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Anping District

anping district portal, anping district 9
Coordinates: 22°59′3652″N 120°9′5347″E / 229934778°N 1201648528°E / 229934778; 1201648528

Anping
安平區
District
Anping District

Anping within Tainan City
Country Taiwan
Special municipality Tainan
Government
  District chief Lin Guo-ming 林國明1
Area
  Land 1107 km2 427 sq mi
Population January 2016
  Total 65,430
Postal code 708
Area codes 06
Website wwwtnanpinggovtw
Anping
Anping District office
Chinese 安平

Anping District is a district of Tainan on Taiwan In March 2012, it was named one of the Top 10 Small Tourist Towns by the Tourism Bureau of Taiwan2

Contents

  • 1 Name
  • 2 History
  • 3 Government institutions
  • 4 Tourist attractions
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
    • 61 Citations
    • 62 Bibliography
  • 7 External links

Nameedit

The older place name of Tayouan derives from the ethnonym of a nearby Taiwanese aboriginal tribe, and was written by the Dutch and Portuguese variously as Taiouwang, Tayowan, etc3 In his translations of Dutch records, missionary William Campbell used the variant Tayouan and wrote that Taoan and Taiwan also occur4 As Dutch spelling varied greatly at the time see History of Dutch orthography, other variants may be seen5 The name was also transliterated into Chinese characters variously as 臺窩灣, 大灣, 臺員, 大員, 大圓 and 梯窝灣3

After the Dutch were ousted c 1661 by Koxinga, Han immigrants renamed the area "Anping" after the Anping Bridge in Quanzhou, Fujian Soon after Qing rule was established in 1683, the name "Taiwan" 臺灣 was officially used to refer to the whole island with the establishment of Taiwan Prefecture

Historyedit

The history of Anping dates back to the 17th century, when the Dutch East India Company occupied a "high sandy down" called Tayouan and built Fort Zeelandia6 The Dutch moved their headquarters to Tayouan after leaving the Pescadores in 16244 Due to silting, the islet has joined with mainland Taiwan7

Koxinga's army brought an end to the Dutch colonial period via the Siege of Fort Zeelandia

In the Japanese period, the history of trade between China and Japan unfolded at Anping According to the 1904 census, the city's population was 5,9728

Government institutionsedit

  • Tainan City Government
  • Tainan City Council

Tourist attractionsedit

  • Fort Zeelandia, built in 1624 and was Taiwan's first castle/fortress
  • Eternal Golden Castle, built in 1874 and was used to fend off Japanese attacks
  • Tianhou Temple
  • Anping Oyster Shell Cement Kiln Museum
  • Canal Museum
  • Haishan Hall
  • Miaoshou Temple
  • Yanping Street Old Well
  • Anping Small Fort

See alsoedit

  • Tainan

Referencesedit

Citationsedit

  1. ^ "首長介紹 District Chief Introduction" in Chinese Anping District Office 
  2. ^ Wong, Maggie Hiufu 30 Mar 2012 "Taiwan names its 10 top small tourist towns" CNN Go Retrieved 2012-03-31 
  3. ^ a b Mair, V H 2010 "How to Forget Your Mother Tongue and Remember Your National Language" The true derivation of the name "Taiwan" is actually from the ethnonym of a tribe in the southwest part of the island in the area around Ping'an As early as 1636, a Dutch missionary referred to this group as Taiouwang From the name of the tribe, the Portuguese called the area around Ping'an as Tayowan, Taiyowan, Tyovon, Teijoan, Toyouan, and so forth Indeed, already in his ship's log of 1622, the Dutchman Cornelis Reijersen referred to the area as Teijoan and Taiyowan 
  4. ^ a b Campbell 1903, p 548
  5. ^ for example: Tayuan, Tayoan, Tayowan
  6. ^ Valentijn 1903, p 52: quoting Nuyts, Pieter February 10, 1629
  7. ^ Campbell 1903, p 549: "The silting up of the land there has joined on to the mainland of Formosa a number of islets and sandbanks which were well known to the early navigators; one notable case being that of the small island of Tayouan, which is now quite a part of Formosa itself"
  8. ^ Takekoshi 1907, p 200

Bibliographyedit

  • Campbell, William 1903 "Explanatory Notes" Formosa under the Dutch: described from contemporary records, with explanatory notes and a bibliography of the island London: Kegan Paul LCCN 04007338 
  • Takekoshi, Yosaburō 1907 Japanese rule in Formosa London, New York, Bombay and Calcutta: Longmans, Green, and co OCLC 753129 OL 6986981M 
  • Valentijn, François 1903 First published 1724 in Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indiën "History of the Dutch Trade" In Campbell, William Formosa under the Dutch: described from contemporary records, with explanatory notes and a bibliography of the island London: Kegan Paul pp 25–75 LCCN 04007338 

External linksedit

  • Anping District Office, Tainan City in English
  • Download Anping District Android APP, Tainan City
  • Download Anping District ios APP, Tainan City
  1. ^ "Administrative Districts" 高雄市政府 30 September 2016 Retrieved 4 April 2017 

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