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Army of Châlons


The Army de Châlons French: Armée de Châlons 1870 was a French military formation that fought during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 Formed in the camp of Châlons on August 17, 1870 from elements of the Army of the Rhin 1870 French: Armée du Rhin 1870 which the formation was issued from, the Army of Châlons was engaged in combats of Beaumont and Sedan while disappearing during the capitulation of September 2, 1870

Contents

  • 1 Creation of the army
  • 2 Chronology of operations
  • 3 Composition and order of battle
    • 31 Commandement & état-major
    • 32 1st Army Corps
    • 33 5th Army Corps
    • 34 7th Army Corps
    • 35 12th Army Corps
    • 36 Reserve and Cavalry
  • 4 References
  • 5 Sources and bibliography

Creation of the army

Following the unfortunate adventures of the Army of the Rhin 1870 French: Armée du Rhin 1870 in the beginning of August at Wissembourg, Wörth, Forbach, Empress Eugénie designated régente, summoned the two chambers on August 9, 1870 Three days later, the Emperor decided to confine the commandement of the Army of the Rhin to marshal Bazaine[1]

On August 17, the Emperor was at Châlons and, during a reduced war council, the latter decided the nomination of Bazaine as généralissime of the French armed forces, of général Trochu as governor of Paris and de MacMahon as commander of the Army of Châlons[2] Accordingly, this new army constituted of available elements, composed the 1st Corps, which joined the camp of Châlons between August 14 and 17, the 5th Corps of général Failly, the 7th Corps of général Douay, and the 12th Corps recently formed, constituted from infantry regiments still available, marching regiments formed by the 4 battalions left in the depot and regiments of the Guard Accordingly, the four armed corps were assembled at Reims on August 20, 1870[3]

Chronology of operations

March on Sedan of the Army of Châlons

While Mac Mahon wished to retreat on Paris in order to reconstitute his army, consultations convinced him of rescuing Bazaine which unfolded on Metz following new engagements at Rezonville and Saint-Privat on August 16 and 18 Mac Mahon decided on August 23 to leave Reims and marched towards the north-east in order to pass Meuse between Sedan and Verdun

While the four corps of Mac Mahon made way north-east, the German Army, strong of previous successes reorganized in two groups:

  • In front of Metz, the Ist Army, four corps of the IInd and one division
  • Opposed to the Army of Châlons, the IIIrd Army, constituted of five corps, was associated to a new army, the Army of the Meuse or IV army, composed of three army corps and four cavalary divisions[4] The ensemble represented 188000 fantassins, 36000 cavaliers and more than 810 pieces of artillery[5]

The progression of the French Army was slow, and the latter was caught up by the German troops before reaching Meuse On the 29, following a first confrontation at Nouart with the XII Corps Saxon, the 5th corps of de Failly garrisoned at Beaumont Around noon time, on August 30, the first shells hit the camp[6] Three German armed corps engaged the troops of Beaumont: the I Bayerischen Korps on the left, the IV Armee-Korps Prussian at the center and the sächsisches XII Armee-Corps to the right Despite the resistance of the infantry and the relaunching of combats at Mouzon with the unfortunate heroic charge of the 5th Cuirassiers,[7] the corps of de Failly was defeated and had to retreat on Sedan

Main article: Battle of Beaumont

The battle of Beaumont had for consequence the renunciation of Marshal Mac Mahon to come and rescue Bazaine at Metz Contrary, he unfolded since August 30 the different corps on the cities of Bazeilles and Sedan[8]

Général Wimpffen, commander-in-chief of the Army of Châlons at Sedan

On the 31st, the I Bayerischen Korps of général Von der Tann confronted the 12th Corps while apprehending the pont de chemin de fer which was along Meuse south of Bazeilles[9] The next day, on September 1, 1870, the IIIrd and IV German corps attacked the ensemble of the armies of Mac Mahon positioned in the two cities The marshal was wounded[10] while searching to join the command of the 12th Corps, général Lebrun, attacked by the Ist Corps Bavarois at Bazeilles First replaced by général Ducrot, the command of the army was replaced, under orders of the minister of war, to général Winpffen, recently named at the head of the 5th Army Corps The German Army finished by encircling the ensemble of the army which unfolded on the citadelle in Sedan[11] On the morning of September 2, the capitulation was in effect This battle witnessed the disappearing of the Army of Châlons, which consisted the loss of 124000 men for France[12]

Main article: Battle of Bazeilles

Composition and order of battle

On August 23, 1870, the Army of Châlons was constituted of four Army Corps along with artillery and cavalry reserves, consisting of 105000 fantassins, 14709 cavaliers, 393 pieces of artillery and 76 mitrailleuses Lieutenant-colonel Rousset gave a, estimative decomposition by grand units:[13]

Army of Châlons
Fantassins Cavaliers Artillery Mitrailleuses
1st Army Corps 26,000 2,500 84 22
5th Army Corps 18,000 1,496 61 18
7th Army Corps 25,000 2,400 78 18
12th Army Corps 36,000 4,200 150 18
Reserve cavalry - 4,113 14 -
Reserve artillery - - 6 -

Commandement & état-major

Général Forgeot, commander of the artillery
  • Commander-in-chief : Marshal Mac Mahon, duc de Magenta then général Wimpffen Septembre 1
  • Chef d'état-major général : général Faure
  • Commander of the Artillery : général Forgeot
  • Commander of the Engineers : général Dejean
  • Intendant général : intendant général Vigo-Roussillon

1st Army Corps

Général Ducrot, commander of the 1st Army Corps

The 1st Army Corps French: 1er Corps d'Armée was commanded by général Ducrot, with headquarter staff, colonel Robert Général Ducrot, former regimental commander of the 1st Division, succeeded Marshal Mac Mahon which recently assumed the command of the Army of Châlons Général Frigola commanded the artillery

1st Infantry Division

The 1st Infantry Division of the 1st Army Corps was under the orders of général Wolff

  • 1st Brigade of général Moréno
    • 18th Infantry Regiment French: 18e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Bréger, 3 battalions
    • 96th Infantry Regiment French: 96e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Bluem, 3 battalions
    • 13e Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied French: 13e Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied Commandant Potier, 1 battalion
  • 2nd Brigade of général Postis du Houlbec
    • 45th Infantry Regiment French: 45e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Lieutenant-colonel Germain, 3 battalions
    • 1st Regiment of Zouaves French: 1er Régiment de Zouaves Colonel Barrachin, 3 Battalions
  • 3 Batteries of the 9th Artillery Regiment French: 9e Régiment d'Artillerie Lieutenant-colonel Lecoeuvre, 2 batteries de 4 and 1 de mitrailleuses and 1 Company of the 1st Engineer Regiment French: 1er Régiment du Génie
2nd Infantry Division

The 2nd Infantry Division of the 1st Army Corps was under the orders of général Pellé

  • 1st Brigade of général Pelletier de Montmarie
    • 50th Infantry Regiment French: 50e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Ardoin, 3 Battalions
    • 74th Infantry Regiment French: 74e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Theuvez, 3 Battalions
    • 16e Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied French: 16e Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied Commandant d'Hugues, 1 Battalion
  • 2nd Brigade of général Gaudil
    • 78th Infantry Regiment French: 78e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Pellenc, 3 Battalions
    • 1st Algerian Tirailleurs Regiment French: 1er Régiment de Tirailleurs Algériens Colonel de Morandy, 3 Battalions
    • 1st Marching Regiment French: 1er Régiment de Marche Colonel Lecomte, 3 Battalions
  • 3 Batteries of the 9th Artillery Regiment French: 9e Régiment d'Artillerie Lieutenant-colonel Cauvet, 2 batteries de 4 et 1 de mitrailleuses and 1 Company of the 1st Engineer Regiment French: 1er Régiment du Génie
3rd Infantry Division

The 3rd Infantry Division of the 1st Army Corps was under the orders of général l'Héritier

  • 1st Infantry Brigade of général Carteret-Trécourt
    • 36th Infantry Regiment French: 36e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Beaudoin, 3 battalions
    • 2nd Zouaves Regiment French: 2e Régiment de Zouaves Colonel Détrie, 3 battalions
    • 8e Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied French: 8e Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied Commandant Viénot, 1 battalion
  • 2nd Brigade of général Lefebvre
    • 48th Infantry Regiment French: 48e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Rogier, 3 battalions
    • 2nd Algerian Tirailleurs Regiment French: 2e Régiment de Tirailleurs Algériens Commandant Canale, 3 battalions
    • Battalion of Franc-Tireurs of Paris commandant Robin, 1 battalion
  • 3 Batteries of the 12 Artillery Regiment French: 12e Régiment d'Artillerie Lieutenant-colonel Gheguillaume, 2 batteries de 4 and 1 de mitrailleuses and 1 Company of the 1st Engineer Regiment French: 1er Régiment du Génie
4th Infantry Division

The 4th Infantry Division of the 1st Army Corps was under the orders of général de Lartigue

  • 1st Brigade under the orders of général Fraboulet de Kerléadec
    • 56th Infantry Regiment French: 56e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Lieutenant-colonel Billot, 3 Battalions
    • 3rd Zouaves Regiment French: 3e Régiment de Zouaves Colonel Baucher, 3 battalions
    • 1er Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied French: 1er Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied Captain Briatte, 1 Battalion
  • 2nd Brigade under the orders of général Carrey de Bellemare
    • 87th Infantry Regiment French: 87e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Blot
    • 2nd Marching Regiment French: 2e Régiment de Marche Lieutenant-colonel de Lenchey, 3 Battalions
    • 3rd Battalion of the 3rd Imperial Guard French: Grenadiers de la Garde Impériale Colonel de Souancé
    • 3rd Algerian Tirailleurs Regiment French: 3e Régiment de Tirailleurs Algériens Colonel Barrué, 3 Battalions
  • 3 Batteries of the 12th Artillery Regiment French: 12e Régiment d'Artillerie Lieutenant-colonel Lamande, 2 batteries de 4 and 1 de mitrailleuses and 1 Company of the 1st Engineer Regiment French: 1er Régiment du Génie
Cavalry Division

The Cavalry Division of the 1st Army Corps was commanded by général Duhesme which was replaced on August 25 by général Michel

  • 1st Brigade of général de Septeuil
    • 3rd Hussards Regiment French: 3e Régiment de Hussards Colonel de Vieil, 4 Squadrons
    • 11e Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval French: 11e Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval Colonel d'Astugue, 4 squadrons
  • 2nd Brigade of général de Nansouty
    • 2nd Regiment of Lancers French: 2e Régiment de Lanciers Colonel de Landreville, 4 Squadrons
    • 6th Regiment of Lancers French: 6e Régiment de Lanciers Colonel Tripart, 4 Squadrons
    • 10th Dragoon Regiment French: 10e Régiment de Dragons Colonel Perrot, 4 Squadrons
  • 3rd Brigade of général Michel
    • 8th Cuirassiers Regiment French: 8e Régiment de Cuirassiers and 9th Cuirassiers Regiment French: 9e Régiments de Cuirassiers founded Colonel Guiot de la Rochère, 4 Squadrons
Reserve Artillery
  • Artillery Reserve was under the orders of colonel Grouvel
    • 2 Batteries of the 6th Artillery Regiment French: 6e Régiment d'Artillerie
    • 2 Batteries of the 9th Artillery Regiment French: 9e Régiment d'Artillerie
    • 4 Batteries of the 20e Régiment d'Artillerie à ChevalFrench: 20e Régiment d'Artillerie à Cheval
  • 2 Companies of the 1st Engineer Regiment French: 1er Régiment du Génie

5th Army Corps

Général de Failly, commander of the 5th Army Corps

The 5th Army Corps French: 5e Corps d'Armée was commanded by général de Failly, with headquarter staff général Besson

1st Infantry Division

The 1st Infantry Division of the 5th Army Corps was under the orders of général Goze

  • 1st Brigade of général Saurin
    • 11th Infantry Regiment French: 11e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Jean-Pierre-Ferdinand de Behagle
    • 46th Infantry Regiment French: 46e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Michel Henri Alfred Pichon
    • 4e Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied French: 4e Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied Commandant Guillaume Hyacinthe Foncegrives
  • 2nd Brigade of général baron Jean Nicolas Charles Valric Nicolas
    • 61st Infantry Regiment French: 61e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel du François Marie Alfred Moulin
    • 86th Infantry Regiment French: 86e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Auguste Florimond dit Alexis Berthe
  • 3 Artillery Batteries 2 batteries de 4 and 1 de mitrailleuses and 1 Engineer Company
2nd Infantry Division

The 2nd infantry Division of the 5th Army Corps was under the orders of général de l'Abadie d'Aydren

  • 1st Brigade of général Lapasset
    • 84th Infantry Regiment French: 84e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Claude Joseph Paul Benoit
    • 97th Infantry Regiment French: 97e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Louis Henri Eugène Copmartin
    • 14e Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied French: 14e Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied Commandant Planck
  • 2nd Brigade of général de Maussion
    • 49th Infantry Regiment French: 49e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne colonel Kampf
    • 88th Infantry Regiment French: 88e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Henri Jean Courty
  • 2 Artillery Batteries 1 battery de 4 and 1 de mitrailleuses and 1 Engineer Company
3rd Infantry Division

The 3rd Infantry Division of the 5th Army Corps was under the orders of général Guyot de Lespart

  • 1st Brigade of général Abatucci
    • 17th Infantry Regiment French: 17e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne colonel Weissemburger
    • 27th Infantry Regiment French: 27e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Ernest Ézéchiel Marie-Bon de Barolet
    • 19e Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied French: 19e Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied Commandant Léon Michel Marie-Louis de Marqué
  • 2nd Brigade of général Louis de Fontanges de Couzan
    • 30th Infantry Regiment French: 30e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Jean Henri Wirbel
    • 68th Infantry Regiment French: 68e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel François Justin Paturel
  • 3 Artillery Batteries 2 batteries de 4 and 1 de mitrailleuses and 1 Engineer Company
Cavalry Division

The Cavalry Division of the 5th Army Corps was commanded by général Brahaut

  • 1st Brigade of général François Julien Raymond de Pierre de Bernis
    • 5th Hussards Regiment French: 5e Régiment de Hussards colonel victor Flogny
    • 12e Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval French: 12e régiment de chasseurs à cheval Colonel Louis Adrien de Tucé
  • 2nd Brigade of général Charles François Henri Simon de La Mortière
    • 3rd Regiment of Lancers French: 3e Régiment de Lanciers Colonel Gilles Joseph Thorel
    • 5th Regiment of Lancers French: 5e Régiment de Lanciers Colonel Marie Paul Oscar de Boério
Reserve Artillery

Colonel Adolphe Louis Émile Frédéric de Salignac-Fénelon

  • 2 Artillery Batteries de 12,
  • 2 Artillery Batteries de 4 mounted,
  • 2 Artillery Batteries de 4 horse mounted

7th Army Corps

Général Douay, commander of the 7th Army Corps

The 7th Army Corps French: 7e corps d'armée was commanded by général Douay, with headquarter staff général Renson

1st Infantry Division

The 1st Infantry Division of the 7th Army Corps was under the orders of général Conseil-Dumesnil

  • 1st Brigade of général Nicolaï
    • 3rd Infantry Regiment French: 3e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Champion
    • 21st Infantry Regiment French: 21e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Morand
    • 17e Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied French: 17e Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied Commandant Merchier
  • 2nd Brigade of général Maire
    • 47th Infantry Regiment French: 47e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel de Gramont
    • 99th Infantry Regiment French: 99e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Chagrin de Saint-Hilaire
  • 3 Artillery Batteries 2 batteries de 4 and 1 de mitrailleuses and 1 Engineer Company
2nd Infantry Division

The 2nd Infantry Division of the 7th Army Corps was under the orders of général Liébert

  • 1st Brigade of général Guiomar
    • 5th Infantry Regiment French: 5e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Boyer
    • 37th Infantry Regiment French: 37e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel de Formy de la Blanchetée
    • 6e Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied French: 6e Bataillon de Chasseurs à Pied Commandant de Beaufort
  • 2nd Brigade of général de la Bastide
    • 53rd Infantry Regiment French: 53e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Japy
    • 89th Infantry Regiment French: 89e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Munier
  • 3 Artillery Batteries 2 batteries de 4 and 1 de mitrailleuses and 1 Engineer Company
3rd Infantry Division

The 3rd Infantry Division of the 7th Army Corps was under the orders of général Dumont

  • 1st Brigade of général Bordas
    • 52nd Infantry Regiment French: 52e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Aveline
    • 79th Infantry Regiment French: 79e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Bressolles
  • 2nd Brigade of général Bittard des Portes
    • 82nd Infantry Regiment French: 82e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Guys
    • 83rd Infantry Regiment French: 83e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Séatelli
  • 3 Artillery Batteries 2 batteries de 4 and 1 de mitrailleuses and 1 Engineer Company
Cavalry Division Général Ameil, commander of the cavalry division of the 7th Army Corps

The Cavalry Division of the 7th Army Corps was commanded by général baron Ameil

  • 1st Brigade of général Cambriel
    • 4th Hussards Regiment French: 4e Régiment de Hussards Colonel de Lavigerie
    • 4th Regiment of Lancers French: 4e Régiment de Lanciers Colonel Féline
    • 8th Regiment of Lancers French: 8e Régiment de Lanciers Colonel de Dampierre
  • 2nd Brigade of général Jolif-Ducoulombier
    • 6th Hussards Regiment French: 6e Régiment de Hussards Colonel Guillon
    • 6th Dragoon Regiment French: 6e Régiment de Dragons Colonel Tillion
Reserve Artillery

Colonel Aubac

  • 2 Artillery Batteries de 12,
  • 2 Artillery Batteries de 4 mounted,
  • 2 Artillery Batteries de 4 horse mounted

12th Army Corps

The 12th Army Corps French: 12e corps d'armée was commanded by général Lebrun, with headquarter staff général Gresley

1st Infantry Division

The 1st Infantry Division of the 12th Army Corps was under the orders of général Grandchamp

  • 1st Brigade of général Cambriels
    • 2nd Marching Chasseurs Companies captain Fayes
    • 22nd Infantry Regiment French: 22e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel de Villeneuve
    • 34th Infantry Regiment French: 34e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Hervé
  • 2nd Brigade of général de Villeneuve
    • 58th Infantry Regiment French: 58e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Dulyon de Rochefort
    • 79th Infantry Regiment French: 79e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Bressolles
  • 3 Artillery Batteries 2 batteries de 4 and 1 de mitrailleuses and 1 Engineer Company
2nd Infantry Division

The 2nd Infantry Division of the 12th Army Corps was under the orders of général Lagretelle

  • 1st Brigade of général Marquisan
    • 2 Marching Chasseurs Company
    • 3rd Marching Regiment lieutenant-colonel Bernier
    • 4th Marching Regiment lieutenant-Chauchard
  • 2nd Brigade of général Louvent
    • 14th Infantry Regiment French: 14e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Doussot
    • 20th Infantry Regiment French: 20e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel de la Guigneraye
    • 31st Infantry Regiment French: 31e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne Colonel Sautereau
  • 5 Artillery Batteries 3 batteries de 4, 1 de 12 and 1 de mitrailleuses and 1 Engineer Company
Général de Vassoigne, commander of the 3rd Infantry Division of the 12th Army Corps 3rd Infantry Division

The 3rd Infantry Division of the 12th Army Corps was under the orders of général de Vassoigne

  • 1st Brigade of général Reboul
    • 1st Marching Marine Infantry Regiment Colonel Brière de l'Isle
    • 3rd Marching Marine Infantry Regiment Colonel D'arbaud
  • 2nd Brigade of général Martin des Pallières
    • 2nd Marching Marine Infantry Regiment Colonel Alleyron
    • 3rd Marching Marine Infantry Regiment Colonel Lecamus
  • 9 Artillery Batteries 8 batteries de 4 and 1 de mitrailleuses and 1 Engineer Company
Cavalry Division

The Cavalry Division of the 12th Army Corps was commanded by général Lichtlin

  • 1st Brigade of général de Vendoeuvre
    • 7e Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval French: 7e Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval Colonel Thornton
    • 8e Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval French: 8e Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval Colonel Jamin du Fresnay
  • 2nd Brigade of général de Béville
    • 5th Cuirassiers Regiment French: 5e Régiment de Cuirassiers Colonel de Coutenson
    • 6th Cuirassiers Regiment French: 6e Régiment de Cuirassiers Colonel Martin
Cavalry Division of the 6th Corps

The Cavalry Division of the 6th Army Corps was commanded by général de Salignac-Fénelon'

  • 1st Brigade of général Tillard
    • 6e Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval French: 6e Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval Colonel Bonvoust
    • 1st Hussard Regiment French: 1er Régiment de Hussards Colonel de Beauffremont
  • 2nd Brigade of général Savaresse
    • 14th Dragoon Regiment French: 14e Régiment de Dragons Colonel Oudinot de Reggio
    • 14e Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval French: 14e Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval Colonel Perrier
Reserve Artillery
  • Artillery Reserve was under the orders of général Bertrand
    • 8 Artillery Batteries de 4 montées
    • 2 Artillery Batteries de 12 montées
    • 2 Artillery Batteries de 4 marine artillery
    • 1 Artillery Battery de mitrailleuses marine artillery and 3 Engineer Companies

Reserve and Cavalry

1st Cavalry Division Général Margueritte, commander of the 1st Cavalry Reserve Division

The 1st Reserve Cavalry Division was commanded by général Margueritte

  • 1st Brigade
    • 1st African Chasseurs Regiment French: 1er Régiment de Chasseurs d’Afrique Colonel Clicquot
    • 3rd African Chasseurs Regiment French: 3e Régiment de Chasseurs d’Afrique Colonel de Galliffet
  • 2nd Brigade of général Tillard
    • 6e Régiment de Chasseurs à ChevalFrench: 6e Régiment de Chasseurs à Cheval Colonel Bonvoust
    • 1er Régiment de Hussards French: 1er Régiment de Hussards Colonel de Beauffremont
  • 2 Artillery Batteries horse mounted
2nd Cavalry Division

The 2nd Reserve Cavalry Division was commanded by général de Bonnemain

  • 1st Brigade of général Girard
    • 1st Cuirassiers Regiment French: 1er Régiment de Cuirassiers Colonel de Vendoeuvre
    • 4th Cuirassiers Regiment French: 4e Régiment de Cuirassiers Colonel Courtois
  • 2nd Brigade of général de Brauer
    • 2nd Cuirassiers Regiment French: 2e Régiment de Cuirassiers Colonel Boréverrier
    • 3rd Cuirassiers Regiment French: 3e Régiment de Cuirassiers Colonel Despetit de Lassalle
  • 1 Artillery Battery horse mounted

References

  1. ^ In Histoire générale de la guerre franco allemande - 1870-1871, tome 1, page 340
  2. ^ In Histoire générale de la guerre franco allemande - 1870-1871, tome 2, pages 152 et 153
  3. ^ In Histoire générale de la guerre franco allemande - 1870-1871, tome 1 pages 255 à 260 et tome 2, pages 150 à 152
  4. ^ La IIIe armée allemande est sous les ordre du Prince royal de Prusse Elle comprend les Ier et IIe corps bavarois ainsi que les IVe, Ve et VIe corps La IVe armée allemande est sous les ordre du Prince royal de Saxe Elle comprend les XIIe et IVe corps et la Garde prussienne In La guerre de 1870, pages 38 et 39
  5. ^ In Histoire générale de la guerre franco allemande - 1870-1871, tome 2 page 169
  6. ^ In La guerre de 1870, pages 38 et 39
  7. ^ La guerre franco-allemande, tome 2 page 251
  8. ^ In La guerre de 1870, pages 39 et 40
  9. ^ In Histoire de la guerre de 1870-71, page 61
  10. ^ In Histoire générale de la guerre franco allemande - 1870-1871, tome 2 page 305
  11. ^ In La guerre de 1870, pages 42 et 43
  12. ^ Histoire générale de la guerre franco allemande - 1870-1871, tome 2 page 360
  13. ^ In Histoire générale de la guerre franco allemande - 1870-1871, tome 2, pages 166 et 167

Sources and bibliography

  • Lieutenant-colonel Rousset, Histoire générale de la guerre franco allemande - 1870-1871, éditions Montgredien et Cie, 1900
  • Histoire de la guerre de 1870-71, Éditions G Chamerot, 1903
  • Général Niox, La guerre de 1870 - Simple récit, Librairie Ch Delagrave, 1898
  • Annuaire militaire de l'empire français 1870
  • Howard, Michael, The Franco-Prussian War: The German Invasion of France 1870–1871, New York: Routledge, 2001 mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflinkISBN 0-415-26671-8


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