Free Public Library

Yacht Sail Boating Club raceedit

Every Sunday, sometimes also during the week, the Yacht Sail Boating Club hosts a sailboat race Members of the club start on the northern shore of Massabesic Lake, and it ends after going 3 laps around the lake Many visitors enjoy watching the races from their kayaks, sailboats, and canoes, or at Battery Point, the northernmost point on the Massabesic Peninsula

Book saleedit

The last weekend in July, the Griffin Free Public Library holds a huge book sale at the Auburn Village School Approximately 10,000 books and games are sold, with all proceeds benefiting the library's programs

Educationedit

Auburn is part of School Administrative Unit 15, along with the neighboring towns of Hooksett and Candia SAU-15 administers five schools with Auburn Village School, serving all elementary school and middle school students grades K-8 in the town10

SAU-15 has no high school; students from Auburn attend high school in neighboring school districts, either Manchester Memorial High School or Pinkerton Academy in Derry

Notable peopleedit

  • Joe Dudek, member of the College Football Hall of Fame11
  • Carl Forsaith, author of Auburn, New Hampshire, the town's official history book
  • Albert Plummer, physician and legislator
  • Stella Tremblay, former state representative for Rockingham County District 4, Boston Marathon bombings conspiracy theorist

See alsoedit

  • Massabesic Lake
  • Mine Hill New Hampshire

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001: Auburn town, Rockingham County, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved December 13, 2013 
  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 PEPANNRES: Minor Civil Divisions, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved March 23, 2015 
  3. ^ a b c Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire 1875
  4. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  8. ^ "Boating on Lake Massabesic" City of Manchester Retrieved March 21, 2011 
  9. ^ "Massabesic Audubon Center, Auburn" New Hampshire Audubon Archived from the original on March 12, 2011 Retrieved March 21, 2011 
  10. ^ "SAU 15 official website" Retrieved 10 November 2015 
  11. ^ "Where are they now Plymouth State Football Legend Joe Dudek

External linksedit

  • Town of Auburn official website
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • Auburn Police Department
  • Auburn Fire Department
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