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Ashland, New Hampshire

ashland new hampshire fourth of july, ashland new hampshire old photos 1960s 1970s
Ashland is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 2,076 at the 2010 census1 Located near the geographical center of the state, Ashland is home to Scribner-Fellows State Forest

The main village of the town, where 1,244 people resided at the 2010 census,1 is defined as the Ashland census-designated place CDP, and is located at the junction of US Route 3 and New Hampshire Route 25 with NH Route 132


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Sites of interest
  • 5 Notable people
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links


Ashland was once the southwestern corner of Holderness, chartered in 1751 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth But hostilities during the French and Indian War delayed settlement, and in 1761, it was regranted as New Holderness although "New" would be dropped in 1816 Settled in 1763, the town was predominantly agricultural except for Holderness Village on the Squam River, with falls that drop about 112 feet 34 m before meeting the Pemigewasset River The falls provided water power for mills, and in 1770-1771, a sawmill and gristmill were built The Squam Lake Woolen Mill was established in 1840 Goods manufactured at local factories included hosiery, gloves, sporting equipment, wood products and paper2

The Boston, Concord & Montreal Railroad3 entered in 1849, carrying freight but also tourists bound for hotels on the Squam Lakes, to which they traveled by steamer up the Squam River The interests of the industrialized settlement increasingly diverged from those of the farming community, however, and in 1868 Holderness Village was set off as Ashland, named for Ashland, the Kentucky estate of Henry Clay The last textile mill, the LW Packard Company, would close in 2002, and Ashland is today a residential and resort community4


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 115 square miles 298 km2, of which 110 square miles 285 km2 is land and 05 square miles 13 km2 is water, comprising 462% of the town5 Bounded on the west by the Pemigewasset River, Ashland is drained by the Squam River and Owl Brook Little Squam Lake is on the eastern boundary The highest point in Ashland is Hicks Hill, at 1,386 feet 422 m above sea level Ashland lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed6

The town is served by Interstate 93, US Route 3, and state routes 25, 132 and 175


Historical population
1870 885
1880 960 85%
1890 1,193 243%
1900 1,289 80%
1910 1,412 95%
1920 1,325 −62%
1930 1,375 38%
1940 1,460 62%
1950 1,599 95%
1960 1,473 −79%
1970 1,599 86%
1980 1,807 130%
1990 1,915 60%
2000 1,955 21%
2010 2,076 62%
Est 2015 2,058 −09%
US Decennial Census8

As of the census9 of 2000, there were 1,955 people, 853 households, and 515 families residing in the town The population density was 1737 people per square mile 671/km² There were 1,149 housing units at an average density of 1021 per square mile 394/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9744% White, 036% African American, 026% Native American, 072% Asian, 026% from other races, and 097% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 077% of the population

There were 853 households out of which 288% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 444% were married couples living together, 116% had a female householder with no husband present, and 396% were non-families 311% of all households were made up of individuals and 97% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 229 and the average family size was 285

In the town, the population was spread out with 234% under the age of 18, 102% from 18 to 24, 300% from 25 to 44, 227% from 45 to 64, and 136% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 37 years For every 100 females there were 915 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 895 males

The median income for a household in the town was $33,345, and the median income for a family was $38,487 Males had a median income of $29,630 versus $23,242 for females The per capita income for the town was $17,450 About 75% of families and 102% of the population were below the poverty line, including 100% of those under age 18 and 87% of those age 65 or over

Sites of interestedit

  • Ashland Train Depot c 1869, 1891
  • Pauline E Glidden Toy Museum c 1810
  • Whipple House Museum 1837
  • St Mark's Episcopal Church, 1899

Notable peopleedit

  • James F Briggs, US congressman
  • Moses Cheney, abolitionist; member of the Underground Railroad
  • Oren B Cheney, founder of Bates Collegecitation needed
  • Person C Cheney, US senator and the 43rd governor of New Hampshire
  • George Hoyt Whipple, pathologist; Nobel Prize winner


  1. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 529–530 
  3. ^ Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire 1875
  4. ^ History of Ashland, New Hampshire
  5. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Ashland town, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved November 10, 2011 
  6. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Ashland official website
  • Ashland Town Library
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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