Asher Brown Durand


Asher Brown Durand August 21, 1796 – September 17, 1886 was an American painter of the Hudson River School

Contents

  • 1 Early life
  • 2 Painting career
  • 3 Gallery
  • 4 External video
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 Further reading
  • 8 External links

Early lifeedit

Durand was born in and eventually died in Maplewood, New Jersey then called Jefferson Village, the eighth of eleven children; his father was a watchmaker and a silversmith

Durand was apprenticed to an engraver from 1812 to 1817 and later entered into a partnership with the owner of the company, Charles Cushing Wright 1796–1854,1 who asked him to manage the company's New York office He engraved Declaration of Independence for John Trumbull during 1823, which established Durand's reputation as one of the country's finest engravers Durand helped organize the New York Drawing Association during 1825, which would become the National Academy of Design; he would serve the organization as president from 1845 to 1861

Asher's engravings on bank notes were used as the portraits for America's first postage stamps, the 1847 series2 Along with his brother Cyrus he also engraved some of the succeeding 1851 issues3

Painting careeredit

His main interest changed from engraving to oil painting about 1830 with the encouragement of his patron, Luman Reed During 1837, he accompanied his friend Thomas Cole on a sketching expedition to Schroon Lake in the Adirondacks Mountains and soon after he began to concentrate on landscape painting He spent summers sketching in the Catskills, Adirondacks, and the White Mountains of New Hampshire, making hundreds of drawings and oil sketches that were later incorporated into finished academy pieces which helped to define the Hudson River School

Asher Durand, Kindred Spirits L-R: Henry Kirke Brown, Henry Peters Gray and Durand, 1850

Durand is remembered particularly for his detailed portrayals of trees, rocks, and foliage He was an advocate for drawing directly from nature with as much realism as possible Durand wrote, "Let the artist scrupulously accept whatever nature presents him until he shall, in a degree, have become intimate with her infinitynever let him profane her sacredness by a willful departure from truth"

Like other Hudson River School artists, Durand also believed that nature was an ineffable manifestation of God He expressed this sentiment and his general opinions on art in his essay "Letters on Landscape Painting" in The Crayon, a mid-19th century New York art periodical Wrote Durand, "The true province of Landscape Art is the representation of the work of God in the visible creation"

Durand is noted for his 1849 painting Kindred Spirits which shows fellow Hudson River School artist Thomas Cole and poet William Cullen Bryant in a Catskills Mountains landscape This was painted as a tribute to Cole upon Cole's death during 1848, and as a gift to Bryant The painting, donated by Bryant's daughter Julia to the New York Public Library during 1904, was sold by the library by means of Sotheby's at an auction during May 2005 to Alice Walton for a purported $35 million the sale was performed as a sealed, first bid auction, so the actual sales price is not known At $35 million, however, it would be a record price paid for an American painting at the time

Another of Durand's painting is his Progress 1853, commissioned by a railroad executive The landscape depicts America's progress, from a state of nature on the left, where Native Americans look on, towards the right, where there are roads, telegraph wires, a canal, warehouses, railroads, and steamboats

Brooklyn Museum - The First Harvest in the Wilderness - Asher B Durand - overall

During 2007, the Brooklyn Museum exhibited nearly sixty of Durand's works in the first monographic exhibition devoted to the painter in more than thirty-five years The show, entitled "Kindred Spirits: Asher B Durand and the American Landscape," was exhibited from March 30 to July 29, 2007 Durand is interred in Brooklyn, New York, in Green-Wood Cemetery

Galleryedit

External videoedit

Play media asher brown durand

See alsoedit

  • Hudson Valley portal
  • List of Hudson River School artists

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Charles Cushing Wright 1796-1854" Retrieved 14 August 2017 
  2. ^ 1847: America’s First Stamps
  3. ^ The Men Who Engraved Early US Stamps 1955

Further readingedit

Books
  • Howat, John K 1987 American Paradise: The World of the Hudson River School New York, NY: Metropolitan Museum of Art ISBN 978-0-87099-496-8 
  • Bedell, Rebecca 2001 The Anatomy of Nature: Geology & American Landscape Painting, 1825-1875 Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press ISBN 0-691-10291-0 
  • Durand, John 2006 The Life and Times of Asher B Durand Hensonville, NY: Black Dome Press Corp ISBN 978-1-883789-50-3 
  • Ferber, Linda 2007 Kindred Spirits: Asher B Durand and the American Landscape New York, NY: D Giles Ltd ISBN 978-1-904832-26-3 
Newspapers
  • Rosenbaum, Lee 2005-11-01 "At the New York Public Library, It's Sell First, Raise Money Later" The Wall Street Journal New York, NY: Les Hinton Retrieved 2011-02-27 
  • "An Old-Time Artist Dead: What American Art Owes to Asher Brown Durand" PDF The New York Times New York, NY 1886-09-20 Retrieved 2011-02-27 
  • Ray, Douglas 2011-02-27 "Fate of Warner's art collection in question with sale of 'Progress'" The Tuscaloosa News Tuscaloosa, AL Retrieved 2011-02-27 
  • Cobb, Mark Hughes 2011-02-27 "Warner's highly respected collection loses 'Progress'" The Tuscaloosa News Tuscaloosa, AL Retrieved 2011-02-27 
  • Sjostrom, Jan 2011-02-18 "Society of the Four Arts exhibiting Hudson River School paintings" Palm Beach Daily News Palm Beach, FL Retrieved 2011-02-27 
  • Di Piero, W S 2008-02-27 "Oversoul" San Diego Reader San Diego, CA Retrieved 2011-02-27 
Online Publications
  • Avery, Kevin J “Asher Brown Durand 1796–1886” In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000– October 2009

External linksedit

  • Smithsonian Institution, Asher B Durand Biography
  • The Asher B Durand Print Collection at the New-York Historical Society
  • White Mountain paintings by Asher Brown Durand
  • Biography of Asher Brown Durand on White Mountain Art & Artists
  • Artcyclopedia: Paintings in Museums and Public Art Galleries
  • Art Archive - Asher Brown Durand
  • New York Historical Society - Lee A Vedder, Luce Curatorial Fellow in American Art
  • Alfred L Brophy, "Property and Progress: Antebellum Landscape Art and Property Law," McGeorge Law Review 40 2009: 601-59
  • Reynolda House Museum of American Art
  • Art and the empire city: New York, 1825-1861, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art fully available online as PDF, which contains extensive material on Durand see index
  • American paradise: the world of the Hudson River school, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art fully available online as PDF, which contains material on Durand see index
  • Green-Wood Cemetery Burial Search


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