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Ansbach Residence

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Residenz Ansbach Ansbach Residence, also known as Markgrafenschloß Margrave's Palace, is a palace in Ansbach, Germany It was the government seat of the Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach Today it is the administrative seat of the government of Middle Franconia[1][2][3][4] The Great Hall and the Orangerie in its garden serve as venues for the biennial music festival Bachwoche Ansbach[5][6]

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Architecture
  • 3 Orangery and garden
  • 4 Literature
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

History

The palace was developed from a medieval building[7] From 1398 to 1400 Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg, expanded a Stiftshof outside the city walls to a water castle Structural remains are preserved in the northwest wing of the present building

George Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, ordered the Swabian architect Blasius Berwart his chief architect from 1563 to 1580 to build a palace It was erected in Renaissance style from 1565 to 1575 A large hall was built from 1565 to 1575, now called the "Gothische Halle" Gothic Hall because of its rib vault It now houses the largest collection of fayence and porcelain of the former "Ansbacher Manufaktur"[7]

A century later, the major construction was done by Gabriel de Gabrieli 1694–1716, by Karl Friedrich von Zocha 1719–1730, and by Leopold Retti 1731–1749 Between 1705 and 1738 the building was changed to its present form[7][8]

Architecture

Gabriel de Gabrieli created before 1709 the southeast wing with the main facade in a style similar to Viennese Baroque The interior dates from 1734 to 1745 under architect Leopoldo Retti Carlo Carlone created a fresco on the ceiling of the Festsaal Festive hall Meissen porcelain is shown in the Spiegelkabinett Hall of Mirrors[4]

The interior of the palace has a hall of mirrors with French rococo features; the great hall was provided with painted ceiling and the rooms were fitted with Ansbach porcelain tiles of 18th century vintage It had a garden that was laid out in the 16th century and modified in the 18th century with an orangerie[4]

The castle has richly furnished state rooms on the first floor In 1791, Karl August von Hardenberg, Prussia's representative in Ansbach, added board rooms and a library[9] From 1806, once the Royal Bavarian Government of Rezatkreis started functioning in Ansbach, the castle's first floor rooms were converted into offices, while the rooms on other floors remained unchanged Between 1962 and 1974, the last major renovations to the castle were completed The Bavarian Administration of State-owned Palaces, Gardens and Lakes is in charge of the buildings and the museum[9]

Orangery and garden

Garden

A garden was first mentioned in the 16th century in the herbal accounts of Leonhart Fuchs Between 1723 and 1750, it was designed as a Baroque garden Severely damaged during World War II, it was reconstructed after the war, including an herb garden with many medicinal plants and a house to keep potted plants in winter[6][7]

Chief architect Carl Friedrich von Zocha created an Orangerie as an architectural center of the gardens It was begun in 1726, but seems to have been incomplete when Frederick the Great visited in September 1743

On 14 December 1833 Kaspar Hauser suffered a fatal stab wound in the backyard garden At the site a small gothic pillar is engraved "HIC OCCULTUS OCCULTO OCCISUS EST" Here a stranger was killed by an unknown person

Not far away, in 1825 a monument to the poet Johann Peter Uz was Ansbach 1720-1796 built with a bronze bust by Carl Alexander Heideloff The inscription on the stele-like pedestal reads: "THE WISE, THE POET, THE PEOPLE'S FRIEND FROM HIS ADMIRERS"

The Orangerie and its courtyard host the annual Rococo Festival, showing life in the court at the time of Margrave Carl Wilhelm Friedrich von Brandenburg-Ansbach

Literature

  • Rembrant Fiedler: Zur Tätigkeit des Baumeisters Gabriel de Gabrieli in Wien und Ansbach Bamberg 1993 Dissertation University of Würzburg
  • Christoph Graf von Pfeil: Die Möbel der Residenz Ansbach Verwaltung der Staatlichen Schlösser, Gärten und Seen, Kataloge der Kunstsammlungen Prestel: München/London/New York 1999 mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflinkISBN 3-7913-2078-5
  • Christoph Graf von Pfeil: Residenz Ansbach mit Hofgarten und Orangerie Verwaltung der Staatlichen Schlösser, Gärten und Seen München 2005; ISBN 3-932982-58-4
  • Josef Maier: Residenzschloß Ansbach Gestalt und Ausstattung im Wandel der Zeit Yearbook of the Historischer Verein für Mittelfranken 100 Ansbach 2005 ISBN 3-87707-660-2
  • Wolfgang Wüst: Leben zwischen höfischem Luxus und ökonomischer Enge Die Residenzen der Bischöfe von Augsburg und der fränkischen Hohenzollern im Absolutismus, in: Zeitschrift des Historischen Vereins für Schwaben 99 2006 ps 111-134 ISBN 3-89639-558-0

References

  1. ^ "Veranstaltungsorte and Parkmöglichkeiten" Official website of Bochwoche Ansbach Archived from the original on 21 March 2012 Retrieved 7 October 2012
  2. ^ "Theater Ansbach" Official website of Bochwoche Ansbach Retrieved 10 October 2012
  3. ^ "St Johannis" in French Official website of Bochwoche Ansbach Archived from the original on 2007-10-13
  4. ^ a b c Spaltro, Kathleen; Bridge, Noeline 2005 Royals of England: A Guide for Readers, Travelers, and Genealogists iUniverse p 262 ISBN 9780595373123 Retrieved 16 September 2012
  5. ^ "Bachwoche Ansbach" Dradiode Retrieved 10 October 2012
  6. ^ a b "Orangerie im Hofgarten" Official website of Bochwoche Ansbach Archived from the original on 13 October 2007 Retrieved 10 October 2012
  7. ^ a b c d "Ansbach Residenz" Bayerische Schlösserverwaltung Retrieved 10 October 2012
  8. ^ "Prunksaal im Markgräflichen Schloss" Official website of Bochwoche Ansbach Archived from the original on 13 October 2007 Retrieved 10 October 2012
  9. ^ a b "Die Markgrafenresidenz als Denkmal" Regierung von Mittelfranken Retrieved 16 September 2012

External links

  • Ansbach Residenz Verwaltung der Staatlichen Schlösser, Gärten und Seen
  • Prunksaal im Markgräflichen Schloss Bachwoche Ansbach in German
  • Orangerie im Hofgarten Bachwoche Ansbach in German

Coordinates: 49°18′11″N 10°34′33″E / 4930306°N 1057583°E / 4930306; 1057583

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