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Altona, Manitoba

altona manitoba hospital, altona manitoba custom homes
Altona is a town in southern Manitoba about 100 km south-west of Winnipeg and 133 km north of Grand Forks, North Dakota The population at the 2011 Census was 4,123 residents It is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Rhineland Much of the surrounding area is devoted to farming and agriculture-based business Its sister city is Emerald, Queensland, Australia Every year a Sunflower Festival is held in which a young woman in the community is crowned the Sunflower Queen and gets a flight to Emerald for free to participate in the Sunflower Festival held there

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Economy
  • 5 Arts and Culture
  • 6 Attractions
  • 7 Infrastructure
  • 8 Education
  • 9 Media
  • 10 References
    • 101 Further reading
  • 11 External links

History

Mennonites arrived in Manitoba from Russia beginning in 1874 through 1880 These settlers initially were located in Mennonite Reserve largely now the Rural Municipality of Hanover This area, east of the Red River and south of the Seine River, became known as the East Reserve when another block of land west of the Red River was granted for Mennonite settlement in 1876, which included the land to become Altona The first settlement at Altona was made in 1880, by Bergthal Mennonites from the East Reserve nearby A southern spur of the Canadian Pacific Railway went through the Altona village area in 1882 A separate town-site, also named Altona, had its start in the 1895 when the Canadian Pacific Railroad was extended to that point, with the village area later known as Old Altona:53 While Altona had a population large enough to support incorporation by the late 1920s, it took until 1946 for the community to be incorporated as a village:253 Its population at that time was 1065 residents In 1956, population growth to 1698 residents prompted the village council to apply to the provincial government to change the status to town This change became official on 24 October 1956:238,239

Geography

Climate

Climate data for Altona 1981-2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C °F 67
441
14
57
222
72
356
961
367
981
38
100
389
102
40
104
39
102
335
923
25
77
144
579
40
104
Average high °C °F −101
138
−68
198
−01
318
111
52
192
666
237
747
263
793
260
788
198
676
110
518
01
322
−76
183
94
489
Daily mean °C °F −150
5
−118
108
−48
234
51
412
126
547
179
642
203
685
195
671
135
563
56
421
−41
246
−119
106
39
39
Average low °C °F −199
−38
−168
18
−94
151
−09
304
59
426
120
536
143
577
129
552
72
45
02
324
−81
174
−161
3
−16
291
Record low °C °F −40
−40
−406
−411
−335
−283
−239
−11
−139
7
−28
27
28
37
0
32
−67
199
−30
−22
−35
−31
−372
−35
−406
−411
Average precipitation mm inches 284
1118
206
0811
296
1165
278
1094
706
278
1015
3996
750
2953
679
2673
450
1772
402
1583
294
1157
297
1169
5658
22276
Source: Environment Canada

Demographics

The 2011 Canadian Census reported that Altona had a population of 4,088, a 102 per cent increase since 2006 Not surprisingly given the town's Mennonite founders, of 3,990 respondents, 1,415 listed their mother tongue as German The median age of the population reported was 392 years

Economy

Altona was the site of the Rhineland Consumers Co-operative founded 1931:166,167 , the Altona Co-op Service founded 1937:170, the Altona Credit Union founded 1939:171 and Co-op Vegetable Oils CVO founded 1943:208 These co-operative enterprises were a highly effective local response to the devastating impact of the Great Depression on local farmers' incomes Jake JJ Siemens played an important role in their development, and the growth of the co-operative movement in southern Manitoba

Bunge Limited now operates the oil-seed crushing plant in Altona, after buying the assets from Canamera Foods

Altona is also home to Friesens Corporation, which started off as a small confectionery store opened by David W Friesen in 1907:64 and now employs hundreds of people It is the primary printer of yearbooks in North America, as well as printing in commercial consumer books, specializing in full colour art and educational books The town is also the headquarters for Golden West Broadcasting

The first Mennonite Central Committee self-help centre now Gift and Thrift Store in Canada was founded in Altona in 1972:348 Staffed by volunteers, MCC Thrift stores now contribute about $4M annually to MCC projects The store has been expanded numerous times, and is still completely volunteer-run The proceeds raised all go to MCC charitable projects

Arts and Culture

The Red River Valley's climate allows Manitoba to be Canada's largest producer of sunflowers

Altona, Manitoba is known as "The Sunflower Capital of Canada", and is host to the annual Sunflower Festival, which began in 1965:352–354 The Sunflower Festival has a Sunflower festival pageant where they crown a queen every year, who wins a trip to Australia The festival also includes a small midway, quilt show, baseball tournament, stage show, and street dance to name a few In 2008, the Town of Altona opened an Art Gallery and Sculpture Garden, displaying many different styles of artwork

Attractions

The community is home to the largest replica of a famous painting by Vincent van Gogh It was named 'The largest painting on an easel by The Guinness Book of World Records in 1998 The painting is 'Sunflowers' and it was re-created by local artist Cameron Cross The base easel stands at 76'6" and the canvas was made by laminating together 24 sheets of 3/4" plywood and splattering it with 17 gallons of paint to create the picture

The Trans Canada Trail goes through Altona, heading south to Gretna and west to Rosengart through Buffalo Creek Nature Park

Oakview Golf & Country Club is located 95 km 59 mi south of Altona

Infrastructure

Altona Municipal Airport is about 28 km southwest of the town

Manitoba Highway 30 is the main north-south route It begins in Gretna, and passes on the east border of Altona to Rosenfeld Manitoba Provincial Road 201 is the main east-west route

In the late 1990s the town, in partnership with various businesses and volunteers, embarked on an ambitious plan to improve recreation facilities In 2000, the Altona Aquatic Centre opened to rave reviews, a trails system was started, and in 2003 the Millennium Exhibition Centre opened This 75,000 square-foot facility features an ice arena, curling arena, banquet hall, meeting rooms, running track, concessions, kitchens and community spaces Since then, other recreation facilities have been added such as a triples tennis court, a large playground, and most recently in 2013 a $250,000 skate park, and a second full size baseball diamond set to open in 2014 - to be known as Access Field

Education

Altona is the located in, and home to the head office of, the Border Land School District WC Miller Collegiate is the high school in the town

Media

The town is serviced by the Red River Valley Echo newspaper, now part of the Pembina Group within Sun Media

Radio station CFAM AM 950 is part of the Golden West Broadcasting group

References

  • Robert Meyers Spirit of the Post Road, Federation of Southern Manitoba Co-operatives 1955
  1. ^ a b "Altona Census Profile" Stats Canada Retrieved 8 September 2012 
  2. ^ Town of Altona website
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Epp-Tiessen, Esther 1982 Altona: Story of a Prairie Town Altona: DW Friesen & Sons Ltd pp 53,64,166,167,170,208,238,239,253,348,352,353,354 ISBN 0-88925-417-6 
  4. ^ "Altona" The Canadian Encyclopedia Retrieved 3 July 2014 
  5. ^ Environment Canada - Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000—, accessed 24 July 2017
  6. ^ Statistics Canada 2011 Census Profile for Altona Retrieved 5 April 2015
  7. ^ Ens, Gerhard John 1984 Volost and Municipality: The Rural Municipality of Rhineland, 1884-1984 Altona: RM of Rhineland ISBN 0-88925-524-5 
  8. ^ Dawson, Allan 9 April 2009 "Nexera Growing At Bunge Altona" Manitoba Co-operator Retrieved 3 April 2015 
  9. ^ Honey, Janet; Oleson, Brian 2006-09-10 "A Century of Agriculture in Manitoba" PDF University of Manitoba Archived from the original pdf on 10 September 2008 Retrieved 2008-09-02 

Further reading

  • Penner, Vic, ed 1990 Altona: A Pictorial History Altona: DW Friesen ISBN 1-55056-079-4 

External links

  • Town of Altona
  • Town of Altona Community Profile
  • Manitoba Historical Society: Town of Altona

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