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Ashtabula County, Ohio

ashtabula county ohio board of elections, ashtabula county ohio genealogical society
Ashtabula County is the northeasternmost county in the US state of Ohio As of the 2010 census, the population was 101,4971 The county seat is Jefferson2 The county was created in 1808 and later organized in 18113 The name4 Ashtabula derives from Lenape language ashte-pihële, 'always enough fish to go around, to be given away';5 contraction from apchi 'always'6 + tepi 'enough' + hële verb of motion7

Ashtabula County comprises the Ashtabula, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Cleveland–Akron–Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area

The county is probably best known for having seventeen covered bridges within the county limits, including both the longest and the shortest covered bridges in the United States Grapes are a popular crop and there are several award-winning wineries in the region owing to the favorable microclimate created by the nearby lake8 During the winter, Ashtabula County and neighboring Geauga and Lake Counties receives frequent lake effect snow and is part of the Southeastern Lake Erie Snowbelt

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 Major highways
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Culture
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 Cities
    • 62 Villages
    • 63 Townships
    • 64 Census-designated places
    • 65 Unincorporated communities
  • 7 Notable people
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

After Europeans arrived in the Americas, the land that became Ashtabula County was originally part of the French colony of Canada New France, which was ceded in 1763 to Great Britain and renamed Province of Quebec In the late 18th century the land became part of the Connecticut Western Reserve in the Northwest Territory, then was purchased by the Connecticut Land Company in 1795

Geographyedit

Seal of the Ashtabula County Auditor

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,368 square miles 3,540 km2, of which 702 square miles 1,820 km2 is land and 666 square miles 1,720 km2 49% is water9 It is the largest county in Ohio by area10

Adjacent countiesedit

Across Lake Erie lie Elgin and Norfolk Counties, Ontario, Canada north

  • Erie County, Pennsylvania northeast
  • Crawford County, Pennsylvania east
  • Trumbull County south
  • Geauga County southwest
  • Lake County west

Major highwaysedit

  • Interstate 90 is the main interstate route through Ashtabula County, spanning from the Ohio Turnpike between the Ohio-Indiana State Line and Elyria Township to the Ohio-Pennsylvania State Line It contains five interchanges in the county at OH 534 Exit 218, OH 45 Exit 223, OH 11 and OH 46 Exit 228, OH 84 and OH 193 Exit 235, and OH 7 Exit 241
  • Ohio State Route 7 runs along the eastern part of the county as well as the state
  • Ohio State Route 11 is a south-to-north state freeway in the county known as Lake to River Highway
  • Ohio State Route 167 is a west-to-east state route in the northeastern part of the county running from Jefferson to the Pennsylvania State Line
  • US Route 6 Grand Army of the Republic Highway honoring American Civil War Veterans
  • US Route 20 runs primarily along the coast of Lake Erie It was the main west-to-east route in northern Ashtabula County, until I-90 was built
  • US Route 322 is the southernmost US route in the county that runs straight west to east until it approaches the Pymatuning Reservoir area and curves southeast before crossing the Ohio-Pennsylvania State Line

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1820 7,382
1830 14,584 976%
1840 23,724 627%
1850 28,767 213%
1860 31,814 106%
1870 32,517 22%
1880 37,139 142%
1890 43,655 175%
1900 51,448 179%
1910 59,547 157%
1920 65,545 101%
1930 68,631 47%
1940 68,674 01%
1950 78,695 146%
1960 93,067 183%
1970 98,237 56%
1980 104,215 61%
1990 99,821 −42%
2000 102,728 29%
2010 101,497 −12%
Est 2016 98,231 −32%
US Decennial Census12
1790–196013 1900–199014
1990–200015 2010-20131

2000 censusedit

As of the census16 of 2000, there were 102,728 people, 39,397 households, and 27,774 families residing in the county The population density was 146 people per square mile 56/km² There were 43,792 housing units at an average density of 62 per square mile 24/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9407% White, 316% Black or African American, 019% Native American, 034% Asian, 002% Pacific Islander, 085% from other races, and 136% from two or more races 223% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 193% were of German, 116% Italian, 106% English, 105% Irish and 103% American ancestry according to Census 2000 952% spoke English, 24% Spanish, and 08% German as their first language17

There were 39,397 households out of which 3240% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5480% were married couples living together, 1140% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2950% were non-families 2480% of all households were made up of individuals and 1070% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 256 and the average family size was 305

In the county, the population was spread out with 2620% under the age of 18, 760% from 18 to 24, 2800% from 25 to 44, 2360% from 45 to 64, and 1470% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 38 years For every 100 females there were 9510 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9210 males

The median income for a household in the county was $35,607, and the median income for a family was $42,449 Males had a median income of $33,105 versus $22,624 for females The per capita income for the county was $16,814 About 920% of families and 1210% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1710% of those under age 18 and 860% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 101,497 people, 39,363 households, and 26,495 families residing in the county18 The population density was 1446 inhabitants per square mile 558/km2 There were 46,099 housing units at an average density of 657 per square mile 254/km219 The racial makeup of the county was 927% white, 35% black or African American, 04% Asian, 02% American Indian, 11% from other races, and 21% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 34% of the population18 In terms of ancestry, 249% were German, 158% were Irish, 126% were English, 111% were Italian, 100% were American, and 58% were Polish20

Of the 39,363 households, 313% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 492% were married couples living together, 124% had a female householder with no husband present, 327% were non-families, and 269% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 250 and the average family size was 301 The median age was 410 years18

The median income for a household in the county was $42,139 and the median income for a family was $50,227 Males had a median income of $40,879 versus $30,156 for females The per capita income for the county was $19,898 About 118% of families and 157% of the population were below the poverty line, including 217% of those under age 18 and 92% of those age 65 or over21

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results22
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 566% 23,318 378% 15,577 55% 2,285
2012 424% 18,298 551% 23,803 25% 1,099
2008 420% 18,949 555% 25,027 24% 1,100
2004 463% 21,038 530% 24,060 07% 309
2000 455% 17,940 502% 19,831 43% 1,701
1996 343% 13,287 500% 19,341 157% 6,094
1992 308% 13,254 438% 18,843 254% 10,931
1988 458% 17,654 533% 20,536 10% 366
1984 523% 21,669 467% 19,344 09% 384
1980 490% 19,847 429% 17,363 81% 3,257
1976 437% 16,885 541% 20,883 22% 857
1972 590% 22,762 390% 15,052 21% 794
1968 467% 17,058 458% 16,738 76% 2,759
1964 354% 13,183 646% 24,104
1960 539% 22,406 461% 19,155
1956 647% 24,165 353% 13,195
1952 612% 23,185 388% 14,676
1948 543% 15,389 443% 12,560 13% 377
1944 563% 17,181 437% 13,319
1940 561% 18,491 439% 14,454
1936 467% 14,025 482% 14,468 51% 1,517
1932 553% 15,644 403% 11,386 44% 1,252
1928 751% 18,870 237% 5,951 12% 297
1924 692% 14,767 100% 2,135 208% 4,435
1920 697% 14,099 268% 5,413 35% 717
1916 523% 6,608 420% 5,306 56% 712
1912 180% 2,214 258% 3,181 562% 6,913
1908 633% 8,213 275% 3,572 91% 1,185
1904 759% 8,906 140% 1,647 101% 1,182
1900 707% 9,272 262% 3,438 31% 405
1896 677% 8,557 304% 3,840 19% 242
1892 636% 6,419 274% 2,769 90% 910
1888 674% 7,164 252% 2,675 75% 792
1884 694% 7,269 252% 2,643 54% 560
1880 729% 6,926 241% 2,286 31% 291
1876 743% 6,771 252% 2,294 05% 47
1872 770% 5,764 224% 1,678 06% 48

Ashtabula county had voted for the Democratic candidate for president in every election between 1988–2012; however, in 2016 it voted for Donald Trump Trump captured the largest majority in the county since President Nixon in 1972 & he is also the first Republican presidential candidate to carry Ashtabula County since 1984 Trump is also the first candidate to speak in the county since John F Kennedy

Cultureedit

Ashtabula County and neighboring Geauga, Lake and Trumbull Counties fostered a very large Finnish American community around the turn of the twentieth century, and as a result, the area is home to many Finnish Americans

Ashtabula County has eighteen extant covered bridges Of these, nine were constructed prior to 1900 See List of Ashtabula County covered bridges

Communitiesedit

Map of Ashtabula County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Citiesedit

  • Ashtabula
  • Conneaut
  • Geneva

Villagesedit

  • Andover
  • Geneva-on-the-Lake
  • Jefferson county seat
  • North Kingsville
  • Orwell
  • Roaming Shores
  • Rock Creek

Townshipsedit

  • Andover
  • Ashtabula
  • Austinburg
  • Cherry Valley
  • Colebrook
  • Denmark
  • Dorset
  • Geneva
  • Harpersfield
  • Hartsgrove
  • Jefferson
  • Kingsville
  • Lenox
  • Monroe
  • Morgan
  • New Lyme
  • Orwell
  • Pierpont
  • Plymouth
  • Richmond
  • Rome
  • Saybrook
  • Sheffield
  • Trumbull
  • Wayne
  • Williamsfield
  • Windsor

Census-designated placesedit

  • Austinburg
  • Edgewood

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Dorset
  • Eagleville
  • Footville
  • Kelloggsville
  • Kingsville
  • Pierpont
  • Unionville
  • Williamsfield
  • Windsor

Notable peopleedit

See also: List of people from Ashtabula, Ohio
  • Chester H Aldrich 1862–1924, governor of Nebraska 1911-191323
  • Brian Anderson, Cleveland Indians pitcher, originally from Geneva
  • Charles Case 1817–1883, born in Austinburg, United States congressman from Indiana24
  • Tammy Cochran, country music singer from Austinburg; biggest hit was "Angels in Waiting"
  • Edwin Cowles 1825–1890, born in Austinburg, publisher of The Cleveland Leader, vice-president of the 1884 Republican National Convention24
  • Joshua Reed Giddings 1795–1864, member of the US House of Representatives and prominent opponent of slavery
  • Francis Joseph Hall, was an American Protestant Episcopal theologian and author
  • Ken Meyer, head coach of the National Football League's San Francisco 49ers in 1977
  • Urban Meyer, formerly the head football coach at the University of Florida, and current head football coach at The Ohio State University
  • James Montgomery, 1814–1871, born in Ashtabula County, colonel in the American Civil War, raided several towns in Missouri and the American South24
  • Danielle Nicolet, television, film, and voice actress born in Ashtabula
  • Ransom Eli Olds, pioneer of the American automobile industry, for whom both the Oldsmobile and Reo brands were named
  • Louis C Shepard, American Civil War Medal of Honor recipient from Ashtabula County, buried in Lakeview Cemetery, Port Clinton, Ottawa County, Ohio
  • Decius Wade, attorney, judge, writer, and politician who has been called the "Father of Montana Jurisprudence" for his role in establishing the common law and statutory law of the US state of Montana

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Ashtabula County, Ohio

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies" Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries The Newberry Library 2007 Retrieved February 12, 2015 
  4. ^ Cross, Tom 2008 Fishing Ohio: An Angler's Guide to Over 200 Fishing Spots in the Buckeye State Lyons Press p 112 ISBN 978-0-7627-4326-1 
  5. ^ Mahr, August C November 1959 "Practical Reasons for Algonkian Indian Stream and Place Names" Ohio Journal of Science 59 6: 365–375 ISSN 0030-0950 Retrieved 2016-08-03 
  6. ^ "apchi" Lenape Talking Dictionary Retrieved 2016-08-03 
  7. ^ "tèpihële" Lenape Talking Dictionary Retrieved 2016-08-03 
  8. ^ "Ferrante Winery brings home the gold" The Ashtabula Wave Retrieved 2016-04-01 
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Archived from the original on May 4, 2014 Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  10. ^ "Ashtabula, Lake are Ohio's largest and smallest counties by area" clevelandcom January 18, 2011 Retrieved 30 December 2015 
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  12. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  14. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  17. ^ "Archived copy" Archived from the original on 2013-08-15 Retrieved 2013-08-23 
  18. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  19. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  20. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  21. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  22. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  23. ^ "Chester Hardy Aldrich" Find A Grave Retrieved September 29, 2012 
  24. ^ a b c Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896 Chicago: Marquis Who's Who 1963 

External linksedit

  • Ashtabula County Government's website
  • The Ashtabula County District Library
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

Coordinates: 41°53′N 80°46′W / 4189°N 8076°W / 4189; -8076

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