Tue . 19 May 2019

Astra Linux

astra linux, astra linux special edition
Astra Linux is a Russian Linux-based computer operating system developed to meet the needs of Russian army, other armed forces and intelligence agencies It provides data protection up to the level of "top secret" in Russian classified information grade It has been officially certified by Russian Defense Ministry, Federal Service for Technical and Export Control1 and Federal Security Service2


The creator of the OS is the Scientific/Manufacturing Enterprise RusBitTech which is applying solutions according to Russian Government decree №2299-р of 17/10/2010 that orders federal authorities and budget institutions to implement Free Software usage3

The OS releases are named after Hero Cities in Russia and CIS There is one release for "general purpose" codenamed "Oryol" aimed at "achieving small and mid-business goals"4 Other releases are marked "special purpose" — the "Smolensk" for x86-64 PCs, "Tula" for networking hardware, "Novorossiysk" for ARM mobile devices and "Murmansk" for IBM System z mainframes

RusBitTech also manufactures a "soft/hardware trusted boot control module" MAKSIM-M1 "М643М1" with PCI bus It prevents unauthorized access and offers some other raised digital security features The module, besides Astra Linux, also supports OSes with Linux kernel 26x and 3xx, as well as several Microsoft Windows OSes5

It is declared the Astra Linux licenses correspond with Russian and international laws and "don't contradict with the spirit and demands of GPL license"6 The system uses deb packages7

Astra Linux Special Edition is being used in the Russian National Center for Defence Control


The Special Edition version paid is used in many Russian state-related organizations Particularly, it is used in the Russian National Center for Defence Control8

There are talks to deploy mass usage of Astra Linux in numerous state institutions of the Republic of Crimea — legitimate usage of other popular OSes is questionable because of international sanctions during the Ukrainian crisis9

Also there are plans on cooperation of RusBitTech and Huawei1011


  1. ^ Russian http://fstecru/en/
  2. ^ Russian http://wwwastra-linuxcom/sertivikathtml
  3. ^ Russian http://wwwcomputerraru/vision/609608/
  4. ^ Russian http://rusbitechru/products/os/11/
  5. ^ Russian "Archived copy" Archived from the original on 2014-07-14 Retrieved 2014-07-06 
  6. ^ Russian "Archived copy" Archived from the original on 2014-07-14 Retrieved 2014-07-06 
  7. ^ Russian "Archived copy" Archived from the original on 2014-07-14 Retrieved 2014-07-06 
  8. ^ Russian http://spbitru/news/n119990/
  9. ^ Russian n:ru:Власти Крыма планируют переход на Linux из-за санкций — Russian Wikinews, 22072015
  10. ^ "Huawei, RusBITex to design information protection systems" 
  11. ^ Russian http://ehuaweicom/ru/news/ru/2015/201510111513

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Astra Linux

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