Andover, New Hampshire


Andover is a town in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 2,371 at the 2010 census1 Andover includes the villages of Cilleyville, Potter Place, and East Andover, in addition to the town center The town is home to Ragged Mountain State Forest and Proctor Academy, a private coeducational preparatory school

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Notable people
  • 5 Sites of interest
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

Settled in 1761, the town was originally named "Emerisstown"2 In 1746 it was granted to Edward Brown and others as "New Breton"3 or "New Britton",4 having been granted primarily to soldiers who had taken part in the 1745 capture of Cape Breton during hostilities with the French in Canada Among those soldiers was their regimental surgeon, Dr Anthony Emery, a friend of Samuel Phillips, Jr, who in 1778 founded the Phillips Andover Academy in Andover, Massachusetts "New Breton" would be incorporated as "Andover" in 1779, the year Phillips Andover was completed

Potter Place Railroad Station in 1906

In 1822, an academy was established in Andover, although it would close in 1828 Another school was founded in 1848 that would become Proctor Academy, the prestigious institution around which the town's economy is based Andover is noted for its antique shops, Greek Revival architecture, and two covered bridges Potter Place Railroad Station, built in 1874 by the Northern Railroad,5 is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and today serves as a museum for the Andover Historical Society

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 414 square miles 1073 km2, of which 405 sq mi 1050 km2 is land and 089 sq mi 23 km2 is water, comprising 214% of the town1 Andover is drained by the Blackwater River Bradley Lake is in the south Ragged Mountain, elevation 2,286 feet 697 m above sea level, is on the northern boundary The northern slopes of Mount Kearsarge occupy the southernmost part of town and contain the town's highest point, 2,460 ft 750 m above sea level Andover lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed6

Andover includes the villages of East Andover,4 West Andover,4 Cilleyville, and Potter Place,4 named for Richard Potter, an African-American illusionist who lived there in the early 19th century

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 645
1800 1,133 757%
1810 1,259 111%
1820 1,642 304%
1830 1,324 −194%
1840 1,169 −117%
1850 1,220 44%
1860 1,243 19%
1870 1,206 −30%
1880 1,204 −02%
1890 1,090 −95%
1900 1,179 82%
1910 1,201 19%
1920 1,121 −67%
1930 1,031 −80%
1940 1,108 75%
1950 1,057 −46%
1960 955 −96%
1970 1,138 192%
1980 1,587 395%
1990 1,883 187%
2000 2,109 120%
2010 2,371 124%
Est 2015 2,362 −04%
US Decennial Census8
Lodge & Cottages, Ragged Mountain Reserve, c 1920

As of the census9 of 2000, there were 2,109 people, 823 households, and 609 families residing in the town The population density was 521 people per square mile 201/km² There were 1,038 housing units at an average density of 257 per square mile 99/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9820% White, 038% African American, 014% Native American, 005% Asian, 005% Pacific Islander, 005% from other races, and 114% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 019% of the population

There were 823 households out of which 337% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 617% were married couples living together, 77% had a female householder with no husband present, and 260% were non-families 205% of all households were made up of individuals and 74% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 255 and the average family size was 290

Carey House, Proctor Academy, c 1915

In the town, the population was spread out with 243% under the age of 18, 62% from 18 to 24, 282% from 25 to 44, 286% from 45 to 64, and 127% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 40 years For every 100 females there were 1005 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 988 males

The median income for a household in the town was $47,093, and the median income for a family was $52,212 Males had a median income of $33,074 versus $25,927 for females The per capita income for the town was $21,627 About 45% of families and 57% of the population were below the poverty line, including 76% of those under age 18 and 63% of those age 65 or over

Notable peopleedit

  • Nahum Josiah Bachelder 1854–1934, 49th governor of New Hampshire
  • Jacob Bailey Moore 1797–1853, newspaper editor, founder and first librarian of New Hampshire Historical Society
  • Richard Potter 1783–1835, magician, hypnotist, and ventriloquist

Sites of interestedit

  • Andover Historical Society Museum

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001: Andover town, Merrimack County, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved December 9, 2013 
  2. ^ http://gedcomindexcom/Reference/New_Hampshire_1875/055html Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire 1875
  3. ^ http://gedcomindexcom/Reference/Haywards/frame030html Hayward’s New England Gazetteer 1839
  4. ^ a b c d Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire 1875
  5. ^ http://gedcomindexcom/Reference/New_Hampshire_1875/056html Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire 1875
  6. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Andover official website
  • Andover Historical Society
  • Andover Public Libraries
  • Andover Elementary/Middle School
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • Sunapee-Ragged-Kearsarge Greenway Coalition
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