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Arsacid dynasty of Iberia

The Iberian Arsacid or Arshakiani Georgian: არშაკიანი is the name of the dynasty of Georgian kings of Kartli Iberia of Parthian Arsacid and Pharnavazid origin that ruled Iberia from c 189 until 284 AD They were succeeded by the Chosroid dynasty


  • 1 History
  • 2 Arsacid kings of Iberia
  • 3 References
  • 4 Further reading


Once the Arsacids, in the person of Vologases II r 180-191, had consolidated their hold on the Armenian throne by 180, they gained momentum to interfere in Iberia According to the medieval Georgian chronicles, the king of Armenia, whom Professor Cyril Toumanoff identifies with Vologases II, helped the rebellious nobles of Iberia overthrow his wife’s brother Amazaspus II of Iberia, last of the Pharnabazids, and replace Amazaspus with his son Rev I, whose reign 189-216 inaugurated the Arsacid dynasty in Iberia1

Even as the Arsacids set on the thrones of three Caucasian kingdoms – those of Armenia, Iberia, and Albania – the dynasty was dislodged, in 226, from power in its original homeland and the more powerful and dynamic Sassanid dynasty emerged as new masters of the Iranian Empire Although the later Georgian chronicles documents this change of power, its account of that period is full of anachronisms and semi-legendary allusions, providing little or no details about the effect of Iranian resurgence on Arsacid Iberia What we know of that period comes from Classical sources as well as Sassanid inscriptions1

By replacing the weak Parthian realm with a strong, centralized state, the Sassanids changed the political orientation of pro-Roman Iberia and reduced it to a tributary state Shapur I r 242-272 placed a vassal, Amazaspus III r 260-265, on the throne of Iberia, possibly a rival or anti-king of Mihrdat II In 284, with the death of Aspagur II, the Iberian Arsacid line ended, and the Sassanids capitalized on a civil strife in the Roman Empire to establish their candidate, Mirian III, of the Chosroid dynasty, on the throne of Iberia12

Arsacid kings of Iberiaedit

  • Rev I, 189–216
  • Vache son, 216–234
  • Bacurius I son, 234–249
  • Mithridates II son, 249–265 Amazaspus III during 260–265 was his anti-king
  • Aspacures I son, 265–284


  1. ^ a b c Rapp, Stephen H 2003, Studies In Medieval Georgian Historiography: Early Texts And Eurasian Contexts, pp 292-294 Peeters Bvba ISBN 90-429-1318-5
  2. ^ Suny, Ronald Grigor 1994, The Making of the Georgian Nation: 2nd edition, p 15 Indiana University Press, ISBN 0-253-20915-3

Further readingedit

  • Georgian Melikishvili, Giorgi et al 1970, საქართველოს ისტორიის ნარკვევები Studies in the History of Georgia, Vol 1 Tbilisi: Sabch'ota Sakartvelo

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